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Aerial photograph of the Mont Blanc massif, the tallest mountain in the French Alps, seen from the west
|Elevation||4,810.45 m (15,782.3 ft)|
|French regions||Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur|
|Borders on||Swiss Alps, Italian Alps|
|Age of rock||Tertiary|
|Type of rock||Bündner schist, flysch and molasse|
The French Alps are the portions of the Alps mountain range that stand within France, located in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur regions. While some of the ranges of the French Alps are entirely in France, others, such as the Mont Blanc massif, are shared with Switzerland and Italy.
At 4,808 metres (15,774 ft), Mont Blanc (Italian: Monte Bianco), on the French-Italian border, is the highest mountain in the Alps, and the highest Western European mountain.
Notable towns in the French Alps include Grenoble, Chamonix, Annecy, Chambéry, Évian-les-Bains and Albertville.
|Chain||Range||Highest summit||Elevation (m/ft)|
|Graian Alps||Mont Blanc Massif||Mont Blanc||4,810.45 metres (15,782 ft)|
|Graian Alps||Beaufortain Massif||Roignais||2,995 metres (9,826 ft)|
|Graian Alps||Lauzière Massif||Grand Pic de la Lauzière||2,829 metres (9,281 ft)|
|Graian Alps||Vanoise Massif||Grande Casse||3,855 metres (12,648 ft)|
|Graian Alps||Graian Alps central group||Pointe de Charbonnel||3,752 metres (12,310 ft)|
|Dauphiné Alps||Belledonne Massif||Grand Pic de Belledonne||2,977 metres (9,767 ft)|
|Dauphiné Alps||Grandes Rousses||Pic Bayle||3,465 metres (11,368 ft)|
|Dauphiné Alps||Arves Massif||Aiguilles d'Arves||3,514 metres (11,529 ft)|
|Dauphiné Alps||Taillefer Massif||Le Taillefer||2,857 metres (9,373 ft)|
|Dauphiné Alps||Écrins Massif||Barre des Écrins||4,102 metres (13,458 ft)|
|Cottian Alps||Massif du Mont-Cenis||Pointe de Ronce||3,612 metres (11,850 ft)|
|Cottian Alps||Cerces Massif||Grand Galibier||3,229 metres (10,594 ft)|
|Cottian Alps||Queyras Massif||Rochebrune Peak||3,320 metres (10,892 ft)|
|Cottian Alps||Ubaye Massif (Orrenaye)||Aiguille de Chambeyron||3,411 metres (11,191 ft)|
|Maritime Alps||Mercantour Massif||Cime du Gélas||3,143 metres (10,312 ft)|
|Maritime Alps||Pelat Massif||Mont Pelat||3,050 metres (10,007 ft)|
|Maritime Alps||Massif des Trois-Évêchés||Tête de l'Estrop||2,961 metres (9,715 ft)|
|Ligurian Alps||Ligurian Alps||Punta Marguareis||2,651 metres (8,698 ft)|
|Savoy Prealps||Chablais Alps||Hauts-Forts||2,464 metres (8,084 ft)|
|Savoy Prealps||Haut-Giffre Massif||Haute Cime||3,257 metres (10,686 ft)|
|Savoy Prealps||Aiguilles Rouges||Aiguille du Belvédère||2,965 metres (9,728 ft)|
|Savoy Prealps||Bornes||Pointe Blanche||2,438 metres (7,999 ft)|
|Savoy Prealps||Aravis Range||Pointe Percée||2,750 metres (9,022 ft)|
|Savoy Prealps||Bauges||Arcalod||2,217 metres (7,274 ft)|
|Savoy Prealps||Chartreuse Mountains||Chamechaude||2,082 metres (6,831 ft)|
|Dauphiné Prealps||Vercors Massif||Grand Veymont||2,341 metres (7,680 ft)|
|Dauphiné Prealps||Diois Mountains||Mont Jocou||2,051 metres (6,729 ft)|
|Dauphiné Prealps||Dévoluy Mountains||Grande Tête de l'Obiou||2,789 metres (9,150 ft)|
|Provence Prealps||Bochaine||Mont Céüse||2,016 metres (6,614 ft)|
|Provence Prealps||Digne Prealps||Les Monges||2,115 metres (6,939 ft)|
|Provence Prealps||Baronnies||Mont Mare||1,603 metres (5,259 ft)|
|Provence Prealps||Vaucluse Mountains||Signal de Saint-Pierre||1,256 metres (4,121 ft)|
|Provence Prealps||Luberon Mountains||Mourre Nègre||1,125 metres (3,691 ft)|
|Maritime Prealps||Castellan Prealps||Puy de Rent||1,996 metres (6,549 ft)|
|Maritime Prealps||Nice Prealps||Pointe des Trois Communes||2,080 metres (6,824 ft)|
The largest connected ski areas are:
The other large ski areas are:
A range of winter and summer activities are available in the French Alps. In the winter, these include skiing and snowboarding as well as alternatives such as snowshoeing, sledging. There is a range of other activities that happen such as gliding which most happens during the summer months.Summer activities include hiking, mountaineering, biking and rock climbing.
The Graian Alps are a mountain range in the western part of the Alps.
Savoie is a department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of Southeastern France. Located in the French Alps, its prefecture is Chambéry. In 2017, Savoie had a population of 431,174.
Chamonix-Mont-Blanc, more commonly known as Chamonix, is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of Southeastern France. It was the site of the first Winter Olympics in 1924. In 2017, it had a population of 8,611.
The Gran Paradiso or Grand Paradis is a mountain in the Graian Alps in Italy, located between the Aosta Valley and Piedmont regions.
Val d'Isère is a commune of the Tarentaise Valley, in the Savoie department in southeastern France. It lies 5 km (3 mi) from the border with Italy. It is on the border of the Vanoise National Park created in 1963. During the Albertville 1992 Winter Olympics, the Face de Bellevarde was the site of the men's downhill race. Other alpine skiing events held during those games included men's giant slalom and alpine combined. Val d'Isère regularly hosts World Cup alpine events, usually for the men in early December, and hosted the World Championships in 2009. It is located in the Savoie région with good transport links in and out of Lyon, Geneva and Chambéry. The ski area of Val d'Isère and Tignes forms the Espace Killy, named after the triple Olympic champion Jean-Claude Killy who grew up in Val d'Isère. There are two mountain huts owned by the Vanoise National Park on the territory of Val d’Isère: le Refuge du Prariond and le Refuge du Fond des Fours.
Les Portes du Soleil is a major skisports destination in the Alps, encompassing thirteen resorts between Mont Blanc in France and Lake Geneva in Switzerland. With more than 650 km of marked pistes and about 200 lifts in total, spread over 14 valleys and about 1,036 square kilometres (400 sq mi), Portes du Soleil ranks among the two largest ski areas in the world. Almost all of the pistes are connected by lifts – a few marginal towns can be reached only by the free bus services in the area. The highest altitude accessible on skis is 2260m and the lowest is 930m. As with many other Alpine ski resorts, the lower slopes of the Portes du Soleil have snow-making facilities to extend the ski season by keeping the lower slopes open during the warmer months.
The Haute Route, is the name given to a route undertaken on foot or by ski touring between the Mont Blanc Chamonix in France, and the Matterhorn Zermatt in Switzerland.
Écrins National Park is a French national park located in the south-eastern part of France in the Dauphiné Alps south of Grenoble and north of Gap, shared between the departments of Isère and Hautes-Alpes.
Megève is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in southeastern France with a population of more than 3,000 residents. The town is well known as a ski resort near Mont Blanc in the French Alps. Conceived in the 1920s as a French alternative to St. Moritz by the Rothschilds, it was the first purpose-built resort in the Alps. Originally it was a prime destination for the French aristocracy. It remains one of the most famous and fanciest ski resorts in the world.
ArgentièreFrench pronunciation: [aʁʒɑ̃tjɛʁ] is a picturesque skiing, alpine walking and mountaineering village in the French Alps, part of the commune of Chamonix Mont Blanc, at an altitude of 1,252 m (4,108 ft).
The Aiguille du Midi is a 3,842-metre-tall (12,605 ft) mountain in the Mont Blanc massif within the French Alps. It is a popular tourist destination and can be directly accessed by cable car from Chamonix that takes visitors close to Mont Blanc.
The Barre des Écrins is a mountain in the French Alps with a peak at 4102m altitude. It is the highest peak of the Massif des Écrins and the Dauphiné Alps and the most southerly alpine peak in Europe that is higher than 4,000 m. It is the only 4,000 m mountain in France that lies outside the Mont Blanc Massif. Before the annexation of Savoy in 1860 it was the highest mountain in France.
Combloux is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France, with a population of over 2000 residents. It is a mountain village in the French Alps and is popular as a ski resort. Combloux is located 4 km (2.5 mi) from Megève and 30 km (19 mi) from Chamonix-Mont-Blanc.
Les Contamines-Montjoie is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France.
The Mont Blanc massif is a mountain range in the Alps, located mostly in France and Italy, but also straddling Switzerland at its northeastern end. It contains eleven major independent summits, each over 4,000 metres (13,123 ft) in height. It is named after Mont Blanc, the highest point in western Europe and the European Union. Because of its considerable overall altitude, a large proportion of the massif is covered by glaciers, which include the Mer de Glace and the Miage Glacier – the longest glaciers in France and Italy, respectively.
Col de l'Iseran is a mountain pass in France, the highest paved pass in the Alps. A part of the Graian Alps, it is situated in the department of Savoie, near the border with Italy, and is crossed by the D902 roadway.
Sixt-Fer-à-Cheval is a municipality in the Haute-Savoie department within the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in southeastern France. It is located at the end of the Giffre Valley.
L'Oisans is a region in the French Alps, located in the départements of l'Isère and Hautes-Alpes, and corresponding to the drainage basin of the River Romanche and its tributaries. Between Livet-et-Gavet and Le Bourg-d'Oisans, the Romanche forms a deep gorge.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for French Alps .|
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