Friederike Mayröcker

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Friederike Mayröcker
Mayrocker Friederike-5784 (17828490214).jpg
Mayröcker in 2015
Born(1924-12-20)20 December 1924
Vienna, Austria
Died4 June 2021(2021-06-04) (aged 96)
Vienna, Austria
  • Teacher
  • Poet
Organization Wiener Gruppe
Partner(s) Ernst Jandl
Ernst Jandl and Friederike Mayrocker, at a public reading in Vienna, 1974 Ernst Jandl and Friederike Mayrocker, public reading, 1974-11, Vienna, Austria.jpg
Ernst Jandl and Friederike Mayröcker, at a public reading in Vienna, 1974

Friederike Mayröcker (20 December 1924 – 4 June 2021) was an Austrian writer of poetry and prose, audio plays, children's books and dramatic texts. She experimented with language, and was regarded as an avantgarde poet, [1] and as one of the leading authors in German. [2] Her work, inspired by art, music, literature and everyday life, appeared as "novel and also dense text formations, often described as 'magical'." [3] According to The New York Times , her work was "formally inventive, much of it exploiting the imaginative potential of language to capture the minutiae of daily life, the natural world, love and grief". [4]



Mayröcker was born in Vienna, [5] the daughter of a teacher and a milliner. [4] [5] Until age 11, she spent the summers regularly in the village Deinzendorf. [6] In World War II, she was drafted as an air force aide, working as a secretary. [3] [4] From 1946 to 1969 Mayröcker was an English teacher [1] at several public schools in Vienna. [3] [6] [7]

She started writing poetry at age 15. [1] In 1946, she met Otto Basil who published some of her first works in his avant-garde journal Plan  [ de ]. [7] Mayröcker's poems were published a few years later by renowned literary critic Hans Weigel. She was eventually introduced to the Wiener Gruppe, a group of mostly surrealist and expressionist Austrian authors such as Ingeborg Bachmann. [4] [1] Her first book, a collection of prose miniatures, [4] Larifari – Ein konfuses Buch (Airy-fairy. A confused book), appeared in 1956. [3] It remained the only book for ten years, but then the poem collection Death by Muses, meant her breakthrough and recognition as "a leading lyrical voice of her generation". [4] Many more collections followed, published from 1979 by Suhrkamp. [8]

Mayröcker is recognized as one of the most important contemporary Austrian poets. [2] She also had success with her prose and radio plays. Four of them she wrote together with Ernst Jandl, her partner from 1954 until his death in 2000. [5] Her prose is often described as autofictional, since Mayröcker uses quotes of private conversations and excerpts from letters and diaries in her work. She described her working process: "I live in pictures. I see everything in pictures, my complete past, memories are pictures. I transform pictures into language by climbing into the picture. I walk into it until it becomes language." [9]

She sometimes included her drawings in books, and exhibited her art. [3] She was also inspired by music, and literature of Samuel Beckett and Friedrich Hölderlin, among many others. Her montages are also fed from everyday life observations, correspondence and newspapers. She produced "novel and also dense text formations, often described as "magical". [3]

A German-produced documentary chronicling Mayröcker's life and work was released in 2008. [10] Her last lyric collection, da ich morgens und moosgrün. Ans Fenster trete (as mornings and mossgreen I. Step to the window), [4] was short-listed for the prize of the Leipzig Book Fair 2021, [2] [11] with the jury saying that she "fuses poetry and prose into 'proems' full of infatuations, futilities, fantasies, daydreams". [4]

Mayröcker died on 4 June 2021, in Vienna, aged 96. [1] [12]


Source: [13] [14]

Audio plays

Audio plays by Mayröcker, some written jointly with Jandl, include: [15]

with Ernst Jandl:



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  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "Friederike Mayröcker ist tot: Österreichische Schriftstellerin mit 96 Jahren gestorben". Der Spiegel (in German). 4 June 2021. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  2. 1 2 3 Beer, Andrea (4 June 2021). ""Ich hasse den Tod": Lyrikerin Friederike Mayröcker im Alter von 96 Jahren gestorben" (in German). SWR . Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Friederike Mayröcker (Austria)". Internationales Literaturfestival Berlin. 2021. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Goldmann, A. J. (4 June 2021). "Friederike Mayröcker, Grande Dame in German Literature, Dies at 96". The New York Times . Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  5. 1 2 3 Weidermann, Volker (4 June 2021). "Zum Tod von Friederike Mayröcker / Lasst die Wörter aufjaulen!". Der Spiegel (in German). Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  6. 1 2 3 4 "Friederike Mayröcker" (in German). Suhrkamp. 4 June 2021. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  7. 1 2 Kaindlstorfer, Günter (4 June 2021). "Nachruf auf Friederike MayröckerPoesie als Lebensprinzip". Der Spiegel (in German). Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  8. Platthaus, Andreas (4 June 2021). "Friederike Mayröcker : Einen Schlusspunkt gibt es nicht". FAZ (in German). Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  9. In: Heimspiel (Journal of ORF – public Austrian radio station) March 2007, p. 5
  10. Das Schreiben und das Schweigen. Die Schriftstellerin Friederike Mayröcker, 6 May 2010, retrieved 20 July 2020
  11. "Friederike Mayröcker: "da ich morgens und moosgrün. Ans Fenster trete"" (in German). Leipzig Book Fair. 2021. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  12. "Schriftstellerin: Friederike Mayröcker ist tot". Die Zeit (in German). 4 June 2021. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  13. "Literaturhaus Wien: Werke".
  14. "Friederike Mayröcker: Die wichtigsten Publikationen und Preise". (in German). 12 December 2009. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  15. Hörspiele von Friederike Mayröcker ARD
  16. 1 2 "Repetitionen, nach Max Ernst. Hörspiel von Friederike Mayröcker". Suhrkamp Theater Verlag (in German). Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  17. "Hörspiel – Das unbestechliche Muster der Ekstase". Hörspiel und Feature (in German). 21 July 2020. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  18. "DER GIGANT". (in German). 25 February 2021. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  19. "Hörspiel von Ernst Jandl und Friederike Mayröcker – Gemeinsame Kindheit". Hörspiel und Feature (in German). 4 February 2021. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  20. Hörspiel / Fünf Mann Menschen (in German) Deutschlandfunk
  21. "SPALTUNGEN". (in German). 25 February 2021. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  22. Wolfram Wagner / Stretta (in German) Doblinger Musikverlag
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  24. "Awards – Georg-Büchner-Preis – Friederike Mayröcker". Deutsche Akademie für Sprache und Dichtung (in German). Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  25. "Ehrenring der Stadt Wien für Friederike Mayröcker". (in German). 17 December 2004. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  26. "Mayröcker mit Hermann-Lenz-Preis ausgezeichnet". Augsburger Allgemeine (in German). 5 November 2019. Retrieved 6 June 2021.