Fukuchiyama Line

Last updated
Fukuchiyama Line
JRW kinki-G.svg
JRW EC 287 series FA04.jpg
Fukuchiyama Line
Overview
Other name(s)JR Takarazuka Line (Amagasaki – Sasayamaguchi)
Owner JR West
Locale Hyogo Prefecture and Kyoto Prefecture
TerminiAmagasaki
Fukuchiyama
Stations30 (23 as the JR Takarazuka Line)
Service
TypeHeavy rail
SystemUrban Network (Amagasaki – Sasayamaguchi)
Rolling stock
  • 207 series EMU
  • 321 series EMU
  • 223-6000 series EMU
  • 223-5500 series EMU
  • 225-6000 series EMU
  • 287 series EMU
  • 289 series EMU
History
Opened1891
Technical
Line length106.5 km (66.2 mi)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC, overhead line
Operating speed120 km/h (75 mph)

The Fukuchiyama Line (福知山線, Fukuchiyama-sen) is a railway line operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West) connecting Osaka and Fukuchiyama, Japan. Within JR West's "Urban Network" covering the Osaka–Kobe–Kyoto metropolitan region, the line from Osaka to Sasayamaguchi is also called the JR Takarazuka Line (JR宝塚線). The line traverses the cities of Kawanishi and Takarazuka in the northwestern corner of the Osaka metropolitan area.

Contents

Although Amagasaki is the line's official southeastern terminus, all trains continue east to Osaka and beyond on the JR Kōbe Line, or to the Gakkentoshi Line via the JR Tōzai Line.

Basic data

Services and stations

Local (普通): Stops at all stations, a majority of them operate through services to the JR Kyoto Line, but only these trains stop at Tsukamoto Station. The remaining services operate solely within this line.

Rapid (快速): Mainly operates between Osaka and Sasayamaguchi. Some trains operate through services to/from the JR Tozai Line via Amagasaki Station. Among these through trains, some return at Tsukaguchi Station in the non-rush hour.

Tambaji Rapid (丹波路快速): Operates between Osaka and Fukuchiyama.

Regional Rapid (区間快速): Operates between Osaka and Sasayamaguchi or between Osaka and Shin-Sanda. Also through services to/from the JR Tozai Line and the Gakkentoshi Line.

Line nameNo.StationDistance from
Amagasaki Station
(km)
LocalRegional RapidRapidTambaji RapidTransfersLocation
CommonOfficialEnglishJapanese
Local: Through service to JR Kyoto Line

Regional Rapid, Rapid: Through service to JR Tozai Line and Gakkentoshi Line

JR Takarazuka LineTōkaidō Main Line G47  Osaka 大阪7.7 Kita-ku, Osaka Osaka Prefecture
 G48  Tsukamoto 塚本4.3||| Yodogawa-ku, Osaka
 G49  Amagasaki 尼崎0.0 Amagasaki Hyōgo Prefecture
Fukuchiyama Line
 G50  Tsukaguchi 塚口2.5|
 G51  Inadera 猪名寺3.9|||
 G52  Itami 伊丹5.8 Itami
 G53  Kita-Itami 北伊丹7.9|||
 G54  Kawanishi-Ikeda 川西池田11.0 Kawanishi
 G55  Nakayamadera 中山寺14.5 Takarazuka
 G56  Takarazuka 宝塚17.8
 G57  Namaze 生瀬19.7|| Nishinomiya
 G58  Nishinomiyanajio 西宮名塩21.9
 G59  Takedao 武田尾25.1||Takarazuka
 G60  Dōjō 道場30.1|| Kita-ku, Kobe
 G61  Sanda 三田33.7 Sanda
 G62  Shin-Sanda 新三田36.9
 G63  Hirono 広野39.7
 G64  Aino 相野44.0
 G65  Aimoto 藍本48.2
 G66  Kusano 草野50.2 Tamba-Sasayama
 G67  Furuichi 古市53.5
 G68  Minami-Yashiro 南矢代56.1
 G69  Sasayamaguchi 篠山口58.4
Tamba-Ōyama 丹波大山60.7
Shimotaki 下滝68.7 Tamba
Tanikawa 谷川73.0
Kaibara 柏原80.0
Iso 石生83.2
Kuroi 黒井87.5
Ichijima 市島94.0
Tamba-Takeda 丹波竹田98.2
Fukuchiyama 福知山106.5 Fukuchiyama, Kyoto

Rolling stock

Current

Former

History

Train at Arima station JNR Arima line Arima station.jpg
Train at Arima station
Sanda station with Arima branch on left JNR Sanda station with Arima line.jpg
Sanda station with Arima branch on left
Train at Sasayama-Cho station Sasayama Railway.jpg
Train at Sasayama-Cho station

The Japanese Government Railways (JGR) opened the Osaka – Kobe section of what is now the Tokaido Main Line in 1874 as a dual track line.

The Kawabe Horsecar Railway (川辺馬車鉄道, Kawabe Bashatetsudō) opened a 762mm gauge line between Amagasaki and Itami (about 8 km) in 1891. In 1893, the horsecar railway was reorganized as Settsu Railway (摂津鉄道, Settsu Tetsudō), which introduced steam power to the railway and extended the line to Ikeda.

The Settsu Railway was merged by Hankaku Railway (阪鶴鉄道, Hankaku Tetsudō), which had a plan to build a railway between Osaka and Maizuru. The Hankaku Railway converted the line to 1067mm gauge and extended it to Takarazuka in 1897 and to Fukuchiyama in 1899. The company also connected the line to the Kanzaki Station (present-day Amagasaki Station) of the JGR line in 1898 making the line to the original Amagasaki terminal a branch. Hankaku Railway was nationalized on August 1, 1907.

The Amagasaki – Tsukaguchi section was duplicated in 1934, and extended to Takarazuka in 1979/80. The Takarazuka – Shin-Sanda section was duplicated in 1986 in conjunction with the opening of the 2970m Najio tunnel and associated deviation, which shortened the route by 1.8 km. Duplication to Sasayamaguchi was completed in 1996.

The Amagasaki – Tsukaguchi section was electrified in 1956, and extended to Takarazuka in 1981. The remainder of the line was electrified in 1986.

CTC signalling was commissioned between Fukuchiyama and Sasayamaguchi in 1982, extended to Hirono in 1984 and to Amagasaki in 1986.

The branchline between Amagasakikō Station (former Amagasaki terminal of the horsecar railway) and Tsukaguchi Station ceased passenger operation in 1981 and freight operation in 1984.

Former connecting lines

Accidents

On April 25, 2005, a seven-car 207 series train on a Rapid service derailed and crashed into a building between Tsukaguchi and Amagasaki on its way for Doshisha-mae via the JR Tōzai Line and the Katamachi Line. 107 passengers were killed in the accident. Operations on the affected part of the line remained suspended until trial runs began on June 7, 2005. Passenger service resumed on June 19, 2005.

The train involved was train number 5418M, a limited-stop "Rapid" commuter service from Takarazuka to Dōshisha-mae . It was a seven-car 207 series electric multiple unit (EMU) formation consisting of a 4-car set and a 3-car set coupled together. [1] The train was carrying approximately 580 passengers at the time of the accident. [1]

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References

  1. 1 2 Nagase, Kazuhiko (July 2005). "福知山線脱線事故の問題を語る" [Discussing the problems of the Fukuchiyama Line derailment]. Railway Journal. Japan: Tetsudō Journal. 39 (465): 68–73.