Front for Democracy in Burundi

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Front for Democracy in Burundi
Front pour la Démocratie au Burundi
President Léonce Ngendakumana
Ideology Hutu interests
Democratic socialism
Political position Left-wing
ColorsGreen, White
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National Assembly
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Party flag
Flag of FRODEBU.svg

The Front for Democracy in Burundi (French: Front pour la Démocratie au Burundi, FRODEBU) is a Hutu progressive political party in Burundi.



Ndadaye speaking at a FRODEBU rally following his electoral victory in 1993 Melchior Ndadaye speaking at a FRODEBU rally.jpg
Ndadaye speaking at a FRODEBU rally following his electoral victory in 1993

It was formed by followers of Melchior Ndadaye from the disbanded Burundi Workers' Party in 1986. FRODEBU was legalized as a political party in 1992. [1]

In 1993, FRODEBU won power in Burundi and put forward a Hutu president, Melchior Ndadaye. The election of a Hutu government triggered violence between Hutu and Tutsi militias, and President Ndadaye was assassinated. In retaliation, some 25,000 Tutsis were killed. The Tutsis responded with an outbreak of violence against Hutus and killed civilians in retaliation. The violence was on a smaller scale than the mass genocide occurring in Rwanda where Hutu were massacring Tutsis and moderate Hutus.

By mid-1994, FRODEBU had been severely crippled by a loss of leadership; of its 11-strong central committee prior to the 1993 elections, by that point only Sylvestre Ntibantunganya remained active with the party in Burundi. Six of the committee members had been killed, while the remainder had fled into exile. [2]

In the legislative 2005 parliamentary election, the party won 21.7% of the vote and 30 out of 118 seats, [3] becoming the main opposition party. [4]

FRODEBU suspended its participation in the National Assembly on 21 February 2008 to protest efforts by the National Council for the Defense of Democracy-Forces for the Defense of Democracy (CNDD/FDD) to remove Alice Nzomukunda, a former CNDD/FDD member, from her post as vice-president of the National Assembly. [4]

FRODEBU is a consultative member of the Socialist International. [5]

Electoral history

Presidential elections

ElectionParty candidateVotes%Result
1993 Melchior Ndadaye 1,483,90465.68%ElectedGreen check.svg
2010 Boycotted

National Assembly elections

1993 1,532,10672.58%
65 / 81
Increase2.svg 65Increase2.svg 1st
2005 525,33621.70%
30 / 118
Decrease2.svg 35Decrease2.svg 2nd

Senate elections

5 / 49
Increase2.svg 5Increase2.svg 2nd

Related Research Articles

History of Burundi Aspect of history

Burundi originated in the 16th century as a small kingdom in the African Great Lakes region. After European contact, it was united with the Kingdom of Rwanda, becoming the colony of Ruanda-Urundi - first colonised by Germany and then by Belgium. The colony gained independence in 1962, and split once again into Rwanda and Burundi. It is one of the few countries in Africa to be a direct territorial continuation of a pre-colonial era African state.

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Burundian Civil War

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National Assembly (Burundi)

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Senate (Burundi)

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Vice-President of Burundi

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Alice Nzomukunda is a Burundian politician and former Second Vice-President of the country, from 29 August 2005 to 5 September 2006. She is an ethnic Hutu and was a member of the National Council for the Defense of Democracy-Forces for the Defense of Democracy (CNDD-FDD).

1993 ethnic violence in Burundi

The 1993 mass killings of Tutsis by the majority-Hutu populace in Burundi are described as genocide in the final report of the International Commission of Inquiry for Burundi presented to the United Nations Security Council in 1996.

These are some of the articles related to Burundi on the English Wikipedia:

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Presidential elections were held in Burundi on 28 June 2010. As a result of withdrawals and alleged fraud and intimidation, incumbent President Pierre Nkurunziza was the only candidate.

Front for Democracy in Burundi–Nyakuri Political party in Burundi

The Front for Democracy in Burundi–Nyakuri, also known as Sahwanya Frodebu Iragi rya Ndadaye, is a political party in Burundi.

2015 Burundian legislative election

Parliamentary elections were held in Burundi on 29 June 2015. The vote had been initially set for 5 June 2015, alongside local elections, but it was delayed due to unrest. Indirect elections to the Senate occurred on 24 July.

1993 Burundian coup détat attempt

On 21 October 1993, a coup was attempted in Burundi by a Tutsi–dominated Army faction, led by Chief of Staff Lt. Col. Jean Bikomagu, ex-President Jean-Baptiste Bagaza, and former interior minister François Ngeze. The coup attempt resulted in assassination of Hutu President Melchior Ndadaye, and numerous other casualties. Earlier in 1993, Ndadaye was elected in the 1 June presidential election and was sworn in on 10 July.


  1. Amnesty International (22 March 2001). "Glossary of Burundian political parties and armed opposition groups relevant to the conflict in Burundi" (PDF). International Documentation Network on the African Great Lakes Region. Retrieved 21 February 2009.
  2. "Burundi : On a knife's edge". Africa Confidential. 35 (16). 1994.
  3. 2005 National Assembly Elections in Burundi, IPU PARLINE
  4. 1 2 "Burundi's main opposition party suspends participation in parliament" Archived 2 January 2013 at , Panapress (, 22 February 2008.
  5. List of Socialist International parties in Africa Archived 28 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine .