Front of Patriotic and National Parties

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Front of Patriotic and National Parties
جبهة الأحزاب الوطنية والوطنية
Participant in Lebanese civil war (1975-1990)
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Front of Patriotic and National Parties logo (1976-1982).
ActiveUntil 1982
Leaders Musa al-Sadr, Kamal Shatila
Headquarters Beirut
Allies Syrian Army
Opponent(s) Lebanese Front, Lebanese National Movement (LNM), Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF)

The Front of Patriotic and National Parties – FPNP (Arabic: جبهة الأحزاب الوطنية والوطنية | Jabhat al-Ahzab wa al-Kiwa al-Wataniyya) or Front Patriotique des Parties Nacionaux (FPPN) in French, was a Syrian-backed coalition of Lebanese Political parties and militias formed in the late 1970s.

Contents

Origins

It was formed in late March 1976 at West Beirut by breakaway sections of the Lebanese National Movement (LNM), which included the pro-Syrian factions of the Syrian Social Nationalist Party in Lebanon (SSNP) and the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Lebanon Region, the Shia Amal Movement led by Musa al-Sadr, Kamal Shatila's Union of Working People's Forces (UWPF) and the Kurdish Razkari Party.

Decline and demise

The alliance lasted until mid-1982, when it collapsed together with their LNM rival in the wake of the Israeli invasion of Lebanon.

See also

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