Frosolone

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Frosolone
Comune di Frosolone
Frosolone skyline.jpg
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Coat of arms
Location of Frosolone
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Frosolone
Location of Frosolone in Italy
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Frosolone
Frosolone (Molise)
Coordinates: 41°36′N14°27′E / 41.600°N 14.450°E / 41.600; 14.450 Coordinates: 41°36′N14°27′E / 41.600°N 14.450°E / 41.600; 14.450
Country Italy
Region Molise
Province Isernia (IS)
Government
  MayorFelice Ianiro
Area
[1]
  Total49.89 km2 (19.26 sq mi)
Elevation
894 m (2,933 ft)
Population
 (31 August 2017) [2]
  Total3,175
  Density64/km2 (160/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Frosolonesi
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
86095
Dialing code 0874
Website Official website

Frosolone is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Isernia in the Italian region Molise, located about 20 kilometres (12 mi) west of Campobasso and about 20 kilometres (12 mi) east of Isernia. Frosolone is known historically for the production of blades, [3] including knives and scissors, and is home to a museum dedicated to the craft.

Contents

Geography

Frosolone borders the following municipalities: Carpinone, Casalciprano, Civitanova del Sannio, Duronia, Macchiagodena, Molise, Sant'Elena Sannita, Sessano del Molise, Torella del Sannio.

History

Statue in Frosolone recognizing its blacksmithing tradition. Frosolone statue.jpg
Statue in Frosolone recognizing its blacksmithing tradition.

The region surrounding Frosolone was inhabited by members of the Sanniti and Osci Italic tribes, which were conquered by the Romans during the Samnite Wars. There are remnants of cyclopean walls built by the Samnites, locally called "Civitelle." As the name implies, they were likely part of a small fortress destroyed by the Roman Army probably in 293 BC; the historian Livy describes in this area the march of two Roman armies, headed by Spurius Carvilius Maximus and Lucius Papirius Cursor.

The first mention of the town's name is in a "diploma" dated 1064, by the Count of Isernia.

The church of Santa Maria Assunta is of medieval origin. Its construction was completed probably in 1309, when it was cited for the first time in a notarial deed. On December 5, 1456, the church was totally destroyed by an earthquake that had as Frosolone as its epicenter. Reconstruction work ended in 1531, when it was consecrated.

Frosolone was victim to another earthquake on July 26, 1805, which destroyed most of the buildings in town and killed 518 people. In 1860, Frosolone was officially annexed by the Kingdom of Italy. In 1864 the Post Office was opened; in 1866 a kerosene public lighting system was installed at the then-large outlay of 4,000 lira.

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References

  1. "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  3. http://www.iserniaturismo.it/modules/smartsection/item.php?itemid=278&lang=english