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|Location||Place du 11 novembre 1918|
|Line(s)|| Paris-Strasbourg railway |
|Electrified|| 25 kV 50 Hz |
1.5 kV DC (Underground RER Lines)
The Gare de l'Est (pronounced [ ɡ a ʁ d ə l ˈ ɛ ] , Station of the East), officially Paris-Est, is one of the six large SNCF termini in Paris. It is in the 10th arrondissement, not far from the Gare du Nord, facing the Boulevard de Strasbourg, part of the north-south axis of Paris created by Baron Haussmann. It is one of the largest and the oldest railway stations in Paris, the western terminus of the Paris–Strasbourg railway and the Paris–Mulhouse railway.
The Société nationale des chemins de fer français is France's national state-owned railway company. Founded in 1938, it operates the country's national rail traffic along with Monaco, including the TGV, France's high-speed rail network. Its functions include operation of railway services for passengers and freight, and maintenance and signalling of rail infrastructure. The railway network consists of about 32,000 km (20,000 mi) of route, of which 1,800 km (1,100 mi) are high-speed lines and 14,500 km (9,000 mi) electrified. About 14,000 trains are operated daily.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, diplomacy, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts.
The 10th arrondissement of Paris is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France. In spoken French, this arrondissement is referred to as dixième.
The Gare de l'Est was opened in 1849 by the Compagnie du Chemin de Fer de Paris à Strasbourg (the Paris-Strasbourg Railway Company) under the name "Strasbourg platform." This platform corresponds today with the hall for main-line trains, and was designed by the architect François Duquesnay. It was renamed the "Gare de l'Est" in 1854, after the expansion of service to Mulhouse.
Mulhouse is a city and commune in eastern France, close to the Swiss and German borders.
Renovations to the station followed in 1885 and 1900. In 1931 it was doubled in size, with the new part of the station built symmetrically with the old part. This transformation changed the surrounding neighborhood significantly.
At the top of the west façade of the Gare de l'Est is a statue by the sculptor Philippe Joseph Henri Lemaire, representing the city of Strasbourg, while the east end of the station is crowned by a statue personifying Verdun, by Varenne. These two cities are important destinations serviced by Gare de l'Est.
Philippe Joseph Henri Lemaire was a French sculptor, working in a neoclassical academic style.
Strasbourg is the capital and largest city of the Grand Est region of France and is the official seat of the European Parliament. Located at the border with Germany in the historic region of Alsace, it is the capital of the Bas-Rhin department.
Verdun is a small city in the Meuse department in Grand Est in northeastern France. It is an arrondissement of the department.
On 4 October 1883, the Gare de l'Est saw the first departure of the Orient Express for Istanbul.
The Orient Express was a long-distance passenger train service created in 1883 by Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits (CIWL).
Constantinople was the capital city of the Roman Empire (330–395), of the Byzantine Empire, and also of the brief Crusader state known as the Latin Empire (1204–1261), until finally falling to the Ottoman Empire (1453–1923). It was reinaugurated in 324 from ancient Byzantium as the new capital of the Roman Empire by Emperor Constantine the Great, after whom it was named, and dedicated on 11 May 330. The city was located in what is now the European side and the core of modern Istanbul.
The Gare de l'Est is the terminus of a strategic railway network extending towards the eastern part of France, and it saw large mobilizations of French troops, most notably in 1914, at the beginning of World War I. In the main-line train hall, a monumental painting by Albert Herter, Le Départ des poilus, août 1914 dating from 1926, illustrates the departure of these soldiers for the Western front.
A strategic railway is a railway proposed or constructed primarily for military strategic purposes, as opposed to the usual purpose of a railway, which is the transport of civilian passengers or freight. Although the archetypal strategic railway would be one constructed solely as part of a military strategy, such a railway has only ever existed in theory. Thus, a strategic railway is, in practice, one for which any intended or contemplated civilian purpose is subordinate to the military strategic purpose.
Albert Herter was an American painter, illustrator, muralist, and interior designer. He was born in New York City, studied at the Art Students League with James Carroll Beckwith, then in Paris with Jean-Paul Laurens and Fernand Cormon.
Le Départ des poilus, août 1914 is a monumental mural by the American artist Albert Herter. The painting measures 12 by 5 metres and is displayed at the Gare de l'Est railway station in Paris, where it is suspended some 7 metres (23 ft) high on a wall in the Hall d'Alsace.
SNCF started LGV Est Européenne services from the Gare de l'Est on 10 June 2007, with TGV and ICE services to north-eastern France, Luxembourg, southern Germany and Switzerland. Trains are initially planned to run at 320 km/h (198 mph), with the potential to run at 350 km/h (217 mph), cutting travel times by up to 2 hours.
The following services currently call at Paris-Est:
|TGV||Paris-Est - Reims - Rethel - Charleville-Mézières - Sedan|
|TGV||Paris-Est - Nancy-Ville - Lunéville - Saint-Dié-des-Vosges|
The Gare Montparnasse, officially Paris-Montparnasse, is one of the six large Paris railway termini, and is located in the 14th and 15th arrondissements of Paris.
The Gare de Lyon, officially Paris-Gare-de-Lyon, is one of the six large mainline railway station termini in Paris, France. It handles about 90,000,000 passengers every year, making it the third busiest station of France and one of the busiest of Europe. It is the northern terminus of the Paris–Marseille railway. It is named after the city of Lyon, a stop for many long-distance trains departing here, most en route to the south of France. The station is located in the XIIe arrondissement, on the north bank of the river Seine, in the east of Paris.
The Gare d'Austerlitz, officially Paris-Austerlitz, is one of the six large terminus railway stations in Paris. It is situated on the left bank of the Seine in the southeastern part of the city, in the 13th arrondissement. It is the start of the Paris–Bordeaux railway; the line to Toulouse is connected to this line. Since the introduction of the TGV Atlantique – using Gare Montparnasse – Austerlitz has lost most of its long-distance southwestern services. It is used by some 30 million passengers annually, about half the number passing through Montparnasse.
The Gare du Nord, officially Paris-Nord, is one of the six large terminus stations of the SNCF mainline network for Paris, France. It serves train services toward regions north of Paris, along the Paris–Lille railway. Near Gare de l'Est in the 10th arrondissement, the Gare du Nord offers connections with several urban transport lines, including Paris Métro, RER and buses. By the number of travellers, at around 214 million per year, it is the busiest railway station in Europe by total passenger numbers.
Magenta is a station of the Île-de-France Réseau Express Régional, located in the 10th arrondissement of Paris, France. Built on the site of the Gare du Nord, the original name of Magenta station was Nord-Est with the possibility of a connection to both Paris-Nord and Paris-Est.
The Ligne à Grande Vitesse Est européenne, typically shortened to LGV Est, is a French high-speed rail line that connects Vaires-sur-Marne and Vendenheim. The line halved the travel time between Paris and Strasbourg and provides fast services between Paris and the principal cities of eastern France as well as Luxembourg, Germany, and Switzerland. The LGV Est is a segment of the Main line for Europe project to connect Paris with Budapest with high-speed rail service.
The RER D is one of five RER lines serving Paris, France. It connects Orry-la-Ville and Creil in the north to Melun, Corbeil-Essonnes and Malesherbes in the south, passing through the heart of Paris.
The RER E is one of the five lines in the RER system serving Paris, France. The line runs from the western terminus Haussmann - Saint-Lazare (E1) to the eastern termini Chelles - Gournay (E2) and Tournan (E4). It is operated by SNCF. RER E is the newest line in the system: the line opened in 1999 and the last expansion was in 2003.
Transilien is the SNCF Mobilités suburban rail network serving mainly Ile-de-France train stations. "Transilien" is a derivative of Francilien, the demonym for people living in Île-de-France. The area covered does not correspond exactly with the administrative boundaries of the region as the trains also serve several stations located in Normandy, in the Hauts-de-France and in the Centre-Val de Loire regions. On the other hand, some stations located at the margins of the region are not served by the network, but only by regional express trains (TER) from neighboring regions. Transilien is the heir to suburban trains that existed since the late nineteenth century.
Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 2 TGV is a major passenger railway station in Tremblay-en-France, France. It is located directly beneath terminal two of Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport and is operated by the SNCF. The station was opened in 1994. It connects the airport to Paris and to various others cities in France, as well as to Belgium.
Champagne-Ardenne TGV is a railway station located in Bezannes, France that opened in 2007 along with the LGV Est, a high-speed rail line running from Paris to Strasbourg. It is situated about five kilometres south of Reims; the station is a stop for classical TGV, Ouigo and TER Grand Est services.
Lorraine TGV is a railway station located in Louvigny, France, on the LGV Est, a high-speed rail line running from Paris to Strasbourg. Opened in 2007 as part of the first phase of the new line, it is situated near Metz–Nancy–Lorraine Airport, between the cities of Metz and Nancy. As the two other new LGV Est stations it is used by classical TGV and Ouigo services.
Pantin is a railway station in Pantin, Seine-Saint-Denis, France. It opened in 1864 on the Paris–Strasbourg railway and Paris–Mulhouse railway. Since 1999, Pantin station is served by RER line E trains operated by SNCF.
Juvisy is a railway station located in Juvisy-sur-Orge, Essonne, Paris, France. The station was opened in 1840 and is located on the Paris–Bordeaux railway, Villeneuve-Saint-Georges-Montargis railway and Grande Ceinture line, a freight railway around Paris. The station is served by Paris' express suburban rail system, the RER Line C and RER Line D. The train services are operated by SNCF. A TGV high speed service also serves the station.
Chelles–Gournay is a railway station located in Chelles, Seine-et-Marne, France. The station opened in 1849 and is located on the Paris-Est–Strasbourg-Ville railway. The station is served by Transilien line P and RER Line E services operated by the SNCF.
The railway from Paris-Est to Strasbourg-Ville is a 493-kilometre long railway line that connects Paris to Strasbourg via Châlons-en-Champagne and Nancy, France. Officially, the line does not start at the Gare de l'Est in Paris: the first 9 km until Noisy-le-Sec is shared with the railway from Paris to Mulhouse. The railway was opened in several stages between 1849 and 1852. The opening of the LGV Est high speed line from Paris to Baudrecourt in Lorraine in 2007 has decreased the importance of the section Paris–Sarrebourg for passenger traffic.
The railway from Paris-Est to Mulhouse-Ville is a 491-kilometre long railway line, that connects Paris to Mulhouse via Troyes, Chaumont and Belfort, France. The railway was opened in several stages between 1848 and 1858.
Jean-Marie Duthilleul is a French architect and civil engineer.
Gare de Saverne is a French railway station located on the Noisy-le-Sec–Strasbourg railway. It is located within the commune of Saverne, in departement Bas-Rhin, in northeastern France.
Villiers-sur-Marne - Le Plessis-Trévise or more simply and more commonly Villiers-sur-Marne is a French railway station in Villiers-sur-Marne commune, Val-de-Marne département. The station is located at kilometric point 20.741 of Paris-Est–Mulhouse-Ville railway and is nearby the town of Le Plessis-Trévise hence its name.
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