Gasherbrum

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Gasherbrum group as seen from the ISS Gasherbrum group summits and glaciers marked.jpg
Gasherbrum group as seen from the ISS
Broad Peak, 12th highest in the world 7 15 BroadPeak.jpg
Broad Peak, 12th highest in the world
Gasherbrum II, 13th highest in the world Gasherbrum2.jpg
Gasherbrum II, 13th highest in the world
Gasherbrum Group with Gasherbrum IV, Gasherbrum V, and Gasherbrum VI Gasherbrum group.JPG
Gasherbrum Group with Gasherbrum IV, Gasherbrum V, and Gasherbrum VI
Satellite image of the Gasherbrum massif Gasherbrum Massif Pakistan 11Mar2018 SkySat.jpg
Satellite image of the Gasherbrum massif

Gasherbrum (Urdu : گاشر برم) is a remote group of peaks situated at the northeastern end of the Baltoro Glacier in the Karakoram mountain range. The peaks are located within the border region of Xinjiang, China and Gilgit−Baltistan, Pakistan. The massif contains three of the world's 8,000 metre peaks (if Broad Peak is included). Although the word "Gasherbrum" is often claimed to mean "Shining Wall",[ citation needed ] presumably a reference to the highly visible face of Gasherbrum IV,[ original research? ] it comes from "rgasha" (beautiful) + "brum" (mountain) in Balti, hence it actually means "beautiful mountain".[ citation needed ]

Contents

Geography

PeakmetresfeetLatitude (N)Longitude (E) Prominence (m)
Gasherbrum I 8,08026,50935°43′27″76°41′48″2,155
Broad Peak 8,04726,40035°48′35″76°34′06″1,701
Gasherbrum II 8,03526,36235°45′27″76°39′15″1,523
Gasherbrum III 7,95226,08935°45′34″76°38′31″355
Gasherbrum IV 7,92526,00135°45′39″76°37′00″725
Gasherbrum V 7,14723,44835°43′45″76°36′48″654
Gasherbrum VI 6,97922,89735°42′30″76°37′54″520
Gasherbrum VII6,95522,81839°44'19"76°36'0"165
Gasherbrum Twins6,912 and 6,87722,677 and 22,56235°34'13"76°35'36"162

In 1856, Thomas George Montgomerie, a British Royal Engineers lieutenant and a member of the Great Trigonometric Survey of India, sighted a group of high peaks in the Karakoram from more than 200 km away. He named five of these peaks K1, K2, K3, K4 and K5, where the "K" denotes Karakoram. Today, K1 is known as Masherbrum, K3 as Gasherbrum IV, K4 as Gasherbrum II and K5 as Gasherbrum I. Only K2, the second highest mountain in the world, has retained Montgomerie's name. Broad Peak was thought to miss out on a K-number as it was hidden from Montgomerie's view by the Gasherbrum group.

Climbing history

Mountainaltitudefirst ascentfirst winter ascent
Gasherbrum I8068 m1958 by Pete Schoening and A. J. Kauffman (USA)2012 by Adam Bielecki, Janusz Gołąb (Poland) [1]
Broad Peak (if included in group)8047 m1957 by Marcus Schmuck, Fritz Wintersteller, Kurt Diemberger and Hermann Buhl (Austria)2013 by Adam Bielecki, Artur Małek, Maciej Berbeka, Tomasz Kowalski (Poland)
Gasherbrum II8035 m1956 by Fritz Moravec, S. Larch, H. Willenpart (Austria)2011 by Simone Moro (Italy), Denis Urubko (Kazakhstan), Cory Richards (United States)
Gasherbrum III7952 m1975 by Wanda Rutkiewicz, A. Chadwick-Onyszkiewicz, Janusz Onyszkiewicz and K. Zdzitowiecki (Poland)Unclimbed in winter
Gasherbrum IV7925 m1958 by Walter Bonatti and Carlo Mauri (Italy)Unclimbed in winter
Gasherbrum V7147 m2014 by S. Nakjong and A. Chi Young (Korea)Unclimbed in winter
Gasherbrum VI7001 mUnclimbed, attempted 1998 by a French group (two dead) and a Danish group (Bo Belvedere Christensen, Mads Granlien and Jan Mathorne reaching 6200 m)Unclimbed in winter
Gasherbrum VII6755 m2019 by Cala Cimenti (Italy) [2] Unclimbed in winter
Gasherbrum TwinsUnclimbedUnclimbed in winter

See also

Sources

Related Research Articles

K2 Eight-thousander and 2nd-highest mountain on Earth, located in Pakistan and China; also claimed by India

K2, at 8,611 metres (28,251 ft) above sea level, is the second-highest mountain on Earth, after Mount Everest. It lies in the Karakoram range, in part in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan-administered Kashmir and in part in a China-administered territory of the Kashmir region included in the Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County of Xinjiang.

Karakoram Major mountain range spanning the borders between India, Pakistan, and China

The Karakoram is a mountain range spanning the borders of China, India, and Pakistan, with the northwest extremity of the range extending to Afghanistan and Tajikistan; its highest 15 mountains are all based in Pakistan. It begins in the Wakhan Corridor (Afghanistan) in the west, encompasses the majority of Gilgit-Baltistan, and extends into Ladakh and Aksai Chin. It is the second highest mountain range in the world and part of the complex of ranges including the Pamir Mountains, the Hindu Kush and the Himalayan Mountains. The Karakoram has eighteen summits over 7,500 m (24,600 ft) height, with four of them exceeding 8,000 m (26,000 ft): K2, the second highest peak in the world at 8,611 m (28,251 ft), Gasherbrum I, Broad Peak and Gasherbrum II.

Gasherbrum I Eight-thousander and 11th-highest mountain on Earth, located in Pakistan and China

Gasherbrum I, surveyed as K5 and also known as Hidden Peak, is the 11th highest mountain in the world at 8,080 metres (26,510 ft) above sea level. It is located in District Shigar Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan. Gasherbrum I is part of the Gasherbrum massif, located in the Karakoram region of the Himalaya. Gasherbrum is often claimed to mean "Shining Wall", presumably a reference to the highly visible face of the neighboring peak Gasherbrum IV; but in fact it comes from "rgasha" (beautiful) + "brum" (mountain) in Balti, hence it actually means "beautiful mountain."

Broad Peak Eight-thousander and 12th-highest mountain on Earth, located in Pakistan and China

Broad Peak is a mountain in the Karakoram on the border of Pakistan and China, the 12th highest mountain in the world at 8,047 metres (26,401 ft) above sea level. It was first ascended in June 1957 by Fritz Wintersteller, Marcus Schmuck, Kurt Diemberger, and Hermann Buhl of an Austrian expedition.

Gasherbrum II Eight-thousander and 13th-highest mountain on Earth, located in Pakistan and China

Gasherbrum II ; surveyed as K4, is the 13th highest mountain in the world at 8,034 metres (26,358 ft) above sea level. It is the third-highest peak of the Gasherbrum massif, and is located in the Karakoram, on the border between Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan, and Xinjiang, China. The mountain was first climbed on July 7, 1956, by an Austrian expedition which included Fritz Moravec, Josef Larch, and Hans Willenpart.

Masherbrum

Masherbrum is located in the Ghanche District, Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan. At 7,821 metres (25,659 ft) it is the 22nd highest mountain in the world and the 9th highest in Pakistan. It was the first mapped peak in the Karakoram mountain range, hence the designation "K1".

Baltistan Region of Pakistani-administered Kashmir

Baltistan, also known as Baltiyul or Little Tibet, is a mountainous region in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan-administered Kashmir. It is located near the Karakoram mountains just south of K2, and borders Gilgit to the west, China's Xinjiang to the north, Ladakh to the southeast, and the Kashmir Valley to the southwest. Its average altitude is over 3,350 metres (10,990 ft).

Gasherbrum III

Gasherbrum III, surveyed as K3a, is a summit in the Gasherbrum massif of the Baltoro Muztagh, a subrange of the Karakoram on the border between Xinjiang, China and Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. It is situated between Gasherbrum II and IV.

Gasherbrum IV

Gasherbrum IV, surveyed as K3, is the 17th highest mountain on Earth and the 6th highest in Pakistan. It is one of the peaks in the Gasherbrum massif.

Baltoro Glacier Glacier in Pakistan

The Baltoro Glacier, at 63 km (39 mi) in length, is one of the longest glaciers outside the polar regions. It is located in the Shigar district Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan. It runs through part of the Karakoram mountain range. The Baltoro Muztagh lies to the south and east of the glacier, while the Masherbrum Mountains lie to the south. At 8,611 m (28,251 ft), K2 is the highest mountain in the region, and three other Eight thousanders within 20 km. Siachen Glacier is separated from the Baltoro glacier by the Conway Saddle.

Askole

Askole, Askoli, or Askoly is a small town located in Shigar Valley, in the Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan. Askole is located in a remote region of the Karakoram mountains 3040 meters above sea level. It is notable for being the final settlement before one enters the wilderness of the high Karakorams.

Central Karakoram National Park

Central Karakoram National Park is a national park located in Skardu district of Gilgit-Baltistan in Pakistan. It encompasses some of the world’s highest peaks and largest glaciers. Internationally renowned for mountaineering, rock climbing and trekking opportunities, it covers an area of about 10,000 sq. km and contains the greatest concentration of high mountains on earth. It has four peaks over 8,000 m including K2 (8611 m), Gasherbrum-I (8068 m), Gasherbrum-II (8035 m) and Broad Peak (8051 m), and sixty peaks higher than 7,000 m. The park was placed on the World Heritage Site Tentative List in 2016.

Godwin-Austen Glacier

The Godwin-Austen Glacier is a glacier in the Karakoram range and is close to K2, the second tallest peak on Earth, in Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan. Its confluence with the Baltoro Glacier is called Concordia and is a popular trekking destination as it provides views of four of the five eight-thousanders in the region.

Gasherbrum V Mountain in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan

Gasherbrum V is a mountain in the Gasherbrum massif, located in the Karakoram range of Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan.

Ashraf Aman Pakistani mountain climber

Ashraf Aman is a Pakistani mountaineer, adventurer, and engineer. In 1977, he became the first Pakistani to reach the summit of K2. He operates the travel and tourism-based company "Adventure Tours Pakistan". He is also vice-President of the Alpine Club of Pakistan.

Leila Esfandyari was an Iranian mountain climber. Esfandyari was the first Iranian woman to scale the summit of Nanga Parbat in the Himalayas, the world’s ninth highest peak with an altitude of 8,125 metres and one of the deadliest peaks. Esfandyari is regarded as a pioneer in the women’s mountain climbing movement, being one of few women in the world to have completed a similar attempt.

Burji La

Burji La is a natural pass in the Karakoram mountains between Skardu and Deosai National Park in Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan. Its elevation is 5000 meters. It is famous especially for its beautiful panoramic view of many mountain peaks, including that of K2, Nanga Parbat, Masherbrum, Chogolisa, Laila Peak, Golden Peak, Gasherbrum I, Gasherbrum II, Gasherbrum IV and a part of Broad Peak mountain.

Machulo La is a mountain view point in Central Karakoram National Park, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. It is considered the most easiest way to view some of the most highest peaks of Himalayas and Karakoram mountains in a single glance such as K2, Broad Peak, Gasherbrum-I, Gasherbrum-II, Gasherbrum III, Gasherbrum IV, K7, K6 and Nanga Parbat.

Tourism in Gilgit-Baltistan Overview of the tourism industry in Gilgit−Baltistan, Pakistan

Tourism in Gilgit-Baltistan, an administrative unit of Pakistan, focuses on the mountains. Gilgit-Baltistan borders Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province to the west, a small portion of the Wakhan Corridor of Afghanistan to the north, Xinjiang, China to the northeast, the Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh to the southeast, and the Pakistani-administered state of Azad Kashmir to the south.

References

Coordinates: 35°43′N76°42′E / 35.717°N 76.700°E / 35.717; 76.700