Gary Moore

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Gary Moore
Gary-Moore-at-Pite-Havsbad.jpg
Moore in 2008
Background information
Birth nameRobert William Gary Moore
Born(1952-04-04)4 April 1952
Belfast, Co. Antrim, Northern Ireland
Died6 February 2011(2011-02-06) (aged 58)
Estepona, Malaga Province, Spain
Genres
Occupation(s)Musician, singer-songwriter, record producer
InstrumentsVocals, guitar, bass, harmonica, keyboards
Years active1969–2011
Labels Virgin, Charisma, Eagle
Associated acts Skid Row, Thin Lizzy, Colosseum II, Phil Lynott, Greg Lake, BBM, G Force, B.B. King
Website www.gary-moore.com

Robert William Gary Moore (4 April 1952 [2] – 6 February 2011) was a Northern Irish guitarist and singer-songwriter. His music was in genres including blues, heavy metal and hard rock. He is often described as a virtuoso on the guitar. [1] [3] [4] [5]

Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1870s by African Americans from roots in African musical traditions, African-American work songs, and spirituals. Blues incorporated spirituals, work songs, field hollers, shouts, chants, and rhymed simple narrative ballads. The blues form, ubiquitous in jazz, rhythm and blues and rock and roll, is characterized by the call-and-response pattern, the blues scale and specific chord progressions, of which the twelve-bar blues is the most common. Blue notes, usually thirds, fifths or sevenths flattened in pitch are also an essential part of the sound. Blues shuffles or walking bass reinforce the trance-like rhythm and form a repetitive effect known as the groove.

Heavy metal is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom. With roots in blues rock, psychedelic rock, and acid rock, the bands that created heavy metal developed a thick, massive sound, characterized by highly amplified distortion, extended guitar solos, emphatic beats, and overall loudness. The genre's lyrics and performance styles are sometimes associated with aggression and machismo.

Hard rock is a loosely defined subgenre of rock music that began in the mid-1960s, with the garage, psychedelic and blues rock movements. It is typified by a heavy use of aggressive vocals, distorted electric guitars, bass guitar, drums, and often accompanied with keyboards.

Contents

During his teenage years in the 1960s, Moore played in the line up of a number of local Belfast based bands, before a move to Dublin, Ireland, after being asked to join the Irish band Skid Row before the departure of lead singer Phil Lynott. Later on, Moore played in Thin Lizzy and British jazz-rock fusion band Colosseum II, as well as having his own successful solo career. Moore shared the stage with such blues and rock musicians as B.B. King, Albert King, John Mayall, Jack Bruce, Ginger Baker, Albert Collins, George Harrison, and Greg Lake.

Dublin Capital city of Ireland

Dublin is the capital and largest city of Ireland. Situated on a bay on the east coast, at the mouth of the River Liffey, it lies within the province of Leinster. It is bordered on the south by the Dublin Mountains, a part of the Wicklow Mountains range. It has an urban area population of 1,173,179, while the population of the Dublin Region as of 2016 was 1,347,359. The population of the Greater Dublin Area was 1,904,806 per the 2016 census.

Ireland Island in north-west Europe, 20th largest in world, politically divided into the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (a part of the UK)

Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.

Skid Row was a Dublin based blues rock band of the late 1960s and early 1970s, fronted by bass guitarist Brendan "Brush" Shiels. It is particularly notable for being the band in which both Phil Lynott and guitarist Gary Moore first played professionally.

Early life and career

Moore grew up on Castleview Road opposite Stormont Parliament Buildings, off the Upper Newtownards Road in east Belfast, as one of five children of Bobby, a promoter, and Winnie, a housewife. He left the city as a teenager, because of troubles in his family – his parents parted a year later – just as The Troubles were starting in Northern Ireland. [6]

Belfast City in the United Kingdom, capital of Northern Ireland

Belfast is the capital and largest city of Northern Ireland, standing on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast of Ireland. It is the second-largest city on the island of Ireland, after Dublin. It had a population of 333,871 as of 2015.

The Troubles Ethno-political conflict in Northern Ireland

The Troubles was an ethno-nationalist conflict in Northern Ireland during the late 20th century. Also known internationally as the Northern Ireland conflict, it is sometimes described as an "irregular war" or "low-level war". The conflict began in the late 1960s and is usually deemed to have ended with the Good Friday Agreement of 1998. Although the Troubles primarily took place in Northern Ireland, at times the violence spilled over into parts of the Republic of Ireland, England, and mainland Europe.

Moore picked up a battered acoustic guitar at the age of ten. He started performing at a young age, making his live debut in a school band, during the intermission of one of his father's promoted shows. He got his first quality guitar (a Fender Telecaster) at the age of 14, and learned to play the right-handed instrument in the standard way, despite being left-handed.

The Fender Telecaster, colloquially known as the Tele, is the world's first commercially successful solid-body electric guitar. Its simple yet effective design and revolutionary sound broke ground and set trends in electric guitar manufacturing and popular music. Introduced for national distribution as the Broadcaster in the autumn of 1950, it was the first guitar of its kind manufactured on a substantial scale and has been in continuous production in one form or another since its first incarnation.

In 1968, after performing with a number of Belfast-based bands, Gary Moore, at the age of 16, was "headhunted" as the replacement guitarist in the Dublin-based band Skid Row and he moved to Dublin. Moore's greatest influence in the early days was English guitarist Peter Green of Fleetwood Mac who was a mentor to Moore when performing in Dublin.

Peter Green (musician) British blues rock guitarist

Peter Green is an English blues rock singer-songwriter and guitarist. As a co-founder of Fleetwood Mac, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1998. Green's songs, such as "Albatross", "Black Magic Woman", "Oh Well", "The Green Manalishi " and "Man of the World", appeared on singles charts, and several have been adapted by a variety of musicians.

Fleetwood Mac British-American rock band

Fleetwood Mac are a British-American rock band, formed in London in 1967. They have sold more than 120 million records worldwide, making them one of the world's best-selling bands. In 1998, select members of Fleetwood Mac were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and received the Brit Award for Outstanding Contribution to Music.

Other early musical influences were artists such as Albert King, Elvis Presley, The Shadows, Buddy Guy and The Beatles. Later, having seen Jimi Hendrix, Roy Buchanan and John Mayall's Bluesbreakers in his home town of Belfast, his own style was developing into a blues-rock sound that would be the dominant form of his career in music.

Albert King American blues guitarist and singer

Albert Nelson, known by his stage name Albert King, was an American blues guitarist and singer whose playing influenced many other blues guitarists. He is perhaps best known for the popular and influential album Born Under a Bad Sign (1967) and its title track. He is one of the three performers known as the "Kings of the Blues."

Elvis Presley American singer and actor

Elvis Aaron Presley, also known mononymously as Elvis, was an American singer and actor. Regarded as one of the most significant cultural icons of the 20th century, he is often referred to as the "King of Rock and Roll" or simply "the King".

The Shadows English instrumental rock group

The Shadows were an English instrumental rock group. They were Cliff Richard's backing band from 1958 to 1968 and on numerous reunion tours. The Shadows have placed 69 UK charted singles from the 1950s to the 2000s, 35 credited to the Shadows and 34 to Cliff Richard and the Shadows. The group, who were in the forefront of the UK beat-group boom, were the first backing band to emerge as stars. As pioneers of the four-member instrumental format, the band consisted of lead guitar, rhythm guitar, bass guitar and drums. Their range covers pop, rock, surf rock and ballads with a jazz influence.

Changing bands, 1968–1979

After joining the group Skid Row with Noel Bridgeman and Brendan "Brush" Shiels, in mid 1968, cutting a number of singles and an album, released in 1970, Skid Row then went on to play shows across Europe and the US, opening for a number of high-profile bands. It was with this group that Gary Moore earned a reputation in the music industry, and his association with Phil Lynott began. Moore left the band in December 1971. [7]

In 1970, Moore moved to England and remained there, apart from two short periods in the United States. In 1973, under the name "The Gary Moore Band", he released his first solo album, Grinding Stone . Grinding Stone was issued in North America on Neil Kempfer-Stocker's fledgling record label imprint Cosmos and received "Album of the Year" accolades on KTAC-FM/Seattle-Tacoma, Washington, in 1974.[ citation needed ]

In 1974 he re-joined Lynott, when he first joined Thin Lizzy after the departure of founding member Eric Bell.[ citation needed ]

From 1975 to August 1978, he was a member of Colosseum II. With that band, he also collaborated with Andrew Lloyd Webber on the composer's Variations album in 1978.[ citation needed ]

In 1977, Moore re-joined Thin Lizzy, first as a temporary replacement for Brian Robertson, and on a permanent basis a year later.[ citation needed ]

Heavy metal years, 1979–1989

Between late 1977 and early 1978 while moving from Colosseum II and a future return to the ranks of Thin Lizzy, Gary Moore recorded the album Back on the Streets , featuring the hit single "Parisienne Walkways" which reached the Top Ten in the UK Singles Chart in April 1979. While Back on the Streets was climbing the charts, Gary Moore had joined Thin Lizzy on a more permanent basis. Recording the album Black Rose: A Rock Legend , which reached number two in the UK album chart. Moore appears in the videos for "Waiting for an Alibi", "With Love" and "Do Anything You Want To".

In July 1979, he left Thin Lizzy permanently to focus on a possible solo career, but went on to form the short lived band G-Force recording an album for Jet Records. A couple of other albums were made at this time, but not released until after Moore had signed to, and found some success with Virgin Records in 1982, and had released the album Corridors of Power.

Moore performing at the Manchester Apollo, 1985 Gary Moore - Manchester Apollo - 1985.jpg
Moore performing at the Manchester Apollo, 1985

During the 1980s, Moore released several heavy metal records as a solo artist, beginning with Corridors of Power in 1982, which were followed by Dirty Fingers and Victims of the Future the following year. Dirty Fingers had been recorded already in 1981, and with an entirely different band. It represents Moore's last attempt at finding somebody to sing his songs; he would sing on all later solo records. The two remaining albums are notable for featuring ex-Deep Purple drummer Ian Paice, and Victims of the Future was the first album to feature Neil Carter, who would become a permanent fixture in Moore's bands in the years to come. These albums are Moore's most unrelenting, uncompromising heavy metal albums. In later years they were largely disowned by Moore himself, [8] but remain fan favourites; Moore's influence as a rock guitarists is also primarily based around these albums, which are more guitar-heavy than his later material.

Moore continued in a slightly more commercial direction with the album Run for Cover , which was released in 1985. This album is notable for being the final cooperation between Moore and Phil Lynott – front man and bassist in Thin Lizzy, who would die the following year – as well as being the final album to feature him that was released in Lynott's lifetime. The album's first single, "Out in the Fields", was a major hit in the UK and Scandinavia, a minor hit in Germany and the Netherlands, and would set the stage for Moore's greatest commercial successes later towards the end of the decade. The ballad "Empty Rooms", which earlier had appeared in a less polished version on the Victims of the Future album, became a particular fan favorite, and it was the track from this era of his career that Moore later appears to have been most fond of.

Moore's 1987 album Wild Frontier launched him as a super-star through much of Europe. The album saw Moore return to a Celtic-flavoured brand of heavy metal exhibited in his earlier Thin Lizzy material, but with a new social conscience, as material dealt with The Troubles and questions of belonging in the face of hardships and death (one track was dedicated to the late Phil Lynott). Both the album and its first single, "Over the Hills and Far Away", topped the charts in Norway and Finland, and the album did tremendously well throughout Western Europe, but failed to make much of an impact in the United States, where Moore's heavy metal albums were never well distributed. [9] The two follow-up singles, "Wild Frontier" and "Friday on my Mind" (a revamped cover of the classic Easybeats song), also did well. The following album, After the War , was generally well received, and truly broke Moore into the German market, but has often come to be seen as a slightly weaker album,[ citation needed ] and overall did not do as well as his previous offering.

Moore is often considered to be one of the most impressive live artists of the era,[ citation needed ] and he capitalized on this by releasing several concerts either on record or video. His 1985 live album We Want Moore! is in particular regarded as a classic of the genre, as is the 1987 video Live at Isstadion Stockholm from the Wild Frontier tour.

Prior to the recording of Corridors of Power, Moore had joined Greg Lake to help finish the recording of his first solo record Greg Lake after the demise of Emerson, Lake and Palmer. Moore toured with the Greg Lake band and recorded a second Greg Lake solo record, but didn't tour it.

Collaborations and the blues

Moore performing, 23 October 2010 Gary Moore 2010-11-23 01 25 9152.jpg
Moore performing, 23 October 2010

Following the lukewarm reception of After the War, Moore decided to make a blues album. Released in March 1990, Still Got the Blues , with contributions from Albert King, Albert Collins, and George Harrison, saw Gary Moore returning to the musical form that had inspired him in his early days in Belfast. The album was well received by fans and was certified Gold in the U.S; it was thus the first of Moore's albums to truly expand into the US market. Seeing the success of this album, Moore decided to restart his career around what was originally conceived as a one-off stylistic departure.

Peter Green's continued influence on Moore was repaid as a tribute to Green on his 1995 album Blues for Greeny , an album consisting entirely of Green compositions. On this tribute album, Moore played Green's 1959 Les Paul Standard guitar that Green had lent to Moore after leaving Fleetwood Mac. Moore ultimately purchased the guitar, at Green's request, so that "it would have a good home". [10]

Throughout his career, Moore experimented with many musical genres, including rock, jazz, blues, country, electric blues, hard rock, and heavy metal. [11]

In 1987, he performed a guitar solo for a cover of the Beatles' "Let It Be", which was released under the group-name of Ferry Aid. The record raised substantial funds for the survivors of the MS Herald of Free Enterprise disaster. In 1990, he played the lead guitar solo on "She's My Baby" from Traveling Wilburys Vol. 3 .

Moore stayed with the blues format until 1997. He returned to rock, but with a softer, more pop and ballad-oriented sound on Dark Days in Paradise , followed with another change of direction in 1999, when he decided to experiment with modern dance beats on A Different Beat ; this left many fans, as well as the music press, confused.

In 2001 with Back to the Blues , Moore returned to his tried and tested blues format: he continued with this style on Power of the Blues (2004), Old New Ballads Blues (2006), Close As You Get (2007), and Bad For You Baby (2008).

In January 2005, Moore joined the One World Project, which recorded a song for the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami relief effort. The group featured Russell Watson, Boy George, Steve Winwood, Barry Gibb, Brian Wilson, Cliff Richard, Dewey Bunnell, Gerry Beckley, and Robin Gibb on vocals (in their order of appearance), and featured a guitar solo by Moore. The song, entitled "Grief Never Grows Old", was released in February 2005, reaching No. 4 on the UK Singles Chart. [12]

He also took part in a comedy skit on French and Saunders entitled "The Easy Guitar Book Sketch" with comedian Rowland Rivron and fellow musicians Mark Knopfler, Lemmy from Motörhead, Mark King from Level 42, and David Gilmour from Pink Floyd. [13] [14]

Other collaborations included a broad range of artists including Trilok Gurtu, Dr. Strangely Strange, Jimmy Nail, Mo Foster, Ginger Baker, Jack Bruce, Jim Capaldi, B.B. King, Vicki Brown, Cozy Powell, Rod Argent, the Beach Boys, Paul Rodgers, Keith Emerson, Roger Daltrey, and Otis Taylor.

Personal life

During a relationship in the late '60s while he was with Skid Row, his eldest daughter, Saoirse was born. He was married from 1985 to 1993 and had two sons, Jack and Gus.

Since 1997, he was living with his partner, an artist named Jo, and their daughter Lily (b. 1998). At the time of his death, he lived in Vallance Gardens, Hove, East Sussex. [15]

Death

Gary Moore's gravestone in the churchyard of St Margaret's Church, Rottingdean Gary Moore's gravestone.jpg
Gary Moore's gravestone in the churchyard of St Margaret's Church, Rottingdean

Gary Moore died of a heart attack in his sleep at the age of 58 during the early hours of 6 February 2011. At the time, he was on holiday with his girlfriend at the Kempinski Hotel in Estepona, Spain. After a quiet dinner, they went for a walk on the beach before going up to their room. His girlfriend raised the alarm at 4:00 am, and tried to give him a heart massage. His death was confirmed by Thin Lizzy's manager, Adam Parsons. [7] [16]

According to The Daily Telegraph , Moore's fatal heart attack was possibly brought on by the amount of alcohol he had consumed on the evening of his death. Moore had 380 mg of alcohol per decilitre (100 millilitres) of blood (0.38%) in his system. [17] Blood alcohol content from 0.40% to 0.50% is considered to be lethal. [18]

Gary Moore's eldest son Jack, alongside his uncle Cliff Moore, performed the traditional song "Danny Boy" at his funeral. [19] This was reported in the Belfast Telegraph as a flawless tribute at which some mourners in the church wept openly. He was laid to rest in a private ceremony at St Margaret's Churchyard, Rottingdean, East Sussex, England, with only family and close friends in attendance.

Style and legacy

Moore was very popular in Western Europe, Scandinavia, Eastern Europe and Japan, but less successful in the US. [20] Throughout his career, Moore was recognised as an influence by many notable guitarists including Martin Barre, [21] Vivian Campbell, [22] Patrick Rondat, [23] Paul Gilbert, [24] , John Norum, Paul Gilbert, Gus G, Slash, Orianthi, Joe Bonamassa, Adrian Smith, Phil Collen, George Lynch, Doug Aldrich, Jake E. Lee, Randy Rhoads, John Sykes, Henrik Freischlader, Janick Gers, Kirk Hammett and Zakk Wylde. [25]

Since his death, many fellow musicians have commented on Gary Moore's talents including Ozzy Osbourne, [26] Kirk Hammett, [27] Eric Singer, [28] Doug Aldrich, [29] Tony Iommi, [30] Bob Geldof, [31] Roger Taylor, [32] Brian May, [33] Brian Downey, [34] [35] Andy DiGelsomina, [36] Ricky Warwick, [37] Ignacio Garay, [38] and Mikael Åkerfeldt. [39] On 18 April 2011, a number of musicians including Eric Bell and Brian Downey, Thunder rising, Silverbird and The Business blues band gathered for a tribute concert in Whelan's bar in Dublin, Ireland titled 'The Gig For Gary'. [40]

In March 2011 Guitarist produced a tribute special with unreleased footage from 2009. Twitter was flooded with tributes from fans for several days after his death. [41]

A large statue of Moore was erected on a small island outside Skånevik, following his many performances at the Skånevik Blues Festival. The statue still stands as of July 2013.

In April 2017 Henrik Freischlader released a tribute album titled Blues For Gary featuring Pete Rees and Vic Martin.

Jack Moore performed a tribute on his guitar, that had belonged to his father, alongside Danny Young in the form of a music video around the anniversary of his father's birthday, in April 2017. [42] [43] [44] The song was named "Phoenix", which was written and performed by both Jack Moore and Danny Young.

Equipment

Guitars

Moore was associated with many guitar brands over his career, but the guitar he was most associated with was the Gibson Les Paul. Moore's 1959 Les Paul Standard guitar was famed for its distinctive out-of-phase sound attributed to a possible pickup repair, in which the magnet in the neck pickup had been flipped, causing the out-of-phase sound when combined with the bridge pickup. The guitar was originally owned by Peter Green. Green sold the guitar to his younger friend Moore in 1974 for the price that Moore got from selling a Gibson SG, his main guitar at that time. Moore used the guitar extensively over the next 30-plus years, on hits such as "Parisienne Walkways". The guitar is now owned by Metallica guitarist Kirk Hammett who purchased the guitar, a number of years after Moore had sold it, for an undisclosed amount. [45] [46]

Another guitar Moore was associated with was a red 1961 Fender Stratocaster, which Moore had purchased in 1981. The guitar was almost sold to Greg Lake, ex of Emerson, Lake and Palmer, [47] [ circular reference ] who was originally viewing the guitar, but Moore had tried it out and liked the sound of the guitar acoustically. Lake passed on the guitar as it was not in pristine condition, and so Moore made a deal. The Red Strat, also known as the Pink Strat, was extensively used by Moore on Corridors of Power along with many other recording sessions, over the years. The Red Strat was seen on many live performances, most notably at the Fender 50th Anniversary show held at Wembley Arena, North London, in 2004 when Moore performed Jimi Hendrix's song "Red House". The neck pickup was rewound by pickup maker Seymour Duncan in 1998. Fender Guitars launched a custom shop tribute replica of the Red Strat, in 2016, which was undertaken by Fender master builder John Cruz. [48] [49] [50] [51]

Discography

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References

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