Gaza–Israel clashes (May 2019)

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Gaza–Israel clashes (May 2019)
Part of Gaza–Israel conflict
Date3–6 May 2019
Result War avoided, status quo maintained

Flag of Palestine.svg  Gaza Strip

Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Commanders and leaders
Flag of Hamas.svg Yeyha Al-Sinwar [1]
Flag of Hamas.svg Hamed Ahmed Abed Khudri  [2]
Flag of Israel.svg Benjamin Netanyahu
Units involved
Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades
Al-Nasser Salah al-Deen Brigades

Israel Defense Forces

Casualties and losses
Per Palestinians:
25 killed (~10 militants), [3]
154 wounded [4]
23 killed (17 militants) [5] [6]
4 civilians killed, [3]
123 civilians wounded, [4]
2 soldiers wounded [7]

A Gaza–Israel conflict escalation began on 3 May 2019, after two Israeli soldiers were injured by sniper fire from the Gaza Strip during the weekly protests at the Gaza–Israel border. In response, the Israeli Air Force carried out an airstrike, killing two Palestinians. Following this, hundreds of rockets were launched from Gaza at Israel, while the Israeli Air Force struck numerous targets within the Gaza Strip. In addition, Israel increased its troop presence near the Israel–Gaza barrier.

Gaza–Israel conflict conflict between Gaza and Israel

The Gaza–Israel conflict is a part of the localized Israeli–Palestinian conflict, but is also a scene of power struggle between regional powers including Egypt, Iran and Turkey together with Qatar, supporting different sides of the conflict in light of the regional standoff between Iran and Saudi Arabia on one hand and between Qatar and Saudi Arabia on the other, as well as crisis in Egyptian-Turkish relations.

Gaza Strip region on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea

The Gaza Strip, or simply Gaza, is a self-governing Palestinian territory on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, that borders Egypt on the southwest for 11 kilometers (6.8 mi) and Israel on the east and north along a 51 km (32 mi) border. Gaza and the West Bank are claimed by the State of Palestine.

2018–19 Gaza border protests protest campaign for refugee rights in the Gaza Strip

On 30 March 2018, a six-week campaign composed of a series of protests was launched at the Gaza Strip, near the Gaza-Israel border. Called by Palestinian organizers the Great March of Return, the protests demanded that Palestinian refugees and their descendants be allowed to return to the land they were displaced from in what is now Israel. They were also protesting the blockade of the Gaza Strip and the moving of the United States Embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. Violence during the protests has resulted in the deadliest days of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict since the 2014 Gaza War.

A ceasefire facilitated by Egyptian mediators went into effect on 6 May.

Exchanges of fire

Friday, 3 May

On 3 May, during the weekly protests at the Gaza–Israel border, two Israeli soldiers were injured in an attack by a Gazan sniper who, according to Israel Defense Forces (IDF), was connected to Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ). [8] [9] In response, the Israel Air Force targeted a nearby Hamas post with an airstrike, killing two people and injuring two others. The men killed were identified as Abdullah Ibrahim Mahmoud Abu Salouh, 33 and Alaa Ali Hasan al-Boubli, 29. Hamas pledged to respond to the "Israeli aggression". [10] In addition, two other Palestinians were killed and 60 wounded, [7] 36 of them by Israeli gunfire. [11]

Israel Defense Forces combined military forces of Israel

The Israel Defense Forces, commonly known in Israel by the Hebrew acronym Tzahal, are the military forces of the State of Israel. They consist of the ground forces, air force, and navy. It is the sole military wing of the Israeli security forces, and has no civilian jurisdiction within Israel. The IDF is headed by its Chief of General Staff, the Ramatkal, subordinate to the Defense Minister of Israel; Lieutenant General Aviv Kochavi has served as Chief of Staff since January 15, 2019.

Israeli Air Force Aerial warfare branch of the Israel Defense Forces

The Israeli Air Force operates as the aerial warfare branch of the Israel Defense Forces. It was founded on May 28, 1948, shortly after the Israeli Declaration of Independence. As of August 2017 Aluf Amikam Norkin serves as the Air Force Commander.

Hamas Palestinian Sunni-Islamic fundamentalist organization

Hamas is a Palestinian Sunni-Islamic fundamentalist militant organization. It has a social service wing, Dawah, and a military wing, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades. It has been the de facto governing authority of the Gaza Strip since its takeover of that area in 2007. During this period it fought several wars with Israel. It is regarded, either in whole or in part, as a terrorist organization by several countries and international organizations, most notably by Israel, the United States and the European Union. Russia, China, and Turkey are among countries who do not regard it so.

Saturday, 4 May

According to IDF, more than 250 rockets were launched from Gaza into Israel, causing serious injury to at least one person. [7]

The Israeli Air Force and IDF struck more than 120 sites in the Gaza Strip. [7] According to the Health Ministry of the Gaza Strip, these airstrikes killed four people – two men, and a woman with a toddler. [12] According to Palestinian officials, the woman and toddler who died were identified as Falestine Abu Arar, 37, and her niece Siba Abu Arar, 14-months old. Thirteen other Palestinians were reportedly injured during the day. [13] The IDF denied responsibility, stating that the woman and toddler were killed by Palestinian rocket fire. [12] Al-Risala News run by Hamas also denied the claims against the IDF, saying that the PIJ was responsible for the deaths. [14]

The current Health Minister of the Gaza Strip is Mufiz al-Makhalalati, who took position in September 2012, following reshuffle of the Hamas government in the Gaza Strip.

Sunday, 5 May

At least 200 more projectiles were launched from Gaza towards Israel, killing four people and injuring several others. An Israeli man was killed when a rocket struck in front of his home. [15] The man was identified as Moshe Agadi, a 58-year old father of four. [16] A rocket fired overnight damaged an empty kindergarten in Sderot, after landing in its yard and exploding. [17] Later that day, a rocket directly struck a factory in the city of Ashkelon, leaving a man dead and two others injured. [18] A Kornet anti-tank missile hit a private van in the kibbutz community of Yad Mordechai, killing the Israeli driver. [19] Three people were injured in the Eshkol Regional Council – two lightly when a mortar shell landed in a yard, and a Thai worker was moderately wounded by a rocket that exploded in a field where he was working. A 35-year old man was killed by shrapnel from a rocket that hit his Ashdod home later that day. [20]

Ashkelon Place in Israel

Ashkelon or Ashqelon, also known as Ascalon, is a coastal city in the Southern District of Israel on the Mediterranean coast, 50 kilometres (31 mi) south of Tel Aviv, and 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) north of the border with the Gaza Strip. The ancient seaport of Ashkelon dates back to the Neolithic Age. In the course of its history, it has been ruled by the Ancient Egyptians, the Canaanites, the Philistines, the Assyrians, the Babylonians, the Greeks, the Phoenicians, the Hasmoneans, the Romans, the Persians, the Arabs and the Crusaders, until it was destroyed by the Mamluks in 1270.

9M133 Kornet man-portable anti-tank guided missile

The 9M133 Kornet is a modern Russian man-portable anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) intended for use against main battle tanks. It was first introduced into service with the Russian Army in 1998.

Kibbutz Collective settlement in Israel

A kibbutz is a collective community in Israel that was traditionally based on agriculture. The first kibbutz, established in 1909, was Degania. Today, farming has been partly supplanted by other economic branches, including industrial plants and high-tech enterprises. Kibbutzim began as utopian communities, a combination of socialism and Zionism. In recent decades, some kibbutzim have been privatized and changes have been made in the communal lifestyle. A member of a kibbutz is called a kibbutznik.

In response, the IDF struck over 210 sites in the Gaza Strip during the day. A Hamas commander was killed by an airstrike during the day while travelling in a car down a street, marking the first targeted killing carried out by Israel in several years. [21] The man was identified as Hamed Ahmed Abed Khudri, and was accused of transferring funds from Iran to Gaza. Palestinian factions threatened to use long-range rockets to attack Israel if the "aggression" continues. [12] During the day, Israel deployed the 7th Armored Brigade and the Golani Brigade to the Gaza–Israel border. [22] Later that day, an Israeli airstrike killed 3 people in the northern Gaza town of Beit Lahiya, including a pregnant woman, according to the Health Ministry of the Gaza Strip. The woman was identified as 33-year old Amani al-Madhoun. [23]

7th Armored Brigade (Israel) Israeli Defense Force combat formation

The 7th Armored Brigade is a military formation of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). Formed during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War and in operation ever since, it is the oldest armored brigade in the IDF. The brigade took part in all of Israel's wars. During the Battles of Latrun in 1948, the 3rd Alexandroni and 7th Brigades together suffered 139 casualties. It fought in the Six-Day War under the command of Colonel Shmuel Gonen (Gorodish). In the Yom Kippur War, under the command of Colonel Avigdor Ben-Gal, it was stationed at the defense line of the northern part of the Golan Heights, where it successfully repulsed heavy attacks by much larger Syrian forces.

Golani Brigade

For the Syrian paramilitary unit see; Golan Regiment

Monday, 6 May

In the early morning of 6 May, a ceasefire agreement mediated by Egypt in its capital city Cairo [24] was reached, taking effect at 4:30 A.M (1:30 UTC). At 7:00 A.M., Israel announced all restrictions for residents of the south were lifted, and schools opened normally. [25]

International response

EU High Representative Federica Mogherini called for armed Palestinians in the Gaza Strip to end rocket shootings towards Israeli territory, holding that attacks lead to suffering on both sides, and that the EU seeks security and stability in the region. She also backed Egypt in its pertinent role in the ceasefire mediation effort. [26] U.S. President Donald Trump backed Israel's right to self-defense. He called on the Gazan people to "end the violence". [27]

See also

Related Research Articles

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