|This article uses algebraic notation to describe chess moves.|
|Full name||Gavriil Nikolayevich Veresov|
|Born||July 28, 1912|
|Died||November 12, 1979|
Gavriil Nikolayevich Veresov (Belarusian : Гаўрыла Мікалаевіч Верасаў, Russian : Гавриил Николаевич Вересов; 28 July 1912 – 12 November 1979) was a Soviet chess player. He was awarded the title of International Master (IM) in 1950.
Belarusian is an official language of Belarus, along with Russian, and is also spoken in Russia, Poland and Ukraine. Before Belarus gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, the language was only known in English as Byelorussian or Belorussian, transliterating the Russian name, белорусский язык Belorusskiy yazyk, or alternatively as White Ruthenian or White Russian. Following independence, it has acquired the additional name Belarusian.
Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although, nowadays, nearly three decades after the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia, the rise of state-specific varieties of this language tends to be strongly denied in Russia, in line with the Russian World ideology.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, its government and economy were highly centralized. The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Other major urban centres were Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Alma-Ata, and Novosibirsk. It spanned over 10,000 kilometres east to west across 11 time zones, and over 7,200 kilometres north to south. It had five climate zones: tundra, taiga, steppes, desert and mountains.
Veresov was a five-time winner of the Belarusian Chess Championship (1936, 1939, 1941, 1958, 1963). Veresov came to the forefront of Soviet chess during the Second World War, but never gained much attention. He is mostly recognised today for the opening that bears his name – The Veresov Opening. Veresov was born and died in Minsk.
The 65th Belarusian Chess Championship (65th) was held 18–28 February 1999. GM Viacheslav Dydyshko won the 12-player, single round-robin tournament, earning his tenth championship in 26 attempts.
World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.
Minsk is the capital and largest city of Belarus, situated on the Svislač and the Nyamiha Rivers. As the national capital, Minsk has a special administrative status in Belarus and is the administrative centre of Minsk Region (voblasć) and Minsk District (rajon). The population in January 2018 was 1,982,444, making Minsk the 11th most populous city in Europe. Minsk is the administrative capital of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and seat of its Executive Secretary.
The Veresov Opening (also known as the Richter-Veresov Attack after International Master Kurt Richter) begins either 1. d4 Nf6 2. Nc3 d5 3. Bg5 or, more commonly, 1. d4 d5 2. Nc3 Nf6 3. Bg5. After 3.Bg5, Black's most popular choices are 3... Nbd7, 3... e6, 3... Bf5, 3... c6 and 3... c5, all potentially leading to different variations, with 3...e6 4. e4 giving a French Defence by transposition. White's plans typically include rapid Queenside castling, and an early f2-f3 and e2-e4 pawn push. The ECO code for the Richter-Veresov Attack is D01.
Kurt Paul Otto Joseph Richter was a German chess International Master and chess writer.
The French Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves:
The Encyclopedia of Chess Openings is a classification system for the opening moves in chess. It is presented as a five-volume book collection describing chess openings. The moves were taken from hundreds of thousands of games between masters, from published analysis in the Chess Informant since 1966, and then compiled by notable chess players. The main editor is Aleksandar Matanović. Both the ECO and the Chess Informant are published by the Serbian company Šahovski Informator. These openings are typically provided in an ECO table that concisely presents the best opening lines.
A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game. The term can refer to the initial moves by either side, White or Black, but an opening by Black may also be known as a defense. There are dozens of different openings, and hundreds of variants. The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named openings and variants. These vary widely in character from to wild tactical play. In addition to referring to specific move sequences, the opening is the first phase of a chess game, the other phases being the middlegame and the endgame.
The Grünfeld Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves:
The King's Gambit is a chess opening that begins with the moves:
The Sicilian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the following moves:
The Dutch Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves:
The English Opening is a chess opening that begins with the move:
The Nimzowitsch Defence is a somewhat unusual chess opening characterised by the moves:
The Dunst Opening is a chess opening where White opens with the move:
The Queen's Pawn Game is any chess opening starting with the move:
The Richter–Veresov Attack is a chess opening that begins with the moves:
The Trompowsky Attack is a chess opening that begins with the moves:
In the game of chess, Indian Defence or Indian Game is a broad term for a group of openings characterised by the moves:
A Closed Game is a chess opening that begins with the moves:
In chess, checkmates in the opening are examples of a player being checkmated during the first few moves of the game. Some common or notable mating patterns have names of their own. These include Fool's mate, Scholar's mate, and Légal's mate.
The King's Fianchetto Opening or Benko's Opening is a chess opening characterized by the move:
The Scandinavian Defense is a chess opening characterized by the moves:
Chessgames.com is an Internet chess community with over 224,000 members. The site maintains a large database of chess games, where each game has its own discussion page for comments and analysis. Limited primarily to games where at least one player is of master strength, the database begins with the earliest known recorded games and is updated with games from current top-level tournaments. Basic membership is free, and the site is open to players at all levels of ability, with additional features available for Premium members. While the primary purpose of Chessgames.com is to provide an outlet for chess discussion and analysis, consultation games are periodically organized with teams of members playing either other teams of members or very strong masters, including a former US champion and two former world correspondence champions. Members can maintain their own discussion pages, and there are features to assist study of openings, endgames and sacrifices. The front page also features a puzzle of the day, player of the day, and game of the day, the puzzle varying in difficulty throughout the week from "very easy" on Mondays to "insane" on Sundays.