Fukuyama, Hiroshima

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Fukuyama

福山市
Fukuyama-city photo.jpg
View of Fukuyama
Flag of Fukuyama, Hiroshima.svg
Flag
Symbol of Fukuyama Hiroshima.svg
Emblem
Fukuyama, Hiroshima
Location of Fukuyama in Hiroshima Prefecture
Fukuyama in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Fukuyama
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°29′N133°22′E / 34.483°N 133.367°E / 34.483; 133.367 Coordinates: 34°29′N133°22′E / 34.483°N 133.367°E / 34.483; 133.367
CountryJapan
Region Chūgoku (San'yō)
Prefecture Hiroshima Prefecture
Government
  MayorNaoki Edahiro
Area
  Total518.14 km2 (200.05 sq mi)
Population
 (September 30, 2019)
  Total468,812
  Density900/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address3-5 Higashi-Sakura-cho, Fukuyama-shi, Hiroshima-ken
720-8501
Website www.city.fukuyama.hiroshima.jp
Symbols
FlowerRose

Fukuyama (福山市, Fukuyama-shi) is a city located on the Ashida River in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. As of September 30, 2019, the city has an estimated population of 468,812 and a population density of 904.80 persons per km². The total area is 518.14 km2 (200.05 sq mi).

Contents

After Hiroshima, it is the largest city in Hiroshima Prefecture and is located on the far east side of the prefecture. The city's symbol is the rose and it holds an annual Rose Festival in the month of May. The official mascot of Fukuyama is an anthropomorphic rose child by the name of Rola. Fukuyama is a vital commercial, industrial and communications center. It produces machinery, koto (Japanese harps), rubber products, electronics, textiles, and processed foods.

History

What is today the city of Fukuyama was founded as a castle town in 1619 by Mizuno Katsunari, [1] a cousin of shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu. Mizuno was given command of a territory in western Japan consisting of southern Bingo Province and southwestern Bitchu Province. He built a new castle-town as his capital and called it Fukuyama.

After the abolition of the han system in 1871, Fukuyama Prefecture was founded. A short time later the prefecture was renamed Fukatsu. Fukatsu Prefecture was merged with Kurashiki Prefecture in 1872 to form Oda Prefecture. In 1875 Oda Prefecture was merged into Okayama Prefecture.

When the border between Hiroshima and Okayama prefectures was re-arranged in 1876, Fukuyama Town became a part of Hiroshima Prefecture.

Fukuyama Town became Fukuyama City on July 1, 1916. The population of the city at that time was 32,356.

Bombing of Fukuyama Station, 9 August 1945 Bombing of Fukuyama Station in 1945.jpg
Bombing of Fukuyama Station, 9 August 1945

On August 8, 1945 (two days after the atomic-bombing of Hiroshima), 91 American B-29 bombers made an air raid on Fukuyama, destroying much of the city.

Fukuyama was named one of the core cities of Japan on April 1, 1998.

City view from Fukuyama Castle Fukuyama castle Honmaru.jpg
City view from Fukuyama Castle

Mergers with surrounding towns

In 1933, 10 villages from surrounding Fukayasu District were merged into Fukuyama. Two additional villages from Numakuma District were similarly merged in 1942.

On March 31, 1954, several towns and villages in Kōrimatsu District merged to found the city of Matsunaga. Matsunaga City would eventually merge with Fukuyama City on May 1, 1966.

Several towns and villages from the Fukayasu District merged into Fukuyama in 1956, and Fukayasu Town merged in 1962.

Several other surrounding towns and districts eventually merged with Fukuyama:

Climate

Fukuyama has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with very warm summers and cool winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is somewhat lower in winter.

Climate data for Tateyama, Fukuyama, Hiroshima
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)8.7
(47.7)
9.2
(48.6)
12.5
(54.5)
18.5
(65.3)
23.1
(73.6)
26.3
(79.3)
30.6
(87.1)
32.1
(89.8)
27.8
(82.0)
22.2
(72.0)
16.6
(61.9)
11.4
(52.5)
19.9
(67.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)3.6
(38.5)
4.1
(39.4)
7.2
(45.0)
13.1
(55.6)
17.7
(63.9)
21.7
(71.1)
26.0
(78.8)
27.1
(80.8)
22.9
(73.2)
16.6
(61.9)
11.1
(52.0)
5.9
(42.6)
14.8
(58.6)
Average low °C (°F)−0.9
(30.4)
−0.5
(31.1)
1.9
(35.4)
7.7
(45.9)
12.4
(54.3)
17.6
(63.7)
22.3
(72.1)
23.0
(73.4)
18.8
(65.8)
11.8
(53.2)
6.1
(43.0)
1.1
(34.0)
10.1
(50.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches)34.6
(1.36)
45.8
(1.80)
69.8
(2.75)
111.1
(4.37)
115.0
(4.53)
198.2
(7.80)
170.2
(6.70)
90.6
(3.57)
161.9
(6.37)
90.5
(3.56)
55.1
(2.17)
25.9
(1.02)
1,168.7
(46)
Average snowfall cm (inches)2
(0.8)
2
(0.8)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
5
(2)
Average relative humidity (%)69696768717577747673737272
Mean monthly sunshine hours 143.6134.6173.1184.2210.6167.4200.5228.4162.7174.4153.6143.72,076.8
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [2]

Transportation

The city is a regional rail hub and a stop on the coastal Sanyō line as well as a terminus for the Fukuen line extending north into Hiroshima Prefecture. Additionally, four types of Shinkansen train on the Sanyō Shinkansen line (limited express Nozomi, express Hikari, Kyuushu shinkansen and local Kodama) stop there, making the city easily accessible from anywhere in Japan.

Regional and city buses carry passengers throughout the city and link it to other cities in the region. Some of the cities reachable by highway bus are Hiroshima, Kobe, Kyoto, Matsue, Okayama, Osaka, Tokyo, Ehime's Imabari City & Matsuyama city and Yonago.

Fukuyama Station on the Sanyo Shinkansen ShinkansenRailStar7525.jpg
Fukuyama Station on the Sanyo Shinkansen

Education

Fukuyama is home to some 70 elementary schools, several dozen junior high schools and roughly twenty high schools, both public and private. Fukuyama University is located in the northwestern district of Matsunaga. The university offers many courses of study, but is best known for its excellent pharmacology program. Fukuyama City Junior College for Women is located in the Kita Honjo district.

The Holocaust Education Center in Fukuyama, inaugurated on June 17, 1995, is dedicated to the memory of 1.5 million children who perished in the Holocaust. It has the distinction of being the first institution in Japan devoted to Holocaust education.

Shopping

Fukuyama is home to several large department stores, including Lotz, Tenmaya, and Ito Yokado/Happy Town/Port Plaza. Kannabe-cho is home to the department store Fuji Grand. Many shops selling traditional Japanese goods can be found along the city's Hondori (covered shopping arcade), as well as throughout the city.

Further away from the center of town are the districts of Matsunaga, known for its traditional Japanese footwear, called geta, and Tomo-no-Ura, a fishing village known for its traditional sea bream netting display every May.

Sights

Fukuyama Rose Festival Fukuyama rose fair in 2008.JPG
Fukuyama Rose Festival

Twin towns/Sister cities

Notable people from Fukuyama, Hiroshima

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References

  1. "Fukuyama Castle - Visit Hiroshima". Fukuyama Castle - Visit Hiroshima. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
  2. "Fukuyama Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  3. "Hamilton Ontario Sister Cities". Archived from the original on 2007-09-26. Retrieved 2008-01-24.