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The Galabrii (Ancient Greek: Γαλάβριοι) were a Romanized Thraco-Illyrian [1] tribe of Dardania alongside the Thunatae. [2] They held a region in what is now eastern Kosovo, southern Serbia and northern Macedonia, the towns of "Vendenae", between Ad Fines (Kuršumlija) and Viminacium (Kostolac), "Vicinianum" between Vendenae and Theranda , "Tranupara" between Astibus (Štip) and Scupi (Skopje) [3]

Strabo writes that they are a "people of the Dardaniatae, in whose land is an ancient city." [4]

The tribe has been connected to Calabria in southern Italy. [4]

See also

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The Dardani were a Paleo-Balkan tribe, which lived in a region which was named Dardania after their settlement there. The eastern parts of the region were at the Thraco-Illyrian contact zone. In archaeological research, Illyrian names are predominant in western Dardania, while Thracian names are mostly found in eastern Dardania. Thracian names are absent in western Dardania; some Illyrian names appear in the eastern parts. Thus, their identification as either an Illyrian or Thracian tribe has been a subject of debate; the ethnolinguistic relationship between the two groups being largely uncertain and debated itself as well. The correspondence of Illyrian names, including those of the ruling elite, in Dardania with those of the southern Illyrians suggests a "thracianization" of parts of Dardania. Strabo in his geographica mentions them as one of the three strongest Illyrian peoples, the other two being the Ardiaei and Autariatae.


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This article contains information about Illyrian vocabulary. No Illyrian texts survive, so sources for identifying Illyrian words have been identified by Hans Krahe as being of four kinds: inscriptions, glosses of Illyrian words in classical texts, names—including proper names, toponyms and river names—and Illyrian loanwords in other languages. The last category has proven particularly contentious. The names occur in sources that range over more than a millennium, including numismatic evidence, as well as posited original forms of placenames. The Messapian language, which may or may not be related, does have a small attested corpus, but it is not in this page's scope due to the uncertainty about its relationship to Illyrian.


  1. Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN   0-631-19807-5, Page 85,"...the Dardanians were an Illyrian or a Thracian people..."
  2. Strabo,"To the Dardaniatae belong also the Galabrii, among whom is an ancient city, and the Thunatae"
  3. The classical gazetteer: a dictionary of ancient geography, sacred and profane by William Hazlitt, 1851.
  4. 1 2 Descriptive Ethnology: Europe, Africa, India