|Born||20 December 1924|
|Died||4 June 2021 96) (aged|
Friederike Mayröcker (20 December 1924 – 4 June 2021) was an Austrian writer of poetry and prose, audio plays, children's books and dramatic texts. She experimented with language, and was regarded as an avantgarde poet,and as one of the leading authors in German. Her work, inspired by art, music, literature and everyday life, appeared as "novel and also dense text formations, often described as 'magical'." According to The New York Times , her work was "formally inventive, much of it exploiting the imaginative potential of language to capture the minutiae of daily life, the natural world, love and grief".
Mayröcker was born in Vienna,the daughter of a teacher and a milliner. Until age 11, she spent the summers regularly in the village Deinzendorf. In World War II, she was drafted as an air force aide, working as a secretary. From 1946 to 1969 Mayröcker was an English teacher at several public schools in Vienna.
She started writing poetry at age 15.In 1946, she met Otto Basil who published some of her first works in his avant-garde journal Plan . Mayröcker's poems were published a few years later by renowned literary critic Hans Weigel. She was eventually introduced to the Wiener Gruppe, a group of mostly surrealist and expressionist Austrian authors such as Ingeborg Bachmann. Her first book, a collection of prose miniatures, Larifari – Ein konfuses Buch (Airy-fairy. A confused book), appeared in 1956. It remained the only book for ten years, but then the poem collection Death by Muses, meant her breakthrough and recognition as "a leading lyrical voice of her generation". Many more collections followed, published from 1979 by Suhrkamp.
Mayröcker is recognized as one of the most important contemporary Austrian poets.She also had success with her prose and radio plays. Four of them she wrote together with Ernst Jandl, her partner from 1954 until his death in 2000. Her prose is often described as autofictional, since Mayröcker uses quotes of private conversations and excerpts from letters and diaries in her work. She described her working process: "I live in pictures. I see everything in pictures, my complete past, memories are pictures. I transform pictures into language by climbing into the picture. I walk into it until it becomes language."
She sometimes included her drawings in books, and exhibited her art.She was also inspired by music, and literature of Samuel Beckett and Friedrich Hölderlin, among many others. Her montages are also fed from everyday life observations, correspondence and newspapers. She produced "novel and also dense text formations, often described as "magical".
A German-produced documentary chronicling Mayröcker's life and work was released in 2008.Her last lyric collection, da ich morgens und moosgrün. Ans Fenster trete (as mornings and mossgreen I. Step to the window), was short-listed for the prize of the Leipzig Book Fair 2021, with the jury saying that she "fuses poetry and prose into 'proems' full of infatuations, futilities, fantasies, daydreams".
Mayröcker died on 4 June 2021, in Vienna, aged 96.
Audio plays by Mayröcker, some written jointly with Jandl, include:
with Ernst Jandl:
Robert Menasse is an Austrian writer.
Ernst Jandl was an Austrian writer, poet, and translator. He became known for his experimental lyric, mainly sound poems (Sprechgedichte) in the tradition of concrete and visual poetic forms.
Adolf Muschg is a Swiss writer and professor of literature. Muschg was a member of the Gruppe Olten.
Durs Grünbein is a German poet and essayist.
Doron Rabinovici is an Israeli-Austrian writer, historian and essayist. He was born in Tel Aviv in 1961 and moved to Vienna in 1964.
Marcel Beyer is a German writer.
Thomas Kling was a German poet.
Ursula Krechel is a German writer.
Ann Cotten is an American-born Austrian writer.
Peter-Huchel-Preis is a literature prize awarded in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. The Peter Huchel Prize for German-language poetry, donated by the state of Baden-Württemberg and Südwestrundfunk, has been awarded since 1983 for an outstanding lyric work of the previous year. The award is endowed with €10,000 and is presented annually on 3 April, Peter Huchel's birthday, in Staufen im Breisgau.
Friedrich-Hölderlin-Preis is a German literary prize. It was established in 1983. In June, the City of Bad Homburg vor der Höhe annually awards the prize. It is endowed with 20,000 euros and is awarded as a general literary award for outstanding achievements. The award commemorates the poet Friedrich Hölderlin who lived in Bad Homburg for a few years. It is awarded at the anniversary of the evening before Friedrich Hölderlin's death.
Marlene Streeruwitz is an Austrian playwright, novelist, poet, and short story writer.
Monique Schwitter is a Swiss writer and actress.
Gertrud Leutenegger is a German-speaking Swiss poet, novelist, playwright and theatre director.
Jürgen Becker is a German poet, prose writer and radio play author. He won the 2014 Georg Büchner Prize.
Elke Erb is a German author-poet based in Berlin. She has also worked as a literary editor and translator.
Silvia Bovenschen was a German feminist literary critic, author and essayist.
Ilma Rakusa is a Swiss writer and translator. She translates French, Russian, Serbo-Croatian and Hungarian into German.
Robert Schindel is an Austrian lyricist, regisseur and author.
Irina Liebmann is a German journalist-author and sinologist of Russo-German provenance. She has won a number of important literary prizes: the most significant of these, probably, was the 2008 Leipzig Book Fair non-fiction Prize, awarded for "Wäre es schön? Es wäre schön!", a biography of her father, a noted anti-Nazi activist and political exile in Warsaw and Moscow who, after 1945, returned to what became, in 1949, the German Democratic Republic and in 1953, despite his longstanding record of communist activism, emerged as an uncompromising critic of the East German leader Walter Ulbricht: he was expelled from the party and suffered various other government mandated public indignities. She grew up and lived the first part of her adult life in the German Democratic Republic, but succeeded in moving to West Berlin during 1988, thereby anticipating reunification by more than a year.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Friederike Mayröcker .|