Gabriela Sabatini

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Gabriela Sabatini
Gabriela Sabatini US Embassy in Argentina cropped.jpg
Sabatini at the US Embassy
in Buenos Aires, January 2012
Full nameGabriela Beatriz Sabatini
Country (sports)Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
Residence Buenos Aires, Argentina
Boca Raton, Florida, U.S.
Born (1970-05-16) 16 May 1970 (age 48)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Height1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)
Turned proJanuary 1985
Retired1996
PlaysRight-handed (one-handed backhand)
Prize moneyUS$8,785,850
Int. Tennis HoF 2006 (member page)
Singles
Career record632–189 (76.98%)
Career titles27
Highest rankingNo. 3 (27 February 1989)
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open SF (1989, 1992, 1993, 1994)
French Open SF (1985, 1987, 1988, 1991, 1992)
Wimbledon F (1991)
US Open W (1990)
Other tournaments
Tour Finals W (1988, 1994)
Doubles
Career record252–96
Career titles14
Highest rankingNo. 3 (6 November 1988)
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian Open SF (1989)
French Open F (1986, 1987, 1989)
Wimbledon W (1988)
US Open SF (1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1994, 1996)

Gabriela Beatriz Sabatini (Spanish pronunciation:  [gaˈβɾjela saβaˈtini] ; born 16 May 1970) is an Argentine former professional tennis player. She was one of the leading players on the women's circuit in the late-1980s and early-1990s. She won one women's grand slam singles title at the US Open in 1990, the women's grand slam doubles title at Wimbledon in 1988, two WTA Finals in 1988 and 1994, and a silver medal at the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul.

Tennis ball sport with racket and net

Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles). Each player uses a tennis racket that is strung with cord to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net and into the opponent's court. The object of the game is to maneuver the ball in such a way that the opponent is not able to play a valid return. The player who is unable to return the ball will not gain a point, while the opposite player will.

The United States Open Tennis Championships is a hard court tennis tournament. The tournament is the modern version of one of the oldest tennis championships in the world, the U.S. National Championship, for which men's singles was first played in 1881.

The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly known simply as Wimbledon, is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, and is regarded by many as the most prestigious. It has been held at the All England Club in Wimbledon, London, since 1877 and is played on outdoor grass courts.

Contents

Sabatini also won most of the highest level regular events on the women's tour including Miami and Rome (four times). In the late 1980s, Sabatini launched a line of fragrances after partnering with the German perfume company Muelhens. Her signature scent debuted in 1989.

Early life

Sabatini was born 16 May 1970 in Buenos Aires, Argentina to parents, Osvaldo and Beatriz Garofalo Sabatini. She has one elder brother. [1] Her father is an executive in General Motors. [2]

Sabatini said that she deliberately lost matches in her youth to avoid reporters and the limelight. She made this claim when she was 43, saying her shyness was a major problem, and she thought she had to speak after winning a tournament; so, she often lost in semifinals. [3] [4] [5]

Career

Sabatini first came to the tennis world's attention as a junior. She started playing tennis at the age of 6, and won her first tournament at age 8. In 1983, age 13, she became the youngest player to win the Orange Bowl in Miami, Florida. She won six major international junior titles including the French Open girls' singles, and was ranked World No. 1 junior player in 1984.

In 1985, aged 15 years and three weeks, Sabatini became one of the youngest-ever players to reach the semifinals of the French Open, where she lost to Chris Evert. She won her first top-level singles title later that year in Tokyo.

Chris Evert American tennis player

Christine Marie Evert, known as Chris Evert Lloyd from 1979 to 1987, is a retired American World No. 1 tennis player. She won 18 Grand Slam singles championships and three doubles titles. She was the year-ending World No. 1 singles player in 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1980, and 1981. Overall, Evert won 157 singles championships and 32 doubles titles.

In 1988, Sabatini reached her first Grand Slam singles final at the US Open. She faced West Germany's Steffi Graf, who had won all three previous Grand Slam singles events that year and was looking to win a fourth. Graf won the match in three sets. [6] Sabatini was selected to represent Argentina in the 1988 Summer Olympics held in Seoul and carried her country's flag in the opening ceremony. She went on to win the silver medal in the women's singles competition. In the final, she again faced Graf, who was bidding to turn her "Grand Slam" (all four majors in the same year) into what the media had dubbed a "Golden Slam" (all four majors plus the Olympic Games in the same year). [7] Graf won 6–3, 6–3. Sabatini teamed-up with Graf to win the women's doubles title at Wimbledon that year. She also won 1988's year-end WTA Tour Championships.

Grand Slam (tennis) the four most important tennis tournaments

The Grand Slam tournaments, also called majors, are the four most important annual tennis events. They offer the most ranking points, prize money, public and media attention, the greatest strength and size of field, and greater number of "best of" sets for men. The Grand Slam itinerary consists of the Australian Open in mid January, the French Open around late May through early June, Wimbledon in June-July, and the US Open in August-September. Each tournament is played over a two-week period. The Australian and United States tournaments are played on hard courts, the French on clay, and Wimbledon on grass. Wimbledon is the oldest, founded in 1877, followed by the US in 1881, the French in 1891, and the Australian in 1905. However, of these four, only Wimbledon was a major before 1924–25, when all four became designated Grand Slam tournaments. Skipping majors—especially the Australian Open because of the remoteness, the inconvenient dates and the low prize money—was not unusual before 1982.

Steffi Graf German tennis player

Stefanie Maria "Steffi" Graf is a German former professional tennis player. She was ranked world No. 1 and won 22 Grand Slam singles titles. Her 22 singles titles put her second on the list of major wins in the female competition since the introduction of the Open Era in 1968 and is third all-time behind Margaret Court (24) and Serena Williams (23). In 1988, she became the only tennis player to achieve the Golden Slam by winning all four Grand Slam singles titles and the Olympic gold medal in the same calendar year. Furthermore, she is the only tennis player to have won each Grand Slam tournament at least four times.

1988 Summer Olympics Games of the XXIV Olympiad, celebrated in Seoul (South Korea) in 1988

The 1988 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIV Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event celebrated from 17 September to 2 October 1988 in Seoul, South Korea.

1990–92: US Open and other achievements

Sabatini practicing in the early 1990s Gabriela Sabatini.jpg
Sabatini practicing in the early 1990s

Sabatini's next Grand Slam singles final came in 1990, where she defeated Kathy Jordan, Isabelle Demongeot, Sabine Appelmans, Helena Suková, Leila Meskhi and Mary Joe Fernandez before again facing Graf in the final of the US Open in New York. Sabatini beat Graf in straight sets, winning her only grand slam women's singles title. She credited her win with being more aggressive and coming to the net whenever she can to attack Graf's shorter balls. Sabatini also beat Graf in a semifinal of the WTA Tour Championships in Madison Square Garden, but lost the final to Monica Seles in the event's first-ever five-set final 6–4, 5–7, 3–6, 6–4, 6–2.

Sabatini raising the trophy won at the 1990 US Open after her victory over Steffi Graf Sabatini us open trofeo.jpg
Sabatini raising the trophy won at the 1990 US Open after her victory over Steffi Graf

Sabatini had a strong start to 1991, winning five tournaments in the first half of the year. She reached her third grand slam singles final at Wimbledon and yet again faced Graf who prevailed in three sets, despite the fact that Sabatini served for the match twice. Sabatini came close to attaining the World No. 1 ranking in 1991, but was narrowly denied by Graf and then Monica Seles. All three players' rankings were within a few points of each other for much of the year.

Although winning five tournaments in 1992, Sabatini failed to reach a grand slam final. At the 1992 Australian Open, Sabatini lost to Mary Joe Fernández in the semifinals with a score of 6–1, 6–4. At the 1992 French Open, Sabatini lost a tight match to Seles in the semifinals where in the third and decisive set, Sabatini was leading 4–2, but Seles rallied from behind to beat Sabatini. At Wimbledon of that year, Sabatini looked to reach a second consecutive Wimbledon final, and just as the previous year, Sabatini found Graf standing in her way, only this time in the semifinals. However, unlike their 1991 Championship match, Graf beat Sabatini easily with a score of 6–3, 6–3. At the 1992 US Open, Sabatini lost once again to Fernández in the quarterfinals with a score of 2–6, 6–1, 4–6.

1993

At the start of the 1993 season, Sabatini continued to advance deep into grand slam singles events. At the Australian Open, she reached the semifinals but lost to the eventual champion, Seles, with a score of 2–6, 1–6. Later that year at Roland Garros, Sabatini was defeated by Fernández in a quarterfinals. Sabatini had raced to a seemingly insurmountable 6–1, 5–1 lead and appeared poised for an easy victory. However, Mary Joe saved five match points on her way to winning a second set tiebreak. Finally, after 3½ hours, Fernández eliminated Sabatini by a final score of 1–6, 7–6 (7–4), 10–8. Despite the setback at the French Open, Sabatini reached the quarterfinals at Wimbledon, losing to Jana Novotná, a player she had beaten six consecutive times. However, this time Novotná defeated Sabatini in straight sets. At the 1993 US Open, Sabatini had hoped to end the year on a high note, but she would first have to again get past Graf, this time in the quarterfinals. In their four previous meetings, Graf had beaten Sabatini, but Sabatini was looking to change those recent results. After losing the first set at 2–6, Sabatini raised the level of her game in the second set, winning at 7–5 to even the match at one set apiece. However, in the third and deciding set, Graf dismantled Sabatini with a 6–1 final set to win the match. That year, Sabatini was the only one of 17 of the top 25 players to abstain from voting against Seles for having her ranking preserved following her stabbing. Graf was absent from the tournament and thus the vote. [8] [9] When Seles returned to the tour two years later she was finally granted a joint No. 1 ranking with Graf. [10]

1994

After winning five tournaments in 1992, Sabatini had a 29-month drought, in which she failed to win a title. At the 1994 Bausch & Lomb Championships in Amelia Island, Florida, Sabatini reached her first singles final in nearly a year and faced Arantxa Sánchez Vicario. It was also a rematch of the 1993 Bausch & Lomb final where Sánchez Vicario beat Sabatini. One year later, both players were looking to end streaks without a singles title: Sabatini was winless in 32 consecutive tournaments while Sánchez Vicario's streak had reached 15 tournaments. This time around Sánchez Vicario beat Sabatini in convincing fashion for the sixth time in their last seven meetings.

Sabatini finally brought her winless streak to an end in November, defeating Lindsay Davenport in the final of the 1994 WTA Tour Championships in Madison Square Garden. Also in 1994, Great American Doll Company had created a doll in Sabatini's likeness, dressed in tennis attire. [11] That same year, Sabatini published a motivational book entitled My Story ( ISBN   1-886612-00-5) , providing a peak into her background and inspirations that led her to be a tennis player.

1995

Sabatini started the 1995 season by reaching the semifinals in Sydney, where she faced Mary Joe Fernández in what was a rematch of the previous year. At the 1994 Sydney tournament, Fernández had put Sabatini away in straight sets in that semifinal encounter. This time, she won in straight sets, snapping a three match losing streak against Fernandez. Sabatini then defeated Lindsay Davenport in the final in straight sets in what was to be the last singles title of her career. At the 1995 Australian Open, Sabatini, seeded fifth, was dismissed by Marianne Werdel in the first round. In the semifinals of the Lipton Championships in Key Biscayne, Sabatini was leading Kimiko Date 6–1, 5–1 before squandering three match points and double faulting 18 times as Date rallied to beat Sabatini with a scoreline of 1–6, 7–6, 7–6. It turned out to be a repeat performance of the 1993 French Open quarterfinals, where Sabatini lost an identical lead of 6–1, 5–1 against Mary Joe Fernández. At the 1995 French Open, Sabatini looked to put that memory behind her when she faced second seeded Steffi Graf in the quarterfinals. However, Graf proved too strong for Sabatini and won in straight sets. Later that summer at Wimbledon, Sabatini, seeded eighth, lost to defending champion and third-seeded Conchita Martínez of Spain in the quarterfinals. Martínez had clearly turned the tables against Sabatini in their rivalry, beating Sabatini four out of their last five meetings. At the final grand slam of the year, the US Open in New York, Sabatini beat Martina Hingis in the round of 16. She then defeated Mary Joe Fernández in the quarterfinals before losing to top-seeded Graf. With the victory, Graf had now got the best of Sabatini in eight consecutive matches. Against Graf, this also marked the 40th match and final time the two would meet since their rivalry began in 1985 with Graf winning 29.

1996 and into retirement

Sabatini with her perfume in 2006. Gab2-sabatini-wikipedia.jpg
Sabatini with her perfume in 2006.

Sabatini's last professional singles match was on 14 October 1996, when she lost in straight sets to Jennifer Capriati in the first round of the European Indoors. Sabatini played her last professional match on 19 October 1996, a women's doubles semifinals encounter, with Lori McNeil in Zürich. Sabatini retired from the professional tour in 1996, having won 27 singles titles and 14 doubles titles. [12] [13] She reached her highest ranking of World No. 3 in 1989. In 2001, she won the Diamond Konex Award as the most relevant "Sportsman of the Decade" in Argentina. Sabatini was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame on 15 July 2006.

Personal life

On 22 May 2003, Sabatini was able to obtain Italian citizenship "jus sanguinis" because her paternal great-grandfather David Sabbatini was born in Potenza Picena in the Marche region, and immigrated to Argentina at the end of the 19th century like many other Santesi in Roldán, Province of Santa Fe with his wife Rosa Vivani, whom he married on 12 February 1899 in Potenza Picena. [14]

Nowadays, she resides in Buenos Aires and Boca Raton and since 2015 in Pfäffikon, Schwyz as well. [15]

Since retiring at the age of 26, Sabatini has promoted her lines of perfumes and worked with organizations to help children and the poor.

Grand Slam performance timelines

Key
W F SFQF#RRRQ#ANH
(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held. SR=strike rate (events won/competed)

Singles

Tournament 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 SRW–L
Australian Open AANHAA SF 3R QF SF SF SF 1R 4R 0 / 829–8
French Open A SF 4R SF SF 4R 4R SF SF QF 1R QF A0 / 1142–11
Wimbledon A 3R SF QF 4R 2R SF F SF QF 4R QF A0 / 1142–11
US Open 3R 1R 4R QF F SF W QF QF QF SF SF 3R 1 / 1351–12
Win–Loss2–17–311–313–314–314–417–319–419–417–413–413–45–21 / 43164–42
Year End Ranking74129643533577NA

Doubles

Tournament1984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996Career SR
Australian OpenAANHAASF2R3RAAA2RQF0 / 5
French OpenA1RFFSFFASFAA3R3RA0 / 8
Wimbledon A2RA3R W QFQFAAA1RSFA1 / 7
US Open A1RSFSFSFSF3RAAASF2RSF0 / 9
Grand Slam SR0 / 00 / 30 / 20 / 31 / 30 / 40 / 30 / 20 / 00 / 00 / 30 / 40 / 21 / 29
Year End Ranking12854953192955NRNR1413NR
  • SR = the ratio of the number of tournaments won to the number played.

See also

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Steffi Graf was the two-time defending champion, but lost in the final to 17-year-old Arantxa Sánchez Vicario, 7–6(8–6), 3–6, 7–5, ending her winning streak of Grand Slam singles titles at five. Graf served for the championship at 5–3 in the third set, but lost the game at love and won only three more points in the match from that point. It was the first of Sánchez Vicario's three French Open titles, which she also won in 1994 and 1998.

Steffi Graf was the defending champion, but lost in the semifinals to Zina Garrison. This was the first time since the 1986 US Open that Graf did not reach a Grand Slam final, ending a record of 13 consecutive major finals.

Steffi Graf was the defending champion, and successfully defended her title, defeating Martina Navratilova in the final, 6–2, 6–7(1–7), 6–1 to win the Ladies' Singles tennis title at the 1989 Wimbledon Championships.

Monica Seles was the three-time defending champion, but she did not participate this year due to depression involving her stabbing in April 1993.

Gabriela Sabatini was the defending champion, but she lost in the quarterfinals to Jennifer Capriati.

Arantxa Sanchez Vicario was the defending champion, but she lost in the fourth round to Mary Joe Fernandez.

Steffi Graf was the defending champion, and successfully defended her title, defeating Monica Seles 7–5, 6–4 in the final to win the Women's Singles title at the 1996 US Open. It was a rematch of the 1995 US Open final, where Graf defeated Seles in three sets. It also marked the final time Seles and Graf would play each other at the US Open.

Martina Navratilova was the defending champion, but lost in the quarterfinals to Jennifer Capriati.

Steffi Graf successfully defended her title, defeating Monica Seles in the final, 6–2, 6–1 to win the Ladies' Singles tennis title at the 1992 Wimbledon Championships.

Arantxa Sánchez Vicario was the defending champion, but she lost in the second round to Mercedes Paz.

References

  1. "Web bio". Archived from the original on 8 June 2015. Retrieved 12 April 2015.[ unreliable source? ]
  2. Gabriela Sabatini Retrieved 3 September 2016
  3. "Gabriela Sabatini deliberately lost tennis matches to avoid reporters!". sports.ndtv. 19 October 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
  4. "Sabatini lost matches on purpose to avoid reporters". sify. 19 October 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
  5. "Sabatini lost matches to avoid reporters". timesofindia. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
  6. Miller, Stuart (2006). The 100 Greatest Days in New York Sports. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 305. ISBN   978-0-618-57480-3 . Retrieved 21 July 2009.
  7. Woolum, Janet (1998). Outstanding women athletes (2 ed.). Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 58. ISBN   978-1-57356-120-4 . Retrieved 21 July 2009.
  8. "Gaby Sabatini."Ahora disfruto de todo lo que no hice cuando jugaba"". La Nación.
  9. Hall of Famer Gabriela Sabatini motivated for upcoming Garden showdown vs. Monica Seles Retrieved 3 September 2016
  10. "Comeback: Back stabbers". New York Magazine. New York Media, LLC: 78. 31 July 1995. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  11. New York Media, LLC (9 November 1992). "Why Sabatini Is Every Inch a Doll". New York Magazine . Vol. 25 no. 44. p. 18. ISSN   0028-7369 . Retrieved 21 July 2009.
  12. "Sabatini, 26, to Retire After Wonderful Career". Los Angeles Times . 23 October 1996.
  13. Robin Finn (23 October 1996). "Sabatini to announce end to her career tomorrow". The New York Times .
  14. Onofri, Paolo (3 December 2011). "Gabriela Sabatini, ex campionessa internazionale di tennis, cittadina onoraria di Potenza Picena ….. e non solo" (in Italian). I Santesi. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  15. Ex-Tennisstar Gabriela Sabatini wohnt jetzt am Zürichsee-Ufer. Limmattaler Zeitung, 2015-02-09
Awards
Preceded by
Flag of Argentina.svg Diego Maradona
Olimpia de Oro
1987–1988
Succeeded by
Flag of Argentina.svg Eduardo Romero
Olympic Games
Preceded by
Ricardo Ibarra
Flagbearer for Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
Seoul 1988
Succeeded by
Marcelo Garraffo