Fuji, Shizuoka

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Fuji

富士市
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Factories and Mount Fuji
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Seal
Fuji, Shizuoka
Location of Fuji in Shizuoka Prefecture
Fuji in Shizuoka Prefecture Ja.svg
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Fuji
 
Coordinates: 35°9′40.8″N138°40′34.6″E / 35.161333°N 138.676278°E / 35.161333; 138.676278 Coordinates: 35°9′40.8″N138°40′34.6″E / 35.161333°N 138.676278°E / 35.161333; 138.676278
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Shizuoka
Government
  - MayorHisashi Suzuki
Area
  Total244.95 km2 (94.58 sq mi)
Population
 (December 1, 2019)
  Total245,015
  Density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- Tree Camphor Laurel
- Flower Rose
Phone number0545-51-0123
Address1-100 Nagatachō, Fuji-shi, Shizuoka-ken 417-8601
Website Official website
Fuji City Hall Fujicity office01.JPG
Fuji City Hall

Fuji (富士市, Fuji-shi) is a city in eastern Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 December 2019, the city had an estimated population of 245,015 in 106,087 households, [1] and a population density of 1,000 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 244.95 square kilometers (94.58 sq mi). Fuji is the third largest city in terms of population in Shizuoka Prefecture, trailing Hamamatsu and Shizuoka.

Contents

Geography

Located on the banks of the Fuji River, most of the city of Fuji enjoys good views of Mount Fuji, part of whose summit is within the city borders. The city is bordered to the south by Suruga Bay on the Pacific Ocean.

Surrounding municipalities

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [2] the population of Fuji has grown rapidly over the past 50 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 155,780    
1970 195,598+25.6%
1980 222,480+13.7%
1990 239,963+7.9%
2000 251,559+4.8%
2010 254,049+1.0%

Climate

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Fuji is 15.8 °C (60.4 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,991 millimetres (78.4 in) with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.6 °C (79.9 °F), and lowest in January, at around 5.8 °C (42.4 °F). [3]

Climate data for Fuji, Shizuoka (19812010 normals, extremes 1978present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)20.0
(68.0)
23.8
(74.8)
24.7
(76.5)
27.7
(81.9)
30.7
(87.3)
34.2
(93.6)
36.9
(98.4)
35.4
(95.7)
35.0
(95.0)
31.1
(88.0)
26.5
(79.7)
24.2
(75.6)
36.9
(98.4)
Average high °C (°F)11.1
(52.0)
11.5
(52.7)
14.3
(57.7)
19.1
(66.4)
22.7
(72.9)
25.3
(77.5)
28.8
(83.8)
30.7
(87.3)
27.8
(82.0)
22.9
(73.2)
18.1
(64.6)
13.6
(56.5)
20.5
(68.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)5.6
(42.1)
6.3
(43.3)
9.4
(48.9)
14.3
(57.7)
18.3
(64.9)
21.5
(70.7)
25.0
(77.0)
26.5
(79.7)
23.6
(74.5)
18.2
(64.8)
12.9
(55.2)
8.0
(46.4)
15.8
(60.4)
Average low °C (°F)1.0
(33.8)
1.6
(34.9)
4.8
(40.6)
9.6
(49.3)
14.2
(57.6)
18.3
(64.9)
22.2
(72.0)
23.3
(73.9)
20.2
(68.4)
14.1
(57.4)
8.5
(47.3)
3.4
(38.1)
11.8
(53.2)
Record low °C (°F)−6.8
(19.8)
−7.5
(18.5)
−5.2
(22.6)
−0.2
(31.6)
5.8
(42.4)
11.4
(52.5)
14.1
(57.4)
17.3
(63.1)
10.5
(50.9)
4.8
(40.6)
−0.2
(31.6)
−4.8
(23.4)
−7.5
(18.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches)71.3
(2.81)
93.4
(3.68)
201.2
(7.92)
178.6
(7.03)
194.7
(7.67)
259.5
(10.22)
222.3
(8.75)
226.5
(8.92)
266.3
(10.48)
198.7
(7.82)
130.5
(5.14)
66.3
(2.61)
2,109.1
(83.04)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 185.0167.8166.8175.9162.6111.5118.9164.6140.2150.3161.8187.41,895.2
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency [4] [5]

History

In the Edo period, the Tōkaidō passed through the area that is now Fuji, with a post station at Yoshiwara-juku. During the Edo period, the area was mostly tenryō territory under direct control of the Tokugawa shogunate. With the establishment of the modern municipalities system of the early Meiji period in 1889, the area was reorganized into the town of Yoshiwara (吉原町) and the villages of Shimada (島田村) Denbō (伝法村), Imaizumi (今泉村), Motoyoshiwara (元吉原村), Sudo (須津村), Yoshinaga (吉永村), Harada (原田村), Ōbuchi (大淵村), Kajima (加島村), Tagoura (田子浦村), Iwamatsu (岩松村), and Takaoka (鷹岡村) within Fuji District.

Kajima became the town of Fuji on August 1, 1929. Neighboring Takaoka was elevated to town status on January 1, 1933. Shimada merged into Yoshiwara in 1940, Denbō in 1941, and Imaizumi in 1942. Yoshiwara was elevated to city status on April 1, 1948, the city expanded through annexation of Motoyoshiwara, Sudo, Yoshinaga, and Harada villages in 1955 and Ōbuchi in 1956.

Tagoura and Iwamatsu merged with Fuji to form the city of Fuji on March 31, 1954. The city expanded through annexation of neighboring Ukijima and San area from Hara, Suntō District in 1956.

On November 1, 1966, Fuji and Yoshiwara merged with Takaoka to form the new city of Fuji, which attained the status of a Special City on April 1, 2001 with greater autonomy from the central government.

On November 1, 2008, the town of Fujikawa (from Ihara District) was merged with Fuji.

Government

Fuji has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 32 members. The city contributes five members to the Shizuoka Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is divided between Shizuoka 3rd District and Shizuoka 4th District in the lower house of the Japanese Diet.

Economy

Fuji is one of the major industrial centers of Shizuoka Prefecture, and the city has hosted numerous paper factories including Nippon Paper Industries (former Daishowa Paper Industries) and Oji Paper Company since the Meiji period. Other industries include food processing, metals and transportation equipment. Automobile parts manufacturer Jatco is headquartered in Fuji. Agriculture in the area is concentrated on green tea production and horticulture.

Education

Fuji has 27 public elementary schools and 16 public Junior high school operated by the city government. The city has four public high schools operated by the Shizuoka Prefectural Board of Education and one public high school operated by the city government. The city has one private high school and one private combined middle/high school. In addition, the prefecture operates one special education school for the disabled.

The city has one international school (Escola Fuji), a Brazilian primary school [6]

In addition, Shizuoka-based Tokoha University has a secondary campus in Fuji.

The city has one public and four private vocational education schools, including the privately operated Fuji Rehabilitation Institute.

Transport

Railways

Fujikawa Bridge of Tokaido Shinkansen (JR Central) over Fuji River and Mount Fuji Mount Fuji and Shinkansen 100 from Fuji River.jpg
Fujikawa Bridge of Tōkaidō Shinkansen (JR Central) over Fuji River and Mount Fuji

Highways

Ports

Local attractions

Festivals

Yoshihara Gion Festival Dashi.jpg
Yoshihara Gion Festival

Notable people from Fuji

Sister city

Related Research Articles

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Yoshiwara Station Railway station in Fuji, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan

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Jatco-mae Station Railway station in Fuji, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan

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Yoshiwara-honchō Station Railway station in Fuji, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan

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Hon-Yoshiwara Station Railway station in Fuji, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan

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Gakunan-Harada Station Railway station in Fuji, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan

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Sudo Station Railway station in Fuji, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan

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Kamiya Station Railway station in Fuji, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan

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Gakunan-Enoo Station Railway station in Fuji, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan

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Yoshiwara, Shizuoka Former municipality in Chūbu region, Japan

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References

  1. Fuji City official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. Fuji population statistics
  3. Fuji climate data
  4. 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved 2014-01-19.
  5. 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved 2014-01-19.
  6. "Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo. Retrieved on October 13, 2015.
  7. "Sister City Associations". Consulate-General of Japan in Los Angeles. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved April 11, 2011.

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Fuji, Shizuoka at Wikimedia Commons