Güira de Melena

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Güira de Melena
Guira de Melena (Cuban municipal map).png
Güira de Melena municipality (red) within
Artemisa Province (yellow) and Cuba
Coordinates: 22°48′7″N82°30′17″W / 22.80194°N 82.50472°W / 22.80194; -82.50472 Coordinates: 22°48′7″N82°30′17″W / 22.80194°N 82.50472°W / 22.80194; -82.50472
Country Cuba
Province Artemisa
Founded1779 [1]
Area
[2]
  Total178 km2 (69 sq mi)
Elevation
20 m (70 ft)
Population
 (2004) [3]
  Total37,838
  Density212.6/km2 (551/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
Area code(s) +53-7
Climate Aw

Güira de Melena is a municipality and town in the Artemisa Province since January 1. of 2011, before it was part of the Havana province. Cuba. It is located on the southern shore of the island, bordering the Bay of Batabanó and on the west part of Cuba . It was founded in 1779. [1]

Artemisa Province Province of Cuba

Artemisa Province is one of the two new provinces created from the former La Habana Province, whose creation was approved by the Cuban National Assembly on August 1, 2010, the other being Mayabeque Province. The new provinces were enforced on January 1, 2011.

Cuba Country in the Caribbean

Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos. Cuba is located in the northern Caribbean where the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean meet. It is east of the Yucatán Peninsula (Mexico), south of both the U.S. state of Florida and the Bahamas, west of Haiti and north of both Jamaica and the Cayman Islands. Havana is the largest city and capital; other major cities include Santiago de Cuba and Camagüey. The area of the Republic of Cuba is 110,860 square kilometers (42,800 sq mi). The island of Cuba is the largest island in Cuba and in the Caribbean, with an area of 105,006 square kilometers (40,543 sq mi), and the second-most populous after Hispaniola, with over 11 million inhabitants.

Contents

Geography

The town is south of San Antonio de los Baños, west of Quivican and east of Alquízar.

San Antonio de los Baños Municipality in Artemisa, Cuba

San Antonio de los Baños is a municipality and town in the Artemisa Province of Cuba. It is located 26 km from the city of Havana, and the Ariguanabo River runs through it. It was founded in 1802.

Alquízar Municipality in Artemisa, Cuba

Alquízar is a town and municipality in the Artemisa Province of Cuba.

The municipality is divided into the barrios of Gabriel, Cajio, Tumbadero, La Cachimba, Penalver, Pulguero, Guerrilla, Pekin and Corea. [4]

Barrio is a Spanish word meaning a quarter or neighbourhood. In Spain, several Latin American countries and the Philippines, the term is also used officially to denote a division of a municipality.

Economy

The principal economic activities include agriculture, especially tobacco; the city has cigar factories. Other agricultural products are potatoes, bananas, pineapples and other tropical fruits, and dairy products.

Tobacco Agricultural product processed from the leaves of plants in the genus of nicotinia.

Tobacco is the common name of several plants in the Nicotiana genus and the Solanaceae (nightshade) family, and the general term for any product prepared from the cured leaves of the tobacco plant. More than 70 species of tobacco are known, but the chief commercial crop is N. tabacum. The more potent variant N. rustica is also used around the world.

Potato plant species producing the tuber used as a staple food

The potato is a root vegetable that is part of the plant Solanum tuberosum. This perennial is part of the family Solanaceae or the nightshades. In many contexts, the word potato refers to the edible starchy tuber portion of the plant, but it can also refer to the plant itself, which is native to the Americas.

Banana edible fruit

A banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa. In some countries, bananas used for cooking may be called "plantains", distinguishing them from dessert bananas. The fruit is variable in size, color, and firmness, but is usually elongated and curved, with soft flesh rich in starch covered with a rind, which may be green, yellow, red, purple, or brown when ripe. The fruits grow in clusters hanging from the top of the plant. Almost all modern edible seedless (parthenocarp) bananas come from two wild species – Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. The scientific names of most cultivated bananas are Musa acuminata, Musa balbisiana, and Musa × paradisiaca for the hybrid Musa acuminata × M. balbisiana, depending on their genomic constitution. The old scientific name for this hybrid, Musa sapientum, is no longer used.

Demographics

In 2004, the municipality of Güira de Melena had a population of 37,838. [3] With a total area of 178 km2 (69 sq mi), [2] it has a population density of 212.6/km2 (551/sq mi).

See also

Municipalities of Cuba

The provinces of Cuba are divided into 168 municipalities or municipios. They were defined by Cuban Law Number 1304 of July 3, 1976 and reformed in 2010 with the abrogation of the municipality of Varadero and the creation of two new provinces: Artemisa and Mayabeque in place of former La Habana Province.

Güira de Melena Municipal Museum is a museum located in the 82nd street in Güira de Melena, Cuba. It was established as a museum on 11 December 1980.

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References

  1. 1 2 Guije.com. "Güira de Melena" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-07.
  2. 1 2 Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba" . Retrieved 2007-10-07.
  3. 1 2 Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2006-07-14. Retrieved 2007-10-07.
  4. "Cronicas de Güira de Melena". Elba Rosa Rodriguez, 2011 (in Spanish)