Galeão Air Force Base

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Galeão Air Force Base

Base Aérea do Galeão
Summary
Airport typeMilitary: Air Force Base
Operator Brazilian Air Force
Serves Rio de Janeiro
Built1923
In use1941 – present
Commander Ten. Cel. Av. Saulo Valadares do Amaral
Elevation  AMSL 9 m / 28 ft
Coordinates 22°48′32″S043°14′37″W / 22.80889°S 43.24361°W / -22.80889; -43.24361 Coordinates: 22°48′32″S043°14′37″W / 22.80889°S 43.24361°W / -22.80889; -43.24361
Website www.bagl.aer.mil.br
Map
Brazil location map.svg
Airplane silhouette.svg
SBGL
Location in Brazil
Runways
Direction LengthSurface
mft
10/284,00013,123Concrete
15/333,18010,433 Asphalt
Sources: Air Force Base Website, [1] Brazilian Air Force [2]

Galeão Air Force Base – BAGL( ICAO : SBGL) is a base of the Brazilian Air Force located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is named after Praia do Galeão ( Galleon Beach), located in front of the original passenger terminal of the airport and presently the passenger terminal of the Brazilian Air Force. It was at this beach that in 1663 the galleon Padre Eterno was built.

Contents

It shares some facilities with Rio de Janeiro–Galeão International Airport.

History

The history of the Base begins on 10 May 1923 when a School of Naval Aviation was established near the Galeão beach. On 22 May 1941 with the creation of the Air Force Ministry in Brazil, the school became the Galeão Air Force Base and a terminal and hangars were built at the location and the runway extended. Those buildings still exist. [3] When Brazil declared war against the Axis on 22 August 1942, the aerodrome began to be intensively used by the Allies for military operations related to the World War II. [4]

With the end of the war, the increase of tonnage of aircraft flying on international routes and number of passengers, and being Santos Dumont Airport unable to handle all the traffic international flights gradually shifted to the site of the Air Force Base. Although it informally handled long-haul international traffic, services were however precarious and a decision was made to build a brand new passenger terminal, opposite the Air Force Base, across the runway. On 1 February 1952 the passenger terminal was opened and public and military services were separated.

After the completion of a new passenger terminal in 1977, the original public facility became the passenger terminal for passenger flights operated by the Brazilian Air Force. Since then it is informally known as Terminal do Correio Aéreo Nacional (Terminal of the Brazilian Air Force Passenger Services).

Units

The following units are based at Galeão Air Force Base:

Subordinated to the command of the 5th Air Force (V FAe), which is dedicated to Transport Aviation:

Subordinated to the command of the 3rd Regional Air Force Command (III COMAR):

Additionally, the Batalhão de Infantaria de Aeronáutica Especial do Galeão (BINFAE-GL), an Infantry Battalion of the Brazilian Air Force that guards the Base, is also based at Galeão Air Force Base.

Accidents and incidents

Access

The base is located 20 km from Rio de Janeiro downtown in the district of Governador Island.

See also

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References

  1. "Air Force Base Official Website". Archived from the original on 26 February 2009. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  2. Brazilian Air Force Official Website Archived 20 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  3. Instituto Histórico-Cultural da Aeronáutica (1990). História Geral da Aeronáutica Brasileira: de 1921 às vésperas da criação do Ministério da Aeronáutica (in Portuguese). 2. Belo Horizonte and Rio de Janeiro: Itatiaia and Instituto Histórico-Cultural da Aeronáutica. pp. 58–74.
  4. Pereira, Aldo (1987). Breve história da aviação comercial brasileira (in Portuguese). Rio de Janeiro: Europa Empresa Gráfica e Editora. pp. 403–405.
  5. "1°/1ºGT – Esquadrão Gordo" (in Portuguese). Spotter. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
  6. "1º/2ºGT – Esquadrão Condor" (in Portuguese). Spotter. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
  7. "2º/2ºGT – Esquadrão Corsário" (in Portuguese). Spotter. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
  8. "3ºETA – Esquadrão Pioneiro" (in Portuguese). Spotter. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
  9. "Accident description 131582". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
  10. "Accident description PP-AXD". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
  11. Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "Torre de Babel". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928–1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 182–186. ISBN   978-85-7430-760-2.
  12. "Operation Black Buck". Mongsoft. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
  13. Casado, José; Oliveira, Eliane (21 April 2012). "País temia um conflito de grandes proporções nas Ilhas Malvinas" (in Portuguese). O Globo. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
  14. Chant, Chris (2001). Air War in the Falklands 1982. Osprey Publishing Limited. p. 92. ISBN   1841762938.
  15. "Accident description FAB-2350". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
  16. "Accident description FAB-2735". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 4 August 2011.