French Air Force

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French Air Force
Armée de l'Air
Logo of the French Air Force (Armee de l'Air).svg
French Air Force logo
FoundedPart of the French Army in 1909 – An independent service arm in 1934
2 July 1934 (official)
CountryFrance
Type Air force
Role Aerial warfare
Size41,160 personnel (2017) [1] [2]
687 aircraft, [2] of which 226 are combat aircraft.
Part of French Armed Forces
ColorsBlue, White, Red
Engagements World War I

World War II
Indochina War
Algerian War
Chadian–Libyan conflict
Gulf War
Kosovo War
War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
Opération Harmattan

Contents

Military intervention against ISIL
Website www.defense.gouv.fr/air
Commanders
Chief of Staff of the French Air Force Général d'armée aérienne Philippe Lavigne, since 31 August 2018
Insignia
Roundel Roundel of France.svg
Aircraft flown
Electronic
warfare
E-3 Sentry
Fighter Rafale, Mirage 2000
Helicopter Eurocopter AS532 Cougar, Eurocopter Fennec, Eurocopter EC725,
Trainer Alpha jet, Pilatus PC-21, Socata TB 30 Epsilon, SAN Jodel D.140 Mousquetaire, SOCATA TBM, Extra EA-300
Transport C-130, Airbus A310, Airbus A330, Airbus A340, Airbus A400M, Dassault Falcon 7X, Dassault Falcon 900, Dassault Falcon 2000, Transall C-160 Boeing C-135FR

The French Air Force (French : Armée de l'Air Française [aʁme də l‿ɛʁ fʁɑ̃sɛːz] ; lit.'Army of the Air') is the air force of the French Armed Forces. It was formed in 1909 as the Service Aéronautique, a service arm of the French Army, and then made an independent military arm in 1934. The number of aircraft in service with the French Air Force varies depending on the source, however sources from the French Ministry of Defence give a figure of 658 aircraft in 2014. [3] [4] The French Air Force has 225 combat aircraft in service, with the majority being 117 Dassault Mirage 2000 and 108 Dassault Rafale. [5] As of early 2017, the French Air Force employs a total of 41,160 regular personnel. The reserve element of the air force consisted of 5,187 personnel of the Operational Reserve. [6]

The Chief of Staff of the French Air Force (CEMAA) is a direct subordinate of the Chief of the Defence Staff (CEMA).

President Emmanuel Macron has stated the intent to rename the French Air Force into the Air and Space Force, in recognition of the increasing importance of the space domain. [7]

History

French military aviation was born in 1909. After the approval of the law establishing it by the French National Assembly on 29 March 1912, [8] French military aeronautics officially became part of the French Army, alongside the four traditional branches of the French Army, the infantry, cavalry, artillery and engineers.

French aircraft during World War I, flying over German held territory, 1915 C02797Watt1915.jpg
French aircraft during World War I, flying over German held territory, 1915

France was one of the first states to start building aircraft. At the beginning of World War I, France had a total of 148 planes (eight from French Naval Aviation (aéronautique navale)) and 15 airships. By the time of the armistice of 11 November 1918, France had 3,608 planes in service. [9] 5,500 pilots and observers were killed out of the 17,300 engaged in the conflict, amounting to 31% of endured losses. [10] A 1919 newspaper article reported that the French Air Force had a 61% percent war loss. [11]

Military aeronautics was established as a "special arm" by the law of 8 December 1922. [12] However, it remained under the auspices of the French Army. It was not until 2 July 1934, that the "special arm" became an independent service and was totally independent.

Interwar period

The initial air arm was the cradle of French military parachuting, responsible for the first formation of the Air Infantry Groups (lang-fr|Groupements de l'Infanterie de l'Air) in the 1930s, out of which the Air Parachute Commandos (French : commandos parachutistes de l'air) descended.

The French Air Force maintained a continuous presence across the French colonial empire, particularly from the 1920s to 1943.

World War II

The French Air Force played an important role, most notably during the Battle of France in 1940. The engagement of the Free French Air Forces from 1940 to 1943, then the engagement of the aviators of the French Liberation Army, were equally marking episodes[ clarify ] of the history of the French Air Force. The sacrifices of Commandant René Mouchotte and Lieutenant Marcel Beau illustrated their devotion.

The Vichy French Air Force had a significant presence in the French Levant.

1945–present

A North American T-28 Trojan, used against guerrillas during the Algerian War NA T28 Fennec.jpg
A North American T-28 Trojan, used against guerrillas during the Algerian War

After 1945, France rebuilt its aircraft industry. The French Air Force participated in several colonial wars during the Empire such as French Indochina after the Second World War. Since 1945, the French Air Force was notably engaged in Indochina (1945–1954).

The French Air Force was active in Algeria from 1952 until 1962 and Suez (1956), later Mauritania and Chad, the Persian Gulf (1990–1991), ex-Yugoslavia and more recently in Afghanistan, Mali and Iraq.

From 1964 until 1971 the French Air Force had the unique responsibility for the French nuclear arm via Dassault Mirage IV or ballistic missiles of Air Base 200 Apt-Saint-Christol on the Plateau d'Albion.

Mirage IIIC of EC 2/10 "Seine" pictured in 1980 armed with a Matra R.530 Dassault Mirage IIIC, France - Air Force AN0695826.jpg
Mirage IIIC of EC 2/10 "Seine" pictured in 1980 armed with a Matra R.530

Accordingly, from 1962, the French political leadership reprioritized its military emphasis on nuclear deterrence, implementing a complete reorganisation of the Air Force, with the creation of four air regions and seven major specialised commands, among which were the Strategic Air Forces Command, COTAM, the Air Command of Aerial Defense Forces (French : Commandement Air des Forces de Défense Aérienne , CAFDA), and the Force aérienne tactique (FATac). [13] In 1964 the Second Tactical Air Command was created at Nancy to take command of air units stationed in France but not assigned to NATO. The Military Air Transport Command had previously been formed in February 1962 from the Groupement d'Unités Aériennes Spécialisées. Also created in 1964 was the Escadron des Fusiliers Commandos de l'Air (EFCA), seemingly grouping all FCA units. The Dassault Mirage IV, the principal French strategic bomber, was designed to strike Soviet positions as part of the French nuclear triad.

In 1985, the Air Force had four major flying commands, the Strategic Air Forces Command, the Tactical Air Forces Command, the Military Air Transport Command, and CAFDA (air defence). [14]

A 1986 view of a Mirage F1 of Escadron de Chasse 2/30 Normandie-Niemen and another Mirage of Escadron de Chasse 3/30 Lorraine, armed with Matra R530. Both respective squadron insignias are visible on the aircraft. Two French air force Dassault Mirage F1C aircraft.jpg
A 1986 view of a Mirage F1 of Escadron de Chasse 2/30 Normandie-Niemen and another Mirage of Escadron de Chasse 3/30 Lorraine, armed with Matra R530. Both respective squadron insignias are visible on the aircraft.

CFAS had two squadrons of S2 and S-3 IRBMs at the Plateau d'Albion, six squadrons of Mirage IVAs (at Mont de Marsan, Cazaux, Orange, Istres, St Dizier, and EB 3/94 at Luxeuil), and three squadrons of C-135F, as well as a training/reconnaissance unit, CIFAS 328, at Bordeaux. The tactical air command included wings EC 3, EC 4, EC 7, EC 11, EC 13, and ER 33, with a total of 19 squadrons of Mirage III, Jaguars, two squadrons flying the Mirage 5F (EC 2/13 and EC 3/13, both at Colmar), and a squadron flying the Mirage F.1CR. CoTAM counted 28 squadrons, of which ten were fixed-wing transport squadrons, and the remainder helicopter and liaison squadrons, at least five of which were overseas. CAFDA numbered 14 squadrons mostly flying the Mirage F.1C. Two other commands had flying units, the Air Force Training Command, and the Air Force Transmissions Command, with four squadrons and three trials units.

Dassault Aviation led the way mainly with delta-wing designs, which formed the basis for the Dassault Mirage III series of fighter jets. The Mirage demonstrated its abilities in the Six-Day War, Yom Kippur War, the Falklands War, and the Gulf War, becoming one of the most popular jet fighters of its day, selling very widely.

In 1994 the Commandment of the Fusiliers Commandos de l'Air was reestablished under a different form.

Logo until 2010 Logo-armee-de-lair.jpg
Logo until 2010

The French Air Force is expanding and replacing its aircraft inventory. The Air Force is awaiting the Airbus A400M military transport aircraft, which is in development. As of November 2016, 11 A400M aircraft had been delivered to ET00.061 at Orleans-Bricy, and integration of the new Dassault Rafale multi-role jet fighter was underway, whose first squadron of 20 aircraft became operational in 2006 at Saint-Dizier.

In 2009 France rejoined the NATO Military Command Structure, having been absent since 1966. [15] France was a leading nation, alongside the United States, Great Britain and Italy in implementing the UN sponsored no-fly zone in Libya (NATO Operation Unified Protector), deploying 20 fighter aircraft to Benghazi in defense of rebel held positions and the civilian population. [16]

The last remaining squadron of Dassault Mirage F1s were retired in July 2014 and replaced by the Dassault Rafale.

On 13 July 2019, President Emmanuel Macron announced the creation of a space command within the French Air Force by September 2019, and the transformation of the French Air Force into the French Air and Space Force. [17] According to Defense Minister Florence Parly, France reserves the right to arm French satellites with lasers for defensive purposes. [18]

Structure

General d'armee aerienne Andre Lanata, former chief of staff of the Armee de l'Air Andre Lanata - Ceremonie presentation et de passation du drapeau a la promotion 2016 X 2016.jpg
Général d'armée aérienne André Lanata, former chief of staff of the Armée de l'Air

The Chief of Staff of the French Air Force (CEMAA) determines French Air Force doctrines application and advises the Chief of the Defence Staff (CEMA) on the deployment, manner, and use of the Air Force. He is responsible for the preparation and logistic support of the French Air Force. The CEMAA is assisted by a Deputy Chief, the Major Général de l'Armée de l'Air. Finally, the CEMAA is assisted by the Inspectorate of the French Air Force (IAA) and by the French Air Force Health Service Inspection (ISSAA).

The Air Force is organized in conformity to Chapter 4/ Title II/ Book II of the Third Part of the Defense Code (French : code de la Défense ), which replaced decree n° 91-672 of 14 July 1991.

Under the authority of the Chief of Staff of the French Air Force (CEMAA) in Paris, the Air Force includes:

Air Force headquarters is co-located, alongside the Chief of the Defence Staff's offices (EMA) as well with Army and Navy headquarters at the Ballard. It numbers 150 aviators. The new site succeeds the former Paris Air Base (BA 117), the air staff headquarters buildings, dissolved on 25 June 2015.

Commands

The French Air Force has three commands: two grand operational commands (CDAOA and CFAS) and one organic command (CFA)).

These last two brigades belonged until 2013 to the Air Force Support Command (CSFA), which maintained the arms systems, equipment, information and communication systems (SIC) as well as infrastructure; the CSFA supported the human element, the military logistics (supply and transport), wherever forces of the French Air Force operated or trained; these two brigades are now subordinated to the CFA.

All air regions were disestablished on 1 January 2008. In the 1960s, there were five air regions (RA). The number was then reduced to four by a decree of 30 June 1962 with the disestablishment of the 5th Aerial Region (French North Africa). The decree of 14 July 1991 reduced the air regions to three: « RA Atlantic », « RA Mediterranean » and « RA North-East ». On 1 July 2000 was placed into effect an organization consisting of « RA North » (RAN) and « RA South » (RAS). The territorial division was abolished by decree n°2007-601 of 26 April 2007. [22] [23]

From 2008 to 2010 the French Air Force underwent the "Air 2010" streamlining process. The main targets of this project were to simplify the command structure, to regroup all military and civil air force functions and to rationalise and optimise all air force units. Five major commands, were formed, instead of the former 13, and several commands and units were disbanded. [24]

The Air Force directs the Joint Space Command.

Support services

The Directorate of Human Resources of the Air Force (DRH-AA) recruits, forms, manages administers and converts personnel of the French Air Force. Since January 2008, the DRH-AA groups the former directorate of military personnel of the French Air Force (DPMMA) and some tasks of the former Air Force Training Command. The directorate is responsible for Air Force recruitment via the recruiting bureau.

French joint defence service organisations, supporting the air force, include: [19]

Wings

Commanded by a Lieutenant-colonel or Colonel, the Escadre is a formation that assembles various units and personnel dedicated to the same mission. The designation of " Escadre " was replaced with that of regiment in 1932 and was designated until 1994, a unit grouping :

Escadres (wings) were dissolved from 1993 as part of the Armées 2000 reorganisation, were reestablished in 2014. [26] The problems caused by having the aircraft maintenance units not responsible to the flying squadrons they supported eventually forced the change.

Four Escadres were reformed in the first phase: [26]

In the second phase, the French Air Force announced in August 2015 the creation of six additional wings: [26]

Also established was the Escadre Aérienne de Commandement et de Conduite Projetable (French : Escadre Aérienne de Commandement et de Conduite Projetable ) at Évreux-Fauville Air Base on 27 August 2015.

The French Air Force announced in August 2015 that unit numbering, moves of affected aircraft, and the transfer of historic material (flags, traditions and names) would be completed in 2016. [26]

Squadrons and flights

Commanded by a lieutenant-colonel, the Escadron is the basic operational unit. This term replaced that of Group as of 1949 with the aim to standardize usage with the allies of NATO who were using the term 'squadron'. However, the term Group did not entirely disappear: the term was retained for the Aerial Group 56 Mix Vaucluse, specialized in Special Operations or Group – Groupe de Ravitaillement en Vol 02.091 Bretagne (French : Groupe de Ravitaillement en Vol 02.091 Bretagne ) which is still carrying the same designation since 2004.[ citation needed ]

A fighter squadron (escadron) can number some twenty machines, spread in general in three Escadrilles. A Transport Escadron (French : Escadron de Transport) can theoretically count a dozen Transall C-160, however, numbers are usually much less for heavier aircraft (three Airbus A310-300 and two Airbus A340-200 for the Transport Escadron 3/60 Estérel (French : Escadron de Transport 3/60 Estérel )).[ citation needed ]

The squadrons have retained the designations of the former Escadres disbanded during the 1990s. For instance: Transport Escadron 1/64 Béarn (French : escadron de transport 1/64 Béarn ) (more specifically Transport Escadron 01.064 Béarn), which belonged to the 64th Transport Escadre (French : 64e Escadre de Transport) during the dissolution of the later (recreated on August 2015). Not all escadrons (Squadrons) are necessarily attached to an Escadre.[ citation needed ]

The Escadrille (flight) has both an administrative and operational function, even of the essential operational control is done at the level of the Esacdron. A pilot is assigned to the Escadrille, however the equipment and material devices, on the other hand, are assigned to the Escadron. Since the putting into effect of the ESTA (Aeronautic Technical Support Escadrons), material devices and the mechanics are assigned directly to the base then put at disposition of the based Escadrons.[ citation needed ]

The Escadrilles adopted the traditions of the prestigious units out of which most (SPA and SAL), [note 1] are those traditions of the First World War.[ citation needed ]

Fusiliers Commandos de l'Air

The Fusiliers Commandos de l'Air comprise: [27]

Protection Squadrons protect airbases inside and outside the national territory, and in exterior operations as well.

The CPAs carry out common missions, as well as specialized tasks; including intervention and reinforcement of protection at the profit of sensible points " air " inside and outside the national territory.

Airbases

Air bases in Metropolitan France Bases-aeriennes-france.jpg
Air bases in Metropolitan France

Flying activity in France is carried out by a network of bases, platforms and French air defence radar systems. It is supported by bases, which are supervised and maintained by staff, centres of operations, warehouses, workshops, and schools. Both in France and abroad, bases have similar infrastructure to provide standardised support.

The French Air Force has, as of 1 August 2014:

Crotale missile-launchers of the Air Defense Ground-to-Air Squadron of the French Air Force Crotale missile launchers DSC00866.jpg
Crotale missile-launchers of the Air Defense Ground-to-Air Squadron of the French Air Force

Some French air bases house radar units (e.g. Lyon, Mont-Verdun, Drachenbronn, Cinq-Mars-la-Pile, Nice, Mont-Agel) to carry out air defence radar surveillance and air traffic control. Others house material warehouses or command posts. Temporary and semi-permanent foreign deployments include transport aircraft at Dushanbe (Tajikistan, Operation Héraclès), and fighter aircraft in N'Djamena (Tchad, Opération Épervier), for instance.

As swift as the French Air Force operates, the closure of aerial bases is more constant and immediate, having known a strong acceleration since the 1950s. An airbase commander has authority over all units stationed on his base. Depending on the units tasks this means that he is responsible for approximately 600 to 2500 personnel.

On average, a base, made up of about 1500 personnel (nearly 3500 people including family), provides a yearly economic boost to its area of about 60 million euros. Consequently, determining the sites for air bases constitutes a major part of regional planning. [28]

CABA 117 Paris, air force headquarters until 2015 Ba117.jpg
CABA 117 Paris, air force headquarters until 2015

Overseas

A E-3F flanked by 5 Mirage 2000 during the military parade of July 14, 2006 AWAC-IMG 1410.jpg
A E-3F flanked by 5 Mirage 2000 during the military parade of July 14, 2006

More than ten bases have been closed since 2009. Doullens Air Base (BA 922) was a former command and reporting centre; Toulouse - Francazal Air Base (BA 101), was closed on 1 September 2009; Colmar-Meyenheim Air Base (BA 132) was closed on 16 June 2010; Metz-Frescaty Air Base (BA 128) was closed on 30 June 2011; Brétigny-sur-Orge Air Base (BA 217), closed 26 June 2012; Cambrai - Épinoy Air Base (BA 103), was closed on 28 June 2012; Reims – Champagne Air Base (June 2012); Drachenbronn Air Base (BA 901) closed on 17 July 2015; Dijon Air Base (BA 102), was vacated on 30 June 2016; [30] Creil Air Base (BA 110) vacated on 31 August 2016; and Taverny Air Base (DA 921), the former Strategic Air Forces Command headquarters.

Aircraft inventory

Aircraft of the French Air Force include: [31]

TypeOriginClassRoleIntroducedIn serviceTotalNotes
Mirage 2000B FranceJet conversion trainer 19937These aircraft are unarmed.
Mirage 2000C/5F FranceJetFighter-Bomber198312/28
Mirage 2000D FranceJetAttack1995702000N variant was retired 21 June 2018. [32]
Rafale B/C FranceJetMulti-role2006110 [5] [33]
Aérospatiale SA330 Puma FranceRotorcraftTransport196825
Airbus A310 EuropeJetTransport199323
Airbus A330 MRTT EuropeJetTanker & transport20182122 delivered; 10 more on order; 15 total planned [34] [35]
Airbus A340 EuropeJetTransport200622
Airbus A400M Atlas EuropePropellerTransport201417 [36] 1733 more on order.
Boeing E-3F Sentry USAJetAEW&C199044
Boeing C-135FR USAJetTanker19641414
CASA CN235M-200/300 SpainPropellerTransport19932727
Alpha Jet France/GermanyJetTrainer19789596Includes Presentation Team
Dassault Falcon 7X FranceJetTransport200922
Dassault Falcon 900 FranceJetTransport199122
Dassault Falcon 2000 FranceJetTransport201122
DHC-6 Twin Otter CanadaPropellerTransport197656
Diamond HK36 Super Dimona AustriaPropellerTrainer201055
Embraer EMB 121 Xingu BrazilPropellerTrainer19822324
Eurocopter AS555 Fennec EuropeRotorcraftTrainer199040
Eurocopter EC725 Caracal EuropeRotorcraftSAR2006910
Extra EA-300 GermanyPropellerUtility200533
General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper USAUAVISR/Attack20139103 more on order [37] One of the original 6 crashed in Niger. [38] The drone lost in the Sahel in November 2018 is replaced by a Reaper rented, for two years, to General Atomics Aeronautical Systems (for the annual sum of $1)
Jodel D.140 Mousquetaire FrancePropellerTrainer196617
Lockheed C-130 Hercules USAPropellerTransport198714147 C-130H, 7 C-130H-30
Lockheed C-130J Super Hercules USAPropellerTanker & Transport2018–2019442 KC-130J and 2 C-130J to support Special Forces Operations [39]
Pilatus PC-21 SwitzerlandPropellerTrainer20181717 [40] [41]
Socata TBM 700 FrancePropellerTransport19901516
Transall C-160 France/GermanyPropellerTransport/ELINT196812/250
Beechcraft Super King Air 350 USAPropellerISR201833 [42]

Personnel

Fusiliers Commandos de l'Air at the opening of a war memorial French Armed Forces2.JPEG
Fusiliers Commandos de l'Air at the opening of a war memorial

Since the end of the Algerian War, the French Air Force has comprised about 17 to 19% of the French Armed Forces. [43] In 1990, at the end of the Cold War, numbers reached 56,400 military personnel under contract, out of which 36,300 were part of conscription and 5,400 civilians. [44]

In 2008, forecasts for personnel of the French Air Force were expected to number 50,000 out of which 44,000 aviators on the horizon in 2014.

In 2010, the number personnel of the French Air Force was reduced to 51,100 men and women (20%) out of which: 13% officers; 55% sous-officier; 29% air military technicians (MTA); 3% volunteers of national service and aspirant volunteers; 6,500 civilians (14%). They form several functions:

Non-flying personnel

Non-navigating personnel of the French Air Force include and are not limited to : Systems Aerial Mechanics (French : mécanicien système aéronautique ), Aerial Controllers (French : contrôleur aérien ), Meteorologists (French : météorologue ), Administrative Personnel, Air Parachute Commandos (French : Commandos parachutistes de l'air ), in Informatics, in Infrastructures, in Intelligence, Commissioner of the Armies (French : Commissaire ) (Administrator Task).

Flying personnel

Pilots, Mechanical Navigating Officer (French : Mécanicien Navigant ), Navigating Arms Systems Officer (French : Navigateur Officier Système d'Armes ) (NOSA), Combat Air Medic (French : Convoyeur de l'Air ) (CVA).

Training of personnel

Students of the Ecole de l'air (Air School) during the military parade of July 14th in 2007 on the Champs-Elysees Ecole Air Bastille Day 2007.jpg
Students of the École de l'air (Air School) during the military parade of July 14th in 2007 on the Champs-Élysées

Officers, within their recruitment and future specialty, are trained at:

Officers of the French Air Force are spread in three corps:

Sous-Officiers are formed at:

Military Air Technicians (French : militaires techniciens de l’air ) having been trained until 1 July 2015 at the Center of Elementary Military Formation (French : " Centre de formation militaire élémentaire ") of the Technical Instruction School of the French Air Force (French : École d'enseignement technique de l'Armée de l'air ) of Saintes. Since 1 July 2015, training has taken place at Orange-Caritat Air Base (BA 115), within the " Operational Combatant Preparation Center of the Air Force " (French : Centre de préparation opérationnelle du combattant de l'Armée de l'air).

Air traffic controllers are trained at the Center of Control Instruction and Aerial Defense (French : Centre d'Instruction du Contrôle et de la Défense Aérienne).

Ranks

Officers
NATO codeOF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
Flag of France.svg France
(Edit)
No equivalent French Air Force-general d'armee aerienne.svg French Air Force-general de corps aerien.svg French Air Force-general de division aerienne.svg French Air Force-general de brigade aerienne.svg French Air Force-colonel.svg French Air Force-lieutenant-colonel.svg French Air Force-commandant.svg French Air Force-capitaine.svg French Air Force-lieutenant.svg French Air Force-sous-lieutenant.svg French Air Force-aspirant.svg French Air Force-eleve officier.svg
Général d´armée aérienne Général de corps aérien Général de division aérienne Général de brigade aérienne Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-Lieutenant Aspirant Élève-officier
Enlisted
NATO CodeOR-9OR-8OR-7OR-6OR-5OR-4OR-3OR-2OR-1
Flag of France.svg France
(Edit)
French Air Force-major.svg French Air Force-adjudant-chef.svg French Air Force-adjudant.svg No equivalent French Air Force-sergeant-chef.svg French Air Force-sergeant.svg French Air Force-caporal-chef.svg French Air Force-caporal.svg French Air Force-aviateur de premiere classe.svg French Air Force-aviateur.svg
MajorAdjudant-chefAdjudantSergent-chefSergentCaporal-chefCaporalAviateur 1e classeAviateur 2e classe

See also

Notes

  1. Designations of Escadrilles composed of the identifying number of material devices (for instance SPA for escadrille equipped with SPAD, N for Nieuport, SAL for Salmson, etc.) and an order number.

Related Research Articles

Orange-Caritat Air Base French Air Force base near Orange, Vaucluse, France

Air Base 115 Orange-Caritat is a French Air Force base equipped with one runway and named after Capitaine de Seyne. It is located 5 kilometres (3 mi) east of Orange, a commune in the Vaucluse department of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in France.

The Escadron de chasse 1/2 Cigognes or Fighter Squadron 1/2 Cigognes or EC 1/2 Cigognes is a French Air Force fighter squadron currently stationed at Luxeuil Air Base.

The Escadron de Chasse or Fighter Squadron 1/3 Navarre or EC 1/7 Provence is a French Air Force fighter squadron currently stationed at Al Dhafra Air Base since June 24 2016.

Patrick de Rousiers French Air Force general

Patrick de Rousiers, is a retired French Air Force general. His last position was serving as the Chairman of the European Union Military Committee, assuming that position from 6 November 2012 to 5 November 2015.

The Strategic Air Forces (FAS) is a command of the French Air Force. It was created on January 14, 1964, and directs France's nuclear bombardment force.

André Lanata French general

Général d'armée aérienne André Lanata is a French fighter pilot and served as Chief of Staff of the French Air Force CEMAA from 21 September 2015. He was succeeded on 31 August 2018 by Philippe Lavigne.

Escadron de Chasse 2/30 Normandie-Niemen

Escadron de Chasse or Fighter Squadron2/30 Normandie-Niemen is a fighter aircraft unit of the French Air Force. During the dormant phase in 2009, the Escadron was equipped with Mirage F1CT fighters and stationed at Colmar-Meyenheim Air Base.

The Escadron de Chasse or Fighter Squadron3/30 Lorraine is a fighter unit of the French Air Force, reactivated on October 2010 under the designation of 3/30 "Lorraine".

30e Escadre de Chasse

The 30e Escadre de Chasse or 30th Hunter Escadre is a wing of the Fighter Brigade of the French Air Force. It consists of several flying squadrons and support units.

2e Escadre de Chasse

The 2e Escadre de Chasse is a fighter formation of the Fighter Brigade of the French Air Force.

The Groupe de ravitaillement en vol 2/91 Bretagne or Air Supply Group 2/91 Bretagne is a unit of the French Air Force specialized in missions of air supply. Implanted on an Aerial Base, the unit is equipped with Boeing KC-135FR Stratotanker and Boeing C-135FR Stratolifter tanker/transports.

The 4e Escadre de Chasse4e EC or 4th Hunter Escadre is a hunter unit formation of the French Air Force. The unit was initially created on May 1 1944 then dissolved on September 1 1993 with the disappearing of the Escadre echelon from the French Air Force.

Escadron de Chasse 1/4 Gascogne

The Escadron de Chasse or Fighter Squadron 1/4 Gascogne is a combat unit of the French Air Force. It is equipped with Rafale and is the second unit of the French Air Force to receive that aircraft.

The Escadron de Transformation Rafale 3/4 Aquitaine is an Operational conversion unit of the French Air Force flying the Dassault Rafale, based at Saint-Dizier – Robinson Air Base.

The Fighter Squadron 2/4 La Fayette is a fighter unit of the French Air Force. It is currently stationed at Saint-Dizier Air Base, and is equipped with the Dassault Rafale C. The squadron has a long history dating back to the First World War, and has seen service in the Second World War, the French Indochina War and Algeria. It is now a nuclear strike squadron.

3e Escadre de Chasse

The 3e Escadre de Chasse3e EC or 3rd Fighter Wing is a fighter formation of the Fighter Brigade of the French Air Force.

The Air Forces Command is a command of the French Air Force. It is headquartered at Bordeaux-Mérignac Air Base.

References

Citations
  1. (in French) http://www.defense.gouv.fr/content/download/511454/8625925/Les%20chiffres%20cle%CC%81s%20de%20la%20D%C3%A9fense%20%C3%A9dition%202017%20EN.pdf
  2. 1 2 "Defence Key Figures: 2016 Edition". Defense.gouv.fr. Archived from the original on 27 November 2016. Retrieved 10 December 2016. (download PDF file or see HTML version Archived 6 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine )
  3. "Annuaire statistique de la défense 2013–2014" 10 July 2014 (in French)
  4. "Annuaire statistiques de la défense 2012–2013" Archived 1 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine 4 June 2013 (in French)
  5. 1 2 "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 January 2019. Retrieved 10 January 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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Further reading