Fu Jow Pai

Last updated
Fu Jow Pai
虎爪派
Tiger KungFu.jpg
Also known asTiger Claw System
Focus Striking, throwing, joint manipulation [1]
Country of originChina
CreatorUnknown
Famous practitionersWong Bill Hong
Parenthood Shaolin Kung Fu

Fu Jow Pai (Chinese :虎爪派, Cantonese Jyutping: Fu2 Zaau2 Pai3, Mandarin pinyin :Hǔ Zhǎo Pài, literally "Tiger Claw School", also "Tiger Claw System" or "Tiger Claw Style"), originally named "Hark Fu Moon" (Chinese :黑虎門, Cantonese Jyutping: Hak1 Fu2 Mun4, Mandarin pinyin :Hēihǔmén, literally "Black Tiger School", also "Black Tiger System"), is a Chinese martial art that has its origins in Hoy Hong Temple out of Tiger techniques of Five Animal Kung Fu, Ng Ying Kungfu (Chinese: 五形功夫). [2] The system "was modeled after the demeanor and fighting strategy of an attacking tiger. Techniques unique to Fu-Jow Pai are ripping, tearing, clawing and grasping applications." [3] [4]

Contents

Influences

Lineage [3] [5]
Anonymous Monk of Hoy Hong Temple??-??
First Generation Grand Master Wong Bil Hongb.1841 d.1934
Late Grand Master Wong Moon Toyb.1907 d.1960
Grand Master Wai Hongb.1938
Other key dates [3]
1876Wong Bil Hong begins studying Hark Fu Moon
1927Wong Moon Toy begins studying Hark Fu Moon
1934Wong Bil Hong renames the system Fu Jow Pai
1934Wong Moon Toy arrives in New York City
1940Wong Moon Toy started teaching Hung Gar [6]
1957Chinese Youth Athletic Club formed for the instruction of Fu Jow Pai (private)
1960Wai Hong becomes the successor of the system
1968Chinese Youth Athletic Club becomes Fu Jow Pai Federation, opens to the public

Fu Jow Pai Grand Masters trained in the following additional styles:

Contributions

In 1971, Wai Hong sponsored the first all open style full-contact kung fu tournament in the US and which became the model for future US full-contact tournaments.[ citation needed ] [7] He also founded the Eastern United States Kung-Fu Federation, which he led for eight years. [8] Fu-Jow Pai has appeared in multiple movies, documentaries, and tournaments. [5] [9]

See also

Related Research Articles

Wong Fei-hung Chinese martial artist and physician

Wong Fei-hung was a Chinese martial artist, physician, and folk hero. He has become the subject of numerous martial arts films and television series. He was considered an expert in the Hung Ga style of Chinese martial arts. As a physician, Wong practised and taught acupuncture, Dit Da and other forms of traditional Chinese medicine in Po Chi Lam, a medical clinic in Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province. A museum dedicated to him was built in his birthplace in Foshan City, Guangdong Province.

Hung Ga style of Chinese martial art

Hung Ga (洪家), Hung Kuen (洪拳), or Hung Ga Kuen (洪家拳) is a southern Chinese martial art belonging to the southern shaolin styles. It is associated with the Cantonese folk hero Wong Fei Hung, a Hung Ga master.

Southern Praying Mantis Chinese martial art native to the Hakka people

Southern Praying Mantis is a Chinese martial art originating with the Hakka people. It is most closely associated with styles such as Southern Dragon Kung Fu and Bak Mei.

Five Animals

In the Chinese martial arts, imagery of the Five Animals, Ng Ying Kungfu Chinese: 五形; pinyin: wǔ xíng; lit.: 'Five Forms')—Tiger, Crane, Leopard, Snake, and Dragon—appears predominantly in Southern styles, especially those associated with Guangdong and Fujian Provinces. An alternate selection which is also widely used is the crane, the tiger, the monkey, the snake, and the mantis.

Chiu Chi Ling is a martial artist and actor who appears mostly in Kung Fu style movies produced in Hong Kong. He also teaches Hung Gar Kung Fu at Chiu Chi Ling Hung Gar Kung Fu Association, a San Francisco-based martial arts school he founded, and at the old Chiu Family Kwoon in Hong Kong. Every year he visits his students and grand students around the world and organizes worldwide Kung Fu tournaments. The Kung Fu lineage he is part of was passed down directly from southern shaolin temple and carries names like Hung Hei Gung and Wong Fei Hung.

Jow-Ga Kung Fu martial art

Jow Ga Kung Fu is a form of Kung Fu. It was founded by Jow Lung who was born in 1891, on the eleventh day of the third lunar month in Sa Fu Village of the Canton Province, and died in 1919. His father was Jow Fong Hoy and his mother’s maiden name was Li. At the time of its inception, this particular style of Kung Fu was labeled as having the head of Hung Gar, the tail of Choy Gar and the patterns of the tiger and leopard, or simply Hung Tao Choy Mei. It was so labeled because the essential techniques incorporated the muscular and mighty movements of Hung Gar and the swift footwork and complex kicking of Choy Gar, making it a very effective form of self defense with emphasis on simultaneous attack and defense.

Tiger & Crane Fists is a 1976 kung fu movie, starring 70s Hong Kong star Jimmy Wang Yu.

Kung fu film is a subgenre of martial arts films and Hong Kong action cinema set in the contemporary period and featuring realistic martial arts. It lacks the fantasy elements seen in wuxia, a related martial arts genre that uses historical settings based on ancient China. Swordplay is also less common in kung-fu films than in wuxia and fighting is done through unarmed combat.

Lam Sai-wing Chinese martial artist

Lam Sai-wing was a Hung Gar martial artist. He was a student of the Chinese martial artist, acupuncturer and folk hero of Cantonese ethnicity, Wong Fei-hung.

Chow Gar

Tung Kong Chow Gar Tong Long is a southern Chinese martial art of the Hakka (客家) people. It is one of the four major schools in Southern Praying Mantis, the other schools being Chu Gar, Kong Sai Jook Lum, and Tit Ngau. It is an aggressive style with emphasis on close range fighting. These skills are developed by utilizing a range of training techniques which have been developed over several centuries.

Yau Kung Moon Shaolin martial art

Yau Kung Mun 柔功門 is a Shaolin martial art.

Fut Gar style of kung fu

Fut Gar Kuen or Buddhist Family Fist is a relatively modern Southern Shaolin style of Kung Fu devised primarily from the combination of Hung Ga Kuen 洪家 and Choy Gar 蔡家 Kuen. The style utilizes mostly punches, palm strikes and low kicks, further characterized by evasive footwork, circular blocks and using the opponent's force against him/her.

<i>Last Hero in China</i> 1993 film by Wong Jing

Last Hero in China is a 1993 Hong Kong martial arts film written and directed by Wong Jing. It is a derivative of the Once Upon a Time in China film series, and unlike other imitations, it can be considered a spin-off or parody to some extent. It was released after the first three films in the Once Upon a Time in China franchise. The film starred Jet Li as Chinese martial arts master and folk hero of Cantonese ethnicity, Wong Fei-hung and the action choreography was done by Yuen Woo-ping. However Last Hero in China differs greatly in tone from the Once Upon a Time in China films as it contains stronger elements of violence and broader, more slapstick, comedy. The film has some easter eggs, such as: a Lifebuoy poster in the 19th century, a staff of the Monkey King, a guandao and Ne Zha's Universe Ring

Choy Li Fut

Choy Li Fut (Cantonese), also spelled Choy Lay Fut and Choy Lee Fut or Cai Li Fo (Mandarin) is a Chinese martial art and wushu style, founded in 1836 by Chan Heung (陳享). Choy Li Fut was named to honor the Buddhist monk Choy Fook who taught him Choy Gar, and Li Yau-San (李友山) who taught him Li Gar, plus his uncle Chan Yuen-Wu (陳遠護), who taught him Hung Kuen, and developed to honor the Buddha and the Shaolin roots of the system.

<i>Kung Fu Chefs</i> 2009 film

Kung Fu Chefs is a 2009 Hong Kong action film directed by Ken Yip, starring Sammo Hung, Louis Fan, Vanness Wu, Sammo Hung's real life son Timmy Hung, Ku Feng and Lee Hoi San. This was Lee Hoi San's final film appearance. This film was shot with a low budget.

Ng Mui (Chinese: t 伍枚, p Wú Méi; Cantonese: Ng5 Mui4) is said to have been one of the legendary Five Elders—survivors of the destruction of the Shaolin Temple by the Qing Dynasty.

Mok Kwai-lan martial artist

Mok Kwai-lan was the fourth spouse of Lingnan martial arts grandmaster Wong Fei-hung.

<i>Princess and the Seven Kung Fu Masters</i> 2013 film by Wong Jing

Princess and the Seven Kung Fu Masters is a 2013 Hong Kong martial arts comedy film directed by Wong Jing.

<i>The Magnificent Kick</i> 1980 film

The Magnificent Kick is a 1980 Hong Kong martial arts biography film. The film is a flashback story of the life of Wong Fei Hung, the Chinese martial arts master and folk hero of Cantonese ethnicity, and is named after his trademark move- a kick too fast to be countered, known as 'the shadowless kick'. The director is Daniel Lau Tan-Ching, and the producer is Ng Why. The film stars Kwan Tak-hing, Jason Pai-piao, Cecilla Wong Hang-sau and Han Ying-chieh. The production company is Friendship Films (H.K.) Co, Hsu Tang is the production manager, the screenplay is by Sze-To On, and the script supervisor is Wong Mei Ling. The martial art used in the film by Kwan Tak-hing is Hung Ga / Hung Gar.

Chan Kowk Wai was born on April 3, 1936, at Toisaan in the province of Canton, China. He introduced traditional Shaolin Kung Fu to Brazil through the China-Brazil Kung Fu Academy. His disciples have spread as far as the USA, Canada, Spain, Argentina and the Czech Republic.

References

  1. Sensei/Renshi Nathan Chlumsky (2015). Inside Kungfu: Chinese Martial Arts Encyclopedia. Lulu.com. ISBN   1-329-11942-8.
  2. "About the Fu-Jow Pai - Tiger Claw Kung Fu System". Fu Jow Pai Federation. Retrieved 2007-05-21.
  3. 1 2 3 Ng, Wai Hong (1979). The Heritage of FU-JOW PAI Tiger Claw. Fu-Jow Pai Federation.
  4. Francisco, Carlos (2006). "Following the Tiger's Path". Inside Kung Fu . 34 (7): 62–66.
  5. 1 2 3 San Chuan, Hou Sheng (2006). "Synopsis of Tiger claws clan and Master NG Wai Hong (TRANSLATED)". New Martial Hero Magazine (15): 19–21.
  6. Lam Sai Wing Memorial Book, 1951
  7. 1 2 Ye, Yongkang (2006-08-26). "少林功夫 风靡世界 (Shaolin kung-fu taking the world by storm)". Qiao Bao. Archived from the original on November 4, 2006. Retrieved 2007-05-21.
  8. "Sifu Chow bio -- Eastern U.S. Kung Fu Federation". Sifuchowwingchun.com. Integrative Wing Chun. Archived from the original on July 10, 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-30.
  9. Cater, Dave (1995). "Inside Kung-Fu Hall of Fame: Man of the Year". Inside Kung Fu . 22 (2): 42–44.

Further reading