Fredric March

Last updated

Fredric March
Fredric March face.jpg
March in 1939
Ernest Frederick McIntyre Bickel

(1897-08-31)August 31, 1897
DiedApril 14, 1975(1975-04-14) (aged 77)
Years active1921–1973
Ellis Baker
(m. 1921;div. 1927)

(m. 1927)

Fredric March (born Ernest Frederick McIntyre Bickel; August 31, 1897 April 14, 1975) was an American actor, regarded as one of Hollywood's most celebrated stars of the 1930s and 1940s. [1] [2] As a performer he was known for his protean versatility. Although his career never reached the same heights as that of the previous two decades, his success as an actor continued well into the 1950s and 1960s.


He began his career in 1920, by working as an extra in movies filmed in New York City. He made his stage debut on Broadway in 1926 at the age of 29, and by the end of the decade, he signed a film contract with Paramount Pictures.

Not long after his motion picture debut in 1929, he began receiving leading and major supporting roles. The year after, he gained the first major recognition of his acting career by starring in the film The Royal Family of Broadway (1930) directed by George Cukor. The role garnered him his first Academy Award nomination. The next year he would go onto win both the Academy Award for Best Actor and the Volpi Cup for Best Actor for his performance in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1931). These early successes quickly led to him becoming an established leading man and roles in well known classic films throughout the 1930s and 1940s, roles of which further raised his profile. These films include Design for Living (1933) with Gary Cooper; Death Takes a Holiday (1934); The Barretts of Wimpole Street (1934) with Norma Shearer; Les Misérables with Charles Laughton; Anna Karenina (1935) with Greta Garbo; The Dark Angel with Merle Oberon; Nothing Sacred (1937) with Carole Lombard and I Married a Witch (1942) with Veronica Lake.

During this period, in 1937, he starred in the leading male role in the original A Star is Born alongside Janet Gaynor, and for which he received his third Academy Award nomination. In 1946, he would receive his fourth Academy Award nomination and win his second Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance in The Best Years of Our Lives , the film that's often regarded as the biggest success of his career. The film was directed by William Wyler and his co-stars included the likes Myrna Loy, Dana Andrews, Teresa Wright and Virginia Mayo.

During the beginning of the 1950s, March continued to enjoy major success, the first of which being for his portrayal of Willy Loman in the 1951 film adaptation of Arthur Miller's play Death of a Salesman , a role of which Miller originally wanted March to originate on stage. This performance garnered him his fifth and final Academy Award nomination and won him his second Volpi Cup for Best Actor. Other major films of his from this decade are Executive Suite (1954) with Barbara Stanwyck and William Holden; The Bridges at Toko-Ri (1954) with Grace Kelly and again with Holden; and The Desperate Hours (1955) with Humphrey Bogart.

March's film career began to decline around the mid-1950s and by the 1960s, he had started to star in a much smaller number of films than he had previously during the most successful decades of his career. In spite of this, he still had major roles in a handful of successful films during this period, they are Inherit the Wind (1960) for which he won the Silver Bear for Best Actor; Seven Days in May (1964) with Burt Lancaster, Ava Gardner and Kirk Douglas; and Hombre (1967) with Paul Newman. He closed out his career playing opposite Jeff Bridges and Lee Marvin in the 1973 film The Iceman Cometh .

He was also a well regarded stage actor. During his career acting on stage he had twice won the Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play for his performances in the plays Years Ago (1947) and Long Day's Journey into Night (1956).

March is one of only two actors, the other being Helen Hayes, to have won both the Academy Award and the Tony Award twice.

Early life

March was born in Racine, Wisconsin, the son of Cora Brown Marcher (1863–1936), a schoolteacher from England, [3] and John F. Bickel (1859–1941), a devout Presbyterian Church elder who worked in the wholesale hardware business. [4] March attended the Winslow Elementary School (established in 1855), Racine High School, and the University of Wisconsin–Madison,[ citation needed ] where he was a member of Alpha Delta Phi. [5]

March served in the United States Army during World War I as an artillery lieutenant.

He began a career as a banker, but an emergency appendectomy caused him to re-evaluate his life, and in 1920, he began working as an "extra" in movies made in New York City, using a shortened form of his mother's maiden name. He appeared on Broadway in 1926, and by the end of the decade, he signed a film contract with Paramount Pictures. [6]


"March's special ability was to suggest genuine mental pain. As a portrayer of tortured and distressed men, he has no equal. The complete physical control which allows him convincingly to sag, stoop and collapse is assisted by a face suggesting at the same time both intelligence and sensitivity"—Australian-born film historian John Baxter. [7]

Like Laurence Olivier, March had a rare protean quality to his acting that allowed him to assume almost any persona convincingly, from Robert Browning to William Jennings Bryan to Dr Jekyll - or Mr. Hyde. He received an Oscar nomination for the 4th Academy Awards in 1930 for The Royal Family of Broadway , in which he played a role modeled on John Barrymore. He won the Academy Award for Best Actor for the 5th Academy Awards in 1932 for Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (tied with Wallace Beery for The Champ , although March accrued one more vote than Beery [8] ). This led to roles in a series of classic films based on stage hits and classic novels like Design for Living (1933) with Gary Cooper and Miriam Hopkins; Death Takes a Holiday (1934); Les Misérables (1935) with Charles Laughton; Anna Karenina (1935) with Greta Garbo; Anthony Adverse (1936) with Olivia de Havilland; and as the original Norman Maine in A Star is Born (1937) with Janet Gaynor, for which he received his third Academy Award nomination.

Warner Baxter, June Lang, and March in The Road to Glory (1936) The Road to Glory (1936) 1.jpg
Warner Baxter, June Lang, and March in The Road to Glory (1936)
March with Janet Gaynor in A Star is Born (1937) FredricMarchinAStarIsBorn1937.jpg
March with Janet Gaynor in A Star is Born (1937)
Hoagy Carmichael, March, Myrna Loy, Dana Andrews and Theresa Wright in The Best Years of Our Lives (1946) Best Years of Our Lives.jpg
Hoagy Carmichael, March, Myrna Loy, Dana Andrews and Theresa Wright in The Best Years of Our Lives (1946)
Henry Drummond (Tracy, left) and Matthew Harrison Brady (March, right) in Inherit the Wind. Previously, March had taken the role in The Desperate Hours originally offered to Tracy. Both men had also played Dr. Jekyll/Mr. Hyde. Inherit the wind trailer (6) Spencer Tracy Fredric March.jpg
Henry Drummond (Tracy, left) and Matthew Harrison Brady (March, right) in Inherit the Wind . Previously, March had taken the role in The Desperate Hours originally offered to Tracy. Both men had also played Dr. Jekyll/Mr. Hyde.

March resisted signing long-term contracts with the studios, [8] [9] enabling him to play roles in films from a variety of studios. He returned to Broadway after a ten-year absence in 1937 with a notable flop, Yr. Obedient Husband, but after the success of Thornton Wilder's The Skin of Our Teeth , he focused as much on Broadway as on Hollywood. He won two Best Actor Tony Awards: in 1947 for the play Years Ago, written by Ruth Gordon and in 1957 for his performance as James Tyrone in the original Broadway production of Eugene O'Neill's Long Day's Journey Into Night . He also had major successes in A Bell for Adano in 1944 and Gideon in 1961, and he played in Ibsen's An Enemy of the People on Broadway in 1951. During this period, he also starred in films, including I Married a Witch (1942) and Another Part of the Forest (1948). March won his second Oscar in 1946 for The Best Years of Our Lives .

March also branched out into television, winning Emmy nominations for his third attempt at The Royal Family for the series The Best of Broadway as well as for television performances as Samuel Dodsworth and Ebenezer Scrooge. On March 25, 1954, March co-hosted the 26th Annual Academy Awards ceremony from New York City, with co-host Donald O'Connor in Los Angeles.

March's neighbor in Connecticut, playwright Arthur Miller, was thought to favor March to inaugurate the part of Willy Loman in the Pulitzer Prize-winning Death of a Salesman (1949). However, March read the play and turned down the role, whereupon director Elia Kazan cast Lee J. Cobb as Willy and Arthur Kennedy as one of Willy's sons, Biff Loman. Cobb and Kennedy were two actors with whom the director had worked in the film Boomerang (1947). March later regretted turning down the role and finally played Willy Loman in Columbia Pictures's 1951 film version of the play, directed by Laslo Benedek. March earned his fifth and final Oscar nomination as well as a Golden Globe Award. He also played one of two leads in The Desperate Hours (1955) with Humphrey Bogart. Bogart and Spencer Tracy had both insisted upon top billing, and Tracy withdrew, leaving the part available for March.

In 1957, March was awarded the George Eastman Award, given by George Eastman House for "distinguished contribution to the art of film". [10]

On February 12, 1959, March appeared before a joint session of the 86th United States Congress, reading the Gettysburg Address as part of a commemoration of the 150th anniversary of Abraham Lincoln's birth. [11]

March co-starred with Spencer Tracy in the 1960 Stanley Kramer film Inherit the Wind , in which he played a dramatized version of famous orator and political figure William Jennings Bryan. March's Bible-thumping character provided a rival for Tracy's Clarence Darrow-inspired character. In the 1960s, March's film career continued with a performance as President Jordan Lyman in the political thriller Seven Days in May (1964) in which he co-starred with Burt Lancaster, Kirk Douglas, and Edmond O'Brien; the part earned March a Golden Globe nomination as Best Actor.

March made several spoken word recordings, including a version of Oscar Wilde's The Selfish Giant issued in 1945 in which he narrated and played the title role, and The Sounds of History , a twelve volume LP set accompanying the twelve volume set of books The Life History of the United States, published by Time-Life. The recordings were narrated by Charles Collingwood, with March and his wife Florence Eldridge performing dramatic readings from historical documents and literature.

Following surgery for prostate cancer in 1970, it seemed his career was over; yet, he managed to give one last performance in The Iceman Cometh (1973) as the complicated Irish saloon keeper, Harry Hope.

Marriage and public activities

March in 1946 Fredric March in Best Years of Our Lives trailer.jpg
March in 1946

March was married to actress Florence Eldridge from 1927 until his death in 1975, and they had two adopted children. They appeared in seven films together, the last being Inherit the Wind. [12]

March and Eldridge commissioned Wallace Neff to build their house in Ridgeview Drive, Bel Air, in 1934. It has subsequently been owned by the philanthropist Wallis Annenberg and the actors Brad Pitt and Jennifer Aniston. [13]

Throughout his life, March and Eldridge were supporters of the Democratic Party. In July 1936, March co-founded the Hollywood Anti-Nazi League (HANL), [14] along with the writers Dorothy Parker [15] and Donald Ogden Stewart, the director Fritz Lang, and the composer Oscar Hammerstein.

In 1938, March was one of many Hollywood personalities who were investigated by the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) and the hunt for Communists in the film community. In July 1940, he was among a number of individuals who were questioned by a HUAC subcommittee which was led by Representative Martin Dies Jr. [16]

Later, in 1948, he and his wife sued the anti-communist publication Counterattack for defamation, seeking $250,000 in damages. [17] The suit was settled out of court. [18]

March died of prostate cancer, at the age of 77, in Los Angeles, and he was buried at his estate in New Milford, Connecticut.[ citation needed ]


March has a star for motion pictures on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, at 1620 Vine Street. [19]

Biographies of March include Fredric March: Craftsman First, Star Second by Deborah C. Peterson (1996), [20] and Fredric March: A Consummate Actor (2013) by Charles Tranberg. [8]


March was briefly a member of an interfraternity society composed of leading students formed at the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1919 and 1920 named the Ku Klux Klan which is not believed to have been affiliated with the notorious organization of that name. [21] [22] In actuality, March was an outspoken proponent of the civil rights movement for five decades, and worked closely with the NAACP. [23] [24] When the collegiate organization was named, the (later national) KKK was a small regional organization. As the national KKK became better known, the collegiate organization changed its name in 1922. [22]

False rumors based on a misunderstanding of the organization of which March was a member were spread on social media that March was a white supremacist. [24] The 500-seat theater at the University of Wisconsin–Oshkosh was formerly named after March. [25] The University of Wisconsin–Madison had named the 168-seat at the Memorial Union as the Fredric March Play Circle Theater; however, in 2018, his name was removed, after student protests following reports of March's membership in a student fraternal organization calling itself Ku Klux Klan. [26] [27] [28] [29] UW–Oshkosh pulled March's name from what is now the Theatre Arts Center shortly before the 2020–21 academic term. [30] After new revalations about the nature of the KKK fraternity, as of autumn 2022, there were discussions for a return of March's name. [31]

Filmography and awards


1921 The Education of Elizabeth ExtraUncredited
The Great Adventure ExtraUncredited
The Devil ExtraUncredited
Paying the Piper ExtraUncredited
1929 The Dummy Trumbull Meredith
The Wild Party James 'Gil' Gilmore
The Studio Murder Mystery Richard Hardell
Paris Bound Jim Hutton
Jealousy Pierrelost film
Footlights and Fools Gregory Pyne lost film; the soundtrack survives
The Marriage Playground Martin Boyne
1930 Sarah and Son Howard Vanning
Paramount on Parade Doughboy Cameo
Ladies Love Brutes Dwight Howell
True to the Navy Bull's Eye McCoy
Manslaughter Dan O'Bannon
Laughter Paul Lockridge
The Royal Family of Broadway Tony Cavendish
1931 Honor Among Lovers Jerry Stafford
The Night Angel Rudek Berken
My Sin Dick Grady
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Dr. Henry Jekyll / Mr Edward Hyde
1932 Strangers in Love Buddy Drake / Arthur Drake
Merrily We Go to Hell Jerry Corbett
Make Me a StarHimselfbehind-the-scenes drama, Uncredited
Smilin' Through Kenneth Wayne
The Sign of the Cross Marcus Superbus
Hollywood on Parade No. A-1Himselfshort film
1933 Tonight Is Ours Sabien Pastal
The Eagle and the Hawk Jerry H. Young
Design for Living Thomas B. 'Tom' Chambers
1934 All of Me Don Ellis
Good Dame Mace Townsley
Death Takes a Holiday Prince Sirki / Death
The Affairs of Cellini Benvenuto Cellini
The Barretts of Wimpole Street Robert Browning
We Live Again Prince Dmitri Nekhlyudov
Hollywood on Parade No. B-6Himselfshort film
1935 Les Misérables Jean Valjean / Champmathieu
Anna Karenina Count Vronsky
The Dark Angel Alan Trent
Screen Snapshots Series 14, No. 11Himselfshort film
1936 The Road to Glory Lieutenant Michel Denet
Mary of Scotland Bothwell
Anthony Adverse Anthony Adverse
Screen Snapshots Series 16, No. 3Himselfshort film
1937 A Star Is Born Norman Maine
Nothing Sacred Wallace 'Wally' Cook
Screen Snapshots Series 16, No. 5Himselfshort film
1938 The Buccaneer Jean Lafitte
There Goes My Heart Bill Spencer
Trade Winds Sam Wye
1939The 400 MillionNarratorDocumentary
1940 Susan and God Barrie Trexel
Victory Hendrik Heyst
Lights Out in EuropeNarratorDocumentary
1941 So Ends Our Night Josef Steiner
One Foot in Heaven William Spence
Bedtime Story Lucius 'Luke' Drake
1942 I Married a Witch Jonathan Wooley / Nathaniel Wooley / Samuel Wooley
Lake CarrierNarratorDocumentary short
1944Valley of the TennesseeNarrator
The Adventures of Mark Twain Samuel Langhorne Clemens
Tomorrow, the World!Mike Frame
1946 The Best Years of Our Lives Al Stephenson
1948 Another Part of the Forest Marcus Hubbard
An Act of Murder Judge Calvin Cooke
1949 Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus
The Ford Theatre Hour Oscar JaffeTelevision
Episode: "The Twentieth Century"
1950 The Titan: Story of Michelangelo NarratorDocumentary
The Nash Airflyte Theater Television
Episode: "The Boor"
1951 It's a Big Country Joe Esposito
Death of a Salesman Willy Loman
Lux Video Theatre Television
Episode: "The Speech"
1952 Lux Video Theatre Captain MattTelevision
Episode: "Ferry Crisis at Friday Point"
Toast of the Town Himselflater known as The Ed Sullivan Show
1953 Omnibus Don JuanTelevision
Episode: "The Last Night of Don Juan"
Man on a Tightrope Karel Cernik
1954 The Bridges at Toko-Ri Rear Admiral George Tarrant
Executive Suite Loren Phineas Shaw
The Best of Broadway Tony CavendishTelevision
Episode: "The Royal Family" (based on March's Broadway play and film of the same name)
Shower of Stars Ebenezer Scrooge Television
Episode: "A Christmas Carol"
What's My Line? Himself
1955 The Desperate Hours Dan C. Hilliard
1956 Alexander the Great Philip II of Macedon
The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit Ralph Hopkins
Producers' Showcase Sam DodsworthTelevision
Episode: "Dodsworth"
Shower of Stars Eugene TeshTelevision
Episode: "The Flattering World"
Island of AllahNarrator
1957 Toast of the Town Himselflater known as The Ed Sullivan Show
Albert Schweitzer NarratorDocumentary
1958The DuPont Show of the MonthArthur WinslowTelevision
Episode: "The Winslow Boy"
Tales from DickensHostalso known as Fredric March Presents Tales From Dickens, March hosted seven episodes during 1958 and 1959.
Episodes: "Bardell Versus Pickwick", "Uriah Heep", "A Christmas Carol", "David and Betsy Trotwood", "David and His Mother", "Christmas at Dingley Dell", and "The Runaways"
1959 Middle of the Night Jerry Kingsley
1960 Inherit the Wind Matthew Harrison Brady
1961 The Young Doctors Dr. Joseph Pearson
1962 I Sequestrati di Altona
(The Condemned of Altona)
Albrecht von Gerlach
1963A Tribute to John F. Kennedy from the ArtsHost
1964 Seven Days in May President Jordan Lyman
The Presidency: A Splendid MysteryNarratorTelevision
1967 Hombre Dr. Alex Favor
1970 …tick…tick…tick… Mayor Jeff Parks
1973 The Iceman Cometh Harry Hopefinal film role

Awards and nominations

Academy Awards 1931 Best Actor The Royal Family of Broadway Nominated
1932 Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Won
1938 A Star Is Born Nominated
1947 The Best Years of Our Lives Won
1952 Death of a Salesman Nominated
BAFTA Awards 1952 Best Foreign Actor Nominated
1955 Executive Suite Nominated
1961 Inherit the Wind Nominated
Golden Globe Awards 1952 Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama Death of a Salesman Won
1960 Middle of the Night Nominated
1965 Seven Days in May Nominated
Primetime Emmy Awards 1955 Best Single Performance by an Actor The Best of Broadway (for episode "The Royal Family")Nominated
Shower of Stars (for episode "A Christmas Carol")Nominated
1957 Producers' Showcase (for episode "Dodsworth")Nominated
Tony Awards 1947 Best Actor in a Play Years AgoWon
1957 Long Day's Journey into Night Won
1962 Gideon Nominated
Venice Film Festival Awards 1932 Best Actor Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Won
1952 Volpi Cup for Best Actor Death of a Salesman Won
1954 Special Jury Prize for Ensemble Acting Executive Suite Won (shared with the principal cast)
Berlin Film Festival Awards 1960 Silver Bear for Best Actor Inherit the Wind Won
David di Donatello Awards 1964 Best Foreign Actor Seven Days in May Won
New York Film Critics Circle Awards1946 Best Actor The Best Years of Our Lives Nominated
Laurel Awards 1967Top Male Supporting Performance Hombre Nominated

Radio appearances

1942 Lux Radio Theatre One Foot in Heaven [32]
1946 Academy Award A Star Is Born [33]
1949 The MGM Theater of the Air Citadel
1953 Theatre Guild on the Air Cass Timberlane [34]
1953Star Playhouse A Bell for Adano [35]
1953 There Shall Be No Night [36]

See also


  1. "Fredric March". Turner Classic Movies.
  2. Obituary Variety , April 16, 1975, page 95.
  3. Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine : "Guests: Jill & Dickie Kolmar; Fredric March". What's My Line?. March 21, 1954. 15:00 minutes in. CBS. Retrieved March 5, 2019 via YouTube.
  4. Ross, Lillian; Ross, Helen (September 22, 1961). The Player A Profile Of An Art. New York: Simon And Schuster. pp. 359–363 via Internet Archive.
  5. "Alpha Delts Accept Colby College Charter". The Bangor Daily News. February 23, 1961. p. 19. Retrieved July 18, 2022.
  6. "Fredric March, american actor". Encyclopædia Britannica . August 27, 2018. Archived from the original on March 10, 2018.
  7. Baxter, 1970 p. 176
  8. 1 2 3 Tranberg, Charles (2013). Fredric March: A Consummate Actor. Duncan, Oklahoma: BearManor Media. ISBN   978-1593937454.
  9. "Fredric March: A Consummate Actor - An Interview with author Charles Tranberg". Let's Misbehave: A Tribute to Precode Hollywood.
  10. "Awards granted by George Eastman House International Museum of Photography & Film". George Eastman House. Archived from the original on April 15, 2012. Retrieved April 25, 2013.
  11. "Nation Honor Lincoln On Sesquicentennial" (PDF). Yonkers Herald-Statesman . Associated Press. February 11, 1959. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 1, 2013. Retrieved April 25, 2013. Congress gets into the act tomorrow, when a joint session will be held. Carl Sandburg, famed Lincoln biographer, will give and address, and actor Fredric March will read the Gettysburg Address.
  12. Pryor, Thomas M. (July 6, 1960). "Film Reviews: Inherit the Wind". Variety. p. 6. Retrieved December 4, 2020 via Internet Archive.
  13. "Hedge Funder Slashes Price of Showbiz Pedigreed Estate by $4.5 Million". Variety . October 22, 2019. Archived from the original on October 23, 2019. Retrieved April 12, 2021.
  14. "Hollywood Fights Back - In Our Own Backyard: Resisting Nazi Propaganda in Southern California 1933-1945". Archived from the original on June 1, 2018. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  15. Longworth, Karina (February 26, 2016). "Dorothy Parker Goes to Hollywood". Slate . ISSN   1091-2339 . Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  16. "HUAC Goes to Hollywood, Part 1: The Forgotten Investigation of 1940". Cold War & Internal Security (CWIS) Collection: East Carolina University. December 7, 2017. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  17. Everitt, David (2007). A Shadow of Red: Communism and the Blacklist in Radio and Television. Ivan R. Dee. pp. 30 (1948), 85 (1950). ISBN   9781683931133 . Retrieved March 3, 2018.
  18. Cuthbertson, Ken (May 1, 2015). A Complex Fate: William L. Shirer and the American Century. McGill-Queen's Press. ISBN   9780773597242 . Retrieved March 3, 2018.
  19. "Fredric March". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
  20. Peterson, Deborah C. (1996). Fredric March: Craftsman First, Star Second. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. ISBN   978-0313298028.
  21. "Ask Flamingle". Wisconsin Alumni Association. July 5, 2008.
  22. 1 2 McWhorter, John (September 17, 2021). "The University of Wisconsin Smears a Once-Treasured Alum". The New York Times. Retrieved March 29, 2022.
  23. "Hollywood Monuments to John Wayne, D.W. Griffith and More Are Under Fire: A Status Report". The Hollywood Reporter. December 18, 2020. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  24. 1 2 Gonis, George (November 25, 2020). "A Star Is Shorn: Thanks to Woefully Underinformed Campus Activists, Acting Legend, Badger Alum, and Civil Rights Champion Fredric March Is Suddenly "Off Wisconsin"". Bright Lights Film Journal. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  25. "UW Oshkosh: Theatre Facilities". University of Wisconsin—Oshkosh. Archived from the original on June 19, 2010. Retrieved August 2, 2010.
  26. "Wisconsin Union Theater". Wisconsin Union. Archived from the original on July 4, 2015. Retrieved March 5, 2019.
  27. Widell, Sydney (May 3, 2018). "Union to cover KKK fraternity members' names on gallery, play circle". The Daily Cardinal . Retrieved March 5, 2019.
  28. Erickson, Doug (April 19, 2018). "UW–Madison releases report on student organizations that took name of KKK in 1920s" (Press release). University of Wisconsin-Madison.
  29. "1924 Badger". Wisconsin Alumni Association. July 5, 2008.
  30. Ordonez, Brenda (August 18, 2020). "UW-Oshkosh renames theatre building after troubling discovery". WFRV-TV . Retrieved August 18, 2020.
  32. "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest. Vol. 43, no. 2. Spring 2017. p. 33.
  33. "Those Were The Days". Nostalgia Digest. Vol. 41, no. 3. Summer 2015. pp. 32–39.
  34. Kirby, Walter (February 15, 1953). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 42. Retrieved June 21, 2015 via Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  35. Kirby, Walter (October 11, 1953). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 50. Retrieved July 6, 2015 via Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  36. Kirby, Walter (November 29, 1953). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 50. Retrieved July 14, 2015 via Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dustin Hoffman</span> American actor and filmmaker (born 1937)

Dustin Lee Hoffman is an American actor and filmmaker. As one of the key actors in the formation of New Hollywood, Hoffman is known for his versatile portrayals of antiheroes and emotionally vulnerable characters. He is the recipient of numerous accolades including two Academy Awards, four BAFTA Awards, five Golden Globe Awards, and two Primetime Emmy Awards. Hoffman has received numerous honors including the Cecil B. DeMille Award in 1997, the AFI Life Achievement Award in 1999, and the Kennedy Center Honors Award in 2012. Actor Robert De Niro described him as "an actor with the everyman's face who embodied the heartbreakingly human".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Paul Muni</span> American stage and film actor

Paul Muni was an American stage and film actor who grew up in Chicago. Muni was a five-time Academy Award nominee, with one win. He started his acting career in the Yiddish theater. During the 1930s, he was considered one of the most prestigious actors at the Warner Bros. studio and was given the rare privilege of choosing which parts he wanted.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Paul Lukas</span> Hungarian-American actor (1894–1971)

Paul Lukas was a Hungarian actor. He won the Academy Award for Best Actor, and the first Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama for his performance in the film Watch on the Rhine (1943), reprising the role he created on the Broadway stage.

<i>Death of a Salesman</i> 1949 play by Arthur Miller

Death of a Salesman is a 1949 stage play written by American playwright Arthur Miller. The play premiered on Broadway in February 1949, running for 742 performances. It is a two-act tragedy set in late 1940s Brooklyn told through a montage of memories, dreams, and arguments of the protagonist Willy Loman, a travelling salesman who is despondent with his life, and appears to be slipping into senility. The play addresses a variety of themes, such as the American Dream, the anatomy of truth, and infidelity. It won the 1949 Pulitzer Prize for Drama and Tony Award for Best Play. It is considered by some critics to be one of the greatest plays of the 20th century.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ed Harris</span> American actor and director (born 1950)

Edward Allen Harris is an American actor and filmmaker. His performances in Apollo 13 (1995), The Truman Show (1998), Pollock (2000), and The Hours (2002) earned him critical acclaim and Academy Award nominations.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Agnes Moorehead</span> American actress (1900–1974)

Agnes Robertson Moorehead was an American actress. In a career spanning five decades, her credits included work in radio, stage, film, and television. Moorehead was the recipient of such accolades as a Primetime Emmy Award and two Golden Globe Awards, in addition to nominations for four Academy Awards.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gena Rowlands</span> American actress

Virginia Cathryn "Gena" Rowlands is an American retired actress, whose career in film, stage, and television has spanned seven decades. She is one of the last living actresses from the Golden Age of Hollywood. A four-time Emmy and two-time Golden Globe winner, she is known for her collaborations with her late actor-director husband John Cassavetes in ten films, including A Woman Under the Influence (1974) and Gloria (1980), both of which earned her nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actress. She also won the Silver Bear for Best Actress for Opening Night (1977). She is also known for her performances in Woody Allen's Another Woman (1988), and her son Nick Cassavetes's film, The Notebook (2004). In 2021, Richard Brody of The New Yorker said, “The most important and original movie actor of the past half century-plus is Gena Rowlands.” In November 2015, Rowlands received an Honorary Academy Award in recognition of her unique screen performances.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ned Beatty</span> American actor (1937–2021)

Ned Thomas Beatty was an American actor. In a career that spanned five decades, he appeared in more than 160 films. Throughout his career, Beatty gained a reputation for being "the busiest actor in Hollywood". His film appearances included Deliverance (1972), White Lightning (1973), All the President's Men (1976), Network (1976), Superman (1978), Superman II (1980), Back to School (1986), Rudy (1993), Shooter (2007), and Toy Story 3 (2010). Beatty was nominated for an Academy Award, two Emmy Awards, an MTV Movie Award for Best Villain, and a Golden Globe Award; he also won a Drama Desk Award.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lee J. Cobb</span> American actor (1911–1976)

Lee J. Cobb was an American actor, known both for film roles and his work on the Broadway stage, as well as for his television role as the star of the TV series The Virginian. He often played arrogant, intimidating and abrasive characters, but he also acted as respectable figures such as judges and police officers. Cobb originated the role of Willy Loman in Arthur Miller's 1949 play Death of a Salesman under the direction of Elia Kazan, and was twice nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, for On the Waterfront (1954) and The Brothers Karamazov (1958).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bradley Whitford</span> American actor (b. 1959)

Bradley Whitford is an American actor and producer. He is best known for his portrayal of White House Deputy Chief of Staff Josh Lyman in the NBC television political drama The West Wing (1999–2006), for which he was nominated for three consecutive Primetime Emmy Awards from 2001 to 2003, winning in 2001. The role earned him three consecutive Golden Globe Award nominations.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Willy Loman</span> Fictional character from Death of a Salesman

William "Willy" Loman is a fictional character and the protagonist of Arthur Miller's play Death of a Salesman, which debuted on Broadway with Lee J. Cobb playing Loman at the Morosco Theatre on February 10, 1949. Loman is a 63-year-old travelling salesman from Brooklyn with 34 years of experience with the same company who endures a pay cut and a firing during the play. He has difficulty dealing with his current state and has created a fantasy world to cope with his situation. This does not keep him from multiple suicide attempts.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mildred Dunnock</span> American actress (1901–1991)

Mildred Dorothy Dunnock was an American stage and screen actress. She was twice nominated for an Academy Award: first Death of a Salesman in 1951, then Baby Doll in 1956.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kevin McCarthy (actor)</span> American actor (1914–2010)

Kevin McCarthy was an American stage, film and television actor remembered as the male lead in the horror science fiction film Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1956).

Leonard Frey was an American actor. Frey received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in the 1971 musical film Fiddler on the Roof. He made his stage debut in an Off-Broadway production of Little Mary Sunshine and received a nomination for the Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play for The National Health.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rob Morrow</span> American actor and director (born 1962)

Robert Alan Morrow is an American actor and director. He is known for his portrayal of Dr. Joel Fleischman on Northern Exposure, a role that garnered him three Golden Globe and two Emmy nominations for Best Actor in a Dramatic Series, and later for his role as FBI agent Don Eppes on Numb3rs.

Harris Yulin is an American actor who has appeared in over a hundred film and television series roles, such as Scarface (1983), Ghostbusters II (1989), Clear and Present Danger (1994), Looking for Richard (1996), The Hurricane (1999), Training Day (2001), and Frasier which earned him a Primetime Emmy Award nomination in 1996.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wisconsin Union Theater</span>

Wisconsin Union Theater is a performing arts center in Madison, Wisconsin, located in the University of Wisconsin–Madison's Memorial Union. Wisconsin Union Theater performances include world stage, concerts, dance, jazz and other special events.

<i>Death of a Salesman</i> (1951 film) 1951 film

Death of a Salesman is a 1951 American drama film adapted from the 1949 play of the same name by Arthur Miller. It was directed by László Benedek and written for the screen by Stanley Roberts. The film received many honors, including four Golden Globe Awards, the Volpi Cup and five Oscar nominations. Alex North, who wrote the music for the Broadway production, was one of the five Academy Award nominees for the film's musical score.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Carrie Coon</span> American actress (born 1981)

Carrie Alexandra Coon is an American actress. In television, she is known for her starring roles as grieving mother Nora Durst in the HBO drama series The Leftovers (2014–2017) and as Gloria Burgle in the third season of the FX anthology series Fargo (2017). She won the TCA Award for Individual Achievement in Drama for both performances, won the Critics' Choice Television Award for Best Supporting Actress in a Drama Series for The Leftovers and was nominated for the Outstanding Lead Actress in a Limited Series or Movie for Fargo. She also had a leading role in the second season of the anthology drama series The Sinner (2018), and is known for playing Bertha Russell in the HBO series The Gilded Age.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Brian Tyree Henry</span> American actor (born 1982)

Brian Tyree Henry is an American actor. He rose to prominence for his role as Alfred "Paper Boi" Miles in the FX comedy-drama series Atlanta (2016–2022), for which he received a nomination for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series. Throughout his career, Henry has received nominations for an Academy Award, two Primetime Emmy Awards, a Screen Actors Guild Award, and a Tony Award.