Fukuoka Prefecture

Last updated
Fukuoka Prefecture

福岡県
Japanese transcription(s)
   Japanese 福岡県
   Rōmaji Fukuoka-ken
Flag of Fukuoka Prefecture.svg
Flag
Emblem of Fukuoka Prefecture.svg
Symbol
Map of Japan with highlight on 40 Fukuoka prefecture.svg
Coordinates: 33°36′N130°35′E / 33.600°N 130.583°E / 33.600; 130.583 Coordinates: 33°36′N130°35′E / 33.600°N 130.583°E / 33.600; 130.583
CountryFlag of Japan.svg  Japan
Region Kyushu
Island Kyushu
Capital Fukuoka
Subdivisions Districts: 12, Municipalities: 60
Government
   Governor Seitaro Hattori (since April 2021)
Area
  Total4,986.52 km2 (1,925.31 sq mi)
Area rank 29th
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
  Total5,109,323
  Rank 9th
  Density1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-40
Website www.pref.fukuoka.lg.jp/somu/
multilingual/english/top.html
Symbols
Bird Japanese bush warbler (Cettia diphone)
Flower Ume blossom (Prunus mume)
Tree Azalea (Rhododendron tsutsusi)

Fukuoka Prefecture (Japanese: 福岡県, Hepburn: Fukuoka-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyūshū. [1] Fukuoka Prefecture has a population of 5,109,323 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 4,986 km2 (1,925 sq mi). [2] Fukuoka Prefecture borders Saga Prefecture to the southwest, Kumamoto Prefecture to the south, and Ōita Prefecture to the southeast.

Contents

Fukuoka is the capital and largest city of Fukuoka Prefecture, and the largest city on Kyūshū, with other major cities including Kitakyushu, Kurume, and Ōmuta. [3] Fukuoka Prefecture is located at the northernmost point of Kyūshū on the Kanmon Straits, connecting the Tsushima Strait and Seto Inland Sea across from Yamaguchi Prefecture on the island of Honshu, and extends south towards the Ariake Sea.

History

Fukuoka Prefecture includes the former provinces of Chikugo, Chikuzen, and Buzen. [4]

Shrines and temples

Kōra taisha, Sumiyoshi-jinja, and Hakozaki-gū are the chief Shinto shrines ( ichinomiya ) in the prefecture. [5]

Geography

Map of Fukuoka Prefecture.      Government Ordinance Designated City City Town Village Map of Fukuoka Prefecture Ja.svg
Map of Fukuoka Prefecture.      Government Ordinance Designated City     City     Town     Village

Fukuoka Prefecture faces the sea on three sides, bordering Saga, Ōita, and Kumamoto prefectures and facing Yamaguchi Prefecture across the Kanmon Straits.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
18901,236,015    
19031,571,158+1.86%
19131,926,417+2.06%
19202,188,249+1.84%
19252,301,668+1.02%
19302,527,119+1.89%
19352,755,804+1.75%
19403,094,132+2.34%
19452,746,855−2.35%
19503,530,169+5.15%
19553,859,764+1.80%
19604,006,679+0.75%
19653,964,611−0.21%
19704,027,416+0.31%
19754,292,963+1.29%
19804,553,461+1.19%
19854,719,259+0.72%
19904,811,050+0.39%
19954,933,393+0.50%
20005,015,699+0.33%
20055,049,908+0.14%
20105,071,968+0.09%
20155,101,556+0.12%
source: [6]

As of 1 April 2012, 18% of the land area of the prefecture was designated as natural parks: Setonaikai National Park, Genkai, Kitakyūshū, and Yaba-Hita-Hikosan quasi-national parks, and Chikugogawa, Chikuhō, Dazaifu, Sefuri Raizan, and Yabegawa Prefectural Natural Parks. [7]

Fukuoka includes the two largest cities on Kyūshū, Fukuoka and Kitakyushu, and much of Kyūshū's industry. It also includes a number of small islands near the north coast of Kyūshū.

Cities

Twenty-nine cities are in Fukuoka Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers

Economy

Fukuoka prefecture's main cities form one of Japan's main industrial centers, accounting for nearly 40% of the economy of Kyūshū. Major industries include automobiles, semiconductors, and steel. Fukuoka prefecture is where tire manufacturer Bridgestone [8] and consumer electronics chain Best Denki were founded.

Universities

One of Japan's top 5 universities, Kyushu University, is located in Fukuoka.

InstitutionLocation
Fukuoka University Fukuoka
Kurume University Kurume
Kyushu Institute of Technology Kitakyūshū and Iizuka
Kyushu University Fukuoka and Kasuga
Seinan Gakuin University Fukuoka
Kyushu Institute of Information Sciences Dazaifu
Kyushu Sangyo University Fukuoka
Fukuoka Women's University Fukuoka
Fukuoka University of Education Munakata

Demographics

According to October 2018 estimates, the population in Fukuoka Prefecture reached 5,111,494 inhabitants, making the prefecture the 9th most populated of Japan's 47 prefectures. It is one of the few prefectures with a steadily increasing population.

Culture

Fukuoka City Museum Fukuoka City Museum 2018.jpg
Fukuoka City Museum
Fukuoka Asian Art Museum Fukuoka Asian Art Museum 20170623.jpg
Fukuoka Asian Art Museum
Bulwarks against Mongol Invasion video

Major events and festivals

Sports

Level5 Stadium, home of Avispa Fukuoka Level5 Stadium 03.JPG
Level5 Stadium, home of Avispa Fukuoka
Fukuoka Yahuoku Dome, home of the Softbank Hawks Fukuoka Dome 2008-1.jpg
Fukuoka Yahuoku Dome, home of the Softbank Hawks

The sports teams listed below are based in Fukuoka.

Football (soccer)
Baseball
Basketball
Rugby
Mikuni World Stadium, home of Giravanz Kitakyushu Mikuni World stadium2.JPG
Mikuni World Stadium, home of Giravanz Kitakyushu

The prefecture has two significant annual athletics events: the Fukuoka International Cross Country and the Fukuoka International Open Marathon Championship. The marathon has been held in Fukuoka since 1959 and has seen world records broken. [9]

Crime and safety

Fukuoka Prefecture has the most designated yakuza groups among all of the prefectures, at five: the Kudo-kai, the Taishu-kai, the Fukuhaku-kai, the Dojin-kai and the Kyushu Seido-kai. [10] Between 2004 and 2009, and in early 2011, [11] Fukuoka Prefecture led the nation in gun-related incidents. [12] These incidents were mostly related to the local yakuza syndicates, specifically the Kudo-kai, the Dojin-kai, and the Kyushu Seido-kai. [11]

Fukuoka Prefecture had the highest frequency of youth crime among the prefectures of Japan from 2003 to 2007. [13]

According to statistics from the national police, the crime rate in Fukuoka was the eighth-highest in 2017, lower than in Osaka, Tokyo, Hyogo, Aichi, Saitama, Chiba and Ibaraki. [14]

Tourism

Fukuoka Tower from Seaside Momochi Beach of Seaside Momochi Seaside Park 3.jpg
Fukuoka Tower from Seaside Momochi
Riverwalk Kitakyushu Riverwalk Kitakyushu 20130721.jpg
Riverwalk Kitakyushu
A sightseeing boat in Yanagawa Canal Fukuoka Yanagawa03bs3200.jpg
A sightseeing boat in Yanagawa Canal
Dazaifu Tenman-gu Gate to Dazaifu Tenmagu shrine.JPG
Dazaifu Tenman-gū

The most popular place for tourism is Fukuoka City, especially during the Dontaku festival, which attracts millions of visitors from across Japan during Golden Week. [15] Fukuoka is the main shopping, dining, transportation and entertainment hub in Kyushu.

Dazaifu is popular for its many temples and historical sites, as well as the Kyushu National Museum.

Yanagawa is sometimes called "the Venice of Japan" for its boat tours on the abundant, calm rivers that wind through the city. [16]

Kitakyushu features one of the famous night views of Japan from atop Mt. Sarakura, accessible via cablecar. The Mojiko area features waterfront dining, a market, and several preserved historical buildings. The Kanmon Kaikyo Tunnel which connects Kyushu (Moji ward, Kitakyushu) and Honshu (Shimonoseki) is free to walk through. The city center in Kokurakita ward contains the Riverwalk and Itsutsuya shopping complexes, Kokura castle, and the Uomachi Gintengai shopping arcade, the oldest shopping arcade in Japan. [17]

Transportation

Rail

Air

Sister regions

Notes

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Fukuoka-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 218 , p. 218, at Google Books.
  2. "都道府県 人口ランキング" . Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  3. Nussbaum, "Fukuoka" in p. 218 , p. 218, at Google Books.
  4. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780 , p. 780, at Google Books.
  5. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 3 Archived May 17, 2013, at the Wayback Machine ; retrieved 2012-10-26.
  6. Statistics Bureau of Japan
  7. "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2012. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
  8. "Bridgestone Holds the Opening Ceremony for its Kitakyushu Plant". Bridgestone. August 4, 2009.
  9. Nakamura, Ken. Marathon - A history of the Fukuoka International Marathon Championships by K. Ken Nakamura - Part 1 1947-1966. IAAF. Retrieved on 2010-02-28.
  10. "Retrospection and Outlook of Crime Measure", p.15 Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine , Masahiro Tamura, 2009, National Police Agency (in Japanese)
  11. 1 2 "Gunfire, The worst in the nation, None has been solved" Archived 2012-09-05 at archive.today , 23 June 2011, Nishinippon Shimbun (in Japanese)
  12. "Fukuoka yakuza groups tackle police pressure in all-out war", 4 May 2010, The Tokyo Reporter, from Friday May 14, p.22-23 (in Japanese)
  13. 非行防げ、捜査員奮闘…少年犯罪全国ワースト1の福岡 Archived 2009-02-12 at the Wayback Machine , Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese)
  14. "「犯罪の県民性」大阪が全国ワースト、殺人1位、すり2位". Diamond Online. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  15. "Hakata Dontaku Festival". Japan National Tourism Organization. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  16. "水の国 柳川". 筑後七国よかとこ巡り旅. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  17. "Uomachi-gintengai Street". Kitakyushu City Travel Guide. Retrieved November 27, 2018.

Related Research Articles

Kyushu Island and region of Japan

Kyushu is the third largest island of Japan's five main islands and the most southerly of the four largest islands. In the past, it has been known as Kyūkoku, Chinzei and Tsukushi-no-shima. The historical regional name Saikaidō referred to Kyushu and its surrounding islands.

Fukuoka Designated city in Kyushu, Japan

Fukuoka is the capital city of Fukuoka Prefecture, situated on the northern shore of the Japanese island of Kyushu. The city is built along the shores of Hakata Bay, and has been a center of international commerce since ancient times. The area has long been considered the gateway to the country, as it is the nearest point among Japan's main islands to the Asian mainland. Although humans occupied the area since the Jomon period, some of the earliest settlers of the Yayoi period arrived in the Fukuoka area. The city rose to prominence during the Yamato period. Because of the cross-cultural exposure, and the relatively great distance from the social and political centers of Kyoto, Osaka, and later, Edo (Tokyo), Fukuoka gained a distinctive local culture and dialect that has persisted to the present.

Hakata-ku, Fukuoka Ward in Kyushu, Japan

Hakata-ku (博多区) is a ward of the city of Fukuoka in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan.

Chikushino, Fukuoka City in Kyushu, Japan

Chikushino is a city in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Bordering Dazaifu, Onojo, Nakagawa, Saga Prefecture, Ogori, Yasu, and Chikuho, Fukuoka, Chikushino is essentially a southern suburb of Fukuoka City. It was founded on April 1, 1972.

Ōnojō City in Kyushu, Japan

Ōnojō is an area located in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Its name is made up of the kanji for 'big', 'field', and 'castle'. It is mostly a southern suburb of the city of Fukuoka, and has a border to the northwest with the Hakata-ku area of the city. It also shares borders with Dazaifu and Kasuga, Umi, Chikushino, Nakagawa and Shime. The border with Umi is marked by the summit of Otoganayama at 268 metres above sea level, a wide expanse of deciduous and bamboo forest, uninhabited except by the occasional snake. The Mikasa River flows through Ōnojō on its way to Hakata bay, with some of its tributaries such as Cow Neck River originating in the mountains in the south. Ducks, turtles, koi, egrets, herons and Japanese wagtails can be seen in or around the river, depending on the season.

Dazaifu, Fukuoka City in Kyushu, Japan

Dazaifu is a city located in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan, part of the greater Fukuoka metropolitan area. Nearby cities include Ōnojō and Chikushino. Although mostly mountainous, it does have arable land used for paddy fields and market gardening. As of October 2018, the city has an estimated population of 72,231 with 29,355 households and a population density of 2,440 persons per km². The total area is 29.58 km².

Fukuoka is the capital city of Fukuoka Prefecture.

Kagoshima Main Line

The Kagoshima Main Line is a major railway line operated by the Kyushu Railway Company between Mojikō in Kitakyushu, and Kagoshima Station in Kagoshima City, at the southern end of Kyushu. Until March 13, 2004, it extended 393 km between its two termini; however, with the opening of the Kyushu Shinkansen on March 13, the section between Yatsushiro and Sendai was transferred to the third-sector Hisatsu Orange Railway Company. The line is an important line in Kyushu, connecting Fukuoka to many other major cities. It is the main line through the Fukuoka urban district, and as such many long-distance express trains from all parts of Kyushu use the section between Kokura Station (Kitakyushu) and Tosu Station, where the Nagasaki Main Line meets the Kagoshima Main Line.

Nishi-Nippon Railroad Japanese railway company

The Nishi-Nippon Railroad Co., Ltd., also called Nishitetsu (西鉄) or NNR, TYO: 9031 is one of Japan's "Big 16" private railroad companies. With headquarters in Fukuoka, it operates local and highway buses, supermarkets, real estate and travel agencies, as well as railways in Fukuoka Prefecture. NNR Operates in Logistics, supplychain solutions, Warehousing and distribution globally with presence over many countries.

Nishitetsu Tenjin Ōmuta Line

The Nishitetsu Tenjin Ōmuta Line is a railway line in Fukuoka Prefecture in Kyushu, Japan. It is the main line of the private railway company Nishi-Nippon Railroad (Nishitetsu). The line connects Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin) Station in Chūō-ku, Fukuoka with Ōmuta Station in Ōmuta. Until 2000, the line was called the Nishitetsu Ōmuta Line.

Kitakyushu Designated city in Kyushu, Japan

Kitakyushu is a city located in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of June 1, 2019, Kitakyushu has an estimated population of 940,978, making it the second-largest city in both Fukuoka Prefecture and the island of Kyushu after the city of Fukuoka. It is one of Japan's 20 designated cities, one of three on Kyushu, and is divided into 7 wards.

Ōmuta, Fukuoka City in Kyushu, Japan

Ōmuta is a city in Fukuoka Prefecture on the island of Kyūshū, Japan. As of 1 June 2019, the city has an estimated population of 112,052 and a population density of 1,376 persons per km2. The total area is 81.45 km2.

Ōmuta Station Railway station in Ōmuta, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan

Ōmuta Station is a train station in Ōmuta, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan which is shared by JR Kyushu and the Nishi-Nippon Railroad (Nishitetsu), operating the Tenjin Ōmuta Line.

Minami-Fukuoka Station Railway station in Fukuoka, Japan

Minami-Fukuoka Station (南福岡駅) is a train station operated by JR Kyushu on the Kagoshima Main Line in Hakata-ku, Fukuoka City, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan.

Chikugo Province Former province of Japan

Chikugo Province is the name of a former province of Japan in the area that is today the southern part of Fukuoka Prefecture on Kyūshū. It was sometimes called Chikushū (筑州), with Chikuzen Province. Chikugo was bordered by Hizen, Chikuzen, Bungo, and Higo Provinces.

TVQ Kyushu Broadcasting TV station in Kyushu, Japan

TVQ Kyushu Broadcasting Co., Ltd. is a Japanese TV station affiliated with TX Network (TXN), broadcasting in Fukuoka Prefecture.

Transport in Fukuoka-Kitakyushu

Transport in Fukuoka-Kitakyushu is similar to that of other large cities in Japan, but with a high degree of private transport. The region is a hub of international ferry services and has a high degree of air connectivity and a considerable rail transport network, complemented with highways and surface streets. It includes public and private rail and highway networks; airports for international, domestic, and general aviation; buses; motorcycle delivery services, walking, bicycling, and commercial shipping. The foci of the public transport system are Hakata Station, Tenjin Station, and Kokura Station, in Fukuoka and Kitakyushu cities respectively. Between these two cities lies a more sparse weblike regional rail network.

Nishitetsu Amagi Line

The Nishitetsu Amagi Line is a Japanese railway line operated by the private railway operator Nishi-Nippon Railroad (Nishitetsu), which connects Kurume and Asakura in Fukuoka Prefecture.

Hichiku dialect

The Hichiku dialect is a group of the Japanese dialects spoken in western Kyushu. The name Hichiku (肥筑) is constructed by extracting a representative kanji from Hizen (前), Higo (後), Chikuzen (前) and Chikugo (後), names of old provinces in there.

References