Not to be confused with the West German industrialist Fritz Dietz.
27 February 1901
|Died||19 October 1979 78) (aged|
|Occupation||Actor, producer, director|
Fritz Diez (27 February 1901 – 19 October 1979) was a German actor, producer, director and theater manager.
Germans are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry, culture and history. German is the shared mother tongue of a substantial majority of ethnic Germans.
Diez's mother was a servant, and raised her three children alone. To support his family, the child began working at the age of nine. While on the 7th grade, he appeared in his class' production of William Tell . In 1920, after joining the Meiningen Ducal Theater in the role of a supernumerary actor, Diez left his work as an electrician's apprentice and began taking acting classes in the Meiningen School of Dramatic Arts. He devoted himself to professional acting ever since, appearing on the stages of theaters in Flensburg, Hanau, Baden-Baden, Würzburg and Eger.While performing in the Eisenach Theater, he met his future wife, actress Martha Beschort. The two married in 1923.
William Tell is a folk hero of Switzerland. According to the legend, Tell was an expert marksman with the crossbow who assassinated Albrecht Gessler, a tyrannical reeve of the Habsburg dukes positioned in Altdorf, in the canton of Uri. Tell's defiance and tyrannicide encouraged the population to open rebellion and a pact against the foreign rulers with neighbouring Schwyz and Unterwalden, marking the foundation of the Swiss Confederacy.
Supernumerary actors are usually amateur character actors in opera and ballet performances who train under professional direction to create a believable scene.
Flensburg is an independent town in the north of the German state of Schleswig-Holstein. Flensburg is the centre of the region of Southern Schleswig. After Kiel and Lübeck, it is the third largest town in Schleswig-Holstein.
During 1932, while he and Martha were working in the Stadttheater Bremerhaven, they both joined the KPD. Diez, who originally was a member of the Guild of the German Stage, joined the Profintern-oriented Revolutionary Trade Union Opposition and was elected as chairman of the theater's branch.
The Stadttheater Bremerhaven is a theatre in Bremerhaven, Germany. Founded in 1867, it serves three genres: opera and other musical theatre, spoken plays, and dance. A theatre built on the present site in 1911 was largely destroyed in World War II; a new house was built in 1952 which incorporated the surviving Jugendstil facade. The smaller Bürgerhaus Lehe, which served as a home before the rebuilding, is currently used as a venue for chamber pieces.
The Communist Party of Germany was a major political party in Germany between 1918 and 1933, and a minor party in West Germany in the postwar period until it was banned in 1956.
The Guild of the German Stage is the guild for people who work on the legitimate stage. Its members come from both the areas of stagecraft and artistic workers in theaters from all over Germany. The organization is based in Hamburg and is divided into seven regional divisions. It was established in 1871, in Weimar on an initiative by Ludwig Barnay.
On the morning of 28 February 1933, a day after the Reichstag fire, Diez's home was raided by the Gestapo. On 6 March, immediately after the elections, the actor was dismissed from his work for being a communist.During 1935, Diez - fearing an interrogation by the Gestapo - had to emigrate from Germany. He and his wife traveled to Switzerland, where he worked in the St. Gallen Theater. Diez became involved in the communist and anti-fascist circles of German exiles that were formed in the country. The St. Gallen Theater's manager, Theo Modes, was a supporter of the Third Reich, and Diez was "completely isolated" in his place of work. In 1943 he joined the Swiss branch of the recently founded National Committee for a Free Germany. By the end of the war, Diez headed the St. Gallen fraction of the Democratic Union of Germans in Switzerland, an offshoot of the Committee. He also edited this movement's newspaper.
The Reichstag fire was an arson attack on the Reichstag building, home of the German parliament in Berlin, on Monday 27 February 1933, precisely four weeks after Adolf Hitler was sworn in as Chancellor of Germany. Hitler's government stated that Marinus van der Lubbe, a Dutch council communist, was found near the building, and they attributed the fire to communist agitators in general—though a German court decided later that year that van der Lubbe had acted alone, as he claimed. After the fire, the Reichstag Fire Decree was passed. The Nazi Party used the fire as a pretext that communists were plotting against the German government, and the event is considered pivotal in the establishment of Nazi Germany. The term "Reichstag fire" has come to refer to false flag actions facilitated by an authority to promote their own interests through popular approval of retribution or retraction of civil rights.
The Geheime Staatspolizei, abbreviated Gestapo, was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and German-occupied Europe.
Diez returned to the Soviet-administered Meiningen in 1946. He worked in the municipal theater, first as an actor and later as a director and an artistic director.In 1947, he was appointed its manager. During 1952, he made his debut on screen in the DEFA film Shadow Over The Islands . He appeared in some twenty films until the end of his career, as well as in several television productions.
The Soviet Occupation Zone was the area of central Germany occupied by the Soviet Union from 1945 on, at the end of World War II. On 7 October 1949 the German Democratic Republic (GDR), which became commonly referred to as East Germany, was established in the Soviet Occupation Zone.
An artistic director is the executive of an arts organization, particularly in a theatre or dance company, who handles the organization's artistic direction. They are generally a producer and director, but not in the sense of a mogul, since the organization is generally a non-profit organization. The artistic director of a theatre company is the individual with the overarching artistic control of the theatre's production choices, directorial choices, and overall artistic vision. In smaller theatres, the artistic director may be the founder of the theatre and the primary director of its plays. In larger non-profit theatres, the artistic director may be appointed by the board of directors.
Schatten über den Inseln is an East German black-and-white film, directed by Otto Meyer. It was released in 1952.
In 1954, Diez left Meiningen, remaining an honorable member of the theater, and instead took the position of the Halle National Theater's manager.On 1958 he joined the Dresden Theater as an actor and a director. During the 1960s, he performed and directed plays in the Volksbühne and in the Deutsches Theater. Diez was also a member of the German Shakespeare Society.
Dresden is the capital city and, after Leipzig, the second-largest city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany. It is situated in a valley on the River Elbe, near the border with the Czech Republic.
The Volksbühne is a theater in Berlin, Germany. Located in Berlin's city center Mitte on Rosa-Luxemburg-Platz in what was the GDR's capital. It has been called Berlin’s most iconic theatre.
The Deutsches Theater in Berlin is a well-known German theatre. It was built in 1850 as Friedrich-Wilhelm-Städtisches Theater, after Frederick William IV of Prussia. Located on Schumann Street (Schumannstraße), the Deutsches Theater consists of two adjoining stages that share a common, classical facade. The main stage was built in 1850, originally for operettas.
The figure of Hitler, which he first portrayed in the Meiningen Theater during 1947, was described by Diez as an "ungrateful role which always seemed to pursue me."He played the character on screen in seven different productions - Ernst Thälmann - Führer seiner Klasse (1955), I, Justice , Frozen Flashes (both 1967), Liberation (1970-1), Seventeen Moments of Spring (1973), Take Aim (1974) and Soldiers of Freedom (1977). Dilara Ozerova - the wife of Yuri Ozerov, who directed Liberation - claimed that Diez was reluctant to accept the invitation to depict Hitler in her husband's film series, fearing typecasting, but had to accept it as a "Party mission". Author Charles P. Mitchell wrote that the actor was "Eastern Europe's equivalent to Bobby Watson in terms of the frequency of his Hitler appearances."
In 1971, Diez received the Patriotic Order of Merit in silver.On 9 October 1979, shortly before his death, he was awarded the title of an Honorary Citizen of Meiningen.
|1952||Shadow Over The Islands||Arne Horn|
|1953||Swings Or Roundabouts||Hellwand|
|1955||Ernst Thälmann||Adolf Hitler|
|1956||Thomas Müntzer||Field Captain Hoffmann|
|1959||Special Mission||Captain Lieutenant Wegner|
|1959||The Punch Bowl||State Secretary Frisch|
|1959||SAS 181 Does Not Reply||The intendant|
|1959||Goods for Catalonia||Captain Gerner|
|1960||Doctor Ahrendt's Decision||Scholz|
|1960||Always on Duty||Father Kraft|
|1960||Five Cartridges||Major Bolaños|
|1963||Carbide and Sorrel||Worker|
|1966||The Escape In The Silent||Stetter|
|1967||Frozen Flashes||Adolf Hitler|
|1967||I, Justice||Adolf Hitler|
|1970||Liberation I: The Fire Bulge||Adolf Hitler|
|1970||Liberation II: Breakthrough||Adolf Hitler|
|1971||Liberation III: Direction of the Main Blow||Adolf Hitler|
|1971||Liberation IV: The Battle of Berlin||Adolf Hitler|
|1971||Liberation V: The Last Assault||Adolf Hitler|
|1972||Hurray! We Are Going on a Vacation!||Grandfather|
|1976||Take Aim||Adolf Hitler/Otto Hahn|
|1963||A Man and his Shadow||Uncredited role|
|1963||Carl von Ossietzky||Hellmut von Gerlach|
|1963 '||Blue Light||Major Löbel||Episode 18: Hot Money|
|1965||Moments of Joy||Otto Meinicke|
|1966||Secret Unit Boomerang||Uncredited role|
|1966||No Victory Without Struggle||Hermann Abs|
|1967||Blue Light||Dr. Döppke||Episode 28:Night Patrol|
|1969||Three From the K||The committee chief||Episode 13: A Strange Case|
|1973||Seventeen Moments of Spring||Adolf Hitler||Episodes no. 1, 3 and 5|
|1973||The Wondrous Treasure||Judge|
|1974||New From Florentiner No. 73||Krawuttcke|
|1977||Soldiers of Freedom||Adolf Hitler||Four episodes|
|1978||Dangerous Inquiry||Uncredited role||Season 1, Episode 2: Death in the Alpsee|
|1980||Joy in the Rear Exit||Karl's father||Filmed before Diez's death|
|1993||The Tragedy of the 20th Century||Adolf Hitler||Compilation of footage from older pictures|
|1995||The Great Captain Georgy Zhukov||Adolf Hitler||Compilation of footage from older pictures|
|1957||Duped Till Doomsday||Adolf Hitler|
|1961||The Story of the Christmas Man||Narrator|
|1961||Aunt Minna, her Dog and Science||Narrator|
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