Gümüşhane Province

Last updated
Gümüşhane Province

Gümüşhane ili
Gumushane in Turkey.svg
Location of Gümüşhane Province in Turkey
Country Turkey
Region East Black Sea
Subregion Trabzon
Government
   Electoral district Gümüşhane
  GovernorKamuran Taşbilek
Area
  Total6,575 km2 (2,539 sq mi)
Population
 (2018) [1]
  Total162,748
  Density25/km2 (64/sq mi)
Area code(s) 0406
Vehicle registration 29
Website http://www.gumushane.gov.tr

Gümüşhane Province (Turkish : Gümüşhane ili) is a province in northern Turkey, bordering Bayburt to the east, Trabzon to the north, Giresun and Erzincan to the west. It covers an area of 6,575 km² and has a population of 129,618 in 2010. The population was 186,953 in 2000. The name Gümüşhane means silver house. The city has a rich mining (silver and bronze) history and was the source of exports for Trabzon. The current Governor is Kamuran Taşbilek, he was appointed on the 27 October 2019. [2]

Contents

Gümüşhane is the capital city of the province.

Geography

Gümüşhane is surrounded by high mountains, Zigana-Trabzon Mountains to the north, Çimen Mountains to the south, Giresun Mountains to the west and Pulur, Soğanlı Mountains to the east. Trekking is popular sport is at these mountains. The Zigana Mountain has a ski center on it and it is a well known touristic place for winter sports. Abdal Musa Peak (3331 m.) is the highest peak within it. The main trees in the forests are Scotch pine and fir, and there are many animals and birds in the area. There are many lakes such as Karanlık Göl, Beş Göller, Artebel Gölü, Kara Göller which are at the peak of Gavurdağı Mountain, and are preserved as natural parks. Mountainous territory comprises 56% of the total area of Gümüşhane province.

History

In September 1935 the third Inspectorate General (Umumi Müfettişlik, UM) was created. [3] Its creation was based on the Law 1164 from June 1927, [4] which was passed in order to Turkefy the population. [5] The third UM span over the provinces of Erzurum, Artvin, Rize, Trabzon, Kars Gümüşhane, Erzincan and Ağrı. It was governed by a Inspector General seated in the city of Erzurum. [3] [6] The Inspectorate General was dissolved in 1952 during the Government of the Democrat Party. [7]

Archaeology

In November 2017, archaeologists announced the discovery of a 1400 year-old Byzantine sarcophagus in the antique village of Sadak in Satala in Kelkit. According to researchers, there were Greek inscriptions on the cover saying "Blessed Kandes sleeps here". According to Gümüşhane Museum Director Gamze Demir, the broken part of the sarcophagus, which is considered to be 2.5 meters long is believed to be under the ground. [8] [9] [10]

Districts

Gümüşhane province is divided into 6 districts (capital district in bold):

Economy

Historically, the province had silver mines. However, production ceased due to deforestation by 1920. [11]

See also

Related Research Articles

Diyarbakır Province Province of Turkey

Diyarbakır Province, is a province in southeastern Turkey. The province covers an area of 15,355 km2 and its population is 1,528,958. The provincial capital is the city of Diyarbakır. The province has a Kurdish majority and is considered part of Turkish Kurdistan.

Giresun Province Province of Turkey

Giresun Province is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast. Its adjacent provinces are Trabzon to the east, Gümüşhane to the southeast, Erzincan to the south, Sivas to the southwest, and Ordu to the west. Its license-plate code is 28.

Rize Province Province of Turkey

Rize Province is a province of northeast Turkey, on the eastern Black Sea coast between Trabzon and Artvin. The province of Erzurum is to the south. It was formerly known as Lazistan, the designation of the term of Lazistan was officially banned in 1926, by patriots. The province is home to Laz, Hemshin, Turkish people and Georgian communities. Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan spent his early childhood in Rize, where his father was a member of the Turkish Coast Guard, and from which both of Erdogan's parents come from.

Kars Province Province of Turkey

Kars Province is a province of Turkey, located in the northeastern part of the country. It shares part of its closed border with Armenia. The provincial capital is the city of Kars. The provinces of Ardahan and Iğdır were until the 1990s part of Kars Province.

Erzurum Province Province of Turkey

Erzurum Province is a province of Turkey in the Eastern Anatolia Region of the country. The capital of the province is the city of Erzurum. It is bordered by the provinces of Kars and Ağrı to the east, Muş and Bingöl to the south, Erzincan and Bayburt to the west, Rize and Artvin to the north and Ardahan to the northeast. Okay Memiş was appointed as the governor of the province by a presidential decree on 27 October 2018.

Erzurum Metropolitan municipality in Erzurum Province, Turkey

Erzurum is a city in eastern Anatolia, Turkey. It is the largest city in and capital of Erzurum Province. It is situated 1900 meters (6233 feet) above sea level. Erzurum had a population of 361,235 in the 2000 census, increasing to 367,250 by 2010. The city's population consists mostly of ethnic Turks, with a Kurdish minority based on the south side.

Trabzon Province Province of Turkey

Trabzon Province is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast. Located in a strategically important region, Trabzon is one of the oldest trade port cities in Anatolia. Neighbouring provinces are Giresun to the west, Gümüşhane to the southwest, Bayburt to the southeast and Rize to the east.İsmail Ustaoğlu was appointed the Governor of the province in October 2018.

Ağrı Province Province of Turkey

The Ağrı Province is a province in eastern Turkey, bordering Iran to the east, Kars to the north, Erzurum to the northwest, Muş and Bitlis to the southwest, Van to the south, and Iğdır to the northeast. It has an area of 11,376 km² and a population of 542,022. The province is considered part of Turkish Kurdistan and has a Kurdish majority.

Hakkâri Province Province of Turkey

Hakkâri Province, is a province in the southeast of Turkey. The administrative centre is the city of Hakkâri. The province covers an area of 7,121 km² and had a population of 286,470 in 2018. The province was created in 1936 out of Van Province and borders Şırnak Province to the west, Van Province to the north, Iran to the east, and Iraq to the south. The current Governor is İdris Akbıyık. The province is a stronghold for Kurdish nationalism and a hotspot in the Kurdish–Turkish conflict.

Erzincan Province Province of Turkey

Erzincan Province is a province in the Eastern Anatolia Region of Turkey. In Turkey, its capital is also called Erzincan. The population was 224,949 in 2010.

Gümüşhane Municipality in Turkey

Gümüşhane or Gyumushkhana is a city and the capital district of Gümüşhane Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. The city lies along the Harşit River, at an elevation of 5,000 feet (1,500 m), about 40 miles (64 km) southwest of Trabzon. According to the 2010 census, population of Gümüşhane urban center is 28,620. The district covers an area of 1,789 km2 (691 sq mi), and the city lies at an elevation of 1,153 m (3,783 ft). Coordinates on world : 40°27′35″N 39°28′40″E

Siirt Province Province of Turkey

Siirt Province, is a province of Turkey, located in the southeast. The province borders Bitlis to the north, Batman to the west, Mardin to the southwest, Şırnak to the south, and Van to the east. It has an area of 5,406 km² and a total population of 300,695. The provincial capital is the city of Siirt. The province is considered part of Turkish Kurdistan and has a Kurdish majority. The current Governor of the Siirt province is Ali Fuat Atik.

Black Sea Region Region of Turkey

The Black Sea Region is a geographical region of Turkey.

Dersim rebellion Kurdish and Zaza uprising against the Turkish government in Dersim, eastern Turkey

The Dersim rebellion was an Alevi Kurdish uprising against the Turkish government in the Dersim region of eastern Turkey, which includes parts of Tunceli Province, Elazığ Province, and Bingöl Province. The rebellion was led by Seyid Riza, a chieftain of the Abasan tribe. As a result of the Turkish Armed Forces campaign in 1937 and 1938 against the rebellion and its massacres of civilians, thousands of Alevi Zazas died and many others were internally displaced.

Şırnak Province Province of Turkey

Şırnak Province is a province of Turkey in the Southeastern Anatolia Region. Şırnak Province was created in 1990, with areas that were formerly part of the Siirt and Mardin Provinces. It borders both Kurdistan Region of Iraq and Syria. The current Governor of the province is Ali Hamza Pehlivan. As of 2013, the province had an estimated population of 475,255 people.

Inspectorates-General or General Inspectorates was a regional governorship whose authorities prevailed over civilian, military and judicial institutions under their domain of the direct command of Mustafa Kemal in order to establishing authoritarian rule and to consolidate the authority in the process of Turkification of religious and ethnic minorities.

The following are lists of populated places in Turkey by province:

The First Inspectorate-General refers to a former regional administrative area in Turkey. The First Inspectorate-General span over the provinces Hakkari, Siirt, Şırnak, Mardin, Şanlıurfa, Bitlis, Elazığ and Van.

The Fourth Inspectorate-General refers to a regional administrative subdivision in the Dersim region.

References

  1. "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. "Vali Özgeçmiş". www.gumushane.gov.tr. Retrieved 2020-04-08.
  3. 1 2 "Üçüncü Umumi Müfettişliği'nin Kurulması ve III. Umumî Müfettiş Tahsin Uzer'in Bazı Önemli Faaliyetleri". Dergipark. p. 2. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  4. Aydogan, Erdal. "Üçüncü Umumi Müfettişliği'nin Kurulması ve III. Umumî Müfettiş Tahsin Uzer'in Bazı Önemli Faaliyetleri" . Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  5. Üngör, Umut. "Young Turk social engineering : mass violence and the nation state in eastern Turkey, 1913- 1950" (PDF). University of Amsterdam. pp. 244–247. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  6. Bayir, Derya (2016-04-22). Minorities and Nationalism in Turkish Law. Routledge. pp. 139–141. ISBN   978-1-317-09579-8.
  7. Fleet, Kate; Kunt, I. Metin; Kasaba, Reşat; Faroqhi, Suraiya (2008-04-17). The Cambridge History of Turkey. Cambridge University Press. p. 343. ISBN   978-0-521-62096-3.
  8. sabah, daily (2017-11-03). "Construction workers find ancient sarcophagus cover in Turkey's Gümüşhane". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 2021-03-05.
  9. "Byzantine Sarcophagus Cover Unearthed in Turkey - Archaeology Magazine". www.archaeology.org. Retrieved 2021-03-05.
  10. "Trafoyu Yenilerken Bin 600 Yıllık Lahit Buldular". Haberler.com (in Turkish). 2017-11-02. Retrieved 2021-03-05.
  11. Prothero, W.G. (1920). Armenia and Kurdistan. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 73.

Coordinates: 40°23′17″N39°25′07″E / 40.38806°N 39.41861°E / 40.38806; 39.41861