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View of Fukuyama
Location of Fukuyama in Hiroshima Prefecture
|• Mayor||Naoki Edahiro|
|• Total||518.14 km2 (200.05 sq mi)|
(September 30, 2019)
|• Density||900/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+09:00 (JST)|
|City hall address||3-5 Higashi-Sakura-cho, Fukuyama-shi, Hiroshima-ken|
Fukuyama (福山市, Fukuyama-shi) is a city located on the Ashida River in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. As of September 30, 2019, the city has an estimated population of 468,812 and a population density of 904.80 persons per km². The total area is 518.14 km2 (200.05 sq mi).
After Hiroshima, it is the largest city in Hiroshima Prefecture and is located on the far east side of the prefecture. The city's symbol is the rose and it holds an annual Rose Festival in the month of May. The official mascot of Fukuyama is an anthropomorphic rose child by the name of Rola. Fukuyama is a vital commercial, industrial and communications center. It produces machinery, koto (Japanese harps), rubber products, electronics, textiles, and processed foods.
What is today the city of Fukuyama was founded as a castle town in 1619 by Mizuno Katsunari,a cousin of shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu. Mizuno was given command of a territory in western Japan consisting of southern Bingo Province and southwestern Bitchu Province. He built a new castle-town as his capital and called it Fukuyama.
After the abolition of the han system in 1871, Fukuyama Prefecture was founded. A short time later the prefecture was renamed Fukatsu. Fukatsu Prefecture was merged with Kurashiki Prefecture in 1872 to form Oda Prefecture. In 1875 Oda Prefecture was merged into Okayama Prefecture.
When the border between Hiroshima and Okayama prefectures was re-arranged in 1876, Fukuyama Town became a part of Hiroshima Prefecture.
Fukuyama Town became Fukuyama City on July 1, 1916. The population of the city at that time was 32,356.
On August 8, 1945 (two days after the atomic-bombing of Hiroshima), 91 American B-29 bombers made an air raid on Fukuyama, destroying much of the city.
Fukuyama was named one of the core cities of Japan on April 1, 1998.
In 1933, 10 villages from surrounding Fukayasu District were merged into Fukuyama. Two additional villages from Numakuma District were similarly merged in 1942.
On March 31, 1954, several towns and villages in Kōrimatsu District merged to found the city of Matsunaga. Matsunaga City would eventually merge with Fukuyama City on May 1, 1966.
Several towns and villages from the Fukayasu District merged into Fukuyama in 1956, and Fukayasu Town merged in 1962.
Several other surrounding towns and districts eventually merged with Fukuyama:
Fukuyama has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with very warm summers and cool winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is somewhat lower in winter.
|Climate data for Tateyama, Fukuyama, Hiroshima|
|Average high °C (°F)||8.7|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||3.6|
|Average low °C (°F)||−0.9|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||34.6|
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||2|
|Average relative humidity (%)||69||69||67||68||71||75||77||74||76||73||73||72||72|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||143.6||134.6||173.1||184.2||210.6||167.4||200.5||228.4||162.7||174.4||153.6||143.7||2,076.8|
|Source: NOAA (1961-1990)|
The city is a regional rail hub and a stop on the coastal Sanyō line as well as a terminus for the Fukuen line extending north into Hiroshima Prefecture. Additionally, four types of Shinkansen train on the Sanyō Shinkansen line (limited express Nozomi, express Hikari, Kyuushu shinkansen and local Kodama) stop there, making the city easily accessible from anywhere in Japan.
Regional and city buses carry passengers throughout the city and link it to other cities in the region. Some of the cities reachable by highway bus are Hiroshima, Kobe, Kyoto, Matsue, Okayama, Osaka, Tokyo, Ehime's Imabari City & Matsuyama city and Yonago.
Fukuyama is home to some 70 elementary schools, several dozen junior high schools and roughly twenty high schools, both public and private. Fukuyama University is located in the northwestern district of Matsunaga. The university offers many courses of study, but is best known for its excellent pharmacology program. Fukuyama City Junior College for Women is located in the Kita Honjo district.
The Holocaust Education Center in Fukuyama, inaugurated on June 17, 1995, is dedicated to the memory of 1.5 million children who perished in the Holocaust. It has the distinction of being the first institution in Japan devoted to Holocaust education.
Fukuyama is home to several large department stores, including Lotz, Tenmaya, and Ito Yokado/Happy Town/Port Plaza. Kannabe-cho is home to the department store Fuji Grand. Many shops selling traditional Japanese goods can be found along the city's Hondori (covered shopping arcade), as well as throughout the city.
Further away from the center of town are the districts of Matsunaga, known for its traditional Japanese footwear, called geta, and Tomo-no-Ura, a fishing village known for its traditional sea bream netting display every May.
Hiroshima Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region of Honshu. Hiroshima Prefecture has a population of 2,811,410 and has a geographic area of 8,479 km². Hiroshima Prefecture borders Okayama Prefecture to the east, Tottori Prefecture to the northeast, Shimane Prefecture to the north, and Yamaguchi Prefecture to the southwest.
Okayama Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region of Honshu. Okayama Prefecture has a population of 1,906,464 and has a geographic area of 7,114 km². Okayama Prefecture borders Tottori Prefecture to the north, Hyōgo Prefecture to the east, and Hiroshima Prefecture to the west.
Anjō is a city in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 188,693 in 76,087 households, and a population density of 2,193 persons per km². The total area of the city was 86.05 square kilometres (33.22 sq mi).
Ibara is a city located in Okayama Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on March 30, 1953.
Mihara is a city located in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on November 15, 1936. As of July 31, 2016, the city has an estimated population of 97,324 and a population density of 206.62 persons per km². The total area is 471.03 km².
Bingo Province was a province of Japan on the Inland Sea side of western Honshū, comprising what is today the eastern part of Hiroshima Prefecture. It was sometimes grouped together with Bizen and Bitchu Provinces as Bishū (備州). The 備 bi in the names of these provinces is taken from the second character in the name of Kibi Province, whose ambit also included the area that would be divided off as Mimasaka Province in the early 8th century CE. Bingo bordered Bitchū, Hōki, Izumo, Iwami, and Aki Provinces.
(Japan > Hiroshima Prefecture > Numakuma District)
Kannabe was a town located in Fukayasu District, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan.
Fukayasu was a district located in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan.
(Japan > Hiroshima Prefecture > Ashina District）
This page lists Japan-related articles with romanized titles beginning with the letter F. For names of people, please list by surname. Please also ignore particles when listing articles.
This page lists Japan-related articles with romanized titles beginning with the letter M. For names of people, please list by surname. Please also ignore particles when listing articles.
Okayama is the capital city of Okayama Prefecture in the Chūgoku region of Japan. The city was founded on June 1, 1889.
Yoichi Miyazawa is a Japanese politician of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), a member of the House of Representatives in the Diet. A native of Fukuyama, Hiroshima and graduate of the University of Tokyo, he joined the Ministry of Finance in 1974, receiving a MPA from Harvard University in the United States while in the ministry. Leaving the ministry in 1993, he was elected to the House of Representatives for the first time in 2000.
The Ashida River is a river that flows through the eastern part of Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. The river provides the primary drainage for the Bingo region.
Hiroshima 7th district is a constituency of the House of Representatives in the Diet of Japan. It is located in Hiroshima and consists of the city of Fukuyama. As of 2012, 377,672 eligible voters were registered in the district.
The San'yō Main Line is a major railway line owned by JR Group companies in western Japan, connecting Kōbe Station and Moji Station, largely paralleling the coast of the Inland Sea, in other words, the southern coast of western Honshu. The San'yō Shinkansen line largely parallels its route. The name Sanyō derived from the ancient region and highway San'yōdō, the road on the sunny (south) side of the mountains.
Fumiaki Kobayashi is a Japanese politician representing Hiroshima 7th district in the House of Representatives, the lower house of the National Diet, for the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP).
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