Galkynysh Gas Field

Last updated
Galkynysh Gas Field
Turkmenistan adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location of Galkynysh Gas Field
Country Turkmenistan
Region Mary Province
Coordinates 37°18′05″N62°21′31″E / 37.3014°N 62.3586°E / 37.3014; 62.3586 Coordinates: 37°18′05″N62°21′31″E / 37.3014°N 62.3586°E / 37.3014; 62.3586
Operator Türkmengaz
Field history
Estimated gas in place14,000×10^9 m3 (490×10^12 cu ft)
Recoverable gas2,800×10^9 m3 (99×10^12 cu ft)

The Galkynysh Gas Field, formerly known as Iolotan gas field or South Yolotan – Osman field, is a large natural gas field near Ýolöten in Mary Province of Turkmenistan. It is the world's second-largest gas field. [1]



The discovery of the gas field was announced on 2 November 2006. [2] Late Turkmen president Saparmurat Niyazov invited Chinese CNPC and Turkish Çalik Enerji to participate in the exploration and development of the Ýolöten field. [3] In 2008, the gas field was audited by Gaffney, Cline & Associates. [4] [5] According to Gaffney, Cline and Associates (GCA), Galkynysh is five times larger than the Dauletabad gas field and fourth- or fifth-largest gas field in the world. [6]

In December 2009, the contracts to develop the field were awarded to CNPC, Hyundai Engineering and Petrofac. [7]

In November 2011, the field was renamed as Galkynysh. [8] Production started in September 2013. [9]


The gas field ranks among the world's five largest with estimated reserves of between 4 and 14 trillion cubic metres (140×10^12 and 490×10^12 cu ft) of natural gas and proven commercial reserves of 2.8 trillion cubic metres (99×10^12 cu ft). [4] [5] [10] It lies on 2,700 square kilometres (1,000 sq mi) zone of 90 kilometres (56 mi) in length and 30 kilometres (19 mi) in width in the depth of 3,900 to 5,100 metres (12,800 to 16,700 ft). [11] Galkynysh consist of Iolotan, Minara, Osman and Yashlar fields. [8] Other nearby gas areas are Gunorta Garakel, Garakel, Giurgiu, Gazanly, Gundogar Eloten and Gunbatar Yandakly. [11]

Oil reserves are 300 million tons. The crude oil extracted at Galkynysh is transported to the Seýdi Oil Refinery.


The field is developed by Türkmengaz. CNPC, Hyundai Engineering and Petrofac built gas processing plants. [7] [12]

Related Research Articles

Turkmenistan Republic in Central Asia

Turkmenistan, also known as Turkmenia, is a sovereign country in Central Asia, bordered by Kazakhstan to the northwest, Uzbekistan to the north and east, Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and southwest and the Caspian Sea to the west. Ashgabat is the capital and largest city of the country. The population of the country is 6 million, the lowest of the Central Asian republics. Turkmenistan is one of the most sparsely populated nations in Asia. Citizens of Turkmenistan are known as Turkmenistanis, Turkmenians or Turkmens.

Gazprom Russian oil and gas company

PJSC Gazprom is a Russian partially state-owned multinational energy corporation headquartered in the Lakhta Center in Saint Petersburg. As of 2019, with sales over US$120 billion, it sits as the largest publicly-listed natural gas company in the world and the largest company in Russia by revenue. In the 2020 Forbes Global 2000, Gazprom was ranked as the 32nd -largest public company in the world. Gazprom name is a portmanteau of the Russian words Gazovaya Promyshlennost.

The Turkmenistan–Afghanistan–Pakistan–India Pipeline (TAPI), also known as Trans-Afghanistan Pipeline, is a natural gas pipeline being developed by the Galkynysh – TAPI Pipeline Company Limited with participation of the Asian Development Bank. The pipeline will transport natural gas from the Galkynysh Gas Field in Turkmenistan through Afghanistan into Pakistan and then to India. Construction on the project started in Turkmenistan on 13 December 2015, work on the Afghan section began in February 2018, and work on the Pakistani section was planned to commence in December 2018. The abbreviation TAPI comes from the first letters of those countries. Proponents of the project see it as a modern continuation of the Silk Road.

Rumaila oil field

The Rumaila oil field is a super-giant oil field located in southern Iraq, approximately 20 mi (32 km) from the Kuwaiti border. Discovered in 1953 by the Basrah Petroleum Company (BPC), an associate company of the Iraq Petroleum Company (IPC), the field is estimated to contain 17 billion barrels, which accounts for 12% of Iraq's oil reserves estimated at 143.1 billion barrels. Rumaila is said to be the largest oilfield ever discovered in Iraq and is considered the third largest oil field in the world.

PetroChina Chinese oil producer

PetroChina Company Limited is a Chinese oil and gas company and is the listed arm of state-owned China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), headquartered in Dongcheng District, Beijing. The company is currently Asia's largest oil and gas producer and was China's second biggest oil producer in 2006. Traded in Hong Kong and New York, the mainland enterprise announced its plans to issue stock in Shanghai in November 2007, and subsequently entered the constituent of SSE 50 Index. In the 2020 Forbes Global 2000, PetroChina was ranked as the 32nd-largest public company in the world.

China National Petroleum Corporation

The China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) is a major national oil and gas corporation of China and one of the largest integrated energy groups in the world. Its headquarters are in Dongcheng District, Beijing. CNPC was ranked fourth in 2020 Fortune Global 500, a global ranking of the largest corporations by revenue.

Novatek is Russia's second-largest natural gas producer, and the seventh-largest publicly traded company globally by natural gas production volume. The company was originally known as OAO FIK Novafininvest. Novatek is based in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Region in West Siberia, and maintains a sales office in Moscow. In the 2020 Forbes Global 2000, Novatek was ranked as the 316th-largest public company in the world.

Central Asia–China gas pipeline

The Central Asia–China gas pipeline is a natural gas pipeline system from Central Asia to Xinjiang in the People's Republic of China. By connecting Turkmenistan to China’s domestic grid, this pipeline makes it possible to transport gas some 7000 km from Turkmenistan to Shanghai. More than half of Turkmen natural gas exports are delivered to China through the pipeline.

The West–East Gas Pipeline is a set of natural gas pipelines which run from the western part of China to the east.

The Dauletabad Gas Field is a large natural gas field located in Mary, Mary province, Turkmenistan. It is located in the vicinity of the Turkmenistan–Iran border, and is named after the Dowlatabad settlement across the border in Iran. The field is a part of the Amu-Darya oil-gas province.

Sino-Myanmar pipelines International infrastructure projects

Sino-Myanmar pipelines refers to the oil and natural gas pipelines linking Myanmar's deep-water port of Kyaukphyu (Sittwe) in the Bay of Bengal with Kunming in Yunnan province of China.

Natural gas reserves in Iran

According to the Iran Petroleum Ministry, the proved natural gas reserves of Iran are about 1,201 trillion cubic feet (34.0 trillion cubic metres) or about 17.8% of world's total reserves, of which 33% are as associated gas and 67% is in non associated gas fields. It has the world's second largest reserves after Russia. As it takes approximately 5,850 cubic feet (166 m3) of gas to equal the energy content of 1-barrel (0.16 m3) of oil, Iran's gas reserves represent the equivalent of about 205 billion barrels (3.26×1010 m3) of oil.

Vankor Field

The Vankor Field is an oil and gas field in Russia, located 130 kilometres (81 mi) west of Igarka in the Turukhansk District of Krasnoyarsk Krai in Eastern Siberia, close to the border with Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Its estimated reserves are 520 million metric tons of oil and 95 billion cubic meters of natural gas. Production was launched in August, 2009. The field is operated by Russian national oil company Rosneft through its subsidiary Vankorneft.

Saman-Depe Gas Field is a large natural gas field located in Lebap Province of Turkmenistan. The field belongs to contractual territory Bagtyyarlyk, a group of several fields on the right bank of Amu Darya River the maximum output of which is estimated at 25-30 billion cubic meters per year, combined. The peak of production is expected in 2015-2020. As per initial estimates, the fields will produce approximately 12 billion cubic meters in 2010. Saman-Depe along with Altyn-Asyr are considered to be the largest fields in the area. Contract area of Bagtyyarlyk is estimated at 1.7 trillion cubic metres, however the precise data is yet to be confirmed. In total, there are 17 gas and gas condensate fields on the right bank of Amu Darya:

Bagtyýarlyk is a large contractual PSA territory consisting of several natural gas fields located in Lebap Province of Turkmenistan. It literally means happiness in Turkmen language. Bagtyyarlyk constitutes the bigger part of the gas rich Sagkenar area and includes Saman- Depe and Altyn Asyr fields.

Malai is a natural gas field located in Lebap Province of Turkmenistan, on the left bank of Amu Darya River. It has been developed since the 1970s.

East–West pipeline

The East–West pipeline is a natural gas pipeline in Turkmenistan. It was constructed to carry natural gas from gas fields in eastern Turkmenistan to the coast of Caspian Sea across the southern part of the country.

Gaffney, Cline & Associates is a petroleum consulting company headquartered in Alton, the United Kingdom, with offices in London, Houston, Buenos Aires, Singapore, Dubai and Sydney.

Energy in Iraq

Primary energy use in 2009 in Iraq was 374 TWh and 13 TWh per million persons.

Darvaza gas crater Burning natural gas field in Turkmenistan

The Darvaza gas crater, also known as the Door to Hell or Gates of Hell, is a natural gas field collapsed into a cavern in Darvaza, Turkmenistan.


  1. "Rising China, sinking Russia". The Economist . 2013-09-14. Retrieved 2016-02-28.
  2. "Turkmen leader claims massive new gas find". Reuters. 2006-11-02. Retrieved 2009-07-16.
  3. "Turkmenistan gives CNPC $152 mln gas drilling deal". Reuters. 2006-11-21. Retrieved 2009-07-16.
  4. 1 2 Olzhas Auyezov (2008-10-31). "Turkmen gas reserves audit to continue in 2009 -GCA". Reuters . Retrieved 2009-05-12.
  5. 1 2 Guy Chazan (2008-10-16). "Turkmenistan Gas Field Is One of World's Largest". The Wall Street Journal . Retrieved 2009-07-16.
  6. Bruce Pannier (2008-10-14). "Independent Audit Shows Turkmen Gas Field 'World-Class'". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty . Retrieved 2010-01-07.
  7. 1 2 Dmitry Sergeyev; Robin Paxton (2009-12-29). "S.Korea, China, UAE win Turkmen gas deal - sources". Reuters . Retrieved 2010-01-23.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. 1 2 "Turkmenistan's super-giant gas field renamed as "Galkynysh"". 2011-11-20. Retrieved 2013-03-25.
  9. Gurt, Marat (2013-09-04). "China asserts clout in Central Asia with huge Turkmen gas project". Reuters . Retrieved 2014-11-07.
  10. Daly, J.C.K. (2009-02-21). "Iran in Turkmen natural gas fields, U.S. and Russia left out". Tehran Times . Retrieved 2009-07-16.
  11. 1 2 "Turkmenistan discovers large gas fields in east of country". Trend Capital. 2009-06-26. Retrieved 2009-07-16.
  12. "Turkmenistan rapidly provides large Galkynysh gas field with necessary facilities". Trend Capital. 2013-04-19. Retrieved 2013-04-25.