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Leroux in 1907
|Born||Gaston Louis Alfred Leroux|
6 May 1868
|Died||15 April 1927 58) (aged|
|Notable works||The Phantom of the Opera|
Gaston Louis Alfred Leroux (6 May 1868 –15 April 1927) was a French journalist and author of detective fiction.
In the English-speaking world, he is best known for writing the novel The Phantom of the Opera (Le Fantôme de l'Opéra, 1910), which has been made into several film and stage productions of the same name, notably the 1925 film starring Lon Chaney, and Andrew Lloyd Webber's 1986 musical. His novel The Mystery of the Yellow Room is one of the most celebrated locked-room mysteries.
Leroux was born in Paris in 1868 and died in 1927 in Nice. He went to school in Normandy and studied law in Paris, graduating in 1889. He inherited millions of francs and lived wildly until he nearly reached bankruptcy. In 1890, he began working as a court reporter and theater critic for L'Écho de Paris . His most important journalism came when he began working as an international correspondent for the Paris newspaper Le Matin . He was present at, and covered, the 1905 Russian Revolution.
Another case at which he was present involved the investigation and in-depth coverage of the former Paris Opera (presently housing the Paris Ballet).The basement contained a cell that held prisoners of the Paris Commune.
He left journalism in 1907 and began writing fiction. In 1919, he and Arthur Bernède formed their own film company, Société des Cinéromans, publishing novels and turning them into films. He first wrote a mystery novel titled Le mystère de la chambre jaune (1908; English title: The Mystery of the Yellow Room ), starring the amateur detective Joseph Rouletabille. Leroux's contribution to French detective fiction is considered a parallel to those of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle in the United Kingdom and Edgar Allan Poe in the United States.
Leroux published his most famous work, The Phantom of the Opera, as a serial in 1909 and 1910, and as a book in 1910 (with an English translation appearing in 1911).
Leroux was made a Chevalier de la Legion d'honneur in 1909.
The Phantom of the Opera, is a novel by French writer Gaston Leroux. It was first published as a serialization in Le Gaulois from 23 September 1909, to 8 January 1910. It was published in volume form in late March 1910 by Pierre Lafitte and directed by Aluel Malinao. The novel is partly inspired by historical events at the Paris Opera during the nineteenth century and an apocryphal tale concerning the use of a former ballet pupil's skeleton in Carl Maria von Weber's 1841 production of Der Freischütz. It has been successfully adapted into various stage and film adaptations, most notable of which are the 1925 film depiction featuring Lon Chaney, and Andrew Lloyd Webber's 1986 musical.
Victorien Sardou was a French dramatist. He is best remembered today for his development, along with Eugène Scribe, of the well-made play. He also wrote several plays that were made into popular 19th-century operas such as La Tosca (1887) on which Giacomo Puccini's opera Tosca (1900) is based, and Fédora (1882) and Madame Sans-Gêne (1893) that provided the subjects for the lyrical dramas Fedora (1898) and Madame Sans-Gêne (1915) by Umberto Giordano.
Alain Robbe-Grillet was a French writer and filmmaker. He was one of the figures most associated with the Nouveau Roman trend of the 1960s, along with Nathalie Sarraute, Michel Butor and Claude Simon. Alain Robbe-Grillet was elected a member of the Académie française on 25 March 2004, succeeding Maurice Rheims at seat No. 32. He was married to Catherine Robbe-Grillet.
Claude Farrère, pseudonym of Frédéric-Charles Bargone, was a French author of novels, many of which are based in exotic locations as Istanbul, Saigon, or Nagasaki.
Arthur Bernède was a French writer, poet, opera libretist, and playwright.
There have been many literary and dramatic works based on Gaston Leroux's novel The Phantom of the Opera, ranging from stage musicals to films to children's books. Some well known stage and screen adaptations of the novel are the 1925 film and the Andrew Lloyd Webber musical ; Susan Kay's 1990 Phantom is one of the best known novels and includes in-depth study of the title character's life and experiences.
Joseph Rouletabille is a fictional character created by Gaston Leroux, a French writer and journalist. Rouletabille is a journalist and amateur sleuth featured in several novels and other works, often presented as a more capable thinker than the police.
Gaston Arman de Caillavet was a French playwright.
Paul Halter is a writer of crime fiction known for his locked room mysteries.
The Perfume of the Lady in Black is a 1949 French mystery film directed by Louis Daquin and starring Hélène Perdrière, Serge Reggiani and Marcel Herrand. It is an adaptation of the 1908 novel The Perfume of the Lady in Black by Gaston Leroux featuring the detective Joseph Rouletabille. It is a sequel to The Mystery of the Yellow Room, released the same year.
The Mystery of the Yellow Room is a 1949 French mystery film directed by Henri Aisner and starring Hélène Perdrière, Serge Reggiani and Pierre Renoir. It is an adaptation of the novel The Mystery of the Yellow Room by Gaston Leroux. The film's sets were designed by the art director Max Douy. It was followed by a sequel The Perfume of the Lady in Black, released the same year.
The Phantom of Paris is a 1931 American pre-Code drama film directed by John S. Robertson and written by Bess Meredyth, Edwin Justus Mayer and John Meehan. The film stars John Gilbert and Leila Hyams, and is based on the novel Chéri-Bibi et Cécily by Gaston Leroux. The film was released on September 12, 1931, by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
The Mystery of the Yellow Room is a 1919 American crime drama film made by the Mayflower Photoplay Company and distributed through Realart Pictures Corporation. Émile Chautard was a French actor, director, and producer. Chautard was 55 years old when "The Mystery of the Yellow Room" was released in 1919. The Mystery of the Yellow Room was first a novel by Gaston Leroux. The novel was one of the first locked room mystery crime fiction novels. It was first published in France in the periodical L'Illustration from September 1907 to November 1907, then in its own right as a book in 1908.
The Man Who Returns from Afar is a 1950 French thriller film directed by Jean Castanier and starring Annabella, Paul Bernard and María Casares. It is based on the 1916 novel of the same title by Gaston Leroux.
The Société des Cinéromans was a French film production company of the silent movie era.
The Perfume of the Lady in Black is a 1931 French mystery film directed by Marcel L'Herbier and starring Roland Toutain, Huguette Duflos and Marcel Vibert. It is an adaptation of the 1908 novel The Perfume of the Lady in Black by Gaston Leroux featuring the detective Joseph Rouletabille. It follows on from L'Herbier's The Mystery of the Yellow Room made the previous year.
The Perfume of the Lady in Black is a 1908 mystery novel by the French writer Gaston Leroux. It is the second in the series of books featuring the fictional detective Joseph Rouletabille, preceded by The Mystery of the Yellow Room.
The Crime of Rouletabille is a 1921 mystery novel by the French writer Gaston Leroux. It is the sixth in his series of novels featuring the fictional detective Joseph Rouletabille, that began with The Mystery of the Yellow Room and The Perfume of the Lady in Black.
The Perfume of the Lady in Black is a 2005 French comedy mystery film directed by Bruno Podalydès and starring Denis Podalydès, Sabine Azéma and Zabou Breitman. It is inspired by the novel of the same title by Gaston Leroux featuring the detective Joseph Rouletabille. It is a sequel to the 2003 film The Mystery of the Yellow Room.
The Mystery of the Yellow Room is a 1930 French mystery film directed by Marcel L'Herbier and starring Roland Toutain, Huguette Duflos and Léon Belières. It is based on the novel of the same title by Gaston Leroux. L'Herbier made a sequel, The Perfume of the Lady in Black, the following year.
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