Gare de l'Est

Last updated

Paris-Est SNCF no text.png TGV.svg Ter.svg Paris logo banlieu jms.svg
Terminus
Gare de lEst (5699062644).jpg
Main entrance
LocationPlace du 11 novembre 1918
75010 Paris
Coordinates Coordinates: 48°52′37″N2°21′33″E / 48.87694°N 2.35917°E / 48.87694; 2.35917
Owned by SNCF
Line(s) Paris–Strasbourg railway
Paris–Mulhouse railway
Platforms30
Other information
Station code8711300
IATA code XHP
Fare zone1
Electrified 25 kV 50 Hz
1.5 kV DC (underground RER lines)
Traffic
Passengers (2018)37 831 139
Services
Preceding station  SNCF  Following station
Calais-Ville   Venice Simplon Orient Express
London-Paris-Rome
  Innsbruck
Hauptbahnhof
Terminus  Venice Simplon Orient Express
Paris-Istanbul
  Budapest Keleti pu.
Vienna
Westbahnhof
  Venice Simplon Orient Express
Venice-Budapest-London
  Calais Ville
Frankfurt
Hauptbahnhof
  Venice Simplon Orient Express
Venice-Prague-London
  Calais Ville
Terminus ICE/TGV 82
towards  Frankfurt
ICE/TGV 83
towards  Munich
TGV inOui
Terminus
TGV inOui
toward  Sedan
TGV
toward  Bar-le-Duc
TGV
toward  Nancy-Ville
TGV
toward  Remiremont
TGV
TGV
toward  Metz-Ville
TGV
toward  Luxembourg
TGV
toward  Strasbourg
TGV
Intercités
toward  Belfort
TER Grand Est C2
toward  Saint-Dizier
Transilien Logo Paris Transilien ligneP.svg
Transilien Logo Paris Transilien ligneP.svg
toward  Meaux
Transilien Logo Paris Transilien ligneP.svg
toward  Coulommiers
Transilien Logo Paris Transilien ligneP.svg
toward  Provins
Connections to other stations
Preceding station  Paris Métro  Following station
Paris logo metro jms.svg Paris m 4 jms.svg
Transfer at: Gare de l'Est
toward  Place d'Italie
Paris logo metro jms.svg Paris m 5 jms.svg
Transfer at: Gare de l'Est
Paris logo metro jms.svg Paris m 7 jms.svg
Transfer at: Gare de l'Est

The Gare de l'Est (pronounced [ ɡ a ʁ   d ə   l ˈ ɛ s t ] , Station of the East), officially Paris-Est, is one of the six large SNCF termini in Paris. It is in the 10th arrondissement, not far from the Gare du Nord, facing the Boulevard de Strasbourg, part of the north-south axis of Paris created by Georges-Eugène Haussmann. It is one of the largest and the oldest railway stations in Paris, the western terminus of the Paris–Strasbourg railway and the Paris–Mulhouse railway which then proceeds to Basel, Switzerland.

Contents

History

View of the entrance foyer Gare de l'Est Paris 2007 a4.jpg
View of the entrance foyer

The Gare de l'Est was opened in 1849 by the Compagnie du Chemin de Fer de Paris à Strasbourg (Paris–Strasbourg Railway Company) under the name "Strasbourg platform" (Embarcadère de Strasbourg); an official inauguration with President Louis Napoléon Bonaparte took place the next year. The platform corresponds today with the hall for main-line trains. Designed by architect François Duquesnay, it was renamed the "Gare de l'Est" in 1854, after the expansion of service to Mulhouse.

Renovations followed in 1885 and 1900, part of Haussmann's renovation of Paris. In 1931 it was doubled in size, with the new part of the station built symmetrically with the old part. This transformation changed the surrounding neighbourhood significantly. At the top of the west facade of the Gare de l'Est is a statue by the sculptor Philippe Joseph Henri Lemaire, representing the city of Strasbourg, while the east end of the station is crowned by a statue personifying Verdun, by Varenne. These two cities are important destinations serviced by Gare de l'Est. On 4 October 1883, the Gare de l'Est saw the first departure of the Orient Express for Istanbul.

The Gare de l'Est is the terminus of a strategic railway network extending towards the eastern part of France, and it saw large mobilizations of French troops, most notably in 1914, at the beginning of World War I. In the main-line train hall, a monumental painting by Albert Herter, Le Départ des poilus, août 1914 dating from 1926, illustrates the departure of these soldiers for the Western front. The SNCF started LGV Est Européenne services from the Gare de l'Est on 10 June 2007, with TGV and Intercity-Express (ICE) services to Northeastern France, Luxembourg, Southern Germany and Switzerland. Trains are initially planned to run at 320 km/h (198 mph), with the potential to run at 350 km/h (217 mph), cutting travel times by up to 2 hours.

Train services

The following services currently call at Paris-Est:

SeriesRoute
TGVParis-Est - Reims - Rethel - Charleville-Mézières - Sedan
TGVParis-Est - Nancy-Ville - Lunéville - Saint-Dié-des-Vosges

Metro services

Destinations served from the Gare de l'Est

See also

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