Geertruidenberg

Last updated
Geertruidenberg
Markt - stadhuis - Geertruidenberg.jpg
Former city hall on market square
Geertruidenberg vlag.svg
Flag
Geertruidenberg wapen.svg
Coat of arms
Map - NL - Municipality code 0779 (2009).svg
Location in North Brabant
Coordinates: 51°42′N4°52′E / 51.700°N 4.867°E / 51.700; 4.867 Coordinates: 51°42′N4°52′E / 51.700°N 4.867°E / 51.700; 4.867
Country Netherlands
Province North Brabant
Government
  Body Municipal council
   Mayor Jan Luteijn (acting) (SGP)
Area
[1]
  Municipality29.64 km2 (11.44 sq mi)
  Land26.64 km2 (10.29 sq mi)
  Water3.00 km2 (1.16 sq mi)
Elevation
[2]
3 m (10 ft)
Population
 (August 2017) [3]
  Municipality21,529
  Density808/km2 (2,090/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
4930–4944
Area code 0162
Website www.geertruidenberg.nl

Geertruidenberg (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɣeːrtrœydə(m)ˌbɛrx] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a city and municipality in the province North Brabant in the south of the Netherlands. The city, named after Saint Gertrude of Nivelles, received city rights in 1213 from the count of Holland. The fortified city prospered until the 15th century.

North Brabant Province of the Netherlands

North Brabant, also unofficially called Brabant, is a province in the south of the Netherlands. It borders the provinces of South Holland and Gelderland to the north, Limburg to the east, Zeeland to the west, and Belgium to the south. The northern border follows the Meuse westward to its mouth in the Hollands Diep strait, part of the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt delta.

Netherlands Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Europe

The Netherlands, also called Holland, is a country located in Northwestern Europe with some overseas territories in the Caribbean. In Europe, it consists of 12 provinces that border Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea with those countries and the United Kingdom. Together with three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba—it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The official language is Dutch, but a secondary official language in the province of Friesland is West Frisian.

Gertrude of Nivelles 7th-century Benedictine abbess and saint

Gertrude of Nivelles, O.S.B. was a 7th-century abbess who, with her mother Itta, founded the Abbey of Nivelles located in present-day Belgium.

Contents

Today, the municipality of Geertruidenberg also includes the population centres Raamsdonk and Raamsdonksveer. The municipality has a total area of 29.64 km2 (11.44 sq mi) and had a population of 21,529 in 2017. The city government consists of the mayor Willemijn van Hees and three aldermen.

Raamsdonk Village in North Brabant, Netherlands

Raamsdonk is a village in the province of North Brabant, Netherlands. It is located in the municipality of Geertruidenberg, about 15 km northeast of Breda.

Raamsdonksveer Town in North Brabant, Netherlands

Raamsdonksveer is a town in the Dutch municipality of Geertruidenberg, North Brabant. It lies on the east side of the Donge opposite Geertruidenberg. It is a regional center of commerce and industry.

History

Map of Geertruidenberg, Tirion 1747, 1749 Isaak-Tirion-Hedendaegsche historie MG 0707.tif
Map of Geertruidenberg, Tirion 1747, 1749

Geertruidenberg is named after Saint Gertrude of Nivelles.

In 1213, Sint Geertruidenberg (English: "Saint Gertrude's Mountain") received city rights from Count William I of Holland. The fortified city became a trade center, where counts and other nobility gathered for negotiations. The Hook and Cod wars in 1420 and the Saint Elizabeth's flood in 1421 ended the prosperity of the city. [4]

City rights are a feature of the medieval history of the Low Countries. A liege lord, usually a count, duke or similar member of the high nobility, granted to a town or village he owned certain town privileges that places without city rights did not have.

William I, Count of Holland Dutch monarch

William I, Count of Holland from 1203 to 1222. He was the younger son of Floris III and Ada of Huntingdon.

Hook and Cod wars 150 year period of civil wars in Holland, Netherlands

The Hook and Cod wars comprise a series of wars and battles in the County of Holland between 1350 and 1490. Most of these wars were fought over the title of count of Holland, but some have argued that the underlying reason was because of the power struggle of the bourgeois in the cities against the ruling nobility.

During the Eighty Years War the city was captured by an English, French Huguenot and Fleming force in 1573 - in a surprise attack. In 1589 however the city was betrayed to Parma by its English garrison. [5] It was finally recaptured by an Anglo-Dutch force under the command of Maurice of Nassau in the summer of 1593.

Capture of Geertruidenberg (1573) battle during the Eighty Years War

The Capture of Geertruidenberg was a military event that took place on August 28, 1573 during the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo–Spanish War. The capture was conducted by an English, French Huguenot and Fleming force led by Colonel de Poyet. A small assault force led by Walter Morgan captured the main gate which enabled the complete surprise of the garrison, most of whom were put to the sword.

Capture of Geertruidenberg (1589)

The Capture of Geertruidenberg of 1589, also known as the English betrayal of Geertruidenberg, took place on April 10, 1589, at Geertruidenberg, Duchy of Brabant, Flanders, during the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604).

Siege of Geertruidenberg (1593)

The Siege of Geertruidenberg was a siege of the city of Geertruidenberg that took place between 27 March and 24 June 1593 during the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo–Spanish War. Anglo-Dutch troops under the commands of Maurice of Nassau and Francis Vere laid siege to the Spanish garrisoned city. The siege was unique in that the besiegers used a hundred ships, forming a semicircle in a chain on the Mass river to form a blockade. A Spanish relief force under the command of the Count of Mansfeld was attempted in May but this was defeated and he was later forced to withdraw. Three Governors of the city were killed - after the last fatality and as a result of the failed relief, the Spanish surrendered the city on 24 June 1593. The victory earned Maurice much fame and had thus become a steadfast strategist in the art of war.

Today, Geertruidenberg is part of the province of North Brabant, but it was once part of the county of Holland. Geertruidenberg is the second oldest city of Holland as it was the first to receive city rights. It is a common misconception that Geertruidenberg is the oldest city of the Netherlands, because the names Holland and the Netherlands are used interchangeably by some.

Holland Region and former province on the western coast of the Netherlands

Holland is a region and former province on the western coast of the Netherlands. The name Holland is also frequently used informally to refer to the whole of the country of the Netherlands. This usage is commonly accepted in other countries, and sometimes employed by the Dutch themselves. However, some in the Netherlands, particularly those from regions outside Holland, may find it undesirable or misrepresentative to use the term for the whole country.

Geography

The total area of the municipality is 29.64 km2 (11.44 sq mi), of which 26.64 km2 (10.29 sq mi) is land and 3.00 km2 (1.16 sq mi) is water.

The municipality of Geertruidenberg comprises three population centres:

Geertruidenberg is located on the bank of the Donge, close to where this river flows into the Amer.

Topography

Gem-Geertruidenberg-OpenTopo.jpg

Dutch Topographic map of the municipality of Geertruidenberg, June 2015

Demography

As of 2017, the total population of Geertruidenberg is 21,529 inhabitants. The population density of the municipality is 808/km2 (2,090/sq mi).

Government

Geertruidenberg, churchtower in the street Geertruidenberg, toren van de Geertruidskerk in straatzicht foto6 2012-10-22 16.15.jpg
Geertruidenberg, churchtower in the street

The mayor of Geertruidenberg is Willemijn van Hees (VVD) and she was appointed mayor by the Dutch monarch, like all mayors in the Netherlands. The three aldermen of Geertruidenberg are Kevin van Oort (Groenlinks/D66), Adriaan de Jongh (CDA),and Bert van den Kieboom (Uw 3 Kernen). Together, the mayor and the aldermen form the College van Burgemeester en Wethouders , which is supported by the city's secretary Richard Nagtzaam. [6]

The city council is elected every four years during municipal elections, at the same time as in most other municipalities of the Netherlands. The 19 members of the city council assemble ten times per year for public meetings in the city hall in Raamsdonksveer. The council members come from eight political parties, three local and five national (2014): [7]

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References

  1. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  2. "Postcodetool for 4941DX". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2014.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  4. "Vroeger en nu". www.geertruidenberg.nl (in Dutch). Municipality of Geertruidenberg. Retrieved 2008-08-16.External link in |work= (help)[ permanent dead link ]
  5. Israel, Jonathan (1995), The Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness, and Fall 1477–1806, Clarendon Press, Oxford, ISBN   0-19-873072-1, p. 234
  6. "College van B&W". www.geertruidenberg.nl (in Dutch). Municipality of Geertruidenberg. Archived from the original on 2014-01-31. Retrieved 2014-02-03.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  7. "Gemeenteraad". www.geertruidenberg.nl (in Dutch). Municipality of Geertruidenberg. Archived from the original on 2014-02-19. Retrieved 2014-02-03.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help); External link in |work= (help)