Garrison Church, Copenhagen

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Garrison Church
Garnisons Kirke
Garnisons Kirke Copenhagen.jpg
Garrison Church, Copenhagen
Location Copenhagen
Country Denmark
Denomination Church of Denmark
Website Church website
History
StatusActive
Founded18th century
Founder(s) Frederick IV of Denmark
Consecrated 24 March 1706
Architecture
Functional status Parish Church
Completed1706
Administration
Diocese Copenhagen
Clergy
Bishop(s) Peter Skov-Jakobsen
Vicar(s) Claus Oldenburg
Laity
Organist(s) Hans F. Westenholz

The Garrison Church (Garnisons Kirke) is a church at Sankt Annæ Plads in Copenhagen, Denmark. The Baroque church was erected as a church primarily intended for military personnel stationed in the city.

Contents

History

Illustration from Pontopidan's Danish Atlas from 1767 Garnisons Kirke Copenhagen 1767.jpg
Illustration from Pontopidan's Danish Atlas from 1767

In the 17th century, Copenhagen had become home to a sizeable garrison. A military church was built at Kastellet in 1670, but its modest size only allowed it to serve the personnel at the fortress. The rest of the troops in the city had to use Church of Holmen, a former anchor forge which had been converted into a naval church in 1619. [1]

When Sophie Amalienborg burned down in 1689, its chapel survived the flames and was subsequently put at the disposal of the Army. However, the small building which had been built for members of the royal court only served as a temporary solution. King Christian V therefore provided a tract of land at Dronningens Tværgade for the construction of a new church for the Army and military engineer Georg Philip Müller (ca 1684-ca 1706) completed a set of renderings in 1697. In order to keep the costs of building the church down, materials from Sophie Amalienborg were used, which also applies to the church furniture from the chapel. [2] [3]

When King Frederick IV ascended the throne in 1699, he moved the project to a site in the southernmost section of Sophie Amalienborg's former gardens. Construction began in 1703, still to Müller's design but under the supervision of Domenico Pelli (1657–1728). The following year it was decided to build the church to a larger and somewhat modified design and the project was taken over by Danish architect Wilhelm Friedrich von Platen (1667-1732). The church was inaugurated on 24 March 1706. [4] [5]

The church underwent restoration in 1885 under the direction of architect Ludvig Knudsen (1843–1924). At that time, a burial chapel was built following drawings by Ludvig Knudsen as a free standing building in the former cemetery. The interior of the church has been changed, repaired and renewed many times. The interior appearance of the church primarily stems from the renovation in 1954-61 as it sought to revert to a more original appearance. [6]

Monuments and memorials

List

ImageTitle / individual commemoratedSculptorInstalledReference
Carl Wilder memorial - Garnisons Kirke - Copenhagen - DSC07811.JPG Carl Wilder Memrrial
Christian Frederik Brorson memorial - Garnisons Kirke - Copenhagen - DSC07798.JPG Christian Frederik Brorson Memorial
Friderich Giesemann memorial - Garnisons Kirke - Copenhagen - DSC07796.JPG Friderich Giesemann
Georg Christopher v. Styrup - Garnisons Kirke - Copenhagen - DSC07791.JPG Georg Christopher vib Styrup
Heinrich Ludwig von Schimmelmann - Garnisons Kirke - Copenhagen - DSC07792.JPG Heinrich Ludwig von Schimmelmann Memorial
Indecipherable memorial - Garnisons Kirke - Copenhagen - DSC07795.JPG Indecipherable memorial
J.Th. Lundbye plaque at Garnisons Kirke.JPG J.Th. Lundbye Memorial
Jorgen Valentin Sonne memorial - Garnisons Kirke - Copenhagen - DSC07810.JPG Jörgen Valentin Sonne Memorial
Mathias Pedersen Nostrup memorial - Garnisons Kirke - Copenhagen - DSC07797.JPG Mathias Pedersen Nostrup Memorial
Olfert Ricard memorial - Garnisons Kirke - Copenhagen - DSC07793.JPG Olfert Ricard Memorial
Christian August Lorentzen memorial - Garnisons Kirke - Copenhagen - DSC07794.JPG Christian August Lorentzen Memorial
Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg plaque at Garnisons Kirke.JPG Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg
En af de mange 1.JPG One Of The Many Ausa Hofman-Bang

Burials

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References

  1. "Garnisons Kirke" (in Danish). Gyldendal. Retrieved 2010-01-04.
  2. "Sophie Amalienborg". Selskabet for Københavns Historie. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  3. "Georg Philip Müller". Kunstindeks Danmark & Weilbach Kunstnerleksikon. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  4. "Kirkens historie". garnisonskirken.dk. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  5. "Domenico Pelli". Kunstindeks Danmark & Weilbach Kunstnerleksikon. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  6. "Ludvig Knudsen". Kunstindeks Danmark & Weilbach Kunstnerleksikon. Retrieved January 1, 2020.

Coordinates: 55°40′54″N12°35′22″E / 55.6818°N 12.5894°E / 55.6818; 12.5894