Gearing-class destroyer

Last updated

USS Hanson (DD-832) returning to San Diego on 4 August 1971.jpg
USS Hanson in FRAM configuration, 4 August 1971
Class overview
NameGearing class
Preceded by Allen M. Sumnerclass
Succeeded by Norfolk class
Laid up0
General characteristics as originally built
Type Destroyer
  • 2,616 long tons (2,658  t) standard
  • 3,460 long tons (3,520 t) full load
Length390.5 ft (119.0 m)
Beam40.9 ft (12.5 m)
Draft14.3 ft (4.4 m)
Installed power
  • 4 × boilers
  • 60,000 shp (45,000 kW)
Speed36.8  kn (68.2 km/h; 42.3 mph)
Range4,500 nmi (8,300 km; 5,200 mi) at 20 kn (37 km/h; 23 mph)
Complement350 as designed

The Gearing class was a series of 98 destroyers built for the U.S. Navy during and shortly after World War II. The Gearing design was a minor modification of the Allen M. Sumnerclass, whereby the hull was lengthened by 14 ft (4.3 m) at amidships, which resulted in more fuel storage space and increased the operating range.


The first Gearings were not ready for service until mid-1945 and saw little service in World War II. They continued serving, with a series of upgrades, until the 1970s. At that time many were sold to other nations, where they served many more years.

Procurement and construction

31 vessels were authorized on 9 July 1942:

4 vessels were authorized on 13 May 1942:

3 vessels were authorized on 27 March 1943 under the Vinson–Trammell Act:

114 vessels were authorized on 19 July 1943 under the 70% Expansion Act:

(Of the missing numbers in this sequence - 722 to 741, 744 to 762, 770 to 781, and 857 were allocated to orders for Allen M. Sumner-classdestroyers; 792 to 804 were awarded to orders for Fletcher-classdestroyers.)

Cancelled vessels

In March 1945, the orders for 36 of the above vessels were cancelled, and 11 more orders were cancelled in August 1945. Following the close of World War II, 7 further vessels were cancelled in 1946:


The first ship was laid down in August 1944, while the last was launched in March 1946. In that time the United States produced 98 Gearing-class destroyers. The Gearing class was a seemingly minor improvement of the Allen M. Sumner class, built from 1943 until 1945. The main difference was that the Gearings were 14 ft (4.3 m) longer in the midship section, allowing for increased fuel tankage for greater range, an important consideration in Pacific War operations. More importantly in the long run, the increased size of the Gearings made them much more suitable for upgrades than the Allen M. Sumners, as seen in the wartime radar picket subclass, the 1950s radar picket destroyer (DDR) and escort destroyer (DDE) conversions, and the Fleet Rehabilitation and Modernization (FRAM) conversions 1960-1965. As designed, the Gearing class's armament was identical to that on the Allen M. Sumner class. Three twin 5 in (127 mm)/38 caliber Mark 38 dual purpose (DP) mounts constituted the main battery. The 5-inch guns were guided by a Mark 37 Gun Fire Control System with a Mark 25 fire control radar linked by a Mark 1A Fire Control Computer stabilized by a Mark 6 8,500 rpm gyro. This fire control system provided effective long-range anti-aircraft (AA) or anti-surface fire. Twelve 40 mm (1.57 in) Bofors guns in two quad and two twin mounts and 11 20 mm (0.79 in) Oerlikon cannons in single mounts were also equipped. The initial design retained the Allen M. Sumner class's heavy torpedo armament of ten 21-inch (530 mm) torpedo tubes in two quintuple mounts, firing the Mark 15 torpedo. As the threat from kamikaze aircraft mounted in 1945, and with few remaining Japanese warships to use torpedoes on, most of the class had the aft quintuple 21-inch tube mounts replaced by an additional 40 mm quadruple mount (prior to completion on later ships) for 16 total 40 mm guns. Twenty-six ships (DD-742-745, 805-808, 829-835, and 873-883) were ordered without torpedo tubes to allow for radar picket equipment; these were redesignated as DDRs in 1948. [1] [2] [3] [4]

1946-1959 upgrades

Chart showing the development of the Gearing class. Gearing class destroyer development chart.png
Chart showing the development of the Gearing class.
George K. MacKenzie, Leonard F. Mason, Henry W. Tucker, and Rupertus under the Story Bridge, Brisbane, Australia in January 1958. QSA Item ID 436402 United States Navy ships under the Story Bridge, Brisbane, January 1958 cropped.jpg
George K. MacKenzie, Leonard F. Mason, Henry W. Tucker, and Rupertus under the Story Bridge, Brisbane, Australia in January 1958.

Following World War II most of the class had their AA and anti-submarine warfare (ASW) armament upgraded. The 40 mm and 20 mm guns were replaced by two to six 3-inch (76 mm)/50 caliber guns in up to two twin and two single mountings. One depth charge rack was removed and two Hedgehog ASW mortar mounts added. The K-guns were retained. Nine additional (for a total of 35) ships were converted to radar picket destroyers (DDR) in the early 1950s; these typically received only one 3-inch twin mount to save weight for radar equipment, as did the wartime radar pickets. Nine ships were converted to escort destroyers (DDE), emphasizing ASW. Carpenter was the most thorough DDE conversion, with 4 3-inch/70 caliber guns in twin enclosed mounts, two Weapon Alpha launchers, four new 21-inch torpedo tubes for the Mark 37 ASW torpedo, and one depth charge rack. [5]

FRAM I upgrade

Sarsfield (top) as delivered and Rowan (bottom) after FRAM I. Gearing class destroyers before and after FRAM modernization.jpg
Sarsfield (top) as delivered and Rowan (bottom) after FRAM I.

In the late 1950s and early 1960s, 79 of the Gearing-class destroyers underwent extensive modernization overhauls, known as FRAM I, which were designed under project SCB 206 [6] to convert them from an anti-aircraft destroyer to an anti-submarine warfare platform. FRAM I removed all of the DDR and DDE equipment, and these ships were redesignated as DDs. FRAM I and FRAM II conversions were completed 1960-1965. Eventually all but three Gearings received FRAM conversions. [7]

The FRAM I program was an extensive conversion for the Gearing-class destroyers. This upgrade included rebuilding the ship's superstructure, electronic systems, radar, sonar, and weapons. The second twin 5-inch gun mount and all previous AA guns and ASW equipment were removed. On several ships the two forward 5-inch mounts remained and the aft 5-inch mount was removed. Upgraded systems included SQS-23 sonar, SPS-10 surface search radar, two triple Mark 32 torpedo tubes, an 8-cell Anti-Submarine Rocket (ASROC) box launcher, and one QH-50C DASH ASW drone helicopter, with its own landing pad and hangar. Both the Mk 32 torpedo tubes and ASROC launched Mk. 44 homing ASW torpedoes. ASROC could also launch a nuclear depth charge. On 11 May 1962, Agerholm tested a live nuclear ASROC in the "Swordfish" test. [8] [9] [10]

In Navy slang, the modified destroyers were called "FRAM cans", "can" being a contraction of "tin can", the slang term for a destroyer or destroyer escort.[ citation needed ]

The Gyrodyne QH-50C DASH was an unmanned anti-submarine helicopter, controlled remotely from the ship. The drone could carry two Mark 44 homing ASW torpedoes. During this era the ASROC system had an effective range of only 5 nautical miles (9.3 km; 5.8 mi), but the DASH drone allowed the ship to deploy ASW attack to sonar contacts as far as 22 nmi (41 km; 25 mi) away. [11] However, DASH proved unreliable in shipboard service, with over half of the USN's 746 drones lost at sea. This was possibly due to inadequate maintenance support, as other services had few difficulties with DASH. By 1970, DASH had been withdrawn from FRAM I ships, though it was retained into the early 1970s on FRAM II ships, which lacked ASROC. A limitation of drones in ASW was the need to re-acquire the target at ranges beyond the effectiveness of the controlling ship's sonar. This led to shift to the LAMPS program of manned helicopters, which the Gearing class were too small to accommodate. [12]

An upgraded version of DASH, QH-50D, remained in use by the United States Army until May 2006. [13]

FRAM I "A" Ships: (First 8 conversions) Removal of aft twin 5-inch gun mount (Mount 53). Group A ships also received two MK10/11 Hedgehogs fitted on each side of the bridge at the 01 level and had the MK-32 triple torpedo launchers aft of the second stack. FRAM I "B" Ships (remainder of conversions): Kept their forward 5-inch mount (Mount 51), lost the second mount (Mount 52) and kept their aft 5-inch mount (Mount 53). In place of mount 52, a practice 5-inch reloading machine was installed with the MK-32 triple torpedo launchers aft of the loader. Group B ships also received greater ASROC and torpedo storage areas next to the port side of the DASH hangar. [14] [15]

FRAM II upgrade

Norris after FRAM II. USS Norris (DD-859) at sea in May 1966.jpg
Norris after FRAM II.

The FRAM II program was designed primarily for the Allen M. Sumner class destroyer, but sixteen Gearings were upgraded as well. This upgrade program included life-extension refurbishment, a new radar system, Mark 32 torpedo tubes, DASH ASW drone, and variable depth sonar (VDS). Importantly, it did not include ASROC. FRAM II ships included six DDRs and six DDEs that retained their specialized equipment (1960–1961), as well as four DDRs that were converted to DDs and were nearly identical to the Allen M. Sumner class FRAM IIs (1962–1963). The FRAM II ships retained all six 5-inch guns, except the DDEs retained four 5-inch guns and a trainable Hedgehog in the No. 2 position. All FRAM IIs retained two Hedgehogs alongside either the No. 2 5-inch mount or the trainable Hedgehog mount. The four DDRs converted to DDs were armed with two new 21-inch torpedo tubes for the Mk. 37 ASW homing torpedo. Photographs of the six retained DDRs show no markings on the DASH landing deck, as well as a much smaller deckhouse than was usually provided for DASH, so they may not have been equipped with DASH.

Service and disposition

Many of the Gearings provided significant gunfire support in the Vietnam War. They also served as escorts for Carrier Battle Groups (carrier strike groups from 2004) and Amphibious Ready Groups (Expeditionary Strike Groups from 2006). DASH was withdrawn from ASW service in 1969, due to poor reliability. Lacking ASROC, the FRAM II ships were disposed of in 1969–1974. With ASROC continuing to provide a standoff ASW capability, the Gearing FRAM Is were retained in service for several years, with most being decommissioned and transferred to foreign navies 1973–1980. They were replaced as ASW ships by the Spruance-classdestroyers, which were commissioned 1975–1983. These had the same ASW armament as a Gearing FRAM destroyer, with the addition of improved sonar and a piloted helicopter, initially the Kaman SH-2 Seasprite, and from 1984, the Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk. Some Gearings served in the Naval Reserve Force (NRF) from 1973, remaining in commission with a partial active crew to provide training for Naval reservists. The last Gearing-class destroyer in US naval service was William C. Lawe, a FRAM I, decommissioned and struck 1 October 1983, and expended as a target 14 July 1999. [16]

Yang class

The Taiwanese destroyer Liao Yang in 1993 (ex Hanson). Taiwanese destroyer Liao Yang (DDG-921) underway 1993.JPEG
The Taiwanese destroyer Liao Yang in 1993 (ex Hanson).

After the Gearing-class ships were retired from USN service, many were sold abroad, including over a dozen to the Republic of China Navy (ROCN) in Taiwan. These ships, along with Fletcher-class destroyers and Allen M. Sumner-class destroyers also acquired then, were upgraded under the Wu Chin (Chinese :武進) I, II, and III programs and known throughout the ROCN as the Yang-class (Chinese :陽字號) destroyers as they were assigned names that all end with the word "Yang". The last batch of 7 WC-III program vessels, all of them Gearing class, were retired in the early 2000s. [17]

Under the most advanced Wu Chin III upgrade program, all World War II vintage weapons were removed and replaced with four Hsiung Feng II surface-to-surface missiles, ten SM-1 (box launchers), one 8-cell ASROC, one 76 mm (3 in) Otobreda gun, two Bofors 40 mm AA, one 20 mm Phalanx CIWS and two triple 12.75 in (324 mm) torpedo tubes. The DASH ASW drones were not acquired, but hangar facilities aboard those ships that had them were later used to accommodate ASW versions of MD 500 Defender helicopters.

After the Yang-class destroyers were decommissioned, the SM-1 launch boxes were moved to Chi Yang-class frigates to improve their anti-air capability.

Ships in class

Ships of the Gearing destroyer class
NameHull no.BuilderLaid downLaunchedCommissionedFRAMDecommissionedFate
USS Gearing DD-710 Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, Newark, New Jersey 10 August 194418 February 19453 May 1945IB2 July 1973Sold for scrap, 6 November 1974
USS Eugene A. Greene DD-71117 August 194418 March 19458 June 1945IB31 August 1972Transferred to Spain, 31 August 1972
USS Gyatt DD-7127 September 194415 April 19452 July 194522 October 1969Sunk as a target, 11 June 1970
USS Kenneth D. Bailey DD-713 DDR-71321 September 194417 June 194531 July 1945II20 January 1970Sold to Iran, 13 January 1975, to be broken up for spare parts
USS William R. Rush DD-71419 October 19448 July 194521 September 1945IB1 July 1978Transferred to South Korea in 1978; retired in 2000; became museum ship; scrapped December 2016
USS William M. Wood DD-7152 November 194429 July 194524 November 1945IB1 December 1976Sunk as target off Puerto Rico during ReadEx 1-83 in March 1983
USS Wiltsie DD-71613 March 194531 August 194512 January 1946IB23 January 1976Sold to Pakistan, 29 April 1977
USS Theodore E. Chandler DD-71723 April 194520 October 194522 March 1946IB1 April 1975Sold for scrap, 30 December 1975
USS Hamner DD-71825 April 194524 November 194512 July 1946IB1 October 1979Sold to Taiwan, 17 December 1980
USS Epperson DD-719 DDE-71920 June 194522 December 194519 March 1949IB1 December 1975Transferred to Pakistan, 29 April 1977
USS Frank Knox DD-742 DDR-742 Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine 8 May 194417 September 194411 December 1944II30 January 1971Transferred to Greece, 3 February 1971
USS Southerland DD-74327 May 19445 October 194422 December 1944IB26 February 1981Sunk as a target, 2 August 1997
USS William C. Lawe DD-763 Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, San Francisco, California 12 March 194421 May 194518 December 1946IB1 October 1983Sunk as a target, 14 July 1999
USS Lloyd Thomas DD-764 DDE-76426 March 19445 October 194521 March 1947II12 October 1972Sold to the Republic of China, 12 October 1972
USS Keppler DD-765 DDE-76523 April 194424 June 194623 May 1947II1 July 1972Sold to Turkey
USS Rowan DD-782 Todd Pacific Shipyards, Seattle, Washington 25 March 194429 December 194431 March 1945IB18 December 1975Ran aground and wrecked while under tow, 22 August 1977
USS Gurke DD-7831 July 194415 February 194512 May 1945IB30 January 1976Transferred to Greece, 17 March 1977
USS McKean DD-78415 September 194431 March 19459 June 1945IB1 October 1981Transferred to Turkey, 2 November 1982
USS Henderson DD-78527 October 194428 May 19454 August 1945IB30 September 1980Sold to Pakistan, 1 October 1980
USS Richard B. Anderson DD-7861 December 19447 July 194526 October 1945IA20 December 1975Transferred to Republic of China, 1 June 1977
USS James E. Kyes DD-78727 December 19444 August 19458 February 1946IB31 March 1973Transferred to Taiwan, 18 April 1973
USS Hollister DD-78818 January 19459 October 194529 March 1946IB31 August 1979Transferred to Taiwan, 3 March 1983
USS Eversole DD-78928 February 19458 January 194610 May 1946IB11 July 1973Transferred to Turkey, 11 July 1973
USS Shelton DD-79031 May 19458 March 194621 June 1946IA31 March 1973Sold to Taiwan, 18 April 1973
USS Chevalier DD-805 DDR-805 Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine 12 June 194429 October 19449 January 1945II5 July 1972Transferred to South Korea, 5 July 1972
USS Higbee DD-80626 June 194413 November 194427 January 1945IB15 July 1979Sunk as a target, 24 April 1986
USS Benner DD-807 DDR-80710 July 194430 November 194413 February 1945II20 November 1970Sold for scrap, 18 April 1975
USS Dennis J. Buckley DD-80824 July 194420 December 19442 March 1945IB2 July 1973Sold for scrap, 29 April 1974
USS Corry DD-817 Consolidated Steel Corporation, Orange, Texas 5 April 194528 July 194527 February 1946IB27 February 1981Transferred to Greece, 8 July 1981
USS New DD-81814 April 194518 August 19455 April 1946IB1 July 1976Transferred to South Korea, 23 February 1977
USS Holder DD-81923 April 194525 August 194518 May 1946IB1 October 1976Transferred to Ecuador, 23 February 1977
USS Rich DD-82016 May 19455 October 19453 July 1946IB10 November 1977Sold for scrap, 5 December 1979
USS Johnston DD-82126 March 194510 October 194523 August 1946IB27 February 1981Transferred to Republic of China, 27 February 1981
USS Robert H. McCard DD-82220 June 19459 November 194523 October 1946IB5 June 1980Transferred to Turkey, 5 June 1980
USS Samuel B. Roberts DD-82327 June 194530 November 194522 December 1946IB2 November 1970Sunk as a target, 14 November 1971
USS Basilone DD-824 DDE-8247 July 194521 December 194526 July 1949IB1 November 1977Sunk in exercise, 9 April 1982
USS Carpenter DD-825 DDK-825 DDE-82530 July 194530 December 1945 [18] 15 December 1949IB20 February 1981Leased to Turkey, 20 February 1981
USS Agerholm DD-826 Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine 10 September 194530 March 194620 June 1946IA1 December 1978Sunk as a target, 18 July 1982
USS Robert A. Owens DD-827 DDK-827 DDE-82729 October 194515 July 19465 November 1949IB16 February 1982Transferred to Turkey, 16 February 1982
USS Timmerman DD-8281 October 194519 May 195126 September 195227 July 1956Sold for scrap, 21 April 1959
USS Myles C. Fox DD-82914 August 194413 January 194520 March 1945IB1 October 1979Transferred to Greece for spare parts, 2 August 1980
USS Everett F. Larson DD-830 DDR-8304 September 194428 January 19456 April 1945II30 October 1972Transferred to South Korea, 30 October 1972
USS Goodrich DD-831 DDR-83118 September 194425 February 194524 April 1945II30 November 1969Sold for scrap, 12 September 1977
USS Hanson DD-8327 October 194411 March 194511 May 1945IB31 March 1973Transferred to Republic of China, 18 April 1973
USS Herbert J. Thomas DD-83330 October 194425 March 194529 May 1945IB4 December 1970Transferred to Republic of China, 1 June 1974
USS Turner DD-834 DDR-83413 November 19448 April 194512 June 1945II26 September 1969Sold for scrap, 13 October 1970
USS Charles P. Cecil DD-8352 December 19442 April 194529 June 1945IB1 October 1979Sold to Greece, 8 August 1980
USS George K. MacKenzie DD-83621 December 194413 May 194513 July 1945IB30 September 1976Sunk as a target, 15 October 1976
USS Sarsfield DD-83715 January 194527 May 194531 July 1945IB1 October 1977Transferred to Republic of China, 1 October 1977 and become museum at An-Pin harbor TAI-NAN, TAIWAN.
USS Ernest G. Small DD-838 DDR-83830 January 194514 June 194521 August 1945II13 November 1970Transferred to Republic of China, 13 April 1971
USS Power DD-83926 February 194530 June 194513 September 1945IB1 October 1977Sold to Republic of China, 1 October 1977
USS Glennon DD-84012 March 194514 July 19454 October 1945IB1 October 1976Sunk as a target, 26 February 1981
USS Noa DD-84126 March 194530 July 19452 November 1945IA31 October 1973Loaned to Spain, 31 October 1973; Sold, 17 May 1978
USS Fiske DD-8429 April 19458 September 194528 November 1945IB5 June 1980Transferred to Turkey, 5 June 1980
USS Warrington DD-84323 April 194527 September 194520 December 1945IB30 September 1972Transferred to Taiwan, 24 April 1973, for spare parts
USS Perry DD-84414 May 194525 October 194517 January 1946IA1 July 1973Sold for scrap, 24 June 1974
USS Bausell DD-84528 May 194519 November 19457 February 1946IA30 May 1978Sunk as a target, 17 July 1987
USS Ozbourn DD-84616 June 194522 December 19455 March 1946IB30 May 1975Sold for scrap, 1 December 1975
USS Robert L. Wilson DD-8472 July 19455 January 194628 March 1946IB30 September 1974Sunk as a target, 1 March 1980
USS Witek DD-84816 July 19452 February 194623 April 194619 August 1968Sunk as a target, 4 July 1969
USS Richard E. Kraus DD-84931 July 19452 March 194623 May 1946IB1 July 1976Transferred to South Korea, 23 February 1977
USS Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. DD-850 Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Fore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts 2 April 194526 July 194515 December 1945IB2 July 1973 Museum ship at Battleship Cove
USS Rupertus DD-8512 May 194521 September 19458 March 1946IB10 July 1973Loaned to Greece, 10 July 1973
USS Leonard F. Mason DD-8526 August 19454 January 194628 June 1946IB2 November 1976Sold to Republic of China, 10 March 1978
USS Charles H. Roan DD-85327 September 194515 March 194612 September 1946IB21 September 1973Transferred to Turkey, 21 September 1973
USS Fred T. Berry DD-858 DDE-858 Bethlehem Shipbuilding, San Pedro, California 16 July 194428 January 194512 May 1945II15 September 1970Scuttled as an artificial reef, 14 May 1972
USS Norris DD-859 DDE-85929 August 194425 February 19459 June 1945II4 December 1970Transferred to Turkey, 1 July 1974
USS McCaffery DD-860 DDE-8601 October 194412 April 194526 July 1945II30 September 1973Sold for scrap, 11 June 1974
USS Harwood DD-861 DDE-86129 October 194422 May 194528 September 1945II1 February 1971Sold to Turkey, 17 December 1973
USS Vogelgesang DD-862 Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Staten Island, New York 3 August 194415 January 194528 April 1945IB24 February 1982Sold to Mexico, 24 February 1982
USS Steinaker DD-8631 September 194413 February 194526 May 1945IB24 February 1982Sold to Mexico, 24 February 1982
USS Harold J. Ellison DD-8643 October 194414 March 194523 June 1945IB1 October 1983Transferred to Pakistan, 1 October 1983
USS Charles R. Ware DD-8651 November 194412 April 194521 July 1945IB30 November 1974Sunk as target 15 November 1981
USS Cone DD-86630 November 194410 May 194518 August 1945IB1 October 1982Transferred to Pakistan, 1 October 1982
USS Stribling DD-86715 January 19458 June 194529 September 1945IA1 July 1976Sunk as target, 27 July 1980
USS Brownson DD-86813 February 19457 July 194517 November 1945IB30 September 1976Sold for scrap, 10 June 1977
USS Arnold J. Isbell DD-86914 March 19456 August 19455 January 1946IB4 December 1973Sold to Greece, 4 December 1973
USS Fechteler DD-87012 April 194519 September 19452 March 1946IB11 September 1970Sold for scrap, 28 June 1972
USS Damato DD-87110 May 194521 November 194527 April 1946IB30 September 1980Transferred to Pakistan, 1 October 1980
USS Forrest Royal DD-8728 June 194517 January 194629 June 1946IB27 March 1971Sold to Turkey, 27 March 1971
USS Hawkins DD-873 Consolidated Steel Corporation, Orange, Texas 14 May 19447 October 194410 February 1945IB1 October 1979Sold to Taiwan, 17 March 1983
USS Duncan DD-874 DDR-87422 May 194427 October 194425 February 1945II15 January 1971Sunk as target, 31 July 1980
USS Henry W. Tucker DD-87529 May 19448 November 194412 March 1945IB3 December 1973Transferred to Brazil, 3 December 1973
USS Rogers DD-8763 June 194420 November 194426 March 1945IB1 October 1980Transferred to South Korea, 25 July 1981
USS Perkins DD-877 DDR-87719 June 19447 December 19444 April 1945II15 January 1973Transferred to Argentina, 15 January 1973
USS Vesole DD-8783 July 194429 December 194423 April 1945IB1 December 1976Sunk as target, 14 April 1983
USS Leary DD-87911 August 194420 January 19457 May 1945IB31 October 1973Transferred to Spain, 17 May 1978
USS Dyess DD-88017 August 194426 January 194521 May 1945IB27 January 1981Sold to Greece for spare parts, 8 July 1981
USS Bordelon DD-8819 September 19443 March 19455 June 1945IB1 February 1977Transferred to Iran, 1 July 1977
USS Furse DD-88223 September 19449 March 194510 July 1945IB31 August 1972Loaned to Spain, 1972; Sold, 17 May 1978
USS Newman K. Perry DD-88310 October 194417 March 194526 July 1945IB27 February 1981Transferred to South Korea, 27 February 1981
USS Floyd B. Parks DD-88430 October 194431 March 194531 July 1945IB2 July 1973Sold for scrap, 1 April 1974
USS John R. Craig DD-88517 November 194414 April 194520 August 1945IB27 July 1979Sunk as target, 17 June 1980
USS Orleck DD-88628 November 194412 May 194515 September 1945IB1 October 1982Transferred to Turkey, 1 October 1982
USS Brinkley Bass DD-88720 December 194426 May 19451 October 1945IB3 December 1973Transferred to Brazil, 3 December 1973
USS Stickell DD-8885 January 194516 June 194531 October 1945IB1 July 1972Transferred to Greece, 1 July 1972
USS O'Hare DD-88927 January 194522 June 194529 November 1945IB31 October 1973Loaned to Spain, 31 October 1973; Sold, 17 May 1978
USS Meredith DD-89027 January 194528 June 194531 December 1945IA29 June 1979Transferred to Turkey, 29 June 1979
World War II Destroyer Shipbuilders map from Department of Defense (DoD) Map of WW2 Shipyards building DD.jpg
World War II Destroyer Shipbuilders map from Department of Defense (DoD)


Six Gearing-class destroyers are preserved as museum ships: two in the United States, two in South Korea, one in Taiwan, and one in Turkey.

Surviving ships

Surviving parts

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<i>Benson</i>-class destroyer U.S. Navy ship class (built 1939–1943)

The Benson class was a class of destroyers of the U.S. Navy built 1939–1943. The thirty 1,620-ton Benson-class destroyers were built in two groups. The first six were authorized in fiscal year 1938 (FY38) and laid down at Bethlehem Steel, Quincy, Massachusetts, and three naval shipyards. The remaining 24 "repeat Bensons" were authorized in 1940–42 and built at four Bethlehem Steel yards. They were laid down after the first group was commissioned. These plus the "repeat Livermores" were also known at the time as the Bristol class. During World War II the Bensons were usually combined with the Livermores as the Benson-Livermore class; this persisted in references until at least the 1960s. In some references both classes are combined and called the Benson class. The Benson- and Gleaves-class destroyers were the backbone of the pre-war Neutrality Patrols and brought the action to the enemy by participating in every major campaign of the war.

<i>Gleaves</i>-class destroyer Destroyer class of the US Navy

The Gleaves-class destroyers were a class of 66 destroyers of the United States Navy built 1938–42, designed by Gibbs & Cox. The first ship of the class was USS Gleaves. They were the production destroyer of the US Navy when it entered World War II.

<i>Gridley</i>-class destroyer Destroyer class of the US Navy

The Gridley-class destroyers were a class of four 1500-ton destroyers in the United States Navy. They were part of a series of USN destroyers limited to 1,500 tons standard displacement by the London Naval Treaty and built in the 1930s. The first two ships were laid down on 3 June 1935 and commissioned in 1937. The second two were laid down in March 1936 and commissioned in 1938. Based on the preceding Mahan-class destroyers with somewhat different machinery, they had the same hull but had only a single stack and mounted sixteen 21 inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes, an increase of four. To compensate for the increased torpedo armament weight, the gun armament was slightly reduced from five 5"/38 caliber guns (127 mm) to four. USS Maury (DD-401) made the highest trial speed ever recorded for a United States Navy destroyer, 42.8 knots. All four ships served extensively in World War II, notably in the Solomon Islands and the Battle of the Philippine Sea, with Maury receiving a Presidential Unit Citation.

USS <i>Capodanno</i> US Nave Knox-class frigate

USS Capodanno (FF-1093) was the 42nd Knox-class frigate in the United States Navy. It was named after Fr. Vincent Capodanno, recipient of the Medal of Honor.

USS <i>Johnston</i> (DD-821)

USS Johnston (DD-821) was a Gearing-class destroyer of the United States Navy, the second Navy ship named for Lieutenant John V. Johnston, who served in the Navy during the American Civil War.

USS <i>Carpenter</i>

USS Carpenter (DD/DDK/DDE-825) was a Gearing-class destroyer of the United States Navy, named for Lieutenant Commander Donald M. Carpenter (1894–1940).

USS <i>Marvin Shields</i>

USS Marvin Shields (FF-1066) was a Knox-class frigate of the US Navy. The ship was named after the only Seabee to receive the Medal of Honor. CM3 Marvin Glenn Shields was awarded the Medal of Honor during the Vietnam War.

USS <i>Richard E. Kraus</i> (DD-849) U.S. Navy Gearing-class destroyer

USS Richard E. Kraus (DD-849/AG-151) was a Gearing-class destroyer of the United States Navy, named for Marine Private First Class Richard E. Kraus (1925–1944), who was awarded the Medal of Honor posthumously for his "conspicuous gallantry" during the Battle of Peleliu.

<i>Restigouche</i>-class destroyer

The Restigouche-class destroyer was a class of seven destroyer escorts that served the Royal Canadian Navy and later the Canadian Forces from the late-1950s to the late-1990s. All seven vessels in the class were named after rivers in Canada.


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