|Born||16 May 1792|
|Died||15 May 1837 44)(aged|
Fryderyk Buchholtz – piano maker, organ maker, guild master, guild elder (1825-1826), born on May 16, 1792 Olsztynek (Hohenstein, Prussia), died on May 15, 1837 in Warsaw.
The son of Andrzej and Ewa Pohl, who settled in Warsaw; Fryderyk Buchholtz was an apprentice carpenter when he set out on a journey from Warsaw. In 1815, after he finished studying piano making in Vienna, he returned to his home city and founded a piano factory at 1352 Mazowiecka street, and by 1825, he was able to buy the property he had been renting for the factory. From 1817 to 1819, together with W. Bauer and W. Jansen, he petitioned the government to establish the Assembly of Organ Masters.
In the beginning, he made giraffe pianos with bassoon and Janissary registers that quickly gained recognition. He exhibited these instruments at the exhibitions in Warsaw in both 1823 and 1825, and he won multiple medals including a silver medal. Also in 1825, he exhibited the melodicordion, which he built together with F. Brunner, and received praise for the performance.In the 1830s, together with his son Julian, he custom-built a piano with a silencer lift that was divided into a lower and upper register.
His instruments gained recognition among musicians as some of the best. A frequent guest of the home art salon and a factory store was Frédéric Chopin, who bought Buchholtz's piano,which was later burned during the January Uprising. It was said that every time more than two guests came to hear Chopin play, the company was moved to the Buchholtz workshop. During his lifetime, Buchholtz's instruments were used by, among others, J. Promberger from Vienna (1837), J. Manniing (ca. 1826-37), J. Kerntopf (1830–39) and J. S. Luboradzki (ca. 1822-26). From his marriage (1819) with Emilia Boratynski, he had 15 children, including Julian, Alojzy (born 1822) and Matylda Dobrowolska (1825—1910). He is buried at the Evangelical-Augsburg cemetery in Warsaw. After his death, the factory was run by his wife (with the help of J. S. Luboradzki), and from 1841-46 by his son Julian. The Buchholtz company went into bankruptcy about 1864.
Only a few instruments of the Buchholtz brand have survived until today: at the National Museum in Warsaw (a giraffe piano), the Musical Instrument Museum in Poznań, the Fryderyk Chopin Institute in Warsaw, the Hunting Palace in Antonin, the Museum of Industrial History in Opatówek, the Andrzej Szwalbe Collection in Ostromecko near Bydgoszcz, and the Regional Museum in Kremenets, Ukraine.In 2017 the Fryderyk Chopin Institute commissioned a copy of a Buchholtz. It was used in September 2018 in the first International Chopin Competition on Period Instruments.
Frédéric François Chopin was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic period who wrote primarily for solo piano. He has maintained worldwide renown as a leading musician of his era, one whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation."
The mazurka is a Polish musical form based on stylised folk dances in triple meter, usually at a lively tempo, with character defined mostly by the prominent mazur's "strong accents unsystematically placed on the second or third beat". The mazurka, alongside the polka dance, became popular at the ballrooms and salons of Europe in the 19th century, particularly through the notable works by Frédéric Chopin. The mazurka and mazurek are often confused in Western literature as the same musical form.
Ignace Joseph Pleyel was an Austrian-born French composer and piano builder of the Classical period.
Karol Mikuli, often seen as Charles Mikuli was a Polish pianist, composer, conductor and teacher. His students included Moriz Rosenthal, Raoul Koczalski, Aleksander Michałowski, Jaroslaw Zieliński, Kornelia Parnas and Heinrich Schenker.
The International Chopin Piano Competition, often referred to as the Chopin Competition, is a piano competition held in Warsaw, Poland. It was initiated in 1927 and has been held every five years since 1955. It is one of the few competitions devoted entirely to the works of a single composer, in this case, Frédéric Chopin. The competition is currently organized by the Fryderyk Chopin Institute.
Wilhelm Würfel, aka Wenzel Würfel was a Czech composer, pianist and conductor.
Maria Szymanowska was a Polish composer and one of the first professional virtuoso pianists of the 19th century. She toured extensively throughout Europe, especially in the 1820s, before settling permanently in St. Petersburg. In the Russian imperial capital, she composed for the court, gave concerts, taught music, and ran an influential salon.
Piotr Anderszewski is a Polish pianist and composer.
Pleyel et Cie. was a French piano manufacturing firm founded by the composer Ignace Pleyel in 1807. In 1815, Pleyel's son Camille joined him as a business partner. The firm provided pianos to Frédéric Chopin, who considered Pleyel pianos to be "non plus ultra". Pleyel et Cie. also operated a concert hall, the Salle Pleyel, where Chopin performed his first – and last – Paris concerts. Pleyel's major contribution to piano development was the first use of a metal frame in a piano. Pleyel pianos were the choice of composers such as Chopin, Debussy, Saint-Saëns, Ravel, de Falla and Stravinsky and of pianists and teachers Alfred Cortot, Philip Manuel and Gavin Williamson. Nineteenth-century musicians involved in the company's management included Joseph O'Kelly and Georges Pfeiffer.
Conrad Graf was an Austrian-German piano maker. His pianos were used by Beethoven, Chopin, and Robert and Clara Schumann, among others.
Paul McNulty is a builder of historical pianos, described by the New Grove as "famous for the high standard of [his] instruments." Within the community of builders, McNulty is noted for his efforts to extend the production of historically informed instruments later into history: while he has built many fortepianos in 18th-century style, he has also progressively sought to span the gap between the fortepiano and the fully modern piano that emerged around the last third of the 19th century. The expanding diversity of McNulty's productions has thus helped "provide an opportunity to extend keyboard performing practice to include the piano repertory of the 19th century".
Although Frédéric Chopin is best known for his works for piano solo, among his extant output are 19 songs for voice and piano, set to Polish texts.
The Chopin Family Parlor was a branch of the Fryderyk Chopin Museum. It was located in the south annex of the Czapski Palace at 5 Krakowskie Przedmieście in Warsaw, Poland. It was the largest room of the former Chopin family apartment where Frédéric Chopin lived with his parents and sisters until he left Poland in 1830.
The Ignacy Jan Paderewski Pomeranian Philharmonic has been at its present site in Bydgoszcz, Poland, since 16 November 1953. The Pomeranian Philharmonic is the musical center of Kujawy-Pomerania Province and also features an outdoor art gallery. It is registered on the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship Heritage List.
The 1st International Chopin Competition on Period Instruments - the inaugural edition of the International Chopin Competition in the piano class, which was held on September 2–14, 2018 in Warsaw on period instruments, organised by the Fryderyk Chopin Institute.
Andrzej Jan Szwalbe (1923-2002) was a Polish lawyer, social and cultural activist and manager of the musical life in Bydgoszcz. He was the originator and creator of numerous artistic projects outside the region. In 1993, he has been designated as "Honorary Citizen of Bydgoszcz". He was awarded the highest state orders for his contribution to Polish culture.
The XVIII International Chopin Piano Competition was held from 2 to 23 October 2021 in Warsaw. Originally scheduled for 2020, the quinquennial competition was twice postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
The XV International Chopin Piano Competition was held from 2 to 24 October 2005 in Warsaw, organized by the Fryderyk Chopin Society. The competition was won by Rafał Blechacz of Poland, who prevailed against 80 competitors from 18 countries.