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Fredrikstad kommune
Fredrikstad bryggepromenade fra Krakeroybroa.JPG
2.10-old town fredrikstad.jpg
Above:Panorama view of Glomma River and Brygepromenaden pedetrian, from Kråkerøy Bridge, Bottom:Aerial view of Tøihusgaten and Isegran herritage town area
Flag of Fredrikstad.svg
Fredrikstad komm.svg
Coat of arms
Norway Counties Viken Position.svg
Viken within
NO 3004 Fredrikstad.svg
Fredrikstad within Viken
Coordinates: 59°12′19″N10°57′0″E / 59.20528°N 10.95000°E / 59.20528; 10.95000 Coordinates: 59°12′19″N10°57′0″E / 59.20528°N 10.95000°E / 59.20528; 10.95000
Country Norway
County Viken
District Eastern Norway
Administrative centreFredrikstad
  Mayor (2011)Jon Ivar Nygård (Ap)
  Total285.9 km2 (110.4 sq mi)
  Land283 km2 (109 sq mi)
Area rank283 in Norway
 (30 September 2019)
  Total82,301 Increase2.svg
  Rank6 in Norway
  Density283/km2 (730/sq mi)
  Change (10 years)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code NO-3004
Official language form Bokmål [1]
Fredrikstad Cathedral Fredrikstad Cathedral01.JPG
Fredrikstad Cathedral
Ferrari 355 F1 Berlinetta on the Fredrikstad Bridge Ferrari 355 F1 Berlinetta on the Fredrikstad Bridge.jpg
Ferrari 355 F1 Berlinetta on the Fredrikstad Bridge
Old town Fredrikstad 2.10-old town fredrikstad.jpg
Old town Fredrikstad

Fredrikstad (Norwegian:  [ˈfrɛd.rik.sta] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); previously Frederiksstad; literally Fredrik's Town) is a city and municipality in Viken county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the city of Fredrikstad.


The city of Fredrikstad was founded in 1567 by King Frederick II, and established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The rural municipality of Glemmen was merged with Fredrikstad on 1 January 1964. The rural municipalities of Borge, Onsøy, Kråkerøy, and Rolvsøy were merged with Fredrikstad on 1 January 1994.

The city straddles the river Glomma where it meets the Skagerrak, about 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the Sweden border. Along with neighboring Sarpsborg, Fredrikstad forms the fifth largest city in Norway: Fredrikstad/Sarpsborg. As of 1 January 2018, according to Statistics Norway, these two municipalities have a total population of 136,117 with 80,977 in Fredrikstad and 55,140 in Sarpsborg.

Fredrikstad was built at the mouth of Glomma as a replacement after Sarpsborg (15 kilometres (9 miles) upstream) was burnt down by the Swedish Army in the 1500s. Some of the citizens stayed behind and rebuilt their old town at its original site and got their city status back in 1839.

The city centre is on the west bank of the Glomma, while the old town on the east bank is Northern Europe's best preserved fortified town.

Fredrikstad used to have a large sawmill industry and was an important harbour for timber export, then later on shipbuilding, until the main yard was closed in 1988. The main industries are currently various chemical plants and other light industry.

In 2005, Fredrikstad was the final host port for the Tall Ships' Race, attracting thousands to the city. In 2019, it was the first host port.

In 2017, Fredrikstad won the national award for most attractive city. The award is given yearly by the Norwegian government on the basis of social, economic and environmental factors. [3]

General information


The city was named after the Danish king Frederick II in 1569. The last element stad means "city".

Prior to 1877, the name was spelled Frederiksstad, then from 1877–1888 it was written as Fredriksstad, and finally since 1889 it has been spelled in its current form: Fredrikstad.


Coat of arms of Fredrikstad Fredrikstad komm.svg
Coat of arms of Fredrikstad

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 21 April 1967. The old arms are based on the oldest known seal of the city, which dates from 1610. They showed a fortress being guarded by a bear. Strangely, Fredrikstad had no fortifications in 1610 (it received some at the end of the 17th century). Fredrikstad was founded by citizens of Sarpsborg and both the fortress and the bear are taken from the old arms of Sarpsborg. The composition of the seal was also used as arms since the beginning of the 19th century. The new arms were granted at the 400th anniversary of the city in 1967 and show a more modern variation on the fortress and bear. [4]


After Sarpsborg was burned to the ground during the Northern Seven Years' War, the ruling king, Frederik II of Denmark, decided by royal decree to rebuild the city 15 kilometres (9 mi) south of the original location. This new site's proximity to the sea and the accessible open land surrounding it made it a better location than the old one. The name Fredrikstad was first used in a letter from the King dated 6 February 1569. The temporary fortification built during the Hannibal War (1644–1645) between Sweden and Denmark-Norway, became permanent in the 1660s.

The work on the fortifications was first led by Willem Coucheron and later Johan Caspar von Cicignon. During the next 60 years, several fortifications at the Fredrikstad Fortress were built, including Isegran, Kongsten, and Cicignon. In 1735, a suburb on the western side of Glomma, Vestsiden, was founded. This part later grew faster than the old city, and became the dominant city centre. Most of the buildings in the old city burned down during a fire in 1764.

In the 1840s, timber exporting from Fredrikstad started to gain momentum. In the 1860s, several steam powered saws were built along the river, and in 1879 the railway reached Fredrikstad, leading to further growth. With the decline of the timber exports as a result of the modernization of wood-processing industries in the early 1900s, Fredrikstad's production changed to other types of products. It later became one of Norway's most important industrial centres, famous for its large shipyard, Fredrikstad Mekaniske Verksted.


Fredrikstad has three high schools. Frederik II secondary school offering general studies and financial / administrative studies. Frederik II high school is a merger of former Frydenberg gymnastic and Christianslund Handelsgymnasium.Glemmen high school offers professional training and study. Wang Toppidrett Fredrikstad offers sports, science, languages, social sciences and economics. In addition, one finds Steiner, which is a private educational alternative to primary school higher step.

Østfold University College offers higher education (master's and bachelor's studies) at the Academy of Performing Arts, Faculty of Health and Social Care and the Faculty of Engineering at Kråkerøy. Here we also find Østfold College, which offers short professional courses built on a craft / journeyman, authorization or at least five years' experience in technical sciences and health / social science.

Also the Department of Journalism has its seat in Fredrikstad. The department offers primarily continuing education of journalists and editors.

Fredrikstad Museum

Fredrikstad Museum is located in Old Fredrikstad. The museum shows the history of the city and the surrounding region. The museum also manages Elingaard Manor in Onsøy and Torgauten Fort. Fredrikstad Museum was founded in 1903. Since 2003, the museum's management has been located in Tøihuset in Old Town. [5]


Fredrikstad is home to nine-time Norway football winners Fredrikstad FK who play at the Fredrikstad Stadion. Egil Olsen, manager for the Norwegian national football team, is from Fredrikstad. [6] There is also an American football team, the Fredrikstad Eagles.

Fredrikstad has a top-division handball team, Fredrikstad BK, and a top-division ice hockey team, Stjernen Hockey.

The city also has a number of floorball teams, including Slevik IBK, Fredrikstad IBK and St. Croix Pirates.

Notable residents

Public service

Henrik Bjelke, ca.1650 Henrik Bjelke.jpg
Henrik Bjelke, ca.1650
Roald Amundsen, ca.1908 Nlc amundsen.jpg
Roald Amundsen, ca.1908


Karsten Andersen, 1964 Karsten Andersen 1964.jpg
Karsten Andersen, 1964


Jorn Andersen, 2015 SVA00 - Jorn Andersen 6422a.jpg
Jørn Andersen, 2015

Number of minorities (1st and 2nd generation) in Fredrikstad by country of origin in 2017 [15]
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq 2,138
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 1,386
Flag of Somalia.svg  Somalia 1,225
Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo 828
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 714
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia-Herzegovina 626
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran 501
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria 374
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania 366
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 341
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 283
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 268
Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan 253
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 247
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam 228

International relations

Twin towns – sister cities

The following cities are twinned with Fredrikstad: [16]

Aalborg [17] Flag of Region Nordjylland.svg North Denmark Region Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
Húsavík Flag of Iceland.svg Suður-Þingeyjarsýsla Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland
Kotka.vaakuna.svg Kotka [18] Kymenlaakson maakunnan vaakuna.svg Kymenlaakso Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Karlskoga kommunvapen - Riksarkivet Sverige.png Karlskoga Orebro lansvapen - Riksarkivet Sverige.png Örebro Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Patzún Flag of Guatemala.svg Chimaltenango Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala
San Martín Jilotepeque Flag of Guatemala.svg Chimaltenango Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala
Zhuzhou Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Hunan Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China

See also

Related Research Articles

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Østfold[ˈœ̂stfɔɫ](listen) is a traditional region, a former county and a current electoral district in southeastern Norway. It borders Akershus and southwestern Sweden, while Buskerud and Vestfold are on the other side of Oslofjord. The county's administrative seat was Sarpsborg. The county controversially became part of the newly established Viken County on 1 January 2020.

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Yven is a borough in the city of Sarpsborg in Østfold, Norway. It is located east of the city centre on the west side of the Glomma river between Sarpsborg and Fredrikstad. Yven was previously assigned to the former municipality of Tune. As of 1885, the village was estimated to have had 297 inhabitants.


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