Gambhir Singh Mura
Statue of Gambhir Singh Mura
|Died||9 November 2002 71–72)(aged|
|Known for||Chhau dance|
|Parent(s)||Jipa Singh Mura|
Gambhir Singh Mura (1930 – 9 November 2002) was an Indian tribal dancer known for his contributions to the tribal martial dance of Chhau. He was an exponent of the Purulia school of Chhau.
Mura was born in a tribal family to Jipa Singh Muraat Pitikiri Bamni village in Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal. He performed in many places such as England, France, Japan and USA. The Government of India awarded him the fourth highest Indian civilian honour of Padma Shri in 1981.
Purulia district is one of the twenty three districts of West Bengal state in Eastern India. Purulia is the administrative headquarters of the district. Some of the other important towns of Purulia district are Raghunathpur-Adra, Jhalida and Balarampur.
Chhau dance, also spelled as Chau or Chhaau, is a semi classical Indian dance with martial, tribal and folk traditions, with origins in eastern India. It is found in three styles named after the location where they are performed, i.e. the Purulia Chau of Bengal, the Seraikella Chau of Jharkhand, and the Mayurbhanj Chau of Odisha.
Jhalda is a city and a municipality in Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the headquarters of the Jhalda subdivision.
Baghmundi is a community development block that forms an administrative division in the Jhalda subdivision of the Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Baghmundi is a village, with a police station, in the Baghmundi CD block in the Jhalda subdivision of the Purulia district in the state of West Bengal, India.
Sunil Kothari is a noted Indian dance historian, scholar and critic. He is also former Uday Shankar Professor at Ravindra Bharti University, Kolkata.
Makar Dhwaja Darogha was an Indian classical dancer and guru, known for his expertise in the classical dance form of Chhau. He died on 17 February 2014 at his residence in Saraikela in Jharkhand, India due to old age illnesses. The Government of India honored him in 2011, with the fourth highest civilian award of Padma Shri.
Gopal Prasad Dubey is an Indian classical dancer, known for his expertise in the Indian classical dance form of Chhau. He is considered by many as the leading exponent of the Seraikella variant of the art form. Dubey was honored by the Government of India, in 2012, with the fourth highest Indian civilian award of Padma Shri.
Haobam Ongbi Ngangbi Devi was an Indian classical dancer and musician, known for her expertise in the Manipuri Dance forms of Lai Haraoba and Raas. She was honored by the Government of India, in 2010, with the fourth highest Indian civilian award of Padma Shri.
Acl Deepak Singh is an Indian cultural impresario, photographer, writer, classical dancer and the director of Shriram Bharatiya Kala Kendra, a Delhi-based cultural organization which promotes music and performing arts, through its schools and stage shows. She is known for her contributions for the revival of Mayurbhanj Chhau, a tribal martial dance form from Odisha. The Government of India awarded her the fourth highest civilian award of the Padma Shri in 1999, for her contributions to Arts and culture.
Shyama Charan Pati was an Indian dancer, known as one of the leading exponents of the Seraikala tradition of Chhau, a martial dance form of India. He was a member of the Court of the Central University of Jharkhand. He was born in 1940 in a poor Brahmin family in the village of Icha in the Indian state of Jharkhand, and moved to Jamshedpur and trained Kathak and Bharat Natyam under Guru Ban Bihari Acharya. Later, he also trained under gurus such as Panchanan Singh Deo and Tarini Prasad Singh Deo. He trained many students such as Sujata Maheshwari and Sovanabrata Sircar and performed on various stages in India and abroad. The Government of India awarded him the fourth highest civilian honour of the Padma Shri, in 2006, for his contributions to Indian dance. His daughter, Susmita Pati, is also an accomplished Chhau dancer.
Neelamani Devi is an Indian craftswoman and master potter from Manipur. Her creations have been the theme of two documentary films; Mittee aur Manab by renowned filmmaker, Mani Kaul, and Nilamani: Master Potter of Manipur, by Aribam Syam Sharma. The TV Series, Mahabharata also featured her works on one of the episodes. The Government of India awarded her the fourth highest civilian honour of the Padma Shri, in 2007, for her contributions to the art of pottery making.
Bulu Imam is an environmental activist working for the protection of tribal culture and heritage in Jharkhand. On 12 June 2012, he received the Gandhi International Peace Award, 2011 at the House of Lords in London. He is recipient of the Padma Shri (2019). He is the grandson of Syed Hasan Imam, who was a leading Barrister and Judge of Calcutta High Court (1912–1916), and the President of the Indian National Congress.
Kedar Nath Sahoo was an Indian classical dancer, known as one of the leading exponents of the Seraikella tradition of Chhau dance. He served as the founder director of the Government Chhau Dance Centre of the Government of Jharkhand where he served from 1974 to 1988. During the early stages of his career, he performed with the troupe led by Kumar Bijay Pratap Singh Deo, but later led his own group of dancers for performance in many places in India and abroad including Eastern Europe, South America and Southeast Asia. His students included many notable dancers like Sharon Lowen, Gopal Prasad Dubey and Shashadhar Acharya. He was a recipient of the 1981 Sangeet Natak Akademi Award and the Government of India awarded him the fourth highest civilian honour of the Padma Shri, in 2005, for his contributions to arts. Towards the latter part of his life, his health failed and he died on 8 October 2008 at his home in Kansari tola, aged 88, survived by his wife, five sons and four daughters.
Patardi is a village in the Baghmundi CD block in the Jhalda subdivision of the Purulia district in the state of West Bengal, India.
Mask or Mukhosh of West Bengal, as it known has a mysterious history. Mostly it uses for the Mask Dance, the folk dance of West Bengal. The wearing of these masks is connected with early types of folklore and religion. There is various type of masks made up of clay, wood, sponge wood or shola, pith, paper, metal etc. Generally, half masks are made up of clay, pith and paper and wooden masks are very rare. Some of the masks came from the Tribal of West Bengal. Geographically, West Bengal comes well within this mask using culture zone. Mask in West Bengal is mostly used in folk dance. UNESCO selected The Rural Craft Hub of Bengal to showcase their artwork in Paris in 2015.
The Indian state of West Bengal has a rich cultural and artistic heritage. Due to the reign of many different rulers in the past, arts and crafts in West Bengal underwent many changes giving an artistic diversity today in the forms of traditional handicrafts, masks, painting and carving, dance, music etc.
The Chhau mask is a traditional cultural heritage of Purulia in the Indian state of West Bengal. The main difference between the Purulia Chhau dance and the Odisha Chhau dance is in the use of the mask. Purulia Chhau uses the mask in dance, but Odisha does not, thereby combining facial expression with body movement and gesture. The Chhau mask of Purulia is registered on the List of Geographical Indications. As the basic difference of Purulia Chhau the mask is unique and traditional.
Charida is a village in the Baghmundi CD block in the Jhalda subdivision of the Purulia district in the state of West Bengal, India.
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