Gene Vincent

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Gene Vincent
Gene Vincent.jpg
Background information
Birth nameVincent Eugene Craddock
Born(1935-02-11)February 11, 1935
Norfolk, Virginia, United States
DiedOctober 12, 1971(1971-10-12) (aged 36)
Newhall, California, U.S.
Genres Rock and roll, rockabilly, blues, country
Occupation(s)Singer, musician
InstrumentsVocals, guitar
Years active1955–1971

Vincent Eugene Craddock (February 11, 1935 – October 12, 1971), known as Gene Vincent, was an American musician who pioneered the styles of rock and roll and rockabilly. His 1956 top ten hit with his Blue Caps, "Be-Bop-A-Lula", is considered a significant early example of rockabilly. [1] He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and the Rockabilly Hall of Fame.

Rock and roll is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s from musical styles such as gospel, jump blues, jazz, boogie woogie, and rhythm and blues, along with country music. While elements of what was to become rock and roll can be heard in blues records from the 1920s and in country records of the 1930s, the genre did not acquire its name until 1954.

Rockabilly is one of the earliest styles of rock and roll music, dating back to the early 1950s in the United States, especially the South. As a genre it blends the sound of Western musical styles such as country with that of rhythm and blues, leading to what is considered "classic" rock and roll. Some have also described it as a blend of bluegrass with rock and roll. The term "rockabilly" itself is a portmanteau of "rock" and "hillbilly", the latter a reference to the country music that contributed strongly to the style. Other important influences on rockabilly include western swing, boogie-woogie, jump blues, and electric blues.

Be-Bop-A-Lula original song written and composed by Gene Vincent and Tex Davies

"Be-Bop-A-Lula" is a rockabilly song first recorded in 1956 by Gene Vincent and His Blue Caps.

Contents

Biography

Early life

Craddock was born February 11, 1935, in Norfolk, Virginia, to Mary Louise and Ezekiah Jackson Craddock. His musical influences included country, rhythm and blues and gospel music. His favourite composition was Beethoven's Egmont overture. He showed his first real interest in music while his family lived in Munden Point (now Virginia Beach), in Princess Anne County, Virginia, near the North Carolina line, where they ran a country store. He received his first guitar at the age of twelve as a gift from a friend.

Norfolk, Virginia Independent city in Virginia, United States

Norfolk is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. At the 2010 census, the population was 242,803; in 2017, the population was estimated to be 244,703 making it the second-most populous city in Virginia after neighboring Virginia Beach.

Country music, also known as country and western, and hillbilly music, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s. It takes its roots from genres such as American folk music and blues.

Rhythm and blues, commonly abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African American communities in the 1940s. The term was originally used by record companies to describe recordings marketed predominantly to urban African Americans, at a time when "urbane, rocking, jazz based music with a heavy, insistent beat" was becoming more popular. In the commercial rhythm and blues music typical of the 1950s through the 1970s, the bands usually consisted of piano, one or two guitars, bass, drums, one or more saxophones, and sometimes background vocalists. R&B lyrical themes often encapsulate the African-American experience of pain and the quest for freedom and joy, as well as triumphs and failures in terms of relationships, economics, and aspirations.

Vincent's father volunteered to serve in the U.S. Coast Guard and patrolled American coastal waters to protect Allied shipping against German U-boats during World War II. Vincent's mother maintained the general store in Munden Point. His parents moved the family to Norfolk, the home of a large naval base, and opened a general store and sailors' tailoring shop.

United States Coast Guard Coastal defense and law enforcement branch of the United States Armed Forces

The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is the coastal defense and maritime law enforcement branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the country's seven uniformed services. The Coast Guard is a maritime, military, multi-mission service unique among the U.S. military branches for having a maritime law enforcement mission and a federal regulatory agency mission as part of its mission set. It operates under the U.S. Department of Homeland Security during peacetime, and can be transferred to the U.S. Department of the Navy by the U.S. President at any time, or by the U.S. Congress during times of war. This has happened twice: in 1917, during World War I, and in 1941, during World War II.

U-boat German submarine of the First or Second World War

U-boat is an anglicised version of the German word U-Boot[ˈuːboːt](listen), a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally "underseaboat." While the German term refers to any submarine, the English one refers specifically to military submarines operated by Germany, particularly in the First and Second World Wars. Although at times they were efficient fleet weapons against enemy naval warships, they were most effectively used in an economic warfare role and enforcing a naval blockade against enemy shipping. The primary targets of the U-boat campaigns in both wars were the merchant convoys bringing supplies from Canada and other parts of the British Empire, and from the United States to the United Kingdom and to the Soviet Union and the Allied territories in the Mediterranean. German submarines also destroyed Brazilian merchant ships during World War II, causing Brazil to declare war on the Axis powers in 1944.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

Vincent dropped out of school in 1952, at the age of seventeen, and enlisted in the United States Navy. As he was under the age of enlistment, his parents signed the forms allowing him to enter the Navy. He completed boot camp and joined the fleet as a crewman aboard the fleet oiler USS Chukawan, with a two-week training period in the repair ship USS Amphion, before returning to the Chukawan. He never saw combat but completed a Korean War deployment. He sailed home from Korean waters aboard the battleship USS Wisconsin but was not part of the ship's company.

United States Navy Naval warfare branch of the United States Armed Forces

The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. It is the largest and most capable navy in the world and it has been estimated that in terms of tonnage of its active battle fleet alone, it is larger than the next 13 navies combined, which includes 11 U.S. allies or partner nations. with the highest combined battle fleet tonnage and the world's largest aircraft carrier fleet, with eleven in service, and two new carriers under construction. With 319,421 personnel on active duty and 99,616 in the Ready Reserve, the Navy is the third largest of the service branches. It has 282 deployable combat vessels and more than 3,700 operational aircraft as of March 2018, making it the second-largest air force in the world, after the United States Air Force.

USS <i>Chukawan</i> (AO-100) Cimarron-class oiler

USS Chukawan (AO-100) was a Cimarron-class fleet oiler constructed for the U.S. Navy in the closing days of World War II.

USS <i>Amphion</i> (AR-13)

USS Amphion (AR-13) was the lead ship of her class of repair ship built for the United States Navy during World War II. The second U.S. Navy vessel to be named Amphion, she was not commissioned until January 1946, five months after the end of the war. She was decommissioned in September 1971 and transferred to the Imperial Iranian Navy as IIS Chahbahan. She was purchased outright by Iran in March 1977. After the 1979 Iranian Revolution she remained in service with the Islamic Republic of Iran Navy through at least 1985. Her fate beyond that date is not reported in secondary sources.

Craddock planned a career in the Navy and, in 1955, used his $612 re-enlistment bonus to buy a new Triumph motorcycle. In July 1955, while he was in Norfolk, his left leg was shattered in a motorcycle crash. He refused to allow the leg to be amputated, and the leg was saved, but the injury left him with a limp and pain. He wore a steel sheath around the leg [2] for the rest of his life. Most accounts relate the accident as the fault of a drunk driver who struck him, but some claim Craddock had been riding drunk. Years later in some of his music biographies, there is no mention of an accident, but it was claimed that his injury was due to a wound incurred in combat in Korea. [3] He spent time in the Portsmouth Naval Hospital and was medically discharged from the Navy shortly thereafter.

Triumph Engineering Co Ltd was a British motorcycle manufacturing company, based originally in Coventry and then in Meriden. A new company, Triumph Motorcycles Ltd based in Hinckley, gained the name rights after the end of the company in the 1980s and is now one of the world's major motorcycle manufacturers.

Early music career

Craddock became involved in the local music scene in Norfolk. He changed his name to Gene Vincent and formed a rockabilly band, Gene Vincent and His Blue Caps (a term used in reference to enlisted sailors in the U.S. Navy). [4] The band included Willie Williams on rhythm guitar (replaced in late 1956 by Paul Peek), Jack Neal on upright bass, Dickie Harrell on drums, and Cliff Gallup on lead guitar. He also collaborated with another rising musician, Jay Chevalier of Rapides Parish, Louisiana. Vincent and His Blue Caps soon gained a reputation playing in various country bars in Norfolk. There they won a talent contest organized by a local radio DJ, "Sheriff Tex" Davis, who became Vincent's manager. [5]

Clifton E. "Cliff" Gallup was an American electric guitarist, who played rock and roll in the band Gene Vincent and His Blue Caps in the 1950s.

Joe J. Chevalier, known as Jay Chevalier, was a singer and songwriter from the U.S. state of Louisiana who achieved success in several musical genres since the late 1950s. A pioneer of rockabilly music, he is best known within Louisiana for his songs based on politics, sports, and his love for his home state. The first "Official State Troubadour," he is an inductee to the Rockabilly Hall of Fame, the Louisiana Music Hall of Fame, Songwriters Hall of Fame, and the Louisiana Political Museum and Hall of Fame

Rapides Parish, Louisiana Parish in the United States

Rapides Parish is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 131,613. The parish seat is Alexandria, which developed along the Red River of the South. Rapides is the French spelling of "rapids" and is pronounced ra-PEEDS. The parish was created in 1807 after the United States acquired this territory in the Louisiana Purchase.

Biggest hits

In 1956 he wrote "Be-Bop-A-Lula", which drew comparisons to Elvis Presley [1] and which Rolling Stone magazine later listed as number 103 on its "500 Greatest Songs of All Time". [6] Local radio DJ "Sheriff Tex" Davis arranged for a demo of the song to be made, and this secured Vincent a contract with Capitol Records. He signed a publishing contract with Bill Lowery of the Lowery Group of music publishers in Atlanta, Georgia. "Be-Bop-A-Lula" was not on Vincent's first album and was picked by Capitol producer Ken Nelson as the B-side of his first single, Woman Love. Prior to the release of the single, Lowery pressed promotional copies of "Be-Bop-A-Lula" and sent them to radio stations throughout the country. By the time Capitol released the single, "Be-Bop-A-Lula" had already gained attention from the public and radio DJs. The song was picked up and played by other U.S. radio stations (obscuring the original A-side song) and became a hit, peaking at number 5 and spending 20 weeks on the Billboard pop chart and reaching number 5 and spending 17 weeks on the Cashbox chart, and launching Vincent's career as a rock-and-roll star.[ citation needed ]

After "Be-Bop-A-Lula" became a hit, Vincent and His Blue Caps were unable to follow it up with the same level of commercial success, although they released critically acclaimed songs like "Race with the Devil" (number 96 on the Billboard chart and number 50 on the Cashbox chart) and "Bluejean Bop" (number 49 on the Billboard chart and another million-selling disc). [7]

Cliff Gallup left the band in 1956, and Russell Williford joined as the new guitarist for the Blue Caps. Williford played and toured Canada with Vincent in late 1956 but left the group in early 1957. Gallup came back to do the next album and then left again. Williford came back and exited again before Johnny Meeks joined the band.[ citation needed ] The group had another hit in 1957 with "Lotta Lovin'" (highest position number 13 and spending 19 weeks on the Billboard chart and number 17 and 17 weeks on the Cashbox chart). Vincent was awarded gold records for two million sales of "Be-Bop-A-Lula", [7] and 1.5 million sales of "Lotta Lovin'".[ citation needed ] The same year he toured the east coast of Australia with Little Richard and Eddie Cochran, drawing audiences totaling 72,000 to their Sydney Stadium concerts. Vincent also made an appearance in the film The Girl Can't Help It , with Jayne Mansfield, performing "Be-Bop-A-Lula" with the Blue Caps in a rehearsal room. "Dance to the Bop" was released by Capitol Records on October 28, 1957. [8] On November 17, 1957, Vincent and His Blue Caps performed the song on the nationally broadcast television program The Ed Sullivan Show. [9] The song spent nine weeks on the Billboard chart and peaked at number 23 on January 23, 1958 and reached number 36 and spent eight weeks on the Cashbox chart. It was Vincent's last American hit single. [10] The song was used in the movie Hot Rod Gang for a dance rehearsal scene featuring dancers doing the West Coast Swing. [8] [11] [12]

Vincent and His Blue Caps also appeared several times on Town Hall Party , California's largest country music barn dance, held at the Town Hall in Compton, California. Town Hall Party drew in excess of 2,800 paid admissions each Friday and Saturday, with room for 1,200 dancers. The show was also broadcast from 8:30 to 9:30 pm on the NBC Radio network. It was also shown on KTTV, channel 11, from 10 pm to 1 am on Saturday nights. [13] Vincent and His Blue Caps appeared on October 25, 1958, and July 25 and November 7, 1959. They performed "Be-Bop-A-Lula", "High Blood Pressure", "Rip It Up", "Dance to the Bop", "You Win Again", "For Your Precious Love", "Rocky Road Blues", "Pretty Pearly", "High School Confidential", "Over the Rainbow", "Roll Over Beethoven" and "She She Little Sheila". [14]

Europe

A dispute with the US tax authorities and the American Musicians' Union over payments to his band and his having sold the band's equipment to pay a tax bill led Vincent to leave the United States for Europe.[ citation needed ]

On December 15, 1959, Vincent appeared on Jack Good's TV show, Boy Meets Girl, his first appearance in England. He wore black leather, gloves, and a medallion, and stood in a hunched posture. Good is credited with the transformation of Vincent's image. After the TV appearance he toured France, the Netherlands, Germany and the UK performing in his US stage clothes. [15]

On April 16, 1960, while on tour in the UK, Vincent, Eddie Cochran and the songwriter Sharon Sheeley were involved in a high-speed traffic accident in a private-hire taxi in Chippenham, Wiltshire. Vincent broke his ribs and collarbone and further damaged his weakened leg. Sheeley suffered a broken pelvis. Cochran, who had been thrown from the vehicle, suffered serious brain injuries and died the next day. Vincent returned to the United States after the accident.[ citation needed ]

Promoter Don Arden had Vincent return to the UK in 1961 to do an extensive tour in theatres and ballrooms with Chris Wayne and the Echoes. After the overwhelming success of the tour, Vincent moved to Britain in 1963. His accompanying band, Sounds Incorporated, a six-piece outfit with three saxophones, guitar, bass and drums, went on to play with the Beatles at their Shea Stadium concert. Vincent toured the UK again in 1963 with the Outlaws, featuring future Deep Purple guitar player Ritchie Blackmore, as a backing band. Vincent's alcohol problems marred the tour, resulting in problems both on stage and with the band and management. [16]

Later career

Gene Vincent 1967 Genevincent015e.jpg
Gene Vincent 1967

Vincent's attempts to re-establish his American career in folk rock and country rock proved unsuccessful; he is remembered today for recordings of the 1950s and early 1960s released by Capitol Records. In the early sixties, he also put out tracks on EMI's Columbia label, including a cover of Arthur Alexander's "Where Have You Been All My Life?" A backing band called the Shouts joined him.

In 1966 and 1967, in the United States, he recorded for Challenge Records, backed by ex-members of the Champs and Glen Campbell. Challenge released three singles in the US, and the UK London label released two singles and collected recordings on to an LP, Gene Vincent, on the UK London label in 1967. Although well received, none sold well. In 1968 in a hotel in Germany, Vincent tried to shoot Gary Glitter. He fired several shots but missed and a frightened Glitter left the country the next day. [17]

In 1969, he recorded the album I'm Back and I'm Proud for long-time fan John Peel's Dandelion Records, produced by Kim Fowley with arrangements by Skip Battin (of the Byrds), and backing vocals by Linda Ronstadt. He recorded two other albums for the Kama Sutra Records, reissued on one CD by Rev-Ola in March 2008. On his 1969 tour of the UK he was backed by the Wild Angels, a British band that had performed at the Royal Albert Hall with Bill Haley & His Comets and Duane Eddy. Because of pressure from his ex-wife, the Inland Revenue and promoter Don Arden, Vincent returned to the US.[ citation needed ]

His final US recordings were four tracks for Rockin' Ronny Weiser's Rolling Rock label, a few weeks before his death. These were released on a compilation album of tribute songs, including "Say Mama", by his daughter, Melody Jean Vincent, accompanied by Johnny Meeks (of The Strangers) on guitar. He later recorded four tracks (released years later as The Last Session) in Britain in October 1971 as part of his last tour. He was backed by Richard Cole and Kansas Hook (Dave Bailey, Bob Moore, Richard Cole and bass player Charlie Harrison from Poco and Roger McGuinn's Thunderbyrd).[ citation needed ] They recorded five tracks at the BBC studios in Maida Vale, London, for Johnnie Walker's radio show. He managed one show at the Garrick Night Club in Leigh, Lancashire, and two shows at the Wookey Hollow Club in Liverpool on October 3 and 4. Vincent then returned to the US and died a few days later. Four of these tracks were later released on the BBC's own label prefix BEEB001 called The Last Session; this includes a version of "Say Mama". The four tracks are now on Vincent's album White Lightning.[ citation needed ]

Death

Vincent died at the age of 36 on October 12, 1971, from a ruptured stomach ulcer, while visiting his father in California, [3] and is interred in Eternal Valley Memorial Park, in Newhall, California.[ citation needed ]

Ian Dury paid tribute to him in the 1976 song "Sweet Gene Vincent".

Legacy

Vincent was the first inductee into the Rockabilly Hall of Fame upon its formation in 1997. [18] The following year he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Vincent has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1749 North Vine Street. In 2012, his band, the Blue Caps, were retroactively inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame by a special committee, alongside Vincent. On Tuesday, September 23, 2003, Vincent was honored with a Norfolk's Legends of Music Walk of Fame bronze star embedded in the Granby Street sidewalk.[ citation needed ]

Writing for AllMusic, Ritchie Unterberger called Vincent an "American rockabilly legend who defined the greasy-haired, leather-jacketed, hot rods 'n' babes spark of rock & roll". [19] Village Voice critic Robert Christgau was less impressed by the musician's career, saying "Vincent was never a titan—his few moments of rockabilly greatness were hyped-up distillations of slavering lust from a sensitive little guy who was just as comfortable with 'Over the Rainbow' in his normal frame of mind." However, the critic included the 1974 Vincent compilation album, The Bop That Just Won't Stop (1956), in his "basic record library" published in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies (1981). [20]

Discography

Singles

YearTitles (A-side, B-side)
Both sides from same album except where indicated
US singleUK singlePeak chart positionsUS Album
US UK
1956"Be-Bop-A-Lula"
b/w "Woman Love"
Capitol 3450Capitol 14599916Gene Vincent's Greatest!
"Race with the Devil"
b/w "Gonna Back Up Baby" (non-album track)
Capitol 3530Capitol 146289628
"Blue Jean Bop"
b/w "Who Slapped John"
Capitol 3558Capitol 1463716Bluejean Bop
"Jumps, Giggles and Shouts"
b/w "Wedding Bells"
N/ACapitol 14681
1957"Crazy Legs"
b/w "Important Words"
Capitol 3617Capitol 14693The Bop That Just Won't Stop (1956)
"B-I-Bickey-Bi, Bo-Bo-Go"
b/w "Five Days" (non-album track)
Capitol 3617Capitol 14693
"Lotta Lovin'"
b/w "Wear My Ring" (non-album track)
Capitol 3763Capitol 1476314Gene Vincent's Greatest!
"Dance to the Bop"
b/w "I Got It"
Capitol 3839Capitol 1480843Non-album tracks
1958"I Got a Baby"
b/w "Walkin' Home from School"
Capitol 3874Capitol 14830
"Baby Blue"
b/w "True to You"
Capitol 3959Capitol 14868
"Rocky Road Blues"
b/w "Yes I Love You Baby" (from Gene Vincent's Greatest!)
Capitol 4010Capitol 14908
"Git It"
b/w "Little Lover" (from Gene Vincent's Greatest!)
Capitol 4051Capitol 14935A Gene Vincent Record Date
"Say Mama"
b/w "Be Bop Boogie Boy"
Capitol 4105Capitol 14974Non-album tracks
1959"Over the Rainbow"
b/w "Who's Pushing Your Swing"
Capitol 4153Capitol 15000Gene Vincent's Greatest!
"Summertime"
b/w "Frankie and Johnnie" (from Gene Vincent Rocks! And the Blue Caps Roll)
N/ACapitol 15035A Gene Vincent Record Date
"The Night Is So Lonely"
b/w "Right Now"
Capitol 4237Capitol 15053Non-album tracks
1960"Wild Cat"
b/w "Right Here on Earth"
Capitol 4313Capitol 1509921
"My Heart"
b/w "I Got to Get You Yet"
N/ACapitol 1511516Sounds Like Gene Vincent
"Pistol Packin' Mama"
US B-side: "Anna Annabelle"
UK B-side: "Weeping Willow"
Capitol 4442Capitol 1513615Non-album tracks
"Anna Annabelle"
b/w "Accentuate the Positive" (from Crazy Times)
N/ACapitol 15169
1961"Jezebel"
b/w "Maybe" (from Sounds Like Gene Vincent)
N/ACapitol 15179Bluejean Bop
"If You Want My Lovin'"
b/w "Mister Loneliness"
Capitol 4525Capitol 15185Non-album tracks
"She She Little Sheila"
b/w "Hot Dollar"
N/ACapitol 1520222Crazy Times
"I'm Going Home"
b/w "Love of a Man"
N/ACapitol 1521536Non-album tracks
"Brand New Beat"
b/w "Unchained Melody" (from Gene Vincent and the Blue Caps)
N/ACapitol 15231Gene Vincent Rocks! And the Blue Caps Roll
"Lucky Star"
b/w "Baby Don't Believe Him"
Capitol 4665Capitol 15243Non-album tracks
1962"Be-Bop-A-Lula '62"
b/w "King of Fools"
N/ACapitol 15264
1963"Held for Questioning"
b/w "You're Still in My Heart"
N/ACapitol 15290
"Crazy Beat"
b/w "High Blood Pressure"
N/ACapitol 15307
"Where Have You Been All My Life"
b/w "Temptation Baby"
N/AColumbia 7174
1964"Humpity Dumpity"
b/w "A Love 'Em and Leave 'Em Kinda Guy"
N/AColumbia 7218
"La Den Da Den Da Da"
b/w "The Beginning of the End"
N/AColumbia 7293
"Private Detective"
b/w "You Are My Sunshine"
N/AColumbia 7343
1966"Bird Doggin'"
b/w "Ain't That Too Much"
Challenge 59337London 10079
"Lonely Street"
b/w "I've Got My Eyes on You"
Challenge 59347London 10099
1967"Born to Be a Rolling Stone"
b/w "Hurtin' for You Baby"
Challenge 59365N/A
1969"Be-Bop-A-Lula '69"
b/w "Ruby Baby"
N/ADandelion 4596I'm Back and I'm Proud
"Story of the Rockers"
b/w "Pickin' Poppies"
Playground 100
Forever 6001
Spark 1091Non-album tracks
1970"White Lightning"
b/w "Scarlet Ribbons"
N/ADandelion 4974I'm Back and I'm Proud
"Sunshine"
b/w "Geese"
Kama Sutra 514N/AGene Vincent
"The Day The World Turned Blue"
US B-side: "How I Love Them Old Songs"
UK B-side: "High On Life"
Kama Sutra 518Kama Sutra 2013 018The Day the World Turned Blue

Albums

This list omits the many reissue albums released over the decades.

EPs

(NB This listing omits the many EPs of album tracks & compilations)

Film appearances

See also

Music

Films

Bibliography

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<i>Rock n Roll Volume 2.</i> 1973 studio album by Gene Summers

Rock And Roll Volume 2. is a 12" vinyl album by Gene Summers and five other artists. This was the first album ever released on Summers. It was issued in 1973 on the Collector Records imprint, a re-issue label located in the Netherlands. It is not available on CD.

Tommy Facenda is an American rock and roll singer and guitarist. He is best known for his 1959 single "High School U.S.A."

David Michael "Mickey" Hawks was an American rockabilly singer and pianist, whose best remembered record, "Bip Bop Boom", has been included on many compilations of the genre after years as a collectible record.

Levi and the Rockats are a British rockabilly revival band originally from Essex but currently based in New York City. They are recognised as one of the pioneering neo-rockabilly groups of the 1980s.

Lucky Star (Gene Vincent song) song recorded by Gene Vincent

"Lucky Star" is a 1961 song by Dave Burgess, first recorded as a B-side by Ricky Nelson but better known in the A-side version by Gene Vincent.

References

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  2. Perrin, Jean-Éric; Rey, Jerôme; Verlant, Gilles (2009). Les Miscellanées du rock. Paris: Éditions Fetjaine / La Martinière. p. 252. ISBN   978-2-35425-130-7. Gene choisit de se faire poser une gaine d'acier autour des restes de son membre
  3. 1 2 Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'n' Roll Years. London: Reed International Books. p. 231. CN 5585.
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  8. 1 2 Archived March 26, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  9. "The Ed Sullivan Show, Season 10, Episode 8, November 17, 1957: Gene Vincent & the Blue Caps, Georgia Gibbs, Carol Burnett, Johnny Carson". TV.com. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
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