Funen

Last updated

Funen
Native name:
Fyn
Egeskov Slot spejling Edit 2.jpg
Location map Funen.svg
Geography
Location Kattegat
Coordinates 55°21′N10°21′E / 55.350°N 10.350°E / 55.350; 10.350 Coordinates: 55°21′N10°21′E / 55.350°N 10.350°E / 55.350; 10.350
Area2,984.56 km2 (1,152.35 sq mi)
Administration
Denmark
Region South Denmark Region
Municipality Several
Largest settlement Odense (pop. 180,302)
Demographics
Population469,947 (2020)
Pop. density150/km2 (390/sq mi)

Funen (Danish : Fyn, pronounced  [ˈfyˀn] ), with an area of 3,099.7 square kilometres (1,196.8 sq mi), is the third-largest island of Denmark, after Zealand and Vendsyssel-Thy. It is the 165th-largest island in the world. It is located in the central part of the country and has a population of 469,947 as of 2020. [1] Funen's main city is Odense, which is connected to the sea by a seldom-used canal. The city's shipyard, Odense Steel Shipyard, has been relocated outside Odense proper.

Contents

Funen belongs administratively to the Region of Southern Denmark. From 1970 to 2006 the island formed the biggest part of Funen County, which also included the islands of Langeland, Ærø, Tåsinge, and a number of smaller islands.

Funen is linked to Zealand, Denmark's largest island, by the Great Belt Bridge, which carries both trains and cars. The bridge is in reality three bridges; low road and rail bridges connect Funen to the small island of Sprogø in the middle of the Great Belt, and a long road suspension bridge (the second longest in the world at the time of opening) connects Funen the rest of the way to Zealand, paralleled by a rail tunnel.

Two bridges connect Funen to the Danish mainland, Jutland. The Old Little Belt Bridge was constructed in the 1930s shortly before World War II for both cars and trains. The New Little Belt Bridge, a suspension bridge, was constructed in the 1970s and is used for cars only.

Apart from the main city, Odense, all major towns are located in coastal areas. Beginning in the north-east of the island and moving clockwise, they are Kerteminde (NE), Nyborg (E), Svendborg (S), Fåborg (SW), Assens (W), Middelfart (NW) and Bogense (N).

The populations of the major cities and towns are, as of 1 January 2018: [2]

Funen was the birthplace of Hans Christian Andersen, the composer Carl Nielsen, American War of Independence combatant Christian Febiger, pop singer and international footballer Christian Eriksen.

The highest natural point on Funen is Frøbjerg Bavnehøj.

Politics

Funen (Folketing constituency)

Viking Age

In 2018, at the highest point in Funen, known as Munkebo Bakke, the archaeologists have found a giant Viking hall that dates back more than 1.000 years, to around 825 – 1.000 CE. According to the Funen museum experts, this Viking hall is bigger than anything found on Funen before. [3]

Galgedil is a Viking Age cemetery located in the northern part of Funen. Excavations at the local site revealed 54 graves containing 59 inhumations and 2 cremation burials. [4]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Odense</span> City in Southern Denmark, Denmark

Odense is the third largest city in Denmark and the largest city on the island of Funen. As of 1 January 2022, the city proper had a population of 180,863 while Odense Municipality had a population of 205,978, making it the fourth largest municipality in Denmark. Eurostat and OECD have used a definition for the Metropolitan area of Odense, which includes all municipalities in the Province of Funen, with a total population of 504,066 as of 1 July 2022

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Funen County</span>

Fyns Amt is a former county in central Denmark, comprising the islands of Funen, Langeland, Tåsinge, Ærø, and approximately 90 other islands, of which only 25 are inhabited. The county was formed on 1 April 1970, comprising the former counties of Odense and Svendborg. The county was abolished from 1 January 2007, when it merged into Region Syddanmark.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Assens, Denmark</span> Town in Southern Denmark, Denmark

Assens is a town with a population of 6,050 on the west coast of the island of Funen on the eastern side of the Little Belt in central Denmark. By road, Assens is located 41.2 kilometres (25.6 mi) southwest of Odense, 34 kilometres (21 mi) northwest of Faaborg, and 33.34 kilometres (20.72 mi) southeast of Middelfart. Assens is the municipal seat of Assens Municipality in Region of Southern Denmark. It was the birthplace of sculptor Jens Adolf Jerichau who married the well-known portraitist Elisabeth Jerichau-Baumann; both artists' works are exhibited at the local art museum, Vestfyns Kunstmuseum.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Svendborg</span> Town in Southern Denmark, Denmark

Svendborg is a town on the island of Funen in south-central Denmark, and the seat of Svendborg Municipality. With a population of 27,300, Svendborg is Funen's second largest city. In 2000 Svendborg was declared "Town of the year" in Denmark, and in 2003 it celebrated its 750th anniversary as a market town. By road, Svendborg is located 195 kilometres (121 mi) southwest of Copenhagen, 183 kilometres (114 mi) south of Aarhus, 44.2 kilometres (27.5 mi) south of Odense, and 28.5 kilometres (17.7 mi) east of Faaborg.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Odense Municipality</span> Municipality in Southern Denmark, Denmark

Odense Municipality is a Danish municipality (kommune) in Southern Denmark on the island of Funen in central Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 304.34 km2 (118 sq mi), and has a population of 204,895. It is the most populous municipality in Region of Southern Denmark.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nyborg Municipality</span> Municipality in Southern Denmark, Denmark

Nyborg Municipality is a municipality in Region of Southern Denmark on the east coast of the island of Funen in central Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 278 km2, and has a total population of 32,009 (2020). It borders Kerteminde Municipality to the north-west, Faaborg-Midtfyn Municipality to the south-west, Svendborg Municipality to the south and is connected to Slagelse Municipality by the Great Belt Bridge. Its mayor is Kenneth Muhs, a member of the Venstre political party. The main town and the site of its municipal council is the city of Nyborg.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Region of Southern Denmark</span> Region of Denmark

The Region of Southern Denmark is an administrative region of Denmark established on Monday 1 January 2007 as part of the 2007 Danish Municipal Reform, which abolished the traditional counties ("amter") and set up five larger regions. At the same time, smaller municipalities were merged into larger units, cutting the number of municipalities from 271 before 1 January 2007 to 98. The reform diminished the power of the regional level dramatically in favor of the local level and the central government in Copenhagen. The Region of Southern Denmark has 22 municipalities. The reform was implemented in Denmark on 1 January 2007, although the merger of the Funish municipalities of Ærøskøbing and Marstal, being a part of the reform, was given the go-ahead to be implemented on Sunday 1 January 2006, one year before the main reform. It borders Schleswig-Holstein (Germany) to the south and Central Denmark Region to the north and is connected to Region Zealand via the Great Belt Fixed Link.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hans Christian Andersen Airport</span> Airport

Hans Christian Andersen Airport is a small airport serving the Danish city of Odense. It is located in the village of Beldringe, some 9 km north-northwest of the city. The airport is named after Hans Christian Andersen, a renowned Danish author who was born in Odense.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nordfyn Municipality</span> Municipality in Southern Denmark, Denmark

Nordfyn Municipality is a municipality in Region of Southern Denmark on the north coast of the island of Funen in central Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 452.30 km2 and has a total population of 29,549 (2021). It borders Odense Municipality to the east and south, Assens Municipality to the south and Middelfart Municipality to the west. To the east, Odense Fjord separates Nordfyn Municipality and Kerteminde Municipality. The mayor of the municipality is Morten Andersen, a member of the Venstre political party. The seat of the municipality is the town of Bogense.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Odense County</span>

Odense County is a former province in Denmark, located on the northern half of the island of Funen in central Denmark. Odense County was established in 1806 and abolished in 1970 when it merged with Svendborg County forming the new Funen County.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Odense station</span>

Odense Station is the main railway station serving the city of Odense, Denmark.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Odense University Hospital</span> Hospital in Southern Denmark, Denmark

Odense University Hospital (OUH) is the largest and most specialized hospital in Southern Denmark.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Diocese of Funen</span>

The Diocese of Funen is a diocese within the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Denmark. St. Canute's Cathedral in Odense serves as the seat of its bishop. Tine Lindhardt has been the bishop of the diocese since 2012.

The 1926–27 FBUs Mesterskabsrække was the 23rd season of the Funen Football Championship since its establishment in 1904 under the administration of Fyns Boldspil-Union (FBU). This was the first season played under the new name, Mesterskabsrækken, after the top-flight Funen league had previously been named A-rækken, a name that was passed on to the Funen second tier league. The launch of the season began on 26 September 1926 with three matches and the final round of regular league fixtures were played in April 1927 with the play-off matches being held on 1–8 May 1927. Svendborg BK were the defending league champions. The winner of the league would automatically qualify for the semifinals of the Provincial championship tournament that was held as part of the 1926–27 Landsfodboldturneringen that was played at the end of the regular season. The three highest ranking teams in the final standings participated in the inaugural season of the new Danish Championship play-off structure, the 1927–28 Danmarksmesterskabsturneringen i Fodbold. All eligible teams in the FBUs Mesterskabsrække including the best teams of the 1926–27 FBUs A-række would also participate in the next season of the Funen regional cup tournament, 1927 FBUs Pokalturnering.

The 1926 FBUs Pokalturnering was the 7th edition of the regional tournament, FBUs Pokalturnering, the highest senior cup competition organised by the Funen FA (FBU). The tournament was held in the third quarter of 1926 with B 1913 as the defending cup champions. The season was launched on 8 August 1926 with the preliminary round involving two matches involving Ejby BK versus Dalum BK and Assens G&IK versus AIK Bogense, while Bogense G&IF and Arbejdernes I&BK (AIB) of Middelfart both received a bye to the next round. A total of eighteen teams from the 1925–26 FBUs A-række, the 1925–26 FBUs B-række and three new member clubs of the regional football association participated in the cup tournament, which embraced seventeen cup matches — the reigning Funen champions Svendborg BK from the top-flight league choose not to participate in this year's edition.

Hjulby Place in Southern Denmark, Denmark

Hjulby is a village in central Denmark, located in Nyborg municipality on the island of Funen in Region of Southern Denmark.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nyborg Municipality (1970–2006)</span> Former municipality in Denmark

Until January 1, 2007 Nyborg Municipality was a municipality in the former Funen County, on the east coast of the island of Funen, in central Denmark. The municipality covered an area of 83.57 km2, and had a total population of 19,134 (2006). Its last mayor was Jørn Terndrup, who was a member of the Venstre party.

Constituencies are used for elections to the Folketing, the national parliament of Denmark. Denmark proper is divided into 10 constituencies largely corresponding to the Provinces of Denmark, each electing multiple members using open-list proportional representation. Those constituencies are then divided into 92 opstillingskredse which mainly serve the purpose of nominating candidates, but historically functioned as single-member constituencies electing one member using plurality voting.

References

  1. "Kommuner på landkortet - Danmarks Statistik". Archived from the original on 23 March 2013. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
  2. "Statistikbanken". statbank.dk. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
  3. "Danish Archaeologists Stunned After Discovering a New Viking Hall". 3 July 2018.
  4. Price, T. Douglas; Prangsgaard, Kirsten; Bennike, Pia; Kanstrup, Marie; Frei, Karin Margarita (November 2014). "Galgedil: Isotopic studies of a Viking cemetery on the Danish island of Funen, AD 800–1050". Danish Journal of Archaeology. 3: 129–144. doi:10.1080/21662282.2015.1056634.