Güira de Melena
Güira de Melena municipality (red) within
Artemisa Province (yellow) and Cuba
|• Total||178 km2 (69 sq mi)|
|Elevation||20 m (70 ft)|
|• Density||212.6/km2 (551/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
Güira de Melena is a municipality and town in the Artemisa Province since January 1. of 2011, before it was part of the Havana province. Cuba. It is located on the southern shore of the island, bordering the Bay of Batabanó and on the west part of Cuba . It was founded in 1779.
Artemisa Province is one of the two new provinces created from the former La Habana Province, whose creation was approved by the Cuban National Assembly on August 1, 2010, the other being Mayabeque Province. The new provinces were enforced on January 1, 2011.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos. Cuba is located in the northern Caribbean where the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean meet. It is east of the Yucatán Peninsula (Mexico), south of both the U.S. state of Florida and the Bahamas, west of Haiti and north of both Jamaica and the Cayman Islands. Havana is the largest city and capital; other major cities include Santiago de Cuba and Camagüey. The area of the Republic of Cuba is 110,860 square kilometers (42,800 sq mi). The island of Cuba is the largest island in Cuba and in the Caribbean, with an area of 105,006 square kilometers (40,543 sq mi), and the second-most populous after Hispaniola, with over 11 million inhabitants.
The town is south of San Antonio de los Baños, west of Quivican and east of Alquízar.
San Antonio de los Baños is a municipality and town in the Artemisa Province of Cuba. It is located 26 km from the city of Havana, and the Ariguanabo River runs through it. It was founded in 1802.
Alquízar is a town and municipality in the Artemisa Province of Cuba.
The municipality is divided into the barrios of Gabriel, Cajio, Tumbadero, La Cachimba, Penalver, Pulguero, Guerrilla, Pekin and Corea.
Barrio is a Spanish word meaning a quarter or neighbourhood. In Spain, several Latin American countries and the Philippines, the term is also used officially to denote a division of a municipality.
The principal economic activities include agriculture, especially tobacco; the city has cigar factories. Other agricultural products are potatoes, bananas, pineapples and other tropical fruits, and dairy products.
Tobacco is the common name of several plants in the Nicotiana genus and the Solanaceae (nightshade) family, and the general term for any product prepared from the cured leaves of the tobacco plant. More than 70 species of tobacco are known, but the chief commercial crop is N. tabacum. The more potent variant N. rustica is also used around the world.
The potato is a root vegetable that is part of the plant Solanum tuberosum. This perennial is part of the family Solanaceae or the nightshades. In many contexts, the word potato refers to the edible starchy tuber portion of the plant, but it can also refer to the plant itself, which is native to the Americas.
A banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa. In some countries, bananas used for cooking may be called "plantains", distinguishing them from dessert bananas. The fruit is variable in size, color, and firmness, but is usually elongated and curved, with soft flesh rich in starch covered with a rind, which may be green, yellow, red, purple, or brown when ripe. The fruits grow in clusters hanging from the top of the plant. Almost all modern edible seedless (parthenocarp) bananas come from two wild species – Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. The scientific names of most cultivated bananas are Musa acuminata, Musa balbisiana, and Musa × paradisiaca for the hybrid Musa acuminata × M. balbisiana, depending on their genomic constitution. The old scientific name for this hybrid, Musa sapientum, is no longer used.
In 2004, the municipality of Güira de Melena had a population of 37,838. 178 km2 (69 sq mi), it has a population density of 212.6/km2 (551/sq mi).With a total area of
The provinces of Cuba are divided into 168 municipalities or municipios. They were defined by Cuban Law Number 1304 of July 3, 1976 and reformed in 2010 with the abrogation of the municipality of Varadero and the creation of two new provinces: Artemisa and Mayabeque in place of former La Habana Province.
Güira de Melena Municipal Museum is a museum located in the 82nd street in Güira de Melena, Cuba. It was established as a museum on 11 December 1980.
Santiago de Cuba Province is the second most populated province in the island of Cuba. The largest city Santiago de Cuba is the main administrative center. Other large cities include Palma Soriano, Contramaestre, San Luis and Songo-la Maya.
Nuevitas is a municipality and port town in the Camagüey Province of Cuba. The large bay was sighted by Christopher Columbus in 1492.
Santa Cruz del Norte is a town and municipality in the Mayabeque Province of Cuba. Before 2011 it was part of La Habana Province. It is located on the north shore, between the cities of Havana and Matanzas, at the mouth of the Santa Cruz River.
San Luis is a municipality and town in the Pinar del Río Province of Cuba. It is centered mainly on agriculture, stock raising.
Campechuela is a municipality and town in Granma Province of Cuba. It is located on the southern shore of the Gulf of Guacanayabo.
Aguada de Pasajeros is a municipality and town in the Cienfuegos Province of Cuba.
Rodas is a municipality and town in the Cienfuegos Province of Cuba. It was founded in 1859 under the name of Lechuzo. In 1879 it was renamed Rodas in honour of capitán general Caballero de Rodas.
Los Arabos is a municipality and town in the Matanzas Province of Cuba. It is located in the eastern part of the province, bordering the province of Villa Clara.
Morón is a city and a municipality in Ciego de Ávila Province in central Cuba. It is one of ten municipalities in the province, and is the second in importance and the oldest. Morón is the closest city to the tourist resorts on Cayo Coco and Cayo Guillermo.
Güines is a municipality and town in the Mayabeque Province of Cuba. It is located 50 km (31 mi) southeast of Havana, next to the Mayabeque River. It is the most populated town, but not the capital, of its province.
Candelaria is a municipality and town in the Artemisa Province of Cuba. Before 2011 it was part of Pinar del Río Province. It was founded in 1809, and established as a municipality in 1880.
Pedro Betancourt, sometimes shortened as Betancourt, is a municipality and town in the Matanzas Province of Cuba. It is located in the center of the province, west of Jagüey Grande and east of Unión de Reyes. It was founded in 1833.
Lajas, known historically and culturally as Santa Isabel de las Lajas, is a municipality and town in the Cienfuegos Province of Cuba. It is located in the northern part of the province, 35 kilometres (22 mi) west of Santa Clara and immediately south of the A1 motorway.
Batabanó is a municipality and town in the Mayabeque Province of Cuba. It was founded in 1688.
Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, also shortened as Céspedes, is a town and municipality in the Camagüey Province of Cuba. It was named for the independence fighter Carlos Manuel de Céspedes (1819-1874).
Yateras is a municipality in the Guantánamo Province of Cuba. The municipal seat is located in the town of Palenque, in the northern part of the province. Alejandro de Humboldt National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site is partly located in this municipality.
Sagua de Tánamo is a municipality and town in the Holguín Province of Cuba.
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