Gare de l'Est

Last updated

Paris-Est SNCF no text.png TGV.svg Ter.svg Paris logo banlieu jms.svg
Terminus
Paris-Gare de l'Est-2009.jpg
Entrance
LocationPlace du 11 novembre 1918
75010 Paris
Coordinates Coordinates: 48°52′37″N2°21′33″E / 48.87694°N 2.35917°E / 48.87694; 2.35917
Owned by SNCF
Line(s) Paris-Strasbourg railway
Paris–Mulhouse railway
Platforms30
Other information
Station code8711300
IATA code XHP
Fare zone1
Electrified 25 kV 50 Hz
1.5 kV DC (Underground RER Lines)
Services
Preceding station  SNCF  Following station
Calais-Ville   Venice Simplon Orient Express
London-Paris-Rome
  Innsbruck
Hauptbahnhof
Terminus  Venice Simplon Orient Express
Paris-Istanbul
  Budapest Keleti pu.
Vienna
Westbahnhof
  Venice Simplon Orient Express
Venice-Budapest-London
  Calais Ville
Frankfurt
Hauptbahnhof
  Venice Simplon Orient Express
Venice-Prague-London
  Calais Ville
Terminus ICE/TGV 82
ICE/TGV 83
towards  Munich Hbf
TGV
Terminus
TGV
toward  Sedan
TGV
toward  Bar-le-Duc
TGV
toward  Nancy-Ville
TGV
toward  Remiremont
TGV
TGV
toward  Metz-Ville
TGV
toward  Luxembourg
TGV
toward  Strasbourg
TGV
toward  Colmar
Intercités
toward  Belfort
TER Grand Est C2
toward  Saint-Dizier
Transilien Logo Paris Transilien ligneP.svg
Transilien Logo Paris Transilien ligneP.svg
toward  Meaux
Transilien Logo Paris Transilien ligneP.svg
toward  Coulommiers
Transilien Logo Paris Transilien ligneP.svg
toward  Provins
Connections to other stations
Preceding station  Paris Métro  Following station
Paris logo metro jms.svg Paris m 4 jms.svg
Transfer at: Gare de l'Est
toward  Place d'Italie
Paris logo metro jms.svg Paris m 5 jms.svg
Transfer at: Gare de l'Est
Paris logo metro jms.svg Paris m 7 jms.svg
Transfer at: Gare de l'Est

The Gare de l'Est (pronounced [ ɡ a ʁ   d ə   l ˈ ɛ ] , Station of the East), officially Paris-Est, is one of the six large SNCF termini in Paris. It is in the 10th arrondissement, not far from the Gare du Nord, facing the Boulevard de Strasbourg, part of the north-south axis of Paris created by Baron Haussmann. It is one of the largest and the oldest railway stations in Paris, the western terminus of the Paris–Strasbourg railway and the Paris–Mulhouse railway.

SNCF national state-owned railway company of France

The Société nationale des chemins de fer français is France's national state-owned railway company. Founded in 1938, it operates the country's national rail traffic along with Monaco, including the TGV, France's high-speed rail network. Its functions include operation of railway services for passengers and freight, and maintenance and signalling of rail infrastructure. The railway network consists of about 32,000 km (20,000 mi) of route, of which 1,800 km (1,100 mi) are high-speed lines and 14,500 km (9,000 mi) electrified. About 14,000 trains are operated daily.

Paris Capital of France

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, diplomacy, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts.

10th arrondissement of Paris French municipal arrondissement in Île-de-France, France

The 10th arrondissement of Paris is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France. In spoken French, this arrondissement is referred to as dixième.

Contents

History

View of the entrance foyer Gare de l'Est Paris 2007 a4.jpg
View of the entrance foyer

The Gare de l'Est was opened in 1849 by the Compagnie du Chemin de Fer de Paris à Strasbourg (the Paris-Strasbourg Railway Company) under the name "Strasbourg platform." This platform corresponds today with the hall for main-line trains, and was designed by the architect François Duquesnay. It was renamed the "Gare de l'Est" in 1854, after the expansion of service to Mulhouse.

Mulhouse Subprefecture and commune in Grand Est, France

Mulhouse is a city and commune in eastern France, close to the Swiss and German borders.

Renovations to the station followed in 1885 and 1900. In 1931 it was doubled in size, with the new part of the station built symmetrically with the old part. This transformation changed the surrounding neighborhood significantly.

At the top of the west façade of the Gare de l'Est is a statue by the sculptor Philippe Joseph Henri Lemaire, representing the city of Strasbourg, while the east end of the station is crowned by a statue personifying Verdun, by Varenne. These two cities are important destinations serviced by Gare de l'Est.

Philippe Joseph Henri Lemaire French sculptor

Philippe Joseph Henri Lemaire was a French sculptor, working in a neoclassical academic style.

Strasbourg Prefecture and commune in Grand Est, France

Strasbourg is the capital and largest city of the Grand Est region of France and is the official seat of the European Parliament. Located at the border with Germany in the historic region of Alsace, it is the capital of the Bas-Rhin department.

Verdun Subprefecture and commune in Grand Est, France

Verdun is a small city in the Meuse department in Grand Est in northeastern France. It is an arrondissement of the department.

On 4 October 1883, the Gare de l'Est saw the first departure of the Orient Express for Istanbul.

Orient Express name of a long-distance passenger train service

The Orient Express was a long-distance passenger train service created in 1883 by Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits (CIWL).

Constantinople capital city of the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire, the Latin and the Ottoman Empire

Constantinople was the capital city of the Roman Empire (330–395), of the Byzantine Empire, and also of the brief Crusader state known as the Latin Empire (1204–1261), until finally falling to the Ottoman Empire (1453–1923). It was reinaugurated in 324 from ancient Byzantium as the new capital of the Roman Empire by Emperor Constantine the Great, after whom it was named, and dedicated on 11 May 330. The city was located in what is now the European side and the core of modern Istanbul.

The Gare de l'Est is the terminus of a strategic railway network extending towards the eastern part of France, and it saw large mobilizations of French troops, most notably in 1914, at the beginning of World War I. In the main-line train hall, a monumental painting by Albert Herter, Le Départ des poilus, août 1914 dating from 1926, illustrates the departure of these soldiers for the Western front.

Strategic railway

A strategic railway is a railway proposed or constructed primarily for military strategic purposes, as opposed to the usual purpose of a railway, which is the transport of civilian passengers or freight. Although the archetypal strategic railway would be one constructed solely as part of a military strategy, such a railway has only ever existed in theory. Thus, a strategic railway is, in practice, one for which any intended or contemplated civilian purpose is subordinate to the military strategic purpose.

Albert Herter American painter

Albert Herter was an American painter, illustrator, muralist, and interior designer. He was born in New York City, studied at the Art Students League with James Carroll Beckwith, then in Paris with Jean-Paul Laurens and Fernand Cormon.

<i>Le Départ des poilus, août 1914</i>

Le Départ des poilus, août 1914 is a monumental mural by the American artist Albert Herter. The painting measures 12 by 5 metres and is displayed at the Gare de l'Est railway station in Paris, where it is suspended some 7 metres (23 ft) high on a wall in the Hall d'Alsace.

SNCF started LGV Est Européenne services from the Gare de l'Est on 10 June 2007, with TGV and ICE services to north-eastern France, Luxembourg, southern Germany and Switzerland. Trains are initially planned to run at 320 km/h (198 mph), with the potential to run at 350 km/h (217 mph), cutting travel times by up to 2 hours.

Train services

The following services currently call at Paris-Est:

SeriesRoute
TGVParis-Est - Reims - Rethel - Charleville-Mézières - Sedan
TGVParis-Est - Nancy-Ville - Lunéville - Saint-Dié-des-Vosges

Metro services

Important destinations served by trains from the Gare de l'Est

See also

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References