Gamagōri

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Gamagōri

蒲郡市
Take Island and Bridge.jpg
Takeshima
Flag of Gamagori, Aichi.svg
Flag
Emblem of Gamagori, Aichi.svg
Seal
Gamagori \n
Gamagori in Aichi Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Gamagōri in Aichi Prefecture
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Gamagōri
 
Coordinates: 34°50′35″N137°13′10.5″E / 34.84306°N 137.219583°E / 34.84306; 137.219583 Coordinates: 34°50′35″N137°13′10.5″E / 34.84306°N 137.219583°E / 34.84306; 137.219583
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Aichi
Government
  MayorHisaaki Suzuki
Area
  Total56.92 km2 (21.98 sq mi)
Population
 (October 1, 2019)
  Total80,063
  Density1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- Tree Camphor Laurel
- Flower Azalea
Phone number0533-66-1111
Address17-1 Asahi-chō, Gamagōri-shi, Aichi-ken 443-8601
Website Official website
Gamagōri
Japanese name
Kanji 蒲郡市
Hiragana がまごおりし
Katakana ガマゴオリシ
Gamagori City Office Gamagori City Hall (2018-06-03) 07.jpg
Gamagōri City Office
Gamagori Skyline Gamagori Station (2018-05-19) 11.jpg
Gamagōri Skyline

Gamagōri (蒲郡市, Gamagōri-shi) is a city in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 80,063 in 32,800 households, [1] and a population density of 1,407 persons per km². The total area of the city is 56.92 square kilometres (21.98 sq mi).

Contents

Geography

Gamagōri is situated on the coast of Mikawa Bay on the Pacific Ocean in southeastern Aichi Prefecture. Sheltered by Chita Peninsula and Atsumi Peninsula, the climate is mild, and parts of the city is within the borders of the Mikawa Wan Quasi-National Park.

Neighboring municipalities

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [2] the population of Gamagōri has been relatively steady over the past 30 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1950 63,923    
1960 75,723+18.5%
1970 82,868+9.4%
1980 85,295+2.9%
1990 84,819−0.6%
2000 82,108−3.2%
2010 82,222+0.1%

Climate

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Gamagōri is 15.7 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1640 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.5 °C, and lowest in January, at around 4.6 °C. [3]

Climate data for Gamagōri, Aichi (1971–2000)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)9.2
(48.6)
9.7
(49.5)
13.2
(55.8)
18.5
(65.3)
22.7
(72.9)
25.5
(77.9)
29.2
(84.6)
30.9
(87.6)
27.4
(81.3)
22.2
(72.0)
17.1
(62.8)
11.9
(53.4)
19.8
(67.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)5.3
(41.5)
5.5
(41.9)
8.9
(48.0)
14.2
(57.6)
18.5
(65.3)
21.9
(71.4)
25.5
(77.9)
26.9
(80.4)
23.6
(74.5)
18.3
(64.9)
13.1
(55.6)
8.0
(46.4)
15.8
(60.4)
Average low °C (°F)2.0
(35.6)
1.9
(35.4)
4.9
(40.8)
10.1
(50.2)
14.7
(58.5)
18.8
(65.8)
22.6
(72.7)
23.8
(74.8)
20.7
(69.3)
14.9
(58.8)
9.6
(49.3)
4.5
(40.1)
12.4
(54.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches)47.9
(1.89)
59.2
(2.33)
135.9
(5.35)
149.5
(5.89)
178.7
(7.04)
231.5
(9.11)
175.3
(6.90)
157.5
(6.20)
257.2
(10.13)
127.8
(5.03)
93.0
(3.66)
38.9
(1.53)
1,649.8
(64.95)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 169.3173.6192.9196.4190.9137.0163.9215.4150.4168.3169.2183.92,110.7
Source: [4]

History

Records of place names in present-day Gamagōri have been found from the Nara period. The area was divided into several shōen during the Heian period, largely under the control of the Udono clan. During the Edo period, most of the area was tenryō territory ruled directly by the Tokugawa shogunate through hatamoto administrators, with portions controlled by Yoshida Domain and Okazaki Domain.

After the start of the Meiji period, Gamagōri Village in Hoi District, Aichi Prefecture was proclaimed on October 1, 1889. Gamagōri was elevated to town status on October 6, 1891. The area of the town expanded through annexation of the neighboring villages of Toyooka, Kaminogo and Shizusato on July 4, 1906. The town escaped damage in World War II, but the 1945 Mikawa earthquake caused considerable damage to parts of Gamagōri.

The city of Gamagōri was proclaimed on April 1, 1954 when the town of Gamagōri merged with the neighboring town of Miya and village of Shiotsu. The village of Otsuka joined Gamagōri on October 1, 1956, followed by Katahara on April 1, 1962 and Nishiura on April 1, 1963.

Government

Gamagōri has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 20 members. The city contributes one member to the Aichi Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Aichi District 14 of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

Gamagōri is a regional commercial center and fishing port, with a mixed economy of light manufacturing and agriculture. Gamagōri is also noted for its production of hothouse oranges. Companies headquartered in the city include:

Education

Transportation

Railways

JR logo (central).svg Central Japan Railway Company - Tōkaidō Main Line

Meitetsu logomark 2.svg MeitetsuMeitetsu Gamagōri Line

Highways

Sister city relations

Local attractions

As part of Mikawa Wan Quasi-National Park with numerous scenic offshore islands, Gamagōri is noted for marine sports. There are also several hot spring resorts within the city limits. The Gamagōri Matsuri, held in late July features a fireworks display, and the local festival of former Miya village held in October features an event where mikoshi are carried into the sea. The city is also home to the Lagunasia amusement park and Spa Nishiura Motor Park racetrack.

The small fishing community of Nishiura is noted for its onsen (hot spring resorts), some of which are located near its beach front. The area is famous for the medicinal properties of its water and a number of hotels have sprung up to accommodate the tourists visiting these spas.

Notable people from Gamagōri

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Gamagōri Station Railway station in Gamagōri, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Gamagōri Station is a railway station in the city of Gamagōri, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, jointly operated by the Central Japan Railway Company and Meitetsu.

Mikawa-Shiotsu Station Railway station in Gamagōri, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Mikawa-Shiotsu Station is a railway station in the city of Gamagōri, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operated by Central Japan Railway Company.

Nishiura Station Railway station in Gamagōri, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Nishiura Station is a railway station in the city of Gamagōri, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operated by Meitetsu.

Katahara Station Railway station in Gamagōri, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Katahara Station is a railway station in the city of Gamagōri, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operated by Meitetsu.

Mikawa Kashima Station Railway station in Gamagōri, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Mikawa Kashima Station is a railway station in the city of Gamagōri, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operated by Meitetsu.

Gamagōri-Kyōteijō-Mae Station Railway station in Gamagōri, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Gamagōri-Kyōteijō-Mae Station is a railway station in the city of Gamagōri, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operated by Meitetsu.

References

  1. Gamagōri City official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. Gamagōri population statistics
  3. Gamagōri climate data
  4. "気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値) 蒲郡" . Retrieved 22 July 2010.
  5. "Sister Cities". Gisbourne official home page. Retrieved 29 December 2015.