This article needs additional citations for verification . (June 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Died||23 January 1971 79) (aged|
|Nationality|| Austrian until 1944 |
|Alma mater||University of Vienna|
|Awards||Wilhelm Exner Medal, 1957|
|Doctoral advisor||Wilhelm Schlenk|
|Doctoral students|| Erwin Chargaff |
Cláudio Costa Neto
Fritz Feigl (15 May 1891 – 23 January 1971) was an Austrian-born chemist. He taught at the University of Brazil.
Feigl was born and studied in Vienna, but owing to his military service in the First World War he had to interrupt his studies. He received his Ph.D. for work with Wilhelm Schlenk in 1920. After his habilitation in 1928 he became a Professor at the University of Vienna. He was forced to retire after the Nazi occupation of Austria in 1938.
Feigl was able to get to Belgium and work there. After the occupation of Belgium he was imprisoned in a concentration camp, but was able to reach Portugal and from there Brazil in 1940.
He worked at the University of Rio de Janeiro and became a Brazilian citizen in 1944.
Fritz Feigl is the creator of "spot analysis" (spot test),a simple and efficient technique where analytic assays are executed in only one, or a few drops, of a chemical solution, preferably in a great piece of filter paper, without using any sophisticated instrumentation. A notable example he developed was a simple test to know if fishes eaten by Amazon population are contaminated by lead. Poor populations by the Amazon rivers were taught to easily use that technique to find out contaminated fishes and discharge them.
On the occasion of Feigl's 70th birthday the Chemical Society of Midland sponsored a symposium in 1962,attended by 500 scientists from 24 countries, in which all plenary sessions were related on spot tests.
A less known contribution is the development of "luminol", a substance used by forensic investigators to detect presence of blood, even if the scene is washed and cleaned.[ citation needed ]
Carl Bosch was a German chemist and engineer and Nobel Laureate in Chemistry. He was a pioneer in the field of high-pressure industrial chemistry and founder of IG Farben, at one point the world's largest chemical company.
The American Chemical Society (ACS) is a scientific society based in the United States that supports scientific inquiry in the field of chemistry. Founded in 1876 at New York University, the ACS currently has nearly 157,000 members at all degree levels and in all fields of chemistry, chemical engineering, and related fields. It is the world's largest scientific society by membership. The ACS is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization and holds a congressional charter under Title 36 of the United States Code. Its headquarters are located in Washington, D.C., and it has a large concentration of staff in Columbus, Ohio.
Fritz Pregl, was a Slovenian and Austrian chemist and physician from a mixed Slovene-German-speaking background. He won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1923 for making important contributions to quantitative organic microanalysis, one of which was the improvement of the combustion train technique for elemental analysis.
Richard Johann Kuhn was an Austrian-German biochemist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1938 "for his work on carotenoids and vitamins".
Jacob Volhard was the German chemist who discovered, together with his student Hugo Erdmann, the Volhard–Erdmann cyclization reaction. He was also responsible for the improvement of the Hell–Volhard–Zelinsky halogenation.
Heinrich Hlasiwetz was an Austrian chemist born in Reichenberg, Bohemia.
Hanns Malissa was an Austrian analytical chemist and environmental chemist who published about 250 scientific papers and several books.
Otto Redlich was an Austrian physical chemist and chemical engineer who is best known for his development of equations of state like Redlich-Kwong equation. Besides this he had numerous other contributions to science. He won the Haitinger Prize of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in 1932.
Kuppuswamy Nagarajan is an Indian organic chemist.
Dr. Samuel Soloveichik was an Orthodox Jewish chemist and talmudist.
Ao Prof. Dr. Bernhard Lendl is an Austrian chemist, TU Vienna, Institute of Chemical Technologies and Analytics, the head of the working group on Process Analysis & Vibrational Spectroscopy. Since 2001 he is professor of analytical chemistry, TU Vienna.
Spot analysis, spot test analysis, or spot test is a chemical test, a simple and efficient technique where analytic assays are executed in only one, or a few drops, of a chemical solution, preferably in a great piece of filter paper, without using any sophisticated instrumentation. The development and popularization of the test is credited to Fritz Feigl.
Claudio Costa Neto is a Brazilian chemical and chemical engineer, one of the founders of the Institute of Chemistry, UFRJ. He is currently emeritus professor at the Institute of Chemistry of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro.
Otto Richard Gottlieb was a Czechoslovak-born naturalized Brazilian chemist and scientist of Jewish origin.
This is a list of women chemists. It should include those who have been important to the development or practice of chemistry. Their research or application has made significant contributions in the area of basic or applied chemistry.
The Haitinger Prize of the Austrian Academy of Sciences was founded in 1904 by the chemist and factory director, Ludwig Camillo Haitinger (1860-1945), who created the award in honor of his father, Karl Ludwig Haitinger. From 1905 to 1943 it was awarded every year, for "studies in chemistry and physics that proved to be of great practical use for industrial applications". The prize was awarded for the last time in the year 1954.
Ralph Edward Oesper was an American chemist and historian of chemistry.
Vanderlan da Silva Bolzani is a Brazilian chemist at the São Paulo State University. She has previously served as President of the Brazilian Chemical Society and was awarded the 2011 American Chemical Society – International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry Distinguished Women in Science Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Award.