Garry Shandling

Last updated

Garry Shandling
Garry Shandling at the 39th Emmy Awards cropped.jpg
Shandling at the 39th Primetime Emmy Awards in 1987
Born
Garry Emmanuel Shandling

(1949-11-29)November 29, 1949
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
DiedMarch 24, 2016(2016-03-24) (aged 66)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Alma mater University of Arizona [1]
Years active1975–2016
Partner(s) Linda Doucett (1987–1994)
Comedy career
MediumStand-up, film, television
Genres Observational comedy, satire, cringe comedy
Subject(s) Self-deprecation, human interaction, everyday life
Notable works and roles It's Garry Shandling's Show
The Larry Sanders Show

Garry Emmanuel Shandling (November 29, 1949 – March 24, 2016) was an American stand-up comedian, actor, director, writer, and producer. He was best known for his work in It's Garry Shandling's Show and The Larry Sanders Show .

<i>Its Garry Shandlings Show</i> American television program

It's Garry Shandling's Show is an American sitcom that was initially broadcast on Showtime from 1986 to 1990. It was created by Garry Shandling and Alan Zweibel. The series is notable for breaking the fourth wall.

<i>The Larry Sanders Show</i> American television program

The Larry Sanders Show is an American television sitcom set in the office and studio of a fictional late-night talk show. The series was created by Garry Shandling and Dennis Klein and aired from August 1992 to May 1998 on the HBO cable television network.

Contents

Shandling began his career writing for sitcoms, such as Sanford and Son and Welcome Back, Kotter . He made a successful stand-up performance on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson and became a frequent guest-host on the series. Shandling was for a time considered the leading contender to replace Johnny Carson (other hopefuls were Joan Rivers, David Letterman, and David Brenner). In 1986, he created It's Garry Shandling's Show for Showtime. It was nominated for four Emmy Awards (including one for Shandling) and lasted until 1990. His second show titled The Larry Sanders Show, which began airing on HBO in 1992, was even more successful. Shandling was nominated for 18 Emmy Awards for the show and won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Comedy Series in 1998, along with Peter Tolan, for writing the series finale. In film, he had a recurring role in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, appearing in Iron Man 2 and Captain America: The Winter Soldier . He also lent his voice to Verne the turtle in Over the Hedge . Shandling's final performance was as the voice of Ikki in the live-action remake of The Jungle Book .

<i>Sanford and Son</i> television series

Sanford and Son is an American sitcom that ran on the NBC television network from January 14, 1972, to March 25, 1977. It was based on the BBC Television program Steptoe and Son.

<i>Welcome Back, Kotter</i> Television series

Welcome Back, Kotter is an American sitcom starring Gabe Kaplan as a sardonic high school teacher in charge of a racially and ethnically diverse remedial class called the "Sweathogs". Recorded in front of a live studio audience, it originally aired on ABC from September 9, 1975, to May 17, 1979.

<i>The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson</i> television series

The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson is an American talk show hosted by Johnny Carson under the Tonight Show franchise from October 1, 1962 through May 22, 1992.

During his four-decade career, Shandling was nominated for 19 Primetime Emmy Awards and two Golden Globe Awards, along with many other awards and nominations. He served as host of the Grammy Awards four times and as host of the Emmy Awards three times.

Golden Globe Award award of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association

The Golden Globe Awards are accolades bestowed by the 93 members of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association beginning in January 1944, recognizing excellence in film and television, both domestic and foreign.

Grammy Award accolade by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States

A Grammy Award, or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the music industry. The annual presentation ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and the presentation of those awards that have a more popular interest. The Grammys are the second of the Big Three major music awards held annually.

An Emmy Award, or simply Emmy, is an American award that recognizes excellence in the television industry, and is the equivalent of an Academy Award, the Tony Award, and the Grammy Award.

Early life

Shandling was born Garry Emmanuel Shandling in Chicago, Illinois, [2] on November 29, 1949 [3] to a Jewish family. He grew up in Tucson, Arizona, one of two sons of Irving Shandling (1919-1985), who owned Shandling Lithographic, an art and academic print shop, [4] [5] [6] and Muriel Estelle (née Singer) (1922-2011), proprietor of Muriel Shandling's Animal Fair, a pet store, [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] with paternal grandparents Jacob Shandling, Anna Dodge from Russia and maternal grandparents Charles Singer from New York, and Aida Goovitsh from London.

Chicago City in Illinois, United States

Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States. As of the 2017 census-estimate, it has a population of 2,716,450, which makes it the most populous city in both the state of Illinois and the Midwestern United States. Chicago is the county seat of Cook County, the second most populous county in the United States, and the principal city of the Chicago metropolitan area, which is often referred to as "Chicagoland." The Chicago metropolitan area, at nearly 10 million people, is the third-largest in the United States, the fourth largest in North America, and the third largest metropolitan area in the world by land area.

Jews ancient nation and ethnoreligious group from the Levant

Jews or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites and Hebrews of historical Israel and Judah. Jewish ethnicity, nationhood, and religion are strongly interrelated, as Judaism is the traditional faith of the Jewish people, while its observance varies from strict observance to complete nonobservance.

Tucson, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Tucson is a city and the county seat of Pima County, Arizona, United States, and home to the University of Arizona. The 2010 United States Census put the population at 520,116, while the 2015 estimated population of the entire Tucson metropolitan statistical area (MSA) was 980,263. The Tucson MSA forms part of the larger Tucson-Nogales combined statistical area (CSA), with a total population of 1,010,025 as of the 2010 Census. Tucson is the second-largest populated city in Arizona behind Phoenix, both of which anchor the Arizona Sun Corridor. The city is 108 miles (174 km) southeast of Phoenix and 60 mi (97 km) north of the U.S.–Mexico border. Tucson is the 33rd largest city and the 58th largest metropolitan area in the United States (2014).

The Shandling family moved to Tucson so that Garry's older brother, Barry Philip (1947-1960), [13] [14] [15] could receive treatment for cystic fibrosis and the hot dry air. [16] [2] Barry died of the disease when Garry was 10. [17] Shandling first obtained a ham radio license at age 13 [16] holding the callsigns W7BKG, [18] WN7BKG, [19] and WA7BKG (in 1969), [20] [21] [21] belonging to Old Pueblo Radio Club, [22] The Rag Chewers Club, [23] American Radio Relay League, and sent QSL cards; [24] later holding the call sign KD6OY [25] [26] and apparently let his license lapse some time in the 1990s. [19] Shandling attended Palo Verde High School, sometimes reading his humorous class essays to classes. [16]

Cystic fibrosis autosomal recessive disease that is characterized by the buildup of thick, sticky mucus that can damage many organs.

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder that affects mostly the lungs, but also the pancreas, liver, kidneys, and intestine. Long-term issues include difficulty breathing and coughing up mucus as a result of frequent lung infections. Other signs and symptoms may include sinus infections, poor growth, fatty stool, clubbing of the fingers and toes, and infertility in most males. Different people may have different degrees of symptoms.

The American Radio Relay League (ARRL) is the largest membership association of amateur radio enthusiasts in the USA. ARRL is a non-profit organization, and was co-founded on April 6, 1914 by Hiram Percy Maxim and Clarence D. Tuska of Hartford, Connecticut. The ARRL represents the interests of amateur radio operators before federal regulatory bodies, provides technical advice and assistance to amateur radio enthusiasts, supports a number of educational programs and sponsors emergency communications service throughout the country. The ARRL has approximately 154,000 members. In addition to members in the US, the organization claims over 7,000 members in other countries. The ARRL publishes many books and a monthly membership journal called QST. The ARRL held its Centennial Convention in Hartford, Connecticut in July 2014.

QSL card written confirmation

A QSL card is a written confirmation of either a two-way radiocommunication between two amateur radio stations or a one-way reception of a signal from an AM radio, FM radio, television or shortwave broadcasting station. It can also confirm the reception of a two-way radiocommunication by a third party listener. A typical QSL card is the same size and made from the same material as a typical postcard, and most are sent through the mail as such.

Career

After graduation from Palo Verde High School, [9] he attended the University of Arizona in Tucson, majoring in electrical engineering for three years. One day after leaving a laboratory class for a drink of water, he couldn't bear rejoining the class. [27] [16] He eventually completed a degree in marketing and pursued a year of postgraduate studies in creative writing, [28] and contributed humorous articles to small magazines. [16]

University of Arizona public university in Tucson, Arizona, United States

The University of Arizona is a public research university in Tucson, Arizona. Founded in 1885, the UA was the first university in the Arizona Territory. As of 2017, the university enrolls 44,831 students in 19 separate colleges/schools, including the University of Arizona College of Medicine in Tucson and Phoenix and the James E. Rogers College of Law, and is affiliated with two academic medical centers. The University of Arizona is governed by the Arizona Board of Regents. The University of Arizona is one of the elected members of the Association of American Universities and is the only representative from the state of Arizona to this group.

Electrical engineering field of engineering that deals with electricity

Electrical engineering is a professional engineering discipline that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. This field first became an identifiable occupation in the later half of the 19th century after commercialization of the electric telegraph, the telephone, and electric power distribution and use. Subsequently, broadcasting and recording media made electronics part of daily life. The invention of the transistor, and later the integrated circuit, brought down the cost of electronics to the point they can be used in almost any household object.

At 19, he drove two hours to a club in Phoenix, where he showed some jokes to George Carlin, who was appearing. The next day, on a repeat round-trip, Carlin told him that he had funny stuff on every page and should keep at it. [29] [16] [30] [31]

In 1973, Shandling moved to Los Angeles. He worked at an advertising agency for a time, took a script-writing class, wrote a speculative script with the son of a script writer, and then sold a script for the popular NBC sitcom Sanford and Son . [32] In addition to Sanford and Son, Shandling wrote scripts for the sitcoms Welcome Back, Kotter and attended a story meeting for Three's Company . [33]

In the late 1970s, Shandling was in an improv group with Paul Willson. [34] [16]

In 1977, Shandling was involved in an auto accident in Beverly Hills that left him in critical condition for two days and hospitalized for two weeks with a crushed spleen. [2] During his hospital stay he had a life changing near death experience. Shandling stated, "I had a vivid near-death experience that involved a voice asking, "Do you want to continue leading Garry Shandling's life?" Without thinking, I said, "Yes." Since then, I've been stuck living in the physical world while knowing, without a doubt, that there's something much more meaningful within it all. That realization is what drives my life and work." [35] That accident inspired him to pursue a career as a comedian, [36] and he later turned the accident into part of his comedy. [17]

Stand-up comedy

Shandling became a stand-up comedian because, one day at a story meeting for "Three's Company," one of the producers complained, "Well, Chrissie wouldn't say that." [37] [38]

I just locked, I said, 'I don't think I can do this.' And I stopped right there and went on to perform.

-Shandling [39]

In 1978, Shandling performed his first stand-up routine at the Comedy Store in Los Angeles. A year later, Shandling was one of the few performers to cross the picket line when a group of comedians organized a boycott against the Comedy Store, protesting owner Mitzi Shore's policy of not paying comedians to perform. According to William Knoedelseder, Shandling "was the scion of a family with ... decidedly antiunion views. He had not shared the struggling comic experience. He was a successful sitcom writer trying to break into stand-up, and prior to the strike, Shore had refused to put him in the regular lineup because she didn't think he was good enough. Of course, that changed the minute he crossed the picket line." [40]

His persona was an anxiety-ridden, grimacing, guarded, confused man on the verge of losing control. [41] After a couple of years on the road, a talent scout from The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson booked him to appear as a guest in 1981. Shandling substituted for Carson on a regular basis until 1987, [32] when he left to focus on his cable show leaving Jay Leno as permanent guest host and Carson's eventual successor.[ citation needed ]

In 1984, Shandling performed his first stand-up special Garry Shandling: Alone in Vegas for Showtime, [42] followed by a second televised special in 1986 titled The Garry Shandling Show: 25th Anniversary Special, also for Showtime. [43] In 1991, a third special titled Garry Shandling: Stand-Up was part of the HBO Comedy Hour. [44]

Television series

It's Garry Shandling's Show

In 1985, Shandling and Alan Zweibel went on to create It's Garry Shandling's Show . Through 1990, it ran for 72 episodes on Showtime. The edited reruns played on the Fox network beginning in 1988. [45] Shandling wrote 15 episodes of the series.

The series subverted the standard sitcom format by having its characters openly acknowledge that they were all part of a television series. Building on a concept that harked back to The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show , in which George Burns would frequently break the "fourth wall" and speak directly to the audience, Shandling's series went so far as to incorporate the audience and elements of the studio itself into the storylines, calling attention to the artifice of the show. [28] [45] [46]

The series was nominated for four Emmy Awards, [28] including one for Shandling. He won an American Comedy Award for Funniest Male Performance in a Series, and won four CableACE awards, two for Best Comedy Series. The show also won an award for Outstanding Achievement in Comedy from the Television Critics Association. [47]

The Larry Sanders Show

Shandling during the 1994 Emmy Awards rehearsals Garry Shandling (2077238844).jpg
Shandling during the 1994 Emmy Awards rehearsals

In 1992, Shandling launched another critical and commercial success by creating the mock behind-the-scenes talk show sitcom The Larry Sanders Show . It was inspired by the second episode of the fourth season of "It's Garry Shandling's Show", "Take My Wife, for Example". [16] It ran for 89 episodes through to 1998 on HBO. It garnered 56 Emmy Award nominations and three wins. Shandling based the series on his experiences guest hosting The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson . [48]

In 1993, NBC offered Shandling $5 million to take over Late Night when David Letterman announced his highly publicized move to CBS, but Shandling declined. [28] [49] He was subsequently offered The Late Late Show , but also declined in favor of continuing The Larry Sanders Show. [28]

Shandling wrote 38 episodes of the series and directed three in the series' final season. He was nominated for 18 Emmy Awards for the series; [28] five for acting, seven for writing, and six for being co-executive producer with Brad Grey. [36] He won one Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing in a Comedy Series for the series finale "Flip." He has also been nominated for two Golden Globe Awards for Best Actor (Musical or Comedy) in 1994 and 1995. He won two American Comedy Awards for Funniest Male Performance in a Comedy Series, eight CableACE Awards, and a BAFTA Award. [32] The series also influenced other shows, such as Entourage , 30 Rock , and Curb Your Enthusiasm , in which guest stars portray themselves in episodes of the series. [50]

In 2002, TV Guide named The Larry Sanders Show as 38th Greatest Show of All Time. In 2008, Entertainment Weekly ranked the series the 28th Best Show of the past 25 years. It was also included on Time magazine's 100 Greatest Shows of All Time.[ citation needed ]

The first season was re-released in 2007, along with a Not Just the Best of the Larry Sanders Show, which were Shandling's pick of the best 23 episodes. [51]

In October 2012, Shandling returned with fellow cast members from The Larry Sanders Show for Entertainment Weekly's Reunions issue. He was reunited with co-stars Rip Torn, Jeffrey Tambor, Sarah Silverman, Penny Johnson Jerald, Wallace Langham, and Mary Lynn Rajskub. [52]

Other work

Shandling at the 1992 Emmy Awards Shandling.jpg
Shandling at the 1992 Emmy Awards

Shandling hosted the Grammy Awards in 1990, 1991, 1993, and 1994. [53] He hosted the Emmy Awards in 2000 and 2004, and co-hosted (giving the opening monologue) in 2003. [28] He appeared occasionally in films, beginning with a cameo as Mr. Vertisey in The Night We Never Met . He portrayed supporting roles in Love Affair and Mixed Nuts , Dr. Dolittle (1998) as the voice of a live-action pigeon, the David Rabe play adaptation Hurlyburly (1998), and Trust the Man (2001). Shandling wrote and starred in Mike Nichols's What Planet Are You From? (2000), and co-starred with Warren Beatty and others in Town & Country (2001).

In October 1999, Shandling, along with David Rensin, published Confessions of a Late Night Talk Show Host: The Autobiography of Larry Sanders, written in the voice of his alter-ego Larry Sanders. [54]

He also appeared in a brief cameo in Zoolander (2001). Again voicing an animal, Shandling co-starred as Verne in Over the Hedge (2006), which went on to become one of his best known roles. [55] He appeared in Iron Man 2 (2010) as Senator Stern and reprised the role in Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014). He appeared in an uncredited cameo as a health inspector in The Dictator (2012).

In late 2006, Ricky Gervais interviewed Shandling [56] [57] [58] for Ricky Gervais Meets ... , a British documentary series, [59] [60] citing him as a comic influence. [61] The reviews of British TV critics were mixed – one Guardian reviewer described it as "the uneasiest interview ever," [62] [63] [64] [65] [66] [67] [68] [69] [70] [71] another as Gervais's most interesting, [72] [73] but the general consensus was that it felt "awkward" [74] [75] [76] due to both men's different comedic styles. [77] [78]

In May 2011, Shandling was the featured guest on WTF with Marc Maron. [79] [80]

He starred as himself representing Fox Mulder, alongside Téa Leoni as Dana Scully in The X-Files season 7 spoof episode "Hollywood A.D." [81]

In February 2010, Shandling was staying at the same Waipio Valley hotel that Conan O'Brien checked in to after his departure from The Tonight Show and spent the entire vacation together, Shandling helping to rehabilitate O'Brien. [82] [83] [84] [85] [86]

In January 2016, Shandling was the featured guest on two different online shows. On January 13, Shandling appeared on episode 299 of the podcast You Made It Weird with Pete Holmes , [87] which ran for over 2 hours and displayed many deeper, spiritual sides to Shandling, along with much spontaneous humor.[ original research? ] Just a week later, on January 20, Comedians in Cars Getting Coffee with Jerry Seinfeld debuted the now-poignantly titled episode "It's Great That Garry Shandling Is Still Alive." [88] [89]

Personal life

Shandling never married and had no children. [90] He revealed little about his personal life. He shared an apartment with his fiancée Linda Doucett from 1987 until 1994; on The Larry Sanders Show, Doucett portrayed Darlene, Hank Kingsley's doting assistant. [91] Shandling dated Sharon Stone [92] and reportedly dated Calista Flockhart. [93] [94] [95]

Shandling was a Buddhist [96] [97] [98] [99] [100] who meditated, played a lot of basketball [101] [102] and boxed four times per week. [50] Introduced to boxing by David Duchovny, [103] [104] Shandling owned a boxing gym, TSB 44 (Tough Strong Bold No. 44) [105] [106] [107] [108] [109] in Santa Monica, California, [32] along with Peter Berg [110] and boxing trainer David Paul, which in 2013 was renamed Wild Card West Boxing Club. [111] [112]

On February 4, 2019, Shandling's estate bestowed $15.2 million to benefit medical research at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA. His gift will establish and endow the Garry Shandling Endocrine Surgery Research Fund, the Garry Shandling Infectious Diseases Innovation Fund and the Garry Shandling Pancreatic Diseases Fund. The remainder of the bequest will establish the Garry Shandling Medical Research Fund, which will operate under the direction of the medical school’s dean. In his honor, UCLA also has named the Garry Shandling Learning Studio, a 6,400-square-foot multipurpose space located in Geffen Hall, the school’s medical education building. [113]

Sexual harassment allegations

In 1994, when Shandling and his fiancée Linda Doucett ended their relationship, Shandling had her dismissed from The Larry Sanders Show. Doucett filed a lawsuit against Shandling and Brad Grey's production company, Brillstein Entertainment Partners, for sexual harassment and wrongful termination. The case was settled out of court in 1997 for $1 million. [114] [115]

In October 2017, television writer Janis Hirsch, who wrote for It's Garry Shandling's Show , alleged that another actor put his genitals on her shoulder in front of Shandling while in his office and did so with impunity. Of Shandling, Hirsch wrote "Garry presided over a misogynistic writers room, where women (well, woman: it was just me) were called slits". [116] [117]

Awards and nominations

Shandling won two British Comedy Awards, [118] twelve CableACE Awards [119] (including eight for The Larry Sanders Show and four for It's Garry Shandling's Show), a BAFTA Award [118] and was nominated for two Writers Guild of America Awards for The Larry Sanders Show. He received three American Comedy Awards, [119] two Satellite Award nominations, [120] and in 2004, he was presented with the Austin Film Festival's Outstanding Television Writer Award. [121]

Death

Shandling suffered from hyperparathyroidism, a condition that can be fatal. [122] [123]

On March 24, 2016, Shandling died in his home in Los Angeles, California, at age 66. The Los Angeles Police Department reported that he suddenly collapsed in his home and was rushed to a hospital, [124] [125] suffering from an apparent medical emergency. By the time the paramedics arrived, Shandling was unconscious. The autopsy showed that he died from a pulmonary embolism. [126]

Filmography

Film

YearTitleRoleNotes
1993 The Night We Never Met Mr. VertiseyUncredited
1994 Love Affair Kip DeMay
1994 Mixed Nuts Stanley
1998 Dr. Dolittle Male Pigeon (voice)
1998 Hurlyburly Artie
2000 What Planet Are You From? Harold AndersonAlso producer, writer
2001 Town & Country Griffin Morris
2001 Zoolander HimselfCameo
2002 Run Ronnie Run! HimselfCameo
2005 Trust the Man Dr. Beekman
2006 Over the Hedge Verne (voice)
2006 Hammy's Boomerang Adventure Verne (voice)Short film
2010 Iron Man 2 Senator Stern
2011The Brain StormGarry ShandlingShort film
2012 The Dictator Health InspectorUncredited cameo
2014 Captain America: The Winter Soldier Senator Stern
2016 The Jungle Book [127] Ikki (voice)Posthumous release

Television

YearTitleRoleNotes
1979 Make Me Laugh [128] [129] [130] [131] [132] [27] HimselfComedy game show
1984Garry Shandling: Alone in VegasHimselfStand-up special
1985 Michael Nesmith in Television Parts HimselfSkits in 2 episodes
1986The Garry Shandling Show: 25th Anniversary SpecialGarry ShandlingParody of a The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson -type anniversary
1986–1987 The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson Himself (guest host)7 episodes; June and October 1986, January and September 1987
1986–1990 It's Garry Shandling's Show Garry Shandling72 episodes; also co-creator, executive producer, writer
1987 Saturday Night Live Himself (host)Episode: "Garry Shandling/Los Lobos"
1990 Mother Goose Rock 'n' Rhyme Jack Television film
1990 32nd Annual Grammy Awards Himself (host)Television special
1991 33rd Annual Grammy Awards Himself (host)Television special
1991Garry Shandling: Stand-UpHimselfStand-up special
1992 The Ben Stiller Show Garry ShandlingEpisode: "With Garry Shandling"
1992–1998 The Larry Sanders Show Larry Sanders89 episodes; also co-creator, executive producer, writer, director
1993 35th Annual Grammy Awards Himself (host)Television special
1994 36th Annual Grammy Awards Himself (host)Television special
1996 Dr. Katz, Professional Therapist Garry (voice)Episode: "Sticky Notes"
1998 Caroline in the City SteveEpisode: "Caroline and the Marriage Counselor: Part 2"
1998 Charlie Rose (TV series) [133] Himself (guest) [134] Episode: "Interview, November 16, 1998" [135]
2000 The X-Files HimselfEpisode: "Hollywood A.D."
2000 52nd Primetime Emmy Awards Himself (host)Television special
2002 My Adventures in Television HimselfEpisode: "Death Be Not Pre-Empted"
2004 56th Primetime Emmy Awards Himself (host)Television special
2006 Tom Goes to the Mayor Captain Pat Lewellen (voice)Episode: "Couple's Therapy"

As writer

YearTitleNotes
1975–1976 Sanford and Son 4 episodes
1976 Welcome Back, Kotter Episode: "Horshack vs. Carvelli"
1978 The Harvey Korman Show Episode: "The One Where Harvey Won't Change" [136]

Books

Related Research Articles

Larry David American comedian, writer, actor, and television producer

Lawrence Gene David is an American comedian, writer, actor, director, and television producer. He and Jerry Seinfeld created the television series Seinfeld, of which David was the head writer and executive producer from 1989 to 1997. David has subsequently gained further recognition for the HBO series Curb Your Enthusiasm, which he also created, in which he stars as a semi-fictionalized version of himself.

Ricky Gervais English comedian, actor, director, producer, musician, writer, and former radio presenter

Ricky Dene Gervais is an English stand-up comedian, actor, writer, producer, director, and singer.

Jeffrey Tambor American actor and voice actor

Jeffrey Michael Tambor is an American actor and voice actor. He is known for his television roles such as Hank Kingsley on The Larry Sanders Show (1992–1998), George Bluth Sr. and Oscar Bluth on Arrested Development and Maura Pfefferman on Transparent (2014–2017).

Stephen Merchant English writer, director, and actor

Stephen James Merchant is an English writer, director, radio presenter, comedian and actor.

Judd Apatow American producer, writer, director, actor, and comedian

Judd Apatow is an American filmmaker and comedian. He is the founder of Apatow Productions, through which he produced and developed the television series Freaks and Geeks, Undeclared, Girls, Love, and Crashing and directed the films The 40-Year-Old Virgin (2005), Knocked Up (2007), Funny People (2009), This Is 40 (2012), Trainwreck (2015), May It Last: A Portrait of the Avett Brothers (2017), and The Zen Diaries of Garry Shandling (2018).

Karl Pilkington English television personality, social commentator, actor, author and former radio producer

Karl Pilkington is an English television presenter, author, comedian, radio producer, actor, voice actor, and philosopher.

Todd Holland is an American television and film director and producer. He directed over 50 episodes of The Larry Sanders Show, for which he received an Emmy, and 26 episodes of Malcolm in the Middle, for which he received two Emmy Awards. His feature films include The Wizard (1989), and Krippendorf's Tribe (1998).

Loren Bouchard American director and musician

Loren Hal Bouchard is an American animator, writer, producer, television director, and composer. He is best known for being the creator of several animated TV shows such as Bob's Burgers and Lucy, the Daughter of the Devil. He is also the co-creator of Home Movies with Brendon Small.

Paul Lee Willson is an American actor, most notable for his television work. He was born in Fairmont, Minnesota, the son of Doris Geraldine and Lee Wilford Willson.

Michael Nesmith in Television Parts is a summer TV series run by NBC in 1985. It was a 30-minute comedy-variety series created by Michael Nesmith as a continuation of his Grammy Award-winning video production Elephant Parts, and earlier series PopClips. The first episode was a stand-alone television special which aired on March 7, 1985. The following series premiered on June 14, 1985.

Wayne Federman American comedian

Wayne Federman is an American comedian, actor, author, writer, comedy historian, and musician. He is noted for numerous stand-up comedy appearances in clubs, theaters, and on television; a biography of "Pistol" Pete Maravich; and supporting comedic acting roles in The X-Files, The Larry Sanders Show, Curb Your Enthusiasm, Crashing, Legally Blonde, 50 First Dates, The 40-Year-Old Virgin, and Step Brothers. He was the head monologue writer for NBC's Late Night with Jimmy Fallon in its first season. He co-produced the Emmy-winning HBO documentary The Zen Diaries of Garry Shandling.

Life's Too Short is a British sitcom mockumentary created and written by Ricky Gervais and Stephen Merchant, from an idea by Warwick Davis, about "the life of a showbiz dwarf". Davis plays a fictionalised version of himself, and both Gervais and Merchant appear in supporting roles as themselves. The show began airing on BBC Two on 10 November 2011. Premium cable channel HBO, which co-produced the series with the BBC, have the US rights and began airing the series on 19 February 2012.

<i>The Ricky Gervais Show</i> (TV series) British cartoon series

The Ricky Gervais Show is a British comedy cartoon series produced for and broadcast by HBO and Channel 4. The series is an animated version of the popular British audio podcasts and audiobooks of the same name, which feature Ricky Gervais and Stephen Merchant, along with colleague and friend Karl Pilkington, talking about various subjects behind the microphone. The TV series consists of past audio recordings of these unscripted "pointless conversations," with animation drawn in a style similar to classic era Hanna-Barbera cartoons, presenting jokes and situations in a literal context.

Derek is a British comedy-drama television series starring, written and directed by Ricky Gervais. The pilot was produced by Derek Productions Ltd. for Channel 4 and aired on 12 April 2012. Channel 4 describes the show as "A bittersweet comedy drama about a group of outsiders living on society's margins."

The 17th Annual CableACE Awards were held on December 6, 1995. Below are the nominees and winners from that ceremony in the major categories.

Spencer Jones is an English actor, comedian and writer. He has performed regularly at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe and in 2017 was nominated for the main prize in the Edinburgh Comedy Awards. He was co-creator and co-star of the BAFTA-nominated CBBC comedy Big Babies, and has a regular role in the sitcom Upstart Crow.

References

  1. "Garry Shandling". arizonaalumni.com. July 18, 2013. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  2. 1 2 3 Allis, Tim; LaBrecque, Ron (July 21, 1986). "Johnny Carson and Joan Rivers Can Agree on One Thing: Garry Shandling Is Perfect for Her Old Tonight Show Job". People . Retrieved January 18, 2013.
  3. Schudel, Matt; Bernstein, Adam (2016-03-24). "Garry Shandling, who parodied TV's conventions in two hit comedy shows, dies at 66". The Washington Post. ISSN   0190-8286 . Retrieved 2016-03-25.
  4. Jones, Stanley A.; Manley, Ray; Fabe, Stanley (April 10, 2018). "Ports of the United States. Report on terminal facilities, commerce, port charges, and administration at sixty-eight selected ports,". Shandling Lithographic Co. Tucson. Retrieved April 10, 2018 via Amazon.
  5. "Catalog of Copyright Entries. Third Series: 1971: July-December". Copyright Office, Library of Congress. April 10, 1973. Retrieved April 10, 2018 via Google Books.
  6. Tanner, Clara Lee (April 10, 1983). "The Vanishing Indian; Ray Manley: A Portfolio". Shandling Lithography. Retrieved April 10, 2018 via Amazon.
  7. "Garry Shandling profile". FilmReference.com. Archived from the original on March 29, 2016. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
  8. Steinberg, Jacques (January 28, 2007). "Hey Now: It's Garry Shandling's Obsession". The New York Times. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
  9. 1 2 Burch, Cathalena E. "Tucson-raised comedian Garry Shandling dies at 66". Arizona Daily Star (tucson.com). Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  10. "Condolences for Muriel Shandling". tributes.com. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  11. "Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 11". newspapers.com. July 24, 1985. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  12. "Animal Fair, Tucson, AZ". company.usasearchs.com. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  13. "Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona on January 27, 1960 · Page 22". newspapers.com. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  14. "Barry Philip Shandling". geni_family_tree. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  15. "Mary Cummins, investigative reporter, writer, speaker, activist in Los Angeles, California: Garry Shandling, writer, comedian - Obituary November 29, 1949 - March 24, 2016 - Los Angeles, California". marycumminsrealestatemarycummins.blogspot.com. March 24, 2016. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  16. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 FoundationINTERVIEWS (March 25, 2016). "Garry Shandling Interview Part 1 of 2 - EMMYTVLEGENDS.ORG". Archive of American Television. Retrieved April 8, 2018 via YouTube.
  17. 1 2 "Garry Shandling Dead at 66". Billboard.com . March 24, 2016. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
  18. "ULS License - Vanity License - W7BKG - Pelican Bay Amateur Radio Club". wireless2.fcc.gov. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  19. 1 2 "These are the cards from Garry's shack, the cards from Garry Shandling's shack ..." hamtoons.net. March 31, 2016. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  20. https://archive.org/download/Fall_1969_Radio_Amateur_Callbook/Fall_1969_Radio_Amateur_Callbook_District_7.djvu
  21. 1 2 "Fall_1969_Radio_Amateur_Callbook". April 11, 1969. Retrieved April 11, 2018 via Internet Archive.
  22. "Old Pueblo Radio Club - Old Pueblo Radio Club". www.oprc.org. Archived from the original on April 11, 2018. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  23. "Rag Chewers Club". www.qsl.net. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  24. "Amateur Radio Call Books : Free Texts : Download & Streaming : Internet Archive". archive.org. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  25. "Amateur Radio Newsline Report 2005 April 1 2016". arnewsline.org. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  26. "QRZ.COM Ham Radio 1993 Callsign Database by QRZ.COM" . Retrieved March 24, 2016.
  27. 1 2 "Garry Shandling: True Lies". rollingstone.com. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  28. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Stedman, Alex (March 24, 2016). "Garry Shandling Dies at 66". Variety.com . Retrieved March 24, 2016.
  29. Larson, Sarah (March 25, 2016). "Lots of Love for Garry Shandling" . Retrieved April 8, 2018 via www.newyorker.com.
  30. FoundationINTERVIEWS (March 25, 2016). "Garry Shandling Interview Part 2 of 2 - EMMYTVLEGENDS.ORG". Archive of American Television. Retrieved April 8, 2018 via YouTube.
  31. Liebenson, Donald. "One Year Later, Comedy's Still Mourning Garry Shandling". vanityfair.com. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  32. 1 2 3 4 Lincoln, Ross A. (March 24, 2016). "Garry Shandling Dies: 'Larry Sanders' Creator-Star Was 66". Deadline Hollywood . Retrieved March 24, 2016.
  33. "Cathy's World: Garry Shandling's 'Larry'" . Retrieved December 25, 2002.
  34. DVD commentary from It's Garry Shandling's Show, season 2, episode 18, "No Baby, No Show"
  35. "What I've Learned: Garry Shandling". Esquire. 2007-01-29. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  36. 1 2 Hirschberg, Lynn (May 31, 1998). "Garry Shandling Goes Dark". The New York Times. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
  37. "Catching up with David Mirkin". pastemagazine.com. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  38. David Mirkin
  39. "Cathy's World: Garry Shandling's 'Larry'". upi.com. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  40. Knoedelseder, William (2009). "I'm Dying Up Here: Heartbreak and High Times in Stand-Up Comedy's Golden Era". New York: Public Affairs Books. pp. 205–06. ISBN   1-58648-896-1.Missing or empty |url= (help)
  41. "Why Garry Shandling Was One of the Greatest Jewish Comedians Ever". forward.com. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  42. Erickson, Hal. "Garry Shandling: Alone in Las Vegas (1984)". All Movie Guide . Retrieved June 23, 2009.
  43. "The Garry Shandling Show: 25th Anniversary Special (1986)". IMDB.com. Retrieved June 23, 2009.
  44. "Garry Shandling: Stand-Up". The New York Times. Retrieved June 23, 2009.
  45. 1 2 Lloyd, Robert (October 20, 2009). "Dollying through that fourth wall on 'It's Garry Shandling's Show': The funny guy deconstructed the sitcom on his Showtime series, which is newly out on DVD". Los Angeles Times . Archived from the original on April 8, 2016. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
  46. Copel, Edward. "Edward Copeland's Tangents: Garry called me up and asked if I would write this 25th anniversary tribute". eddieonfilm.blogspot.com. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  47. "Past winners of the TCA Awards". Television Critics Association. Archived from the original on April 1, 2016. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
  48. Itzkoff, Dave (October 29, 2010). "Garry and Larry and Jeffrey and Hank". The New York Times. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
  49. Carter, Bill (2010). The War For Late Night. ISBN   0-452-29749-4 . Retrieved March 25, 2016.
  50. 1 2 Steinberg, Jacques (January 28, 2007). "Hey Now: It's Garry Shandling's Obsession". The New York Times. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
  51. "Not Just the Best of The Larry Sanders Show". EW.com. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
  52. "'Larry Sanders' reunion". EW.com. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
  53. "12 Little-Known Facts About Garry Shandling". hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  54. Meagher, L.D. "The whole truth (and nothing but the truth) about Larry Sanders: 'Confessions of a Late Night Talk Show Host The Autobiography of Larry Sanders As Told to Garry Shandling'". CNN.com. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
  55. McIver, Brian. "Close to the Edge to Over the Hedge; STAR TAKES TIME OUT FROM ACTION MOVIES TO MAKE A FILM FOR HIS KIDS Die Hard Star Bruce Goes Green and Cuddly". Daily Record. Glasgow, Scotland: republished in questia.com.
  56. "Ricky Gervais Meets ... Garry Shandling". December 26, 2006. Retrieved April 11, 2018 via www.imdb.com.
  57. "Ricky Gervais Meets Garry Shandling (2006)". bfi.org.uk. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  58. "How Garry Shandling Invented Comedy as We Know It". vice.com. March 25, 2016. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  59. "Ricky Gervais Meets ... Larry David". January 5, 2006. Retrieved April 11, 2018 via www.imdb.com.
  60. "Ricky Gervais Meets ... Christopher Guest". December 25, 2006. Retrieved April 11, 2018 via www.imdb.com.
  61. "Gervais to meet more comedy idols". BBC News. April 27, 2006. Archived from the original on March 7, 2008. Retrieved July 23, 2007.
  62. "Garry Shandling and Ricky Gervais's Epic Sparring Match". splitsider.com. March 30, 2018. Archived from the original on April 11, 2018. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  63. "What In God's Name Happened To Ricky Gervais? - Brendan James". thebaffler.com. March 22, 2018. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  64. "Ricky Gervais meets Garry Shandling: Remembering the most awkward yet human encounter in television history". independent.co.uk. February 9, 2017. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  65. Wiseman, Eva (February 24, 2007). "TV quick!". The Guardian . London, UK. Retrieved July 23, 2007.
  66. Itzkoff, Dave (April 11, 2018). "How Ricky Gervais Deals With Fame and the Famous". nytimes.com. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  67. "Shandling interviewed by Gervais - Austin Film Festival". austinfilmfestival.com. May 8, 2006. Archived from the original on April 11, 2018. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  68. Benedictus, Leo (December 20, 2013). "Comedy gold: Garry Shandling". the Guardian. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  69. "Why Ricky Gervais is Britain's Most Riotous Improv Master". elle.com. August 26, 2009. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  70. "Gervais vs. Shandling - Loner Boner". December 27, 2013. Archived from the original on December 27, 2013. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  71. Pareene, Alex. "Garry Shandling, Comedy Genius, Is Dead". gawker.com. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  72. "Shandling explains Gervais interview". digitalspy.com. October 26, 2010. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  73. Flett, Kathryn (December 31, 2006). "Something to get your teeth into". The Guardian. London. Retrieved July 23, 2007.
  74. French, Karl (December 23, 2006). "Television and Radio: Television". The Financial Times . Retrieved July 23, 2007.[ permanent dead link ]
  75. Billen, Andrew (March 22, 2007). "No, I don't fear death – I'm just frightened of dying". The Times . London, UK. Retrieved July 23, 2007.
  76. Deedes, Henry (January 5, 2007). "By George, we salute you for your indefatigability". The Independent . London, UK. Archived from the original on August 15, 2007. Retrieved July 23, 2007.
  77. John, Ian (January 6, 2006). "Ricky can't quite curb his enthusiasm". The Times. London, UK. Retrieved July 23, 2007.
  78. Steinberg, Jacques (January 28, 2007). "Hey Now: It's Garry Shandling's Obsession". The New York Times . Retrieved March 29, 2008.
  79. "Episode 177 - Garry Shandling". wtfpod.com. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  80. "Remembering Garry Shandling". wtfpod.com. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  81. ""The X Files" Hollywood A.D. (2000)". IMDB . Retrieved April 7, 2008.
  82. Levitt, Amy Wallace,Danielle (August 12, 2010). "Garry Shandling: The Reclusive Master of American Comedy". gq.com. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  83. "Watch Conan O'Brien Lovingly Remember Friend Garry Shandling". rollingstone.com. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  84. Wilstein, Matt (March 25, 2016). "Conan O'Brien on How Garry Shandling Helped Save His Life" . Retrieved April 11, 2018 via www.thedailybeast.com.
  85. "Conan O'Brien Remembers Garry Shandling: He Helped Me Through a 'Particularly Difficult Time in My Life'". etonline.com. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  86. Yahr, Emily (March 25, 2016). "Conan O'Brien shares emotional Garry Shandling story; Seth Meyers pays tribute" . Retrieved April 11, 2018 via www.washingtonpost.com.
  87. Staff (March 25, 2016). "Conan O'Brien, Marc Maron, And Seth Meyers Pay Tribute To Garry Shandling". Indiewire. Archived from the original on March 27, 2016. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
  88. "Garry Shandling - It's Great That Garry Shandling Is Still Alive - Episode - Comedians In Cars Getting Coffee by Jerry Seinfeld". January 23, 2016. Archived from the original on January 23, 2016. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  89. Sacks, Ethan (March 24, 2016). "Garry Shandling, acclaimed comic and star of 'The Larry Sanders Show,' dead at 66". Daily News. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
  90. Cleary, Tom (March 24, 2016). "Garry Shandling Dead: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know". Heavy.com.
  91. Halbfinger, David M. (March 13, 2006). "A Studio Boss and a Private Eye Star in a Bitter Hollywood Tale". The New York Times.
  92. Marc Maron (March 5, 2018). "Episode 895 - Sharon Stone". WTF with Marc Maron Podcast. Retrieved April 17, 2018. Garry was my boyfriend http://traffic.libsyn.com/wtfpod/WTF_-_EPISODE_895_SHARON_STONE.mp3
  93. "Companions for Sharon Stone". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  94. "Companions for Garry Shandling". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  95. "Companions for Calista Flockhart". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  96. Amy Wallace, Danielle Levitt (August 12, 2010). "Garry Shandling: The Reclusive Master of American Comedy". gq.com. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  97. "Garry Shandling to have Buddhist funeral". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  98. "Garry Shandling, comic star of 'Larry Sanders Show,' dies at 66". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  99. Lloyd, Robert. "With Garry Shandling, nothing was straightforward, including the DVD release of 'Larry Sanders Show'". latimes.com. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  100. "Garry Shandling's A-List Memorial: Penis Jokes, Buddhist Monks and a Johnny Depp Cameo". hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  101. Bennett, Laura (March 28, 2016). "An Annotation of That Photo of Garry Shandling's Comedian Friends at the Basketball Game They Played in His Honor" . Retrieved April 10, 2018 via Slate.
  102. "Sacha Baron Cohen: What I've Learned". esquire.com. October 12, 2016. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  103. A. "Stock Photo - GARRY SHANDLING & DAVID DUCHOVNY LEWIS VS. KLITSCHKO BOXING MATCH STAPLES CENTER LOS ANGELES USA 21 June 2003". Alamy. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  104. "David Duchovny Remembers Garry Shandling". tvinsider.com. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  105. "The Samohi » In the ring with David Mijares". thesamohi.com. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  106. "Photos: Canelo Alvarez in Santa Monica, California". myboxingfans.com. August 29, 2012. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  107. Brodesser-Akner, Lesley Suter,Taffy. "A Day in the Life of a Screenwriter". cntraveler.com. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  108. "Down for the Count: Gary Shandling". espn america. July 31, 2012. Retrieved April 8, 2018 via YouTube.
  109. Pugmire, Lance (August 29, 2012). "Punchlines fly as Canelo Alvarez trains at Garry Shandling's gym" . Retrieved April 8, 2018 via LA Times.
  110. T.V. legend Garry Shandling talks boxing in his Wild Card West gym. February 19, 2014. Retrieved March 24, 2016 via YouTube.
  111. Freddie Roach (boxing)
  112. "About". Wild Card West. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  113. Jr, Mike Fleming; Jr, Mike Fleming (2019-02-05). "Garry Shandling Bequeaths $15.2 Million To UCLA David Geffen School Of Medicine". Deadline. Retrieved 2019-02-05.
  114. Weiner, Allison Hope; Halbfinger, David M. (March 19, 2006). "Splitting Up, Hollywood-Style, Means a Settlement and a Script". The New York Times. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
  115. "Hollywood Harassment: I Was Fired from a Hit Show and Intimidated By Lawyers". hollywoodreporter.com. The Hollywood Reporter.
  116. Hirsch, Janis (March 26, 2018). "I Worked for Garry Shandling, and Judd Apatow's Doc Shows a Man I Never Knew (Guest Column)". hollywoodreporter.com. The Hollywood Reporter.
  117. Wright, Tolly (October 18, 2017). "Sitcom Writer Janis Hirsch Recalls Being Harassed and Humiliated While Working on It's Garry Shandling's Show". vulture.com. Vulture.
  118. 1 2 "US comedian Garry Shandling dies, aged 66". RTE. March 24, 2016. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
  119. 1 2 Roots, Kimberly (March 24, 2016). "Garry Shandling Dead at 66". TVLine . Retrieved March 24, 2016.
  120. "1997 Satellite Award Winners". International Press Academy . Retrieved March 24, 2016.
  121. "Highlights from the festival". Austin American Statesman. October 14, 2004. p. 31.
  122. Fallows, James. "Garry Shandling and the Disease You Didn't Know About". theatlantic.com. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  123. Fallows, James. "The Parathyroid Papers: Garry Shandling and a Little-Known Disease". theatlantic.com. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  124. https://www.intouchweekly.com/posts/garry-shandling-death-linda-doucett-95418
  125. https://www.searchquarry.com/namesearch/results?fname=garry&lname=shandling&recordtype=Death&state=CA
  126. "Garry Shandling Autopsy Report". TMZ.com. TMZ.
  127. Thompson, Luke Y. (February 22, 2016). "Jon Favreau Says 'The Jungle Book' Will Be His 'Avatar,' Reveals New Images". Forbes. Retrieved February 27, 2016.
  128. "Make Me Laugh" . Retrieved April 8, 2018 via www.imdb.com.
  129. Sherry Stern (March 24, 2016). "Garry Shandling: A writer's personal recollections of a generous performer". ocregister.com. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  130. "Judd Apatow on Twitter". twitter.com. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  131. Nesteroff, Kliph (March 10, 2008). "Classic Television Showbiz: Make Me Laugh with guests Garry Shandling, Gallagher and Billy Barty! (1979)". classicshowbiz.blogspot.com. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  132. "Make Me Laugh". TVGuide.com. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
  133. "Charlie Rose". Charlie Rose. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  134. "Garry Shandling - Charlie Rose". Charlie Rose. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  135. "Garry Shandling - Charlie Rose". charlierose.com. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  136. Leszczak, Bob (October 30, 2012). "Single Season Sitcoms, 1948–1979: A Complete Guide". McFarland. Retrieved April 10, 2018 via Google Books.
  137. "CONFESSIONS OF A LATE NIGHT TALK SHOW HOST". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 March 2013.