Garrett Reisman

Last updated
Garrett Reisman
Garrettreismanv2.jpg
Born (1968-02-10) February 10, 1968 (age 51)
StatusRetired
NationalityAmerican
OccupationProfessor at the University of Southern California, Director of Space Operations at SpaceX
Space career
NASA Astronaut
Time in space
107 days, 3 hours, 15 minutes
Selection 1998 NASA Group
Total EVAs
3
Total EVA time
21 hours 21 minutes
Missions STS-123, Expedition 16, Expedition 17, STS-124, STS-132
Mission insignia
STS-123 Patch.svg ISS Expedition 16 patch.png STS-124 patch.svg ISS Expedition 17 patch.png STS-132 patch.png

Garrett Erin Reisman ( /ˈrsmən/ ; born February 10, 1968) is an American engineer and former NASA astronaut. He was a backup crew member for Expedition 15 and joined Expedition 16 aboard the International Space Station for a short time before becoming a member of Expedition 17. He returned to Earth on June 14, 2008 on board STS-124 on Space Shuttle Discovery. He was a member of the STS-132 mission that traveled to the International Space Station aboard Space Shuttle Atlantis from May 14 to 26, 2010. He is currently the Director of Space Operations at SpaceX and a Professor of Astronautics Practice at the University of Southern California's Viterbi School of Engineering. [1]

Engineer professional practitioner of engineering and its sub classes

Engineers, as practitioners of engineering, are professionals who invent, design, analyze, build, and test machines, systems, structures and materials to fulfill objectives and requirements while considering the limitations imposed by practicality, regulation, safety, and cost. The word engineer is derived from the Latin words ingeniare and ingenium ("cleverness"). The foundational qualifications of an engineer typically include a four-year bachelor's degree in an engineering discipline, or in some jurisdictions, a master's degree in an engineering discipline plus four to six years of peer-reviewed professional practice and passage of engineering board examinations.

NASA space-related agency of the United States government

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is an independent agency of the United States Federal Government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

Astronaut person who commands, pilots, or serves as a crew member of a spacecraft

An astronaut or cosmonaut is a person trained by a human spaceflight program to command, pilot, or serve as a crew member of a spacecraft. Although generally reserved for professional space travelers, the terms are sometimes applied to anyone who travels into space, including scientists, politicians, journalists, and tourists.

Contents

Biography

Early life

Reisman was born in Morristown, New Jersey and is a 1986 graduate of Parsippany High School, [2] a 1991 graduate of the Jerome Fisher Program in Management and Technology at the University of Pennsylvania, [3] and received his Masters and Doctorate degrees in Mechanical Engineering from the California Institute of Technology in 1992 and 1997, respectively. [4]

Morristown, New Jersey Town in New Jersey, United States

Morristown is a town and the county seat of Morris County, New Jersey, United States. Morristown has been called "the military capital of the American Revolution" because of its strategic role in the war for independence from Great Britain. Today this history is visible in a variety of locations throughout the town that collectively make up Morristown National Historical Park.

Parsippany High School

Parsippany High School is a four-year comprehensive public high school, one of two high schools in the township of Parsippany-Troy Hills, in Morris County, New Jersey, United States, operating as part of the Parsippany-Troy Hills School District. The school serves students in ninth through twelfth grades who live in the eastern half of Parsippany-Troy Hills. Its companion school in the district is Parsippany Hills High School, which serves the western portion of the township.

Jerome Fisher Program in Management and Technology

The Jerome Fisher Program in Management and Technology is a coordinated dual-degree program offered at the University of Pennsylvania that combines Penn's School of Engineering and Applied Science with the Wharton School. M&T students pursue a Bachelor of Science in Economics from the Wharton School and either a Bachelor of Science in Engineering (BSE) or a Bachelor of Applied Science in Engineering (BAS) from Penn Engineering. The curriculum includes two special M&T “linking courses” that allow for added interdisciplinary learning opportunities. In addition, students within the Program pursue humanities courses through the School of Arts and Sciences, conduct research, and get involved in a wide array of activities across campus.

NASA career

In June 2003, Reisman served as an aquanaut during the NEEMO 5 mission aboard the Aquarius underwater laboratory, living and working under water for fourteen days. [5]

Aquanaut Diver who remains at depth underwater for longer than 24 hours

An aquanaut is any person who remains underwater, breathing at the ambient pressure for long enough for the concentration of the inert components of the breathing gas dissolved in the body tissues to reach equilibrium, in a state known as saturation. Usually this is done in an underwater habitat on the seafloor for a period equal to or greater than 24 continuous hours without returning to the surface. The term is often restricted to scientists and academics, though there were a group of military aquanauts during the SEALAB program. Commercial divers in similar circumstances are referred to as saturation divers. An aquanaut is distinct from a submariner, in that a submariner is confined to a moving underwater vehicle such as a submarine that holds the water pressure out. Aquanaut derives from the Latin word aqua ("water") plus the Greek nautes ("sailor"), by analogy to the similar construction "astronaut".

Underwater habitat Human habitable underwater enclosure filled with breathable gas

Underwater habitats are underwater structures in which people can live for extended periods and carry out most of the basic human functions of a 24-hour day, such as working, resting, eating, attending to personal hygiene, and sleeping. In this context 'habitat' is generally used in a narrow sense to mean the interior and immediate exterior of the structure and its fixtures, but not its surrounding marine environment. Most early underwater habitats lacked regenerative systems for air, water, food, electricity, and other resources. However, recently some new underwater habitats allow for these resources to be delivered using pipes, or generated within the habitat, rather than manually delivered.

Garrett Reisman on the mid-deck of Space Shuttle Endeavour during STS-123. Reisman aboard Endeavour.jpg
Garrett Reisman on the mid-deck of Space Shuttle Endeavour during STS-123.

Reisman was assigned as a long duration crewmember on the International Space Station. He launched as Mission Specialist 5 aboard the STS-123 (Space Shuttle Endeavour) mission on March 11, 2008. After docking he took part in the first spacewalk of the mission. [6] Reisman stayed on board as Flight Engineer 2 for part of Expedition 16 and part of Expedition 17. Having completed his mission, he returned to Earth as Mission Specialist 5 aboard STS-124 on June 14, 2008. [7] During his time on board the ISS he had seen two visiting Space Shuttles and the installation of the Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (SPDM) and the pressurized section of the Japanese Experiment Module "Kibo". [8]

International Space Station Habitable artificial satellite in low Earth orbit

The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit. Its first component was launched into orbit in 1998, with the first long-term residents arriving in November 2000. It has been inhabited continuously since that date. The last pressurised module was fitted in 2011, and an experimental inflatable space habitat was added in 2016. The station is expected to operate until 2030. Development and assembly of the station continues, with several new elements scheduled for launch in 2019. The ISS is the largest human-made body in low Earth orbit and can often be seen with the naked eye from Earth. The ISS consists of pressurised habitation modules, structural trusses, solar arrays, radiators, docking ports, experiment bays and robotic arms. ISS components have been launched by Russian Proton and Soyuz rockets, and American Space Shuttles.

STS-123 human spaceflight

STS-123 was a Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS) which was flown by Space Shuttle Endeavour. STS-123 was the 1J/A ISS assembly mission. The original launch target date was 14 February 2008 but after the delay of STS-122, the shuttle was launched on 11 March 2008. It was the twenty-fifth shuttle mission to visit the ISS, and delivered the first module of the Japanese laboratory, Japanese Experiment Module (Kibō), and the Canadian Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator, (SPDM) Dextre robotics system to the station. The mission duration was 15 days and 18 hours, and it was the first mission to fully utilize the Station-to-Shuttle Power Transfer System (SSPTS), allowing space station power to augment the shuttle power systems. The mission set a record for a shuttle's longest stay at the ISS.

Space Shuttle <i>Endeavour</i> Space shuttle orbiter

Space Shuttle Endeavour is a retired orbiter from NASA's Space Shuttle program and the fifth and final operational shuttle built. It embarked on its first mission, STS-49, in May 1992 and its 25th and final mission, STS-134, in May 2011. STS-134 was expected to be the final mission of the Space Shuttle program, but with the authorization of STS-135, Atlantis became the last shuttle to fly.

Reisman was the first Jewish crew member on the International Space Station. [9] He sent a greeting from space to the people of Israel during the celebration of Israel's 60th Independence Day in May 2008. [10] He also did an entertaining, high definition video of "A day in the life of a space station crew member" while on board as well as demonstrating in the large, and at the time empty, Kibo section, that humans cannot "swim" in the microgravity of orbital space. [11]

Reisman was a member of the STS-132 mission that traveled to the International Space Station aboard Space Shuttle Atlantis from May 14 to 26, 2010. He participated in two spacewalks during this mission. [12]

STS-132 NASA Space Shuttle mission

STS-132 was a NASA Space Shuttle mission, during which Space Shuttle Atlantis docked with the International Space Station on 16 May 2010. STS-132 was launched from the Kennedy Space Center on 14 May 2010. The primary payload was the Russian Rassvet Mini-Research Module, along with an Integrated Cargo Carrier-Vertical Light Deployable (ICC-VLD). Atlantis landed at the Kennedy Space Center on 26 May 2010.

Space Shuttle <i>Atlantis</i> Space shuttle orbiter

Space Shuttle Atlantis is a Space Shuttle orbiter vehicle belonging to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the spaceflight and space exploration agency of the United States. Constructed by the Rockwell International company in Southern California and delivered to the Kennedy Space Center in Eastern Florida in April 1985, Atlantis is the fourth operational and the second-to-last Space Shuttle built. Its maiden flight was STS-51-J from 3 to 7 October 1985.

Post-NASA career

On March 4, 2011, SpaceX announced that Reisman would be joining the company as a senior engineer working on astronaut safety and mission assurance. [13] He was promoted to currently director of crew operations. [14] On May 31st, 2018, Reisman announced he would leave his position at SpaceX, but remain as a "consultant," stating he could not pass up a job to teach human spaceflight at the nearby University of Southern California. [15] [16]

A self-proclaimed member of the "Colbert Universe", Reisman was interviewed live from space on the May 8, 2008 episode of The Colbert Report after being seen wearing a "WristStrong" bracelet. [4] [17] On July 24, 2008, after returning to Earth, Reisman appeared in person on The Colbert Report as that night's featured guest. [18] Reisman presented Stephen Colbert with the WristStrong bracelet he had worn while in space. [18] Reisman appeared on the final episode of The Colbert Report [19]

Reisman filmed a cameo appearance as a Colonial Marine for the series finale episode of Battlestar Galactica . [20] Space.com reported that his scene, in which "someone throws up on him and then he dies", might not be in the final edit of the episode which aired March 20, 2009. [20]

In the podcast for the final (as aired) episode, producer Ron Moore confirmed that one of the people seen in the background of a scene where a Raptor arms its nuclear payload (shortly before being destroyed) was Reisman.

Reisman was a childhood classmate of actress Jane Krakowski. [21] In May, 2010, Krakowski said on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno that she and Reisman exchanged e-mails while he was in space on Space Shuttle Atlantis. At the request of the crew, many of whom were 30 Rock fans, Krakowski provided an autographed script of the show which was brought into space.

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References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  public domain material from websites or documents ofthe National Aeronautics and Space Administration .

  1. "Astronaut to join USC Department of Astronautical Engineering". news.usc.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  2. "Astronaut Bio: Garrett E. Reisman". NASA Biographical Data. Retrieved 2007-05-14.
  3. Jagoda, Naomi (2008-03-25). "Astronaut's career was launched here". The Daily Pennsylvanian . Archived from the original on 2011-08-07.
  4. 1 2 Carreau, Mark (2008-05-08). "Astronaut trades jokes with Colbert in space interview". Houston Chronicle.
  5. NASA (March 21, 2006). "NEEMO History". NASA. Retrieved September 23, 2011.
  6. Dean, Brandi (January 29, 2008). "NASA – All Aboard for STS-123: The Station Goes Global". Johnson Space Center . Retrieved January 26, 2012.
  7. "Space shuttle takes its place on the pad". MSNBC. 2008-05-03. Chamitoff will remain behind on the station, replacing astronaut Garrett Reisman, who began his stint as a member of the station's live-aboard crew during the last shuttle mission in March. Reisman will be returning to Earth in Chamitoff's place.
  8. Dunn, Marcia (2008-06-02). "Shuttle makes big delivery to space station". MSNBC.
  9. Cashman, Greer Fay (2008-05-08). "Brown: Israel one of 20th century's 'greatest achievements'". Jerusalem Post.[ permanent dead link ]
  10. "Reisman sends greeting from space to Israel for Israel's 60th Independence Day celebration". Jerusalem Post. 2008-05-07.[ permanent dead link ]
  11. Malik, Tariq (2008-06-30). "NASA Astronaut Readapts to Life on Earth". Space.com. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
  12. NASA (May 2010). "STS-132 Mission Summary (PDF)" (PDF). NASA. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
  13. ""Astronaut Garriett Reisman Joins SpaceX" (March 4, 2011) SpaceX website". Archived from the original on 2011-05-18. Retrieved 2011-03-05.
  14. https://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/2015/04/30/boeing-spacex-seek-to-end-reliance-on-russia/26669501/
  15. "Astronaut to join USC Department of Astronautical Engineering". news.usc.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  16. "SpaceX crew director moves to academia, says company will win race to space". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  17. "Garrett Reisman – May 8, 2008". The Colbert Report. Comedy Central. 2008-05-08.
  18. 1 2 "Episode #04094 – July 24, 2008". The Colbert Report. Comedy Central. 2008-07-24. Archived from the original on October 12, 2008.
  19. "Stephen & Friends - "We'll Meet Again" - December 18, 2014". The Colbert Report. Comedy Central. 2014-12-18.
  20. 1 2 "Real-life astronaut dishes 'Battlestar Galactica'; Three months on real space station followed by one day on fake spaceship". MSNBC. March 19, 2009.
  21. http://www.nj.com/helpinghands/jamieduffy/index.ssf/2009/03/actress_jane_krakowski_and_ast.html