Gemona del Friuli

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Gemona del Friuli
Città di Gemona del Friuli
Gemona Duomo di Santa Maria Assunta 14082004 01.jpg
Cathedral of Gemona.
Gemona del Friuli-Stemma.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Gemona del Friuli
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Gemona del Friuli
Location of Gemona del Friuli in Italy
Italy Friuli-Venezia Giulia location map.svg
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Gemona del Friuli
Gemona del Friuli (Friuli-Venezia Giulia)
Coordinates: 46°17′N13°8′E / 46.283°N 13.133°E / 46.283; 13.133 Coordinates: 46°17′N13°8′E / 46.283°N 13.133°E / 46.283; 13.133
Country Italy
Region Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Province Udine (UD)
Frazioni Campagnola, Campolessi, Maniaglia, Ospedaletto, Godo, Centro Storico, Stalis, Taviele, Taboga
Government
  MayorPaolo Urbani
Area
[1]
  Total56.2 km2 (21.7 sq mi)
Elevation
272 m (892 ft)
Population
 (30 November 2008) [2]
  Total11,175
  Density200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Gemonesi
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
33013
Dialing code 0432
Patron saintSanta Maria Assunta
Saint dayDecember 8
Website Official website

Gemona del Friuli (Friulian : Glemone, Slovene : Humin, German : Klemaun) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Udine in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, located about 90 kilometres (56 mi) northwest of Trieste and about 25 kilometres (16 mi) northwest of Udine.

Contents

The municipality of Gemona del Friuli contains the frazioni (subdivisions, mainly villages and hamlets) Campagnola, Campolessi, Maniaglia, Ospedaletto, Godo, Centro Storico, Stalis, Taviele and Taboga.

Gemona del Friuli borders the following municipalities: Artegna, Bordano, Buja, Lusevera, Montenars, Osoppo, Trasaghis and Venzone.

History

Ognissanti church, Ospedaletto, one of Gemona subdivisions. Chiesa di Ognissanti - Ospedaletto (UD) (rid).JPG
Ognissanti church, Ospedaletto, one of Gemona subdivisions.

Evidence of human occupation in Gemona goes back to prehistoric times. The town occupies a key point on the road from Italy to Austria, and there are traces of Celtic occupation around the year 500 BC.

The area was subject to various invasions in the period 166750, including Huns, Marcomanni, Ostrogoths, Visigoths and Lombards, who had it as a stronghold from about 558. Lombard historian Paul the Deacon mentions it in 611 as an "impregnable castle". From the fall of the Lombard Kingdom of Italy until 952 Gemona was under Carolingian rulers. During this period the castle was built, the modern town growing around it.

From 776, Gemona became an important part of the Patriarchate of Aquileia. In the 12th century Gemona was an autonomous commune: in 1184 the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa granted a charter for the town's market. In the 13th and 14th centuries it returned to the Patriarchate, until, in 1420, that state was absorbed by the Republic of Venice.

In 1797 French troops under Napoleon defeated the Venetian Republic: in 1798, after the Treaty of Campoformio, Gemona came under Austrian rule. Following a plebiscite in 1866, Gemona became part of the newly unified Kingdom of Italy.

The present town is medieval in origin but was badly damaged in the 1976 Friuli earthquake. Restoration began the same year, and now the town has been largely restored. The castle is currently under reconstruction.

Main sights

Gemona's main attraction is the medieval cathedral ( Duomo ), dating to the 14th century, with its massive campanile (freestanding bell tower) of the same period.

Transport

Twin towns

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References

  1. "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.

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