Günther von Schwarzburg

Last updated
Gunther von Schwarzburg in splinted armour Guenther von schwarzburg.jpg
Günther von Schwarzburg in splinted armour

Günther XXI von Schwarzburg (1304 14 June 1349), King of Germany, was a descendant of the counts of Schwarzburg and the younger son of Henry VII, Count of Schwarzburg-Blankenburg (c1267-1324) and Christine von Gleichen (c1268). He married Elisabeth von Honstein-Klettenberg (c1302-1380), daughter of Count Heinrich IV, on 9 September 1331. They had five children: Sophia von Schwarzburg-Blankenburg (c1331-aft1351); Agnes von Schwarzburg-Blankenburg (1330-1399); Elisabeth von Schwarzburg-Blankenburg (c1336-1380); Heinrich XIII de Schwarzburg-Bankenburg (c1338-1357), his childless heir; and Mechtild von Schwarzburg-Blankenburg (c1340-1370).

Günther distinguished himself as a diplomat in the service of Emperor Louis IV on whose death in 1347 he was offered the throne after it had been refused by Edward III of England. He was elected king at the Dominican monastery in Frankfurt on 30 January 1349 by four of the electors, who were partisans of the house of Wittelsbach and opponents of Charles (Karl) of Luxembourg, later the Emperor Charles IV.

Günther justified his legitimacy by the fact that - unlike Charles who was elected in Rhens - he had been chosen "at the right place," Frankfort. Günther argued also that Charles had not been crowned in the right place (not in Aachen, but in Bonn). Indeed the city had recognized Charles IV's legitimacy after Ludwig's death and made Günther wait a week in the field before entering the city. It was not until February 6th that Günther moved into the city, where he was introduced to his office in the old tradition, confirmed the privileges of the city, and in return received homage from its citizens.

Charles, however, won over many of Günther's adherents and defeated Günther's army near Eltville on the Rhine River. Günther, who had become seriously ill, renounced all claims to the throne for the sum of 20,001 marks of silver on May 26, 1349, in the Treaty of Eltville which also included amnesty for his followers.

Günther died three weeks later at the Johanniter monastery in Frankfurt, presumably from the Black Death. Günther himself suggested that he had been poisoned; however, this cannot be proven historically.

At the instigation of Charles IV, Günther was buried in the Frankfurt Cathedral with royal honors. His headstone, a masterpiece of gothic art, was erected in 1352. The Schwarzburgstraße and the Schwarzburgschule, as well as Güntherstraße in Frankfurt are named after him.

Opera

Günther von Schwarzburg is also the subject of a Singspiel in three acts by Ignaz Holzbauer, first performed in 1777.

Related Research Articles

Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor 14th century Holy Roman Emperor of the house of Wittelsbach

Louis IV, called the Bavarian, of the house of Wittelsbach, was King of the Romans from 1314, King of Italy from 1327, and Holy Roman Emperor from 1328.

House of Schwarzburg Noble family of Thuringia, Germany

Schwarzburg is one of the oldest noble families of Thuringia. Upon the death of Prince Friedrich Günther in 1971, a claim to the headship of the house passed under Semi-Salic primogeniture to his elder sister, Princess Marie Antoinette of Schwarzburg who married Friedrich Magnus V, Count of Solms-Wildenfels. Reigning over the County of Schwarzburg and founded by Sizzo I of Schwarzburg, the family split in the 16th century into the lines of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen and Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, with the Sondershausen dying out in 1909.

Albrecht VII, Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Albrecht VII, Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was Count of Schwarzburg and founder of the Line of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, which later received the title of Prince. He was the youngest of the surviving sons of Günther XL, Count of Schwarzburg-Blankenburg and his wife Countess Elisabeth zu Ysenburg-Büdingen in Birstein.

Frankfurt Cathedral Church in Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Frankfurt Cathedral, officially Imperial Cathedral of Saint Bartholomew is a Roman Catholic Gothic church located in the centre of Frankfurt am Main, Germany. It is dedicated to Saint Bartholomew.

<i>Günther von Schwarzburg</i> (opera) Opera by Ignaz Holzbauer

Günther von Schwarzburg is a Singspiel in three acts by Ignaz Holzbauer set to a German libretto by Anton Klein. Loosely based on events in the life of the 14th-century German king, Günther von Schwarzburg, the opera premiered on 5 January 1777 at the Hoftheater in the Mannheim Palace.

Berthold VII, Count of Henneberg-Schleusingen was Count of Henneberg- Schleusingen from 1284 to 1340. He was the son of Count Berthold V of Henneberg-Schleusingen and his wife Sophie of Schwarzburg, the daughter of Count Günther VII of Schwarzburg. He was confirmed as Imperial Prince by Emperor Henry VI in 1310.

John Günther I, Count of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Count of Schwarzburg, then Count of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen

John Günther I of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen was the co-ruler of Schwarzburg from 1552 until 1571 and the sole ruler Schwarzburg-Sondershausen from 1571 until his death. He is regarded as the progenitor of the line Schwarzburg-Sondershausen.

Henry VII, Count of Schwarzburg-Blankenburg, also known as Henry VI was the ruling Count of Schwarzburg-Blankenburg from 1285 until his death.

Louis Günther I, Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Louis Günther I, Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was the ruling Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt from 1612 until his death.

Günther XLI, Count of Schwarzburg-Arnstadt Count of Schwarzburg and later Count of Schwarzburg-Arnstadt

Günther XLI, Count of Schwarzburg-Arnstadt, nicknamed "the Quarrelsome" or Bellicosus, was the ruling count of Schwarzburg from 1552 to 1571 and then Count of Schwarzburg-Arnstadt until his death.

Anthony Günther, Count of Oldenburg Imperial Count/member:House of Oldenburg

Anthony Günther, Count of Oldenburg was an Imperial Count and a member of the House of Oldenburg

Imperial Palace, Gelnhausen

The Imperial Palace at Gelnhausen, in German also called the Kaiserpfalz Gelnhausen, Pfalz Gelnhausen or Barbarossaburg, is located on the Kinzig river, in the town of Gelnhausen, Hesse, Germany.

References