Fremont County, Colorado

Last updated

Fremont County
Canon City Municipal Building.JPG
Map of Colorado highlighting Fremont County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Colorado
Colorado in United States.svg
Colorado's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 38°29′N105°26′W / 38.48°N 105.44°W / 38.48; -105.44
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Colorado.svg  Colorado
FoundedNovember 1, 1861
Named for John C. Frémont
Seat Cañon City
Largest cityCañon City
Area
  Total1,534 sq mi (3,970 km2)
  Land1,533 sq mi (3,970 km2)
  Water0.9 sq mi (2 km2)  0.06%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2019)
47,839
  Density31/sq mi (12/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain)
  Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district 5th
Website www.fremontco.com

Fremont County is one of the 64 counties in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 46,824. [1] The county seat is Cañon City. [2] The county is named for 19th-century explorer and presidential candidate John C. Frémont.

Contents

Fremont County comprises the Cañon City, CO Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Pueblo-Cañon City, CO Combined Statistical Area.

Rural Fremont County is the location of 15 prisons; most of these are operated by the state. ADX Florence, the only federal Supermax prison in the United States, is in an unincorporated area in Fremont County, south of Florence, and is part of the Federal Correctional Complex, Florence. [3] [4] As of March 2015, Fremont County leads the nation among all counties as the one with the largest proportion of persons incarcerated. Prisoners are counted as part of the county population in the census, and 20% of residents are held in the prisons in the county. [5]

History

Fremont County was founded in 1861, in central Colorado. It is named for John C. Frémont. [6]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,534 square miles (3,970 km2), of which 1,533 square miles (3,970 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (0.06%) is water. [7]

Adjacent counties

Major Highways

National protected areas

State protected area

National scenic byway

Bicycle routes

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1870 1,064
1880 4,735345.0%
1890 9,15693.4%
1900 15,63670.8%
1910 18,18116.3%
1920 17,883−1.6%
1930 18,8965.7%
1940 19,7424.5%
1950 18,366−7.0%
1960 20,19610.0%
1970 21,9428.6%
1980 28,67630.7%
1990 32,27312.5%
2000 46,14543.0%
2010 46,8241.5%
2019 (est.)47,839 [8] 2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]
1790-1960 [10] 1900-1990 [11]
1990-2000 [12] 2010-2015 [1]

As of the census [13] of 2000, there were 46,145 people, 15,232 households, and 10,494 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (12/km2). There were 17,145 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.52% White, 5.34% Black or African American, 1.53% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.22% from other races, and 1.82% from two or more races. 10.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 15,232 households, out of which 30.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.30% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.10% were non-families. 26.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 20.60% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 33.40% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 133.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 143.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,150, and the median income for a family was $42,303. Males had a median income of $30,428 versus $23,112 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,420. About 8.30% of families and 11.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.80% of those under age 18 and 7.40% of those age 65 or over.

Sister cities

Fremont County has two sister cities , as designated by Sister Cities International :

Government

Fremont County is governed by a board of county commissioners, one for the three separate districts in the county. [14] The current county commissioners are: [15]

The daily operations of the county are controlled centrally from the County Administration Building, located in Cañon City. It houses the offices of both elected and appointed officials, including:

Presidential elections results
Fremont County vote
by party in presidential elections
[16]
Year Republican Democratic Others
2020 68.5%17,51728.8% 7,3692.6% 671
2016 68.8%15,12224.1% 5,2977.1% 1,554
2012 64.5%13,17432.8% 6,7042.6% 538
2008 63.6%12,66834.4% 6,8442.0% 407
2004 66.5%12,31332.0% 5,9331.5% 280
2000 61.8%9,91433.0% 5,2935.3% 849
1996 51.2%7,43736.8% 5,34411.9% 1,732
1992 39.4%5,96135.4% 5,35625.2% 3,814
1988 58.2%7,62340.3% 5,2781.4% 187
1984 67.3%8,25031.8% 3,8950.9% 111
1980 59.1%7,16232.6% 3,9528.2% 999
1976 52.4%5,64745.4% 4,8862.2% 235
1972 68.4%6,70128.7% 2,8132.9% 281
1968 53.5%4,90835.9% 3,29210.7% 983
1964 42.6% 3,87557.0%5,1810.4% 32
1960 60.2%5,69039.5% 3,7300.4% 34
1956 67.4%6,04032.3% 2,8960.3% 26
1952 64.8%5,96434.5% 3,1760.6% 59
1948 51.3%4,42147.3% 4,0771.5% 129
1944 60.7%4,95338.9% 3,1800.4% 33
1940 54.8%5,15044.6% 4,1860.6% 58
1936 42.9% 3,63152.8%4,4714.2% 359
1932 41.0% 3,29453.5%4,2955.5% 440
1928 68.8%5,36530.2% 2,3521.1% 82
1924 61.1%4,43321.4% 1,55017.5% 1,269
1920 53.3%3,02741.2% 2,3395.5% 310
1916 37.8% 2,25756.9%3,3955.2% 313
1912 20.9% 1,34643.8%2,82335.3% 2,276

Corrections and prisons

Colorado Department of Corrections operates several prisons in the county. The department operates the Colorado Territorial Correctional Facility in Cañon City. [17] In addition several correctional facilities near Cañon City are located in unincorporated areas in the county.Colorado State Penitentiary, the location of the state death row and execution chamber, [18] is in Fremont County. [19] Other state prisons in Fremont County include Arrowhead Correctional Center, [20] Centennial Correctional Facility, [21] Fremont Correctional Facility, [22] Four Mile Correctional Center, [23] and Skyline Correctional Center. [24]

The Colorado Women's Correctional Facility, near Cañon City in an unincorporated area, was decommissioned on June 4, 2009. [25] [26]

The Federal Bureau of Prisons operates the Federal Correctional Complex, Florence in Fremont County, which consists of several separate Federal prisons, including the only supermax facility in the federal system, home to many convicted terrorists and other notorious criminals.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

See also

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Cañon City, Colorado Home Rule Municipality in Colorado, United States

The City of Cañon City is a Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Fremont County, Colorado, United States. Cañon City is the principal city of the Cañon City, CO Micropolitan Statistical Area and is a part of the Front Range Urban Corridor. The city population was 16,400 at the 2010 United States Census. Cañon City straddles the easterly flowing Arkansas River and is a popular tourist destination for sightseeing, whitewater rafting, and rock climbing. The city is known for its many public parks, fossil discoveries, Skyline Drive, The Royal Gorge railroad, the Royal Gorge, and extensive natural hiking paths. In 1994, the United States Board on Geographic Names approved adding the tilde to the official name of Cañon City, a change from Canon City as the official name in its decisions of 1906 and 1975. It is one of the few U.S. cities to have the Spanish Ñ in its name, others being La Cañada Flintridge, California; Española, New Mexico; Peñasco, New Mexico; and Cañones, New Mexico.

Florence, Colorado Statutory City in Colorado, United States

The City of Florence is a Statutory City located in Fremont County, Colorado, United States. Florence is a part of the Cañon City, CO Micropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 3,881 at the 2010 census, up from 3,653 in 2000.

Penrose, Colorado Census Designated Place in Colorado, United States

Penrose is an unincorporated town, a post office, and a census-designated place (CDP) located in and governed by Fremont County, Colorado, United States. The CDP is a part of the Cañon City, CO Micropolitan Statistical Area. The Penrose post office has the ZIP Code 81240. At the United States Census 2010, the population of the Penrose CDP was 3,582, while the population of the 81240 ZIP Code Tabulation Area was 4,323 including adjacent areas.

Williamsburg, Colorado Statutory town in Colorado, United States

Williamsburg is a statutory town located in Fremont County, Colorado, United States. The town population was 662 at the 2010 census, down from 714 at the 2000 census. The Florence post office serves Williamsburg.

Colorado Department of Corrections

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Montana Department of Corrections

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ADX Florence Federal prison located in Fremont County, Colorado, US

The United States Penitentiary, Administrative Maximum Facility is an American federal prison in Fremont County near Florence, Colorado. It is operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, a division of the United States Department of Justice. USP ADX Florence, which opened in 1994, is classed as a supermax or "control unit" prison, thus providing a higher, more controlled level of custody than a maximum security prison. USP ADX Florence forms part of the Federal Correctional Complex, Florence, which is situated on 49 acres of land and houses different facilities with varying degrees of security, including the United States Penitentiary, Florence High.

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Colorado State Penitentiary is a Level V maximum security prison in the U.S. state of Colorado. The facility is part of the state's East Cañon Complex, together with six other state correctional facilities of various security levels.

Fremont Correctional Facility (FCF) is a state prison located in the East Canon prison complex in Fremont County, just east of Canon City, Colorado.

The Federal Correctional Complex, Florence is a United States federal prison complex for male inmates in Colorado. It is operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, a division of the United States Department of Justice, and consists of four facilities:

Federal Prison Camp, Florence , also known as Florence ADMAX Satellite Prison Camp, is a minimum-security United States federal prison for male inmates in Florence, Colorado. It is operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, a division of the United States Department of Justice.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. "USP Florence ADMAX Contact Information." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on December 30, 2009.
  4. "Zoning Map." City of Florence, Colorado. Retrieved on December 30, 2009.
  5. "Crime, Inc." The Big Picture with Kal Penn , National Geographic Channel. Aired March 30, 2015.
  6. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 132.
  7. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  9. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  10. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  11. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  12. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  13. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  14. "Board of County Commissioners" . Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  15. "Meet the County Commissioners" . Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  16. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  17. "Colorado Territorial Correctional Facility Archived August 9, 2014, at the Wayback Machine ." Colorado Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 15, 2010. "125 West US 50 Canon City, CO, 81215."
  18. "Death Row FAQ." (Archive) Colorado Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 15, 2010.
  19. "Colorado State Penitentiary Archived August 4, 2014, at the Wayback Machine ." Colorado Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 15, 2010. "E US Highway 50 Evans Blvd Cañon City, CO, 81215"
  20. "Arrowhead Correctional Center Archived 2012-08-01 at archive.today ." Colorado Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 15, 2010. "E US Highway 50 Evans Blvd Cañon City, CO, 81215"
  21. "Centennial Correctional Facility Archived 2014-08-04 at the Wayback Machine ." Colorado Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 15, 2010. "E US Highway 50 Evans Blvd Cañon City, CO, 81215"
  22. "Fremont Correctional Facility Archived 2014-08-04 at the Wayback Machine ." Colorado Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 15, 2010. "E US Highway 50 Evans Blvd Cañon City, CO, 81215"
  23. "Four Mile Correctional Center Archived 2014-08-04 at the Wayback Machine ." Colorado Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 15, 2010. "E US Highway 50 Evans Blvd Cañon City, CO, 81215"
  24. "Skyline Correctional Center Archived 2014-08-04 at the Wayback Machine ." Colorado Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 15, 2010. "E US Highway 50 & Evans Blvd Cañon City, CO, 81215"
  25. Mitchell, Kirk. "Cañon City women's prison closes today." The Denver Post . June 4, 2009. Retrieved on August 15, 2010.
  26. "GDE Testing Centers by City Archived April 20, 2010, at the Wayback Machine ." Colorado Department of Education. Retrieved on August 15, 2010. "Colorado Women's Correctional Facility 3800 Grandview Ave. | Canon City, CO 81215."
  27. "Ghost Town Wednesday: Whitehorn, Colorado". digging-history.com. March 9, 2016. Retrieved March 18, 2018.

Coordinates: 38°29′N105°26′W / 38.48°N 105.44°W / 38.48; -105.44