Fukushima Prefecture

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Fukushima Prefecture

福島県
Japanese transcription(s)
   Japanese 福島県
   Rōmaji Fukushima-ken
Flag of Fukushima Prefecture.svg
Flag
Emblem of Fukushima Prefecture.svg
Symbol
Map of Japan with highlight on 07 Fukushima prefecture.svg
CountryFlag of Japan.svg  Japan
Region Tōhoku
Island Honshu
Capital Fukushima (city)
Subdivisions Districts: 13, Municipalities: 59
Government
   Governor Masao Uchibori
Area
  Total13,783.90 km2 (5,321.99 sq mi)
Area rank 3rd
Population
 (1 May 2021)
  Total1,810,286
  Rank 20th
  Density130/km2 (340/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-07
Website www.pref.fukushima.lg.jp
Symbols
Bird Narcissus flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina)
FlowerNemotoshakunage ( Rhododendron brachycarpum )
Tree Japanese zelkova (Zelkova serrata)

Fukushima Prefecture ( /ˌfkˈʃmə/ ; Japanese : 福島県, romanized: Fukushima-ken, pronounced  [ɸɯ̥kɯɕimaꜜkeɴ] ) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Tōhoku region of Honshu. [1] Fukushima Prefecture has a population of 1,810,286 (as of 1 May 2021) and has a geographic area of 13,783 square kilometres (5,322  sq mi ). Fukushima Prefecture borders Miyagi Prefecture and Yamagata Prefecture to the north, Niigata Prefecture to the west, Gunma Prefecture to the southwest, and Tochigi Prefecture and Ibaraki Prefecture to the south.

Contents

Fukushima is the capital and Iwaki is the largest city of Fukushima Prefecture, with other major cities including Kōriyama, Aizuwakamatsu, and Sukagawa. [2] Fukushima Prefecture is located on Japan's eastern Pacific coast at the southernmost part of the Tōhoku region, and is home to Lake Inawashiro, the fourth-largest lake in Japan. Fukushima Prefecture is the third-largest prefecture of Japan (after Hokkaido and Iwate Prefecture) and divided by mountain ranges into the three regions of Aizu, Nakadōri, and Hamadōri.

History

Prehistory

The Oyasuba Kofun in the Tohoku region 20091231Da An Chang Gu Fen Qun 1Hao Fen .jpg
The Ōyasuba Kofun in the Tohoku region

The keyhole-shaped Ōyasuba Kofun is the largest kofun in the Tohoku region. The site was designated a National Historic Site of Japan in 2000. [3]

Classical and feudal period

Buddhist chapel Shiramizu Amidado Shiramizu amidadou.jpg
Buddhist chapel Shiramizu Amidadō

Until the Meiji Restoration, the area of Fukushima prefecture was part of what was known as Mutsu Province. [4]

The Shirakawa Barrier and the Nakoso Barrier were built around the 5th century to protect 'civilized Japan' from the 'barbarians' to the north. Fukushima became a Province of Mutsu after the Taika Reforms were established in 646. [5]

In 718, the provinces of Iwase and Iwaki were created, but these areas reverted to Mutsu some time between 722 and 724. [6]

The Shiramizu Amidadō is a chapel within the Buddhist temple Ganjō-ji in Iwaki. It was built in 1160 and it is a National Treasure. The temple, including the paradise garden is an Historic Site. [7]

Contemporary period

This region of Japan is also known as Michinoku and Ōshū.

The Fukushima Incident, a political tumult, took place in the prefecture after Mishima Michitsune was appointed governor in 1882.

2011 earthquake and subsequent disasters

On Friday, March 11, 2011, 14:46 JST, a magnitude 9.0 earthquake occurred off the coast of Miyagi Prefecture. Shindo measurements throughout the prefecture reached as high as 6-upper in isolated regions of Hama-dōri on the eastern coast and as low as a 2 in portions of the Aizu region in the western part of the prefecture. Fukushima City, located in Naka-dōri and the capital of Fukushima Prefecture, measured 6-lower. [8]

Following the earthquake there were isolated reports of major damage to structures, including the failure of Fujinuma Dam [9] as well as damage from landslides. [10] The earthquake also triggered a massive tsunami that hit the eastern coast of the prefecture and caused widespread destruction and loss of life. In the two years following the earthquake, 1,817 residents of Fukushima Prefecture had either been confirmed dead or were missing as a result of the earthquake and tsunami. [11]

Three of the reactors at Fukushima Daiichi overheated, causing meltdowns that led to explosions, which released large amounts of radioactive material into the air. Fukushima I by Digital Globe.jpg
Three of the reactors at Fukushima Daiichi overheated, causing meltdowns that led to explosions, which released large amounts of radioactive material into the air.

In the aftermath of the earthquake and tsunami that followed, the outer housings of two of the six reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in Ōkuma exploded followed by a partial meltdown and fires at three of the other units. Many residents were evacuated to nearby localities due to the development of a large evacuation zone around the plant. Radiation levels near the plant peaked at 400 mSv/h (millisieverts per hour) after the earthquake and tsunami, due to damage sustained. This resulted in increased recorded radiation levels across Japan. [13] On April 11, 2011, officials upgraded the disaster to a level 7 out of a possible 7, a rare occurrence not seen since the Chernobyl disaster in 1986. [14] Several months later, officials announced that although the area nearest the melt down were still off limits, areas near the twenty kilometer radial safe zone could start seeing a return of the close to 47,000 residents that had been evacuated. [15]

Geography

Topographic map of Fukushima Prefecture Fu Dao Di Xing .png
Topographic map of Fukushima Prefecture
Map of Fukushima Prefecture
City Town Village Map of Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Map of Fukushima Prefecture
     City     Town     Village
Topographic map of the Fukushima basin. The lower left is Mount Azuma-kofuji Fukushima Basin Relief Map, SRTM-1.jpg
Topographic map of the Fukushima basin. The lower left is Mount Azuma-kofuji
Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1880808,937    
1890952,489+1.65%
19031,175,224+1.63%
19131,303,501+1.04%
19201,362,750+0.64%
19251,437,596+1.08%
19301,508,150+0.96%
19351,581,563+0.96%
19401,625,521+0.55%
19451,957,356+3.79%
19502,062,394+1.05%
19552,095,237+0.32%
19602,051,137−0.42%
19651,983,754−0.67%
19701,946,077−0.38%
19751,970,616+0.25%
19802,035,272+0.65%
19852,080,304+0.44%
19902,104,058+0.23%
19952,133,592+0.28%
20002,126,935−0.06%
20052,091,319−0.34%
20102,029,064−0.60%
20151,913,606−1.16%
source: [16]

Fukushima is both the southernmost prefecture of Tōhoku region and the prefecture of Tōhoku region that is closest to Tokyo. With an area size of 13,784 km2 (5,322 sq mi) it is the third-largest prefecture of Japan, behind Hokkaido and Iwate Prefecture. It is divided by mountain ranges into three regions called (from west to east) Aizu, Nakadōri, and Hamadōri.

Fukushima city is located in the Fukushima Basin's southwest area and nearby mountains. Aizuwakamatsu is located in the western part of Fukushima Prefecture, in the southeast part of Aizu basin. Mount Bandai is the highest mountain in the prefecture with an elevation of 1,819 m (5,968 ft). [17] Mount Azuma-kofuji is an active stratovolcano that is 1,705 m (5,594 ft) tall with many onsen nearby. Lake Inawashiro is the 4th largest lake of Japan (103.3 km2 (39.9 sq mi)) in the center of the prefecture. [18]

The coastal Hamadōri region lies on the Pacific Ocean and is the flattest and most temperate region, while the Nakadōri region is the agricultural heart of the prefecture and contains the capital, Fukushima City. The mountainous Aizu region has scenic lakes, lush forests, and snowy winters.

As of April 1, 2012, 13% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Bandai-Asahi, Nikkō, and Oze National Parks; Echigo Sanzan-Tadami Quasi-National Park; and eleven Prefectural Natural Parks. [19]

Cities

Thirteen cities are located in Fukushima Prefecture:

FlagNameArea (km2)PopulationMap
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Aizuwakamatsu, Fukushima.png Aizuwakamatsu 会津若松市382.97119,232 Aizuwakamatsu in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Date Fukushima.JPG Date 伊達市265.1259,625 Date in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Fukushima, Fukushima.svg Fukushima (capital)福島市767.72287,357 Fukushima in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Iwaki, Fukushima.svg Iwaki いわき市1,232.02337,765 Iwaki in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kitakata, Fukushima.svg Kitakata 喜多方市554.6346,269 Kitakata in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Koriyama, Fukushima.png Kōriyama 郡山市757.2322,996 Koriyama in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Minamisoma, Fukushima.svg Minamisōma 南相馬市398.5853,462 Minamisoma in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Motomiya, Fukushima.svg Motomiya 本宮市88.0230,401 Motomiya in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nihonmatsu, Fukushima.svg Nihonmatsu 二本松市344.4254,013 Nihonmatsu in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shirakwa Fukushima.JPG Shirakawa 白河市305.3259,393 Shirakawa in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Soma, Fukushima.svg Sōma 相馬市197.7934,631 Soma in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Sukagawa, Fukushima.svg Sukagawa 須賀川市279.4375,753 Sukagawa in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tamura, Fukushima.svg Tamura 田村市458.335,702 Tamura in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg

Cityscape

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

FlagNameArea (km2)PopulationDistrictTypeMap
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Aizubange Fukushima.JPG Aizubange 会津坂下町91.5915,159 Kawanuma District Town Aizubange in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Aizumisato Fukushima.JPG Aizumisato 会津美里町276.3320,092 Ōnuma District Town Aizumisato in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Asakawa Fukushima.svg Asakawa 浅川町37.436,315 Ishikawa District Town Asakawa in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Bandai Fukushima.JPG Bandai 磐梯町59.773,533 Yama District Town Bandai in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Furudono Fukushima.JPG Furudono 古殿町163.295,149 Ishikawa District Town Furudono in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Futaba, Fukushima.svg Futaba 双葉町51.420
6,093 (recorded)
Futaba District Town Futaba in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Hanawa Fukushima.JPG Hanawa 塙町211.418,369 Higashishirakawa District Town Hanawa in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Hinoemata Fukushima.JPG Hinoemata 檜枝岐村390.46556 Minamiaizu District Village Hinoemata in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Hirata Fukushima.JPG Hirata 平田村93.425,935 Ishikawa District Village Hirata in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Hirono Fukushima.JPG Hirono 広野町58.694,755 Futaba District Town Hirono in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Iitate Fukushima.JPG Iitate 飯舘村230.131,408
5,946 (recorded)
Sōma District Village Iitate in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Inawashiro, Fukushima.svg Inawashiro 猪苗代町394.8513,810 Yama District Town Inawashiro in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ishikawa Fukushima.svg Ishikawa 石川町115.7115,511 Ishikawa District Town Ishikawa in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Izumisaki Fukushima.JPG Izumizaki 泉崎村35.436,265 Nishishirakawa District Village Izumizaki in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kagamiishi Fukushima.JPG Kagamiishi 鏡石町31.312,272 Iwase District Town Kagamiishi in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kaneyama Fukushima.JPG Kaneyama 金山町293.921,972 Ōnuma District Town Kaneyama in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Katsurao Fukushima.JPG Katsurao 葛尾村84.371,387 Futaba District Village Katsurao in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kawamata, Fukushima.svg Kawamata 川俣町127.712,917 Date District Town Kawamata in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kawauchi, Fukushima.svg Kawauchi 川内村197.351,861 Futaba District Village Kawauchi in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kitashiobara Fukushima.JPG Kitashiobara 北塩原村234.082,697 Yama District Village Kitashiobara in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kori Fukushima.JPG Koori 桑折町42.9711,679 Date District Town Kori in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kunimi, Fukushima.svg Kunimi 国見町37.958,843 Date District Town Kunimi in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Miharu Fukushima.JPG Miharu 三春町72.7617,471 Tamura District Town Miharu in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Minamiaizu Fukushima.JPG Minamiaizu 南会津町886.4715,158 Minamiaizu District Town Minamiaizu in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Mishima Fukushima.JPG Mishima 三島町90.811,590 Ōnuma District Town Mishima in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nakajima Fukushima.JPG Nakajima 中島村18.925,031 Nishishirakawa District Village Nakajima in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Namie, Fukushima.svg Namie 浪江町223.141,238
17,114 (recorded)
Futaba District Town Namie in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Naraha Fukushima.JPG Naraha 楢葉町103.646,784 Futaba District Town Naraha in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nishiaizu, Fukushima.svg Nishiaizu 西会津町298.186,090 Yama District Town Nishiaizu in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nishigo Fukushima.JPG Nishigō 西郷村192.0620,351 Nishishirakawa District Village Nishigo in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Okuma, Fukushima.svg Ōkuma 大熊町78.712,578
11,505 (recorded)
Futaba District Town Okuma in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ono Fukushima.png Ono 小野町125.119,636 Tamura District Town Ono in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Otama Fukushima.JPG Ōtama 大玉村79.448,781 Adachi District Village Otama in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Samegawa Fukushima.JPG Samegawa 鮫川村131.343,081 Higashishirakawa District Village Samegawa in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shimogo Fukushima.JPG Shimogō 下郷町317.045,517 Minamiaizu District Town Shimogo in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shinchi Fukushima chapter.JPG Shinchi 新地町46.78,152 Sōma District Town Shinchi in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Showa Fukushima.JPG Shōwa 昭和村209.461,236 Ōnuma District Village Showa in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tadami Fukushima.JPG Tadami 只見町747.564,117 Minamiaizu District Town Tadami in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tamakawa Fukushima.png Tamakawa 玉川村46.676,497 Ishikawa District Village Tamakawa in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tanagura Fukushima.JPG Tanagura 棚倉町159.9313,827 Higashishirakawa District Town Tanagura in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tenei Fukushima.JPG Ten-ei 天栄村225.525,258 Iwase District Village Ten'ei in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tomioka, Fukushima.svg Tomioka 富岡町68.391,489 Futaba District Town Tomioka in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yabuki, Fukushima.svg Yabuki 矢吹町60.416,955 Nishishirakawa District Town Yabuki in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yamatsuri Fukushima.svg Yamatsuri 矢祭町118.275,702 Higashishirakawa District Town Yamatsuri in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yanaizu Fukushima.JPG Yanaizu 柳津町175.823,304 Kawanuma District Town Yanaizu in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yugawa Fukushima.JPG Yugawa 湯川村16.373,051 Kawanuma District Village Yugawa in Fukushima Prefecture Ja.svg

Mergers

List of governors of Fukushima Prefecture (from 1947)

Economy

Buckwheat field in Yamato, Kitakata Xi Duo Fang Shi Shan Du Ting Gong Gu noQiao Mai Tian  - panoramio.jpg
Buckwheat field in Yamato, Kitakata

The coastal region traditionally specializes in fishing and seafood industries, and is notable for its electric and particularly nuclear power-generating industry, while the upland regions are more focused on agriculture. Thanks to Fukushima's climate, various fruits are grown throughout the year. These include pears, peaches, cherries, grapes, and apples. [20] As of March 2011, the prefecture produced 20.6% of Japan's peaches and 8.7% of cucumbers. [21] [22]

Fukushima also produces rice, that combined with pure water from mountain run-offs, is used to make sake. [23] Some sakes from the region are considered so tasteful that they are served to visiting royalty and world leaders by hosts.[ citation needed ]

Lacquerware is another popular product from Fukushima. Dating back over four hundred years, the process of making lacquerware involves carving an object out of wood, then putting a lacquer on it and decorating it. Objects made are usually dishes, vases and writing materials. [24] [25]

Culture

Akabeko Akabeko0926.jpg
Akabeko

Legend has it that an ogress, Adachigahara, once roamed the plain after whom it was named. The Adachigahara plain lies close to the city of Fukushima.

Other stories, such as that of a large, strong, red cow that carried wood, influenced toys and superstitions. The Akabeko cow is a small, red papier-mâché cow on a bamboo or wooden frame, and is believed to ease child birth, bring good health, and help children grow up as strong as the cow. [26]

Another superstitious talisman of the region is the Okiagari-koboshi , or self-righting dharma doll. These dolls are seen as bringers of good luck and prosperity because they stand right back up when knocked down. [27]

Miharu-goma are small, wooden, black or white toy horses painted with colorful designs. Depending upon their design, they may be believed to bring things like long life to the owner. [28]

Kokeshi dolls, while less symbolic, are also a popular traditional craft. They are carved wooden dolls, with large round heads and hand painted bodies. Kokeshi dolls are popular throughout many regions of Japan, but Fukushima is credited as their birthplace. [20]

Notable festivals and events

Soma Nomaoi on July Soma Nomaoi 2017 35477409983.jpg
Sōma Nomaoi on July
Nihonmatsu Lantern Festival on October Fukushima - chochin matsuri - oct 2017.jpg
Nihonmatsu Lantern Festival on October
Unume Festival of Koriyama on August Jun Shan unemematsuri2015.JPG
Unume Festival of Koriyama on August

The Nomaoi Festival horse riders dressed in complete samurai attire can be seen racing, chasing wild horses, or having contests that imitate a battle. The history behind the festival and events is over one thousand years old. [30]

During the Waraji Festival, a large (12-meter, 38-ft) straw sandal built by locals is dedicated to a shrine. There is also a traditional Taiwanese dragon dance, or Ryumai, performed by Taiwanese visitors. [32]

The Aizu festival is a celebration of the time of the samurai. It begins with a display of sword dancing and fighting, and is followed by a procession of around five hundred people. The people in the procession carry flags and tools representing well-known feudal lords of long ago, and some are actually dressed like the lords themselves. [34]

A reflection of a long ago time of war, the Taimatsu Akashi Festival consists of men and women carrying large symbolic torches lit with a sacred fire to the top of Mt. Gorozan. Accompanied by drummers, the torchbearers reach the top and light a wooden frame representing an old local castle and the samurai that lived there. In more recent years the festival has been opened up so that anyone wanting to participate may carry a small symbolic torch along with the procession. [35]

Education

Universities

Tourism

Aizuwakamatsu Castle Aizuwakamatsu Castle 05.jpg
Aizuwakamatsu Castle
Ouchi-juku Ouchijuku 1.JPG
Ōuchi-juku
Miharu Takizakura is an ancient cherry tree in Miharu, Fukushima Miharu Miharu-Takizakura Front 1.jpg
Miharu Takizakura is an ancient cherry tree in Miharu, Fukushima

Tsuruga castle, a samurai castle originally built in the late 14th century, was occupied by the region's governor in the mid-19th century, during a time of war and governmental instability. Because of this, Aizuwakamatsu was the site of an important battle in the Boshin War, during which 19 teenage members of the Byakkotai committed ritual seppuku suicide. Their graves on Mt. Iimori are a popular tourist attraction. [23]

Kitakata is well known for its distinctive Kitakata ramen noodles and well-preserved traditional storehouse buildings, while Ōuchi-juku in the town of Shimogo retains numerous thatched buildings from the Edo period.

Mount Bandai, in the Bandai-Asahi National Park, erupted in 1888, creating a large crater and numerous lakes, including the picturesque 'Five Coloured Lakes' (Goshiki-numa). Bird watching crowds are not uncommon during migration season here. The area is popular with hikers and skiers. Guided snowshoe tours are also offered in the winter. [41]

The Inawashiro Lake area of Bandai-Asahi National Park is Inawashiro-ko, where the parental home of Hideyo Noguchi (1876–1928) can still be found. It was preserved along with some of Noguchi's belongings and letters as part of a memorial. Noguchi is famous not only for his research on yellow fever, but also for having his face on the 1,000 yen note. [42]

The Miharu Takizakura is an ancient weeping higan cherry tree in Miharu, Fukushima. It is over 1,000 years old.

Food

A sample set of Aizu sake Sampling Aizu sake.jpg
A sample set of Aizu sake

Fruits. Fukushima is known as a "Fruit Kingdom" [43] because of its many seasonal fruits, and the fact that there is fruit being harvested every month of the year. [43] While peaches are the most famous, the prefecture also produces large quantities of cherries, nashi (Japanese pears), grapes, persimmons, and apples.

Fukushima-Gyu is the prefecture's signature beef. The Japanese Black type cattle used to make Fukushima-Gyu are fed, raised, and processed within the prefecture. Only beef with a grade of 2 or 3 can be labeled as "Fukushima-Gyu" (福島牛) [44]

Ikaninjin is shredded carrot and dried squid seasoned with soy sauce, cooking sake, mirin, etc. It is a local cuisine from the northern parts of Fukushima Prefecture. It is primarily made from the late autumn to winter in the household. [45]

Kitakata Ramen is one of the Top 3 Ramen of Japan, along with Sapporo and Hakata. [46] The base is a soy-sauce soup, as historically soy sauce was readily available from the many storehouses around the town. Niboshi (sardines), tonkotsu (pig bones) and sometimes chicken and vegetables are boiled to make the stock. This is then topped with chashu (thinly sliced barbeque pork), spring onions, fermented bamboo shoots, and sometimes narutomaki, a pink and white swirl of cured fish cake. [46]

Mamador is the prefecture's most famous confection. [47] The baked good has a milky red bean flavor center wrapped in a buttery dough. The name means “People who drink mothers’ milk" in Spanish. [48] It is produced by the Sanmangoku Company.

Creambox is prefecture's second famous confection. It is a sweet bread with a thick milk bread and white milk-flavored cream. It is sold in Koriyama City at many bakery and school purchases . The selling price is usually around 100 yen, and in some rare cases, the dough is round. Since it looks simple and does not change much from normal bread when viewed from above, some processing may be performed on the cream, there are things that put almonds or draw the character's face with chocolate [49]

Sake. The Fukushima Prefecture Sake Brewers Cooperative is made up of nearly 60 sake breweries. [50] Additionally, the Annual Japan Sake Awards has awarded the prefecture the most gold prizes of all of Japan for four years running as of 2016. [51]

Transportation

Rail

JR Tadami Line Tadami-Line-First-Bridge-Summer.jpg
JR Tadami Line

Road

Expressways

National highways

Ports

Airports

Notable people

Hideyo Noguchi on the Series E 1K Yen banknote Series E 1K Yen bank of Japan note - front.jpg
Hideyo Noguchi on the Series E 1K Yen banknote

See also

Notes

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Fukushima-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 218 , p. 218, at Google Books; "Tōhoku" in p. 970 , p. 970, at Google Books
  2. Nussbaum, "Fukushima" in p. 218 , p. 218, at Google Books
  3. "大安場古墳群" (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs.
  4. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780 , p. 780, at Google Books
  5. Takeda, Toru et al. (2001). Fukushima – Today & Tomorrow, p. 10.
  6. Meyners d'Estrey, Guillaume Henry Jean (1884). Annales de l'Extrême Orient et de l'Afrique, Vol. 6, p. 172 , p. 172, at Google Books; Nussbaum, "Iwaki" in p. 408 , p. 408, at Google Books
  7. "Database of Registered National Cultural Properties". Agency for Cultural Affairs. Archived from the original on December 23, 2019. Retrieved May 4, 2011.
  8. "Felt earthquakes" (PDF). Japan Meteorological Agency . Retrieved August 23, 2011.
  9. "東北・関東7県で貯水池、農業用ダムの損傷86カ所 補修予算わずか1億、不安募る梅雨". msn産経ニュース. Archived from the original on August 26, 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2011.
  10. "新たに女性遺体を発見 白河の土砂崩れ". 47NEWS. Archived from the original on November 25, 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2011.
  11. "Damage Situation and Police Countermeasures... March 11, 2013" National Police Agency of Japan. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  12. Martin Fackler (June 1, 2011). "Report Finds Japan Underestimated Tsunami Danger". New York Times.
  13. "Japan quake: Radiation rises at Fukushima nuclear plant". BBC News . March 15, 2011.
  14. "Fukushima crisis raised to level 7, still no Chernobyl". New Scientist. April 12, 2011.
  15. "Fukushima accident". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  16. Statistics Bureau of Japan
  17. "Bandai". Global Volcanism Program . Smithsonian Institution . Retrieved March 3, 2010.
  18. Campbell, Allen; Nobel, David S (1993). Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Kodansha. p. 598. ISBN   406205938X.
  19. "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment . Retrieved August 26, 2012.
  20. 1 2 "Fukushima City". Japan National Tourism Organization. Archived from the original on September 25, 2017.
  21. Schreiber, Mark, "Japan's food crisis goes beyond recent panic buying Archived April 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine ", The Japan Times , April 17, 2011, p. 9.
  22. Hongo, Jun, "Fukushima not just about nuke crisis", The Japan Times , March 20, 2012, p. 3.
  23. 1 2 "Aizuwakamatsu Area". Japan National Tourism Organization. Archived from the original on July 14, 2017.
  24. "Aizu lacquerware". Fukushima Prefecture Tourism & Local Products Association. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
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Tōhoku region Region of Japan

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Aizu Region of Fukushima, Japan

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Bandai, Fukushima Town in Tōhoku, Japan

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References

Coordinates: 37°24′N140°28′E / 37.400°N 140.467°E / 37.400; 140.467