Garrison Church, Copenhagen

Last updated
Garrison Church
Garnisons Kirke
Garnisons Kirke Copenhagen.jpg
Garrison Church, Copenhagen
Location Copenhagen
Country Denmark
Denomination Church of Denmark
Website Church website
Founded18th century
Founder(s) Frederick IV of Denmark
Consecrated 24 March 1706
Functional status Parish Church
Diocese Copenhagen
Bishop(s) Peter Skov-Jakobsen
Vicar(s) Claus Oldenburg
Organist(s) Hans F. Westenholz

The Garrison Church (Garnisons Kirke) is a church at Sankt Annæ Plads in Copenhagen, Denmark. The Baroque church was erected as a church primarily intended for military personnel stationed in the city.



Illustration from Pontopidan's Danish Atlas from 1767 Garnisons Kirke Copenhagen 1767.jpg
Illustration from Pontopidan's Danish Atlas from 1767

In the 17th century, Copenhagen had become home to a sizeable garrison. A military church was built at Kastellet in 1670, but its modest size only allowed it to serve the personnel at the fortress. The rest of the troops in the city had to use Church of Holmen, a former anchor forge which had been converted into a naval church in 1619. [1]

When Sophie Amalienborg burned down in 1689, its chapel survived the flames and was subsequently put at the disposal of the Army. However, the small building which had been built for members of the royal court only served as a temporary solution. King Christian V therefore provided a tract of land at Dronningens Tværgade for the construction of a new church for the Army and military engineer Georg Philip Müller (ca 1684-ca 1706) completed a set of renderings in 1697. In order to keep the costs of building the church down, materials from Sophie Amalienborg were used, which also applies to the church furniture from the chapel. [2] [3]

When King Frederick IV ascended the throne in 1699, he moved the project to a site in the southernmost section of Sophie Amalienborg's former gardens. Construction began in 1703, still to Müller's design but under the supervision of Domenico Pelli (1657–1728). The following year it was decided to build the church to a larger and somewhat modified design and the project was taken over by Danish architect Wilhelm Friedrich von Platen (1667-1732). The church was inaugurated on 24 March 1706. [4] [5]

The church underwent restoration in 1885 under the direction of architect Ludvig Knudsen (1843–1924). At that time, a burial chapel was built following drawings by Ludvig Knudsen as a free standing building in the former cemetery. The interior of the church has been changed, repaired and renewed many times. The interior appearance of the church primarily stems from the renovation in 1954-61 as it sought to revert to a more original appearance. [6]

Monuments and memorials


ImageTitle / individual commemoratedSculptorInstalledReference
Carl Wilder memorial - Garnisons Kirke - Copenhagen - DSC07811.JPG Carl Wilder Memrrial
Christian Frederik Brorson memorial - Garnisons Kirke - Copenhagen - DSC07798.JPG Christian Frederik Brorson Memorial
Friderich Giesemann memorial - Garnisons Kirke - Copenhagen - DSC07796.JPG Friderich Giesemann
Georg Christopher v. Styrup - Garnisons Kirke - Copenhagen - DSC07791.JPG Georg Christopher vib Styrup
Heinrich Ludwig von Schimmelmann - Garnisons Kirke - Copenhagen - DSC07792.JPG Heinrich Ludwig von Schimmelmann Memorial
Indecipherable memorial - Garnisons Kirke - Copenhagen - DSC07795.JPG Indecipherable memorial
J.Th. Lundbye plaque at Garnisons Kirke.JPG J.Th. Lundbye Memorial
Jorgen Valentin Sonne memorial - Garnisons Kirke - Copenhagen - DSC07810.JPG Jörgen Valentin Sonne Memorial
Mathias Pedersen Nostrup memorial - Garnisons Kirke - Copenhagen - DSC07797.JPG Mathias Pedersen Nostrup Memorial
Olfert Ricard memorial - Garnisons Kirke - Copenhagen - DSC07793.JPG Olfert Ricard Memorial
Christian August Lorentzen memorial - Garnisons Kirke - Copenhagen - DSC07794.JPG Christian August Lorentzen Memorial
Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg plaque at Garnisons Kirke.JPG Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg
En af de mange 1.JPG One Of The Many Ausa Hofman-Bang


Related Research Articles

Nicolai Eigtved Danish architect

Nicolai Eigtved, also known as Niels Eigtved was a Danish architect. He introduced and was the leading proponent of the French rococo or late baroque style in Danish architecture during the 1730s–1740s. He designed and built some of the most prominent buildings of his time, a number of which still stand to this day. He also played an important role in the establishment of the Royal Danish Academy of Art, and was its first native-born leader.

Christian August Lorentzen Danish painter (1749-1828)

Christian August Lorentzen was a Danish painter.

Frederik Storch Danish artist (1805-1883)

Frederik Ludvig Storch was a Danish genre painter.

Einar Utzon-Frank Danish sculptor

Aksel (Axel) Einar (Ejnar) Utzon-Frank was a Danish sculptor and professor at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts. During his lifetime, he produced many sculptures, some of which stand as public monuments. He was the uncle of Pritzker Prize-winning architect Jørn Utzon.

Aalborg Cathedral School is the oldest gymnasium in North Jutland, Demnmark. There are about 80 teachers at Aalborg Cathedral School and approximately 760 students who are assigned to 24 high school classes and 6 Higher Preparatory Examination (HF)-classes.

Vilhelm Wohlert was a Danish architect. His most notable work was on the Louisiana Museum of Modern Art in Humlebæk, Denmark.

Georg Hilker Danish artist (1807-1875)

Georg Hilker was a Danish decorative painter active during the Danish Golden Age in the first half of the 19th century. He collaborated with painter Constantin Hansen (1804–1880).

Ludvig Knudsen Danish architect

Ludvig Harald Knudsen was a Historicist Danish architect. He mainly designed churches.

Swedish Gustafs Church Church in Copenhagen, Denmark

Swedish Gustaf's Church, part of the Church of Sweden Abroad, is the church of the Swedish congregation in Copenhagen, Denmark. It was built between 1907 to 1911 to the design of Swedish architect Theodor Wåhlin (1864-1948) and is named after King Gustaf V of Sweden.

Heinrich Eddelien painter (1802-1852)

Matthias Heinrich Elias Eddelien was a Danish history painter of German origin.

Valdemar Koch Danish architect and local politician

Otto Valdemar Koch was a Danish architect and local politician. He designed a number of churches in Copenhagen.

Bjernede Church church

Bjernede Church is a medieval era round church located near Sorø, Denmark. It is one of only seven remaining round churches in Denmark and the only one of its kind on the island of Zealand.

Philips Church, Copenhagen Church in Copenhagen, Denmark

Philip's Church is a Church of Denmark parish church on Amager in Copenhagen, Denmark.

Vilhelm Tvede Danish architect

Frederik Vilhelm Tvede was a Danish architect.

Ludvig Brandstrup Danish sculptor

Ludvig Brandstrup was a Danish sculptor. He is remembered above all for his equestrian statue of Christian IX in Esbjerg but was also one of the most competent portraitists of his day.

Carl Christian Seydewitz Danish officer and painter (1777-1857)

Carl Christian von Seydewitz was a Danish portrait painter and army officer. He was not a member of the nobility but, from 1770 to 1860, officers were allowed to use "von" with their surnames.

Herman Siegumfeldt Danish painter (1833-1912)

Herman Carl Siegumfeldt was a Danish genre and landscape painter.

Emil Jørgensen (architect) Danish architect

Emil Gustav Vilhelm Jørgensen was a Danish architect, most notable for his work in the National Romantic style such as the Church of the Deaf in Copenhagen.

Arthur Wittmaack Danish architect

Arthur Carl Johann Wittmaack was a Danish architect. His work was part of the architecture event in the art competition at the 1928 Summer Olympics.

Frederik Vilhelm Hvalsøe was a Danish architect.


  1. "Garnisons Kirke" (in Danish). Gyldendal. Retrieved 2010-01-04.
  2. "Sophie Amalienborg". Selskabet for Københavns Historie. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  3. "Georg Philip Müller". Kunstindeks Danmark & Weilbach Kunstnerleksikon. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  4. "Kirkens historie". Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  5. "Domenico Pelli". Kunstindeks Danmark & Weilbach Kunstnerleksikon. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  6. "Ludvig Knudsen". Kunstindeks Danmark & Weilbach Kunstnerleksikon. Retrieved January 1, 2020.

Coordinates: 55°40′54″N12°35′22″E / 55.6818°N 12.5894°E / 55.6818; 12.5894