Fryderyk Buchholtz

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Fryderyk Buchholtz
Fryderyk Buchholtz.jpg
Born16 May 1792
Died15 May 1837(1837-05-15) (aged 44)
Occupation Piano maker

Fryderyk Buchholtzpiano maker, organ maker, guild master, guild elder (1825-1826), born on May 16, 1792 Olsztynek (Hohenstein, Prussia), died on May 15, 1837 in Warsaw. [1] [2]



Fortepiano Fryderyk Buchholtz, 1835 Fortepian Buchholtz.jpg
Fortepiano Fryderyk Buchholtz, 1835

The son of Andrzej and Ewa Pohl, who settled in Warsaw; Fryderyk Buchholtz was an apprentice carpenter when he set out on a journey from Warsaw. In 1815, after he finished studying piano making in Vienna, he returned to his home city and founded a piano factory at 1352 Mazowiecka street, and by 1825, he was able to buy the property he had been renting for the factory. From 1817 to 1819, together with W. Bauer and W. Jansen, he petitioned the government to establish the Assembly of Organ Masters.

In the beginning, he made giraffe pianos with bassoon and Janissary registers that quickly gained recognition. He exhibited these instruments at the exhibitions in Warsaw in both 1823 and 1825, and he won multiple medals including a silver medal. Also in 1825, he exhibited the melodicordion, which he built together with F. Brunner, and received praise for the performance. [3] In the 1830s, together with his son Julian, he custom-built a piano with a silencer lift that was divided into a lower and upper register.

His instruments gained recognition among musicians as some of the best. A frequent guest of the home art salon and a factory store was Frédéric Chopin, who bought Buchholtz's piano, [4] which was later burned during the January Uprising. [3] It was said that every time more than two guests came to hear Chopin play, the company was moved to the Buchholtz workshop. During his lifetime, Buchholtz's instruments were used by, among others, J. Promberger from Vienna (1837), J. Manniing (ca. 1826-37), J. Kerntopf (1830–39) and J. S. Luboradzki (ca. 1822-26). From his marriage (1819) with Emilia Boratynski, [5] he had 15 children, including Julian, Alojzy (born 1822) and Matylda Dobrowolska (1825—1910). He is buried at the Evangelical-Augsburg cemetery in Warsaw. After his death, the factory was run by his wife (with the help of J. S. Luboradzki), and from 1841-46 by his son Julian. The Buchholtz company went into bankruptcy about 1864. [6]

Only a few instruments of the Buchholtz brand have survived until today: at the National Museum in Warsaw (a giraffe piano), the Musical Instrument Museum in Poznań, the Fryderyk Chopin Institute in Warsaw, the Hunting Palace in Antonin, the Museum of Industrial History in Opatówek, the Andrzej Szwalbe Collection in Ostromecko near Bydgoszcz, and the Regional Museum in Kremenets, Ukraine. [7] In 2017 the Fryderyk Chopin Institute commissioned a copy of a Buchholtz. [8] It was used in September 2018 in the first International Chopin Competition on Period Instruments. [9]

Recordings made with originals and replicas of Buchholtz's pianos

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  1. "Buchholtz, Fryderyk". Grove Music Online. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.l2275442 . Retrieved 2021-06-14.
  2. "Fryderyk Buchholtz piano price list and models". Retrieved 2021-06-14.
  3. 1 2 Goldberg, Halina (2008). Music in Chopin's Warsaw. USA: Oxfor University Press. pp. 37–49. ISBN   0195130731.
  4. Orga, Ates (2015). Illustrated Lives of Great Composers:Chopin. Omnibus Press. ISBN   0857128477.
  5. "Albo. Aktualnosći Lokalne Buletyn Olcztynecki" (PDF). Szukanie patrona.
  6. Novak Clinkscale, Martha (1993). Makers of the Piano. Volume 2: 1820-1860. UK: Oxford University Press. p. 64.
  7. "Piano makers | The Piano in Polish Collections". Retrieved 2021-06-14.
  8. "Exploring the sound world of Chopin on period pianos". Retrieved 2021-06-24.
  9. "Chopin's Pianos". Teatr Wielki Opera Narodowa. Retrieved 2021-06-24.