Gasconade River

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The Gasconade River is about 280 miles (450 km) long [1] and is located in central and south-central Missouri in the United States. [2] [3]

Contents

The Gasconade River begins in the Ozarks southeast of Hartville in Wright County and flows generally north-northeastwardly through Wright, Laclede, Pulaski, Phelps, Maries, Osage and Gasconade counties, through portions of the Mark Twain National Forest. It flows into the Missouri River near the town of Gasconade in Gasconade County. [4] [3] [5] At Rich Fountain, the river has a mean annual discharge of 3,097 cubic feet per second. [6]

Name

The name Gasconade is derived from "Gascon", an inhabitant of the French region of Gascony. [7] The people of that province were noted for their boastfulness. It was applied by the early French to the Indians living on its banks who bragged about their exploits. The name means to boast or brag, and thus the river received its name. The waters of the river are boisterous and boastful and the name is also descriptive. [8]

River course

The headwaters of the Gasconade are in the southeastern corner of Webster County northeast of Seymour, Missouri where it drains the eastern margin of the Springfield Plateau at approximately 37°11′54″N92°41′44″W / 37.19833°N 92.69556°W / 37.19833; -92.69556 . [9] The river joins the Missouri River at the city of Gasconade at 38°40′28″N91°32′55″W / 38.67444°N 91.54861°W / 38.67444; -91.54861 Coordinates: 38°40′28″N91°32′55″W / 38.67444°N 91.54861°W / 38.67444; -91.54861 . [10] The river follows a meandering course through the Ordovician age dolomite and sandstone bedrock of the Ozark Salem Plateau creating spectacular bluffs and incised meanders along the way. [11] Numerous springs and caves occur within the drainage area and along the river course. Significant tributaries include the Osage Fork of Webster and Laclede counties and Roubidoux Creek and Big Piney River of Texas and Pulaski counties. The Roubidoux and Big Piney flow respectively along the west and east boundaries of Fort Leonard Wood which lies a short distance south and east of the Gasconade.

The plateau surface near the midpoint is 300 feet (91 metres) above the river bottom near the river midpoint northeast of Waynesville creating scenic river bluffs. [12] At the junction with the Missouri the river bottom is about 400 feet (120 m) lower in elevation than the old plateau surface above the river. [10] The elevation of the plateau rim at the headwaters is at or above 1,600 feet (490 m) with local hilltops at over 1,700 feet (520 m) (second highest elevation in Missouri near Cedar Gap). The elevation at the confluence with the Missouri is 500 feet (150 m) giving an overall drainage basin relief of 1,200 feet (370 m).

The Gasconade River is the longest river completely within the boundary of Missouri. It has been called one of the world's crookedest rivers. [13]

Recreational use

It is ranked with a difficulty of I and II (seldom) by those who canoe, kayak and float. [14] It is considered a good float stream because there's typically not a heavy congestion of boats. It is common to go for many miles without seeing another boat. [15]

There are caves and an abundance of wildlife along the river and is considered a popular place by anglers for its largemouth bass and smallmouth bass. [15]

See also

Notes

  1. U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map Archived 2012-04-05 at WebCite , accessed May 31, 2011
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2005-11-17. Retrieved 2005-12-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. 1 2 http://southwestpaddler.com/docs/missouri6b.html
  4. "Gasconade River". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey.
  5. http://www.missouricanoe.org/river-maps/gasconade.html
  6. https://waterdata.usgs.gov/mo/nwis/annual/?format=sites_selection_links&search_site_no=06934000&agency_cd=USGS&referred_module=sw
  7. "Gasconade County Place Names, 1928–1945 (archived)". The State Historical Society of Missouri. Archived from the original on 18 April 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  8. Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named (in public domain). The State Historical Society of Missouri. pp. 168–169.
  9. USGS Mansfield NW 7.5 min. Quadrangle Topoquest
  10. 1 2 USGS Gasconade 7.5 min. Quad
  11. A. G. Unklesbay, Jerry D. Vineyard. Missouri Geology — Three Billion Years of Volcanoes, Seas, Sediments, and Erosion, University of Missouri Press, 1992. ISBN   0-8262-0836-3
  12. USGS Dixon 7.5 min. Quad
  13. "Gasconade River, Missouri". Southwestpaddler.com. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
  14. "Missouri's Gasconade River". Missouricanoe.org. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
  15. 1 2 "Great fishing on the Gasconade River". Gasconade Hills Resort. Archived from the original on 2012-01-18.

Sources

Related Research Articles

Ozarks Highland region in central-southern United States

The Ozarks, also known as the Ozark Mountains or Ozark Plateau, is a physiographic region in the U.S. states of Missouri, Arkansas, Oklahoma and the extreme southeastern corner of Kansas. The Ozarks cover a significant portion of northern Arkansas and most of the southern half of Missouri, extending from Interstate 40 in Arkansas to Interstate 70 in central Missouri.

The Bourbeuse River is a river located in east-central Missouri, in the Ozarks region, and is one of two major tributaries of the Meramec River, the other being the Big River. The Bourbeuse flows to the northeast from its source near the locale of Dillon just northeast of Rolla in Phelps County, through Maries, Gasconade, Crawford, and Franklin counties, where it discharges into the Meramec River near Moselle. The elevation of the river at its source is approximately 1,140 feet (350 m) above sea level and at its mouth about 463 feet (141 m). The total length of the river is 154 miles (248 km), while the airline distance between source and mouth is 53 miles (85 km). The watershed area is 842.9 square miles (2,183 km2).

The Osage Fork Gasconade River is a stream in Wright, Webster and Laclede counties in the Ozarks of southern Missouri. It is a tributary of the Gasconade River.

Roubidoux Creek is a tributary to the Gasconade River in the Ozarks of south central Missouri named after French explorer Joseph Robidoux. It is 57.4 miles (92.4 km) long. Due to its colder water temperatures, it is listed as a trout stream. Roubidoux Spring is a landmark that is nestled just south of downtown Waynesville. The creek cuts north through Fort Leonard Wood before crossing underneath Interstate 44 and into the city limits of Waynesville.

Indian Creek is a stream in Crawford and Dent counties in the U.S. state of Missouri. It is a tributary of Huzzah Creek. The stream headwaters arise in northern Dent County at 37°40′28″N91°17′02″W at an elevation of 1300 feet. The stream flows northeast into Crawford County and enters Hazzah Creek about one mile south of the community of Dillard and Missouri Route 49 at 37°43′02″N91°12′21″W and an elevation of 899 feet.

Threemile Creek is a stream in northern Crawford and Franklin counties in the U.S. state of Missouri. It is a tributary to the Little Bourbeuse River.

Mud Creek is a stream in Gasconade and Osage counties of central Missouri. It is a tributary of the Gasconade River.

Third Creek is a stream in Gasconade and Osage counties of central Missouri. It is a tributary of the Gasconade River.

Drynob or Dryknob is an unincorporated community in Laclede County, in the U.S. state of Missouri.

Panther Creek is a stream in Webster and Laclede counties in the Ozarks of south-central Missouri. It is a tributary of the Osage Fork Gasconade River. The headwaters are at 37°29′09″N92°49′42″W and the confluence with the Osage Fork is at 37°28′48″N92°42′44″W.

Quick Creek is a stream in southwest Montgomery County in the U.S. state of Missouri. It is a tributary of the Missouri River.

Brush Creek is a stream in Osage County in central Missouri. It is a tributary of the Gasconade River.

Buck Elk Creek is a stream in southern Osage County in the U.S. state of Missouri. It is a tributary of the Gasconade River.

Cedar Creek is a stream in Osage County in the U.S. state of Missouri. It is a tributary of Loose Creek.

Contrary Creek is a stream in Osage County in the U.S. state of Missouri. It is a tributary of Gasconade River.

Leboeuf Creek is a stream in Osage County of central Missouri. It is a tributary of the Gasconade River.

Lead Hill is a peak in southwestern Wright County in the Ozarks of southern Missouri. The peak has an elevation of 1,744 feet (532 m).

Core Creek (Osage Fork Gasconade River tributary)

Core Creek is a small stream in Laclede County, Missouri. It is a tributary of the Osage Fork Gasconade River.

Beaver Creek is a stream in southwestern Texas and eastern Wright counties in the Ozarks of southern Missouri. It is a tributary of the Gasconade River.