Genet (animal)

Last updated

Genet
Temporal range: Pliocene–Recent
Large-spotted Genet (Genetta tigrina) (17356502041) (crop).jpg
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Viverridae
Subfamily: Viverrinae
Genus: Genetta
Cuvier, 1816
Type species
Viverra genetta
Species

See text

A genet (pronounced /ˈɛnɪt/ or /əˈnɛt/ ) is a member of the genus Genetta, which consists of 14 to 17 species of small African carnivorans. [1] [2] The common genet is the only genet present in Europe and occurs in the Iberian Peninsula and France. [3]

Contents

Genet fossils from the Late Miocene and later have been found at sites in Ethiopia, Kenya and Morocco. [4] [5]

Taxonomy

Genetta was named and described by Frédéric Cuvier in 1816. [6] The number of species in the genus is controversial. The following were proposed as valid in 2005: [1]

Genetta and Poiana are estimated to have diverged about 9.5 to 13.3 million years ago . [24] Genetta species are estimated to have diverged at least 8.5  million years ago starting with the Haussa genet, followed by the giant genet 3.98 to 6.01 million years ago . [25]

Characteristics

Genet Ginsterkatze in Maun.jpg
Genet

Genets are slender cat-like animals with a long body, a long ringed tail, large ears, a pointed muzzle and partly retractile claws. Their fur is spotted, but melanistic genets have also been recorded. They have musk glands and anal sacs. [26] [27] They also have perineal glands. [28]

All genet species have a dark stripe along the spine; they differ in fur color and spot pattern. Their size varies between species from 40.9 to 60 cm (16.1 to 23.6 in) in head-to-body length with 40 to 47 cm (16 to 19 in) long tails; their tails are almost as long as head and body. [1] [29] They have large eyes with elliptical pupils; the iris is about the color of the fur. They can move their eyes within their sockets to a limited extent, and move their heads to focus on moving objects. Their ear pinnae have a fine layer of hair inside and outside. They can move the pinnae by about 80° from pointing forward to the side, and also from an erect position to pointing downwards. Their wet nose is important for both sensing smell and touch. [30]

Distribution and habitat

All genet species are indigenous to Africa. The common genet was introduced to southwestern Europe during historical times. [1] It was brought from the Maghreb to the Mediterranean region as a semi-domestic animal about 1000 to 1500 years ago, and from there spread to southern France and Italy. [31] In Africa, it is found in wooded habitats north of the Sahara, in savanna zones south of the Sahara to southern Africa and along the coast of Arabia, Yemen and Oman. [32]

The Cape genet is endemic to fynbos, grassland and coastal forests in South Africa. [33]

The South African small-spotted genet lives in woodland savannah, grassland, thickets, dry vlei areas in Angola, Namibia, South Africa and Zambia. [1]

The rusty-spotted genet is widely distributed in sub-Saharan woodland savannah, savannah-forest mosaic, rain forest and montane forest up to an elevation of 3,400 m (11,200 ft) in Ethiopia. [34]

The pardine genet lives in primary and secondary rainforests, gallery forests, moist woodlands, but also in plantations and suburban areas ranging from Senegal to the Volta River in Ghana. [35]

The Abyssinian genet has been recorded in montane dry forest up to 3,750 m (12,300 ft) in Ethiopia. [36]

The King genet is restricted to rainforest in the Congo Basin, Bioko Island, Ghana and Liberia. [1]

The servaline genet lives in Central African lowland forests to high-altitude bamboo forest and coral rag thicket on Zanzibar. [37]

The Angolan genet inhabits open miombo forest from Angola to central Tanzania. [38]

The giant forest genet lives in rainforests of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and western Uganda [39]

The Haussa genet inhabits savannah and moist woodlands in West Africa. [1]

G. letabae has been recorded from woodland savannah in Lesotho, Swaziland, Mozambique, Namibia and South Africa. [1]

Johnston's genet inhabits dense rainforest in Upper Guinea. [40]

The aquatic genet inhabits rainforests between the Congo River and the Rift Valley. [41]

The crested servaline genet is endemic to Nigeria and Cameroon, where it inhabits scrub and primary deciduous forests. [42]

Schouteden’s genet inhabits rainforest, woodland savannah and savannah-forest mosaic in tropical Africa. [1]

Bourlon's genet lives only in the Upper Guinean rainforests in West Africa. [23]

Ecology and behavior

Genet photographed in Botswana Genet botswana.jpg
Genet photographed in Botswana

Genets are highly agile, have quick reflexes and exceptional climbing skills. They are the only viverrids able to stand on their hind legs. They walk, trot, run, climb up and down trees, and jump. They live on the ground, but also spend much of their time in trees. They are considered solitary, except during mating and when females have offspring. [29]

They are omnivorous and opportunistically catch invertebrates and small vertebrates, but also feed on plants and fruit. Aquatic genets feed mainly on fish. [26] Angolan genets are thought to feed on grasshoppers and other arthropods. [38] Johnston's genet probably feeds mainly on insects. [43]

In 2014, a camera trap in the Hluhluwe–iMfolozi Park captured a large spotted genet riding on the back of two different buffalo and a rhinoceros. This was the first time a genet was recorded hitch-hiking. [44]

Females have up to five young in a litter. [26] They rear their young alone. [29]

Common genet females become sexually mature at the age of two years. Once copulation has occurred, the gestation period lasts for 10 to 11 weeks. [3] They are diestrous and give birth twice a year, during spring and late summer to autumn. [45] Common genets have been known to live 13 years in captivity. [46] A male genet lived for 22.7 years in captivity. [47]

Threats

Skins of G. genetta and G. tigrina Genetta genetta & genetta tigrina fur skins.jpg
Skins of G. genetta and G. tigrina

Loss of habitat due to deforestation and conversion of land to agriculture is a major threat for the crested servaline genet and Johnston's genet. Both genet species are also hunted for meat and skins. They are listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red Lists. [48] [49] These are also major threats for Bourlon's genet, which is classified as Near Threatened. [50]

The aquatic genet may be affected by hunting, but major threats have not yet been identified. It is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List. [51]

The king genet and the Abyssinian genet are so poorly known that threats cannot be identified. Both are listed as Data Deficient on the IUCN Red Lists. [52] [53]

The remaining genet species are not considered threatened and are listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red Lists. [54] [55] [56] [57] [58] [59] [60] [61]

Etymology

The etymological origin of the word 'genet' is uncertain; it might originate from the Greek prefix gen meaning bear and the New Latin suffix etta meaning "small". [62] Or it may be a derivation of the Arab name Djarnet, [3] or from Old French 'genete', from Spanish 'gineta'. [63]

Pets

Pet genets are mostly common genets, rusty-spotted genets or Cape genets. [64]

Related Research Articles

Viverridae family of mammals

Viverridae is a family of small to medium-sized mammals, the viverrids, comprising 15 genera, which are subdivided into 38 species. This family was named and first described by John Edward Gray in 1821. Viverrids occur all over Africa, southern Europe, and South and Southeast Asia, across the Wallace Line. Their occurrence in Sulawesi and in some of the adjoining islands shows them to be ancient inhabitants of the Old World tropics.

African palm civet species of mammal

The African palm civet, also known as the two-spotted palm civet, is a small feliform mammal widely distributed in sub-Saharan Africa. It is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.

Crested servaline genet species of mammal

The crested servaline genet, also known as the crested genet, is a genet species endemic to Nigeria and Cameroon. As the population has declined due to loss of habitat, it is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. It was first recorded in the Mamfe Division in Cameroon and initially considered a subspecies of the servaline genet. But now it is regarded as a distinct species.

Servaline genet species of mammal

The servaline genet is a genet species native to Central Africa. As it is widely distributed and considered common, it is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.

Aquatic genet species of mammal

The aquatic genet is a genet that has only been recorded in the northeast of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Since it is only known from about 30 specimens in zoological collections, it had been listed as Data Deficient on the IUCN Red List since 1996, as it is considered one of Africa's rarest carnivores. In 2015, it has been reassessed as Near Threatened.

Abyssinian genet species of mammal

The Abyssinian genet, also known as the Ethiopian genet, is a genet species native to Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan, and Djibouti. It is listed as Data Deficient on the IUCN Red List. It is one of the least-known genet species.

Angolan genet Species of mammal

The Angolan genet or miombo genet is a genet species endemic to Southern Africa. It is considered common in this region and therefore listed as Least Concern in the IUCN Red List. Little is known about its ecology.

Common genet species of mammal

The common genet is a small viverrid indigenous to Africa that was introduced to southwestern Europe and the Balearic Islands. It is widely distributed north of the Sahara, in savanna zones south of the Sahara to southern Africa and along the coast of Arabia, Yemen and Oman. It is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.

Rusty-spotted genet species of mammal

The rusty-spotted genet, also called panther genet and large-spotted genet, is a genet that is widely distributed in sub-Saharan Africa. It is considered common and therefore listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.

Johnstons genet species of mammal

Johnston's genet is a genet species native to the Upper Guinean forests. As it is threatened by deforestation and conversion of rainforest to agriculturally and industrially used land, it is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List.

Giant forest genet species of mammal

The giant forest genet, also known as the giant genet, is a genet species endemic to the Congo Basin. As it is considered as widely distributed and common, it is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.

West African oyan species of mammal

The West African oyan, also known as the West African linsang, is a linsang species native to the Upper Guinean forests in West Africa. It is one of the least known small carnivores in Africa.

Black-footed mongoose species of mammal

The black-footed mongoose is a mongoose species native to Central Africa, where it inhabits deep deciduous forests from eastern Nigeria to the southern Democratic Republic of the Congo. It has been listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List since 2008. It is omnivorous and feeds on ants, termites, Orthoptera, small rodents, frogs, lizards and fruits. It is mostly solitary and nocturnal.

Cape genet species of blotched genet, large-spotted genet, or muskeljaatkat in Afrikaans, a carnivorous mammal related to the African linsang and to the civets

The Cape genet, also known as the South African large-spotted genet, is a genet species endemic to South Africa. As it is common and not threatened, it is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. Like other genets, it is nocturnal and arboreal, preferring to live in the riparian zones of forests, as long as these are not marshy areas.

Haussa genet species of mammal

The Haussa genet is a genet species native to West African savannas. It is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.

Central African oyan species of mammal

The Central African oyan, also called Central African linsang, is a linsang species native to Central Africa.

Viverrinae subfamily of mammals, the viverrids

The Viverrinae represent the largest subfamily within the Viverridae comprising five genera, which are subdivided into 22 species native to Africa and Southeast Asia. This subfamily was denominated and first described by John Edward Gray in 1864.

Bourlons genet species of mammal

Bourlon's genet is a genet species native to the Upper Guinean forests. It is known from only 29 zoological specimens in natural history museum and has been described as a new Genetta species in 2003. It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List as the global population is estimated at less than 10,000 mature individuals.

Pardine genet species of mammal

The pardine genet, also known as the West African large spotted genet, is a genet species living in West Africa. As it is widely distributed and common, it is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Gaubert, P.; Taylor, P. J. & Veron, G. (2005). "Integrative taxonomy and phylogenetic systematics of the genets (Carnivora, Viverridae, Genetta): a new classification of the most speciose carnivoran genus in Africa" (PDF). In Huber, B. A.; Sinclair, B. J. & Lampe, K.-H. (eds.). African Biodiversity: Molecules, Organisms, Ecosystems. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium of Tropical Biology, Museum König, Bonn. Springer. pp. 371–383.
  2. Wozencraft, W.C. (2005). "Genetta". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 554–557. ISBN   978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC   62265494.
  3. 1 2 3 Larivière, S.; Calzada, J. (2001). "Genetta genetta" (PDF). Mammalian Species. 680: 1–2. doi:10.1644/1545-1410(2001)680<0001:gg>2.0.co;2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
  4. Ginsburg, L. (1977). "Les carnivores du Miocène de Beni Mellal (Maroc)". Géologie Méditerranéenne (in French). 4 (3): 225–239. doi:10.3406/geolm.1977.1005.
  5. Werdelin, L.; Peigné, S. (2010). "Carnivora". In Werdelin, L.; Sanders, W. J. (eds.). Cenozoic Mammals of Africa. Berkeley, California: University of California Press. pp. 603–657. ISBN   9780520257214.
  6. Cuvier, F. (1816). Cuvier, G. (ed.). Le règne animal distribué d'après son organisation, pour servir de base à l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction à l'anatomie comparée. I. Paris: Deterville.
  7. Linnaeus, C. (1758). "Viverra genetta". Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis 1 (10th ed.). Stockholm: Laurentius Salvius.
  8. Schreber, J. C. D. (1778). "Die Bisamkaze Viverra tigrina". Die Säugethiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Dritter Theil. Erlangen: Walther. pp. 425–426.
  9. Thunberg, C. P. (1811). "Beskrifning och teckning pa Viverra felina". Kungliga Swenska Wetenskaps Academiens Handlingar: 165–168.
  10. Gray, J. E. (1828). "Viverra maculata". Spicilegia zoologica : original figures and short systematic descriptions of new and unfigured animals. London: Treuttel, Wurtz & Co. p. 9.
  11. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, I. (1832). "Descriptions d'une nouvelle espèce du genre Genette. Genetta. Cuv.". Études Zoologiques : Ouvrage comprenant l'histoire et la description d'un grand nombre d'animaux récemment découverts et des observations nouvelles sur plusieurs genres déjà connus. Paris: Lequien Fils. p. 73.
  12. Rüppell, E. (1835). "Viverra abyssinica. Rüppell". Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Frankfurt: Siegmund Schmerber.
  13. Waterhouse, G. R. (1838). "On some New Species of Mammalia from Fernando Po". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London: 57–61.
  14. Pucheran, J. (1855). "Genetta servalina". Revue et magasin de zoologie pure et appliquée. II. 7 (Mars): 154.
  15. Bocage, J. V. B. (1882). "Liste de mammifères envoyés de Caconda Angola". Jornal de Sciências, Mathemáticas, Physicas e Naturaes de Lisboa. 1. 9 (33): 25–29.
  16. Thomas, O. (1901). "On the more notable Mammals obtained by Sir Harry Johnston in the Uganda Protectorate". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. II: 85–90.
  17. Matschie, P. (1902). "Über die individuellen und geographischen Abänderungen der Ginsterkatzen". Verhandlungen des V. Internationalen Zoologen-Congresses zu Berlin, 12.–16. August 1901. Jena: Gustav Fischer. pp. 1128–1145.
  18. Thomas, O. & Schwann, H. (1906). "The Rudd Exploration of South Africa.—IV. List of Mammals obtained by Mr. Grant at Knysna". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 76 (1–2): 159–168. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.1906.tb08427.x.
  19. Pocock, R. I. (1907). "Report upon a small collection of Mammalia brought from Liberia by Mr Leonard Leighton". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (May to December): 1037–1047.
  20. Allen, J. A. (1919). "Preliminary notes on African carnivora". Journal of Mammalogy. 1 (1): 23–31. doi:10.2307/1373716. JSTOR   1373716.
  21. Hayman, R. W. (1940). "The Mammals of the North Gameroons Forest Area. Being the Results of the Percy Sladen Expedition to the Mamfe Division of the British Cameroons". In Sanderson, I. T. (ed.). The Transactions of the Zoological Society of London. 24. pp. 623–726.
  22. Crawford-Cabral, J. (1970). "As genetas da Africa Central". Boletim do Instituto de Investigação Científica de Angola. 7: 3–23.
  23. 1 2 Gaubert, P. (2003). "Description of a new species of genet (Carnivora; Viverridae; genus Genetta) and taxonomic revision of forest forms related to the Large-spotted Genet complex". Mammalia. 67 (1): 85–108. doi:10.1515/mamm.2003.67.1.85. S2CID   84351854.
  24. Gaubert, P. & Veron, G. (2003). "Exhaustive sample set among Viverridae reveals the sister-group of felids: the linsangs as a case of extreme morphological convergence within Feliformia". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences. 270 (1532): 2523–2530. doi:10.1098/rspb.2003.2521. PMC   1691530 . PMID   14667345.
  25. Gaubert, P.; Fernandes, C. A.; Bruford, M. W. & Veron, G. (2004). "Genets (Carnivora, Viverridae) in Africa: an evolutionary synthesis based on cytochrome b sequences and morphological characters". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 81 (4): 589–610. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8312.2004.00309.x .
  26. 1 2 3 Kingdon, J. 1997. The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals. Academic Press, San Diego, California.
  27. Crawford-Cabral, J. (1981). Análise de dados craniométricos no género Genetta G. Cuvier (Carnivora, viverridae). Lisboa: Junta de Investigações Científicas do Ultramar, Centro de Zoologia.
  28. Roeder, Jean-Jacques. "Marking behaviour and olfactory recognition in genets (Genetta genetta L., Carnivora-Viverridae)." Behaviour 72.3 (1980): 200-210.
  29. 1 2 3 Wemmer, C. M. (1977). Comparative Ethology of the Large Spotted Genet (Genetta genetta) and Some Related Viverrids (PDF). Washington: Smithsonian Institutional Press.
  30. Wemmer (1977). p. 9–11.
  31. Morales, A. (1994). Earliest genets in Europe. Nature 370: 512–513.
  32. Delibes, M. and Gaubert, P. (2013). Genetta genetta Common Genet (Small-spotted Genet). In: J. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds.) The Mammals of Africa. V. Carnivores, Pangolins, Equids and Rhinoceroses, pp. 223–229. Bloomsbury, London, UK.
  33. Gaubert, P. (2013). Genetta tigrina Cape Genet. In: J. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds.) The Mammals of Africa. V. Carnivores, Pangolins, Equids and Rhinoceroses, pp. 247–249. Bloomsbury, London, UK.
  34. Angelici, F.M. and Gaubert, P. (2013). Genetta maculata Large-spotted Genet (Blotched Genet). In: J. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds.) The Mammals of Africa. V. Carnivores, Pangolins, Equids and Rhinoceroses, pp. 232–236. Bloomsbury, London, Uk.
  35. Gaubert, P. and Dunham, A. E. (2013). Genetta pardina Pardine Genet (West African Large-spotted Genet). In: J. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds.) The Mammals of Africa. V. Carnivores, Pangolins, Equids and Rhinoceroses, pp. 237–238. Bloomsbury, London, UK.
  36. Diaz Behrens, G. and Van Rompaey, H. (2002). The Ethiopian Genet, Genetta abyssinica (Rüppell 1836) (Carnivora, Viverridae): ecology and phenotypic aspects. Small Carnivore Conservation 27: 23–28.
  37. Van Rompaey, H. and Colyn, M. (2013). Genetta servalina Servaline Genet. In: J. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds.) The Mammals of Africa. V. Carnivores, Pangolins, Equids and Rhinoceroses, pp. 242–245. Bloomsbury, London, UK.
  38. 1 2 Crawford-Cabral, J. (2013). Genetta angolensis Miombo Genet. In: J. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds.) The Mammals of Africa. V. Carnivores, Pangolins, Equids and Rhinoceroses, pp. 218–220. Bloomsbury, London, UK.
  39. Van Rompaey, H. and Colyn, M. /2013). Genetta victoriae Giant Genet. In: J. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds.) The Mammals of Africa. V. Carnivores, Pangolins, Equids and Rhinoceroses, pp. 249–250. Bloomsbury, London, UK.
  40. Gaubert, P., Veron, G., Colyn, M., Dunham, A., Shultz, S. and Tranier, M. (2002). A reassessment of the distribution of the rare Genetta johnstoni (Viverridae, Carnivora) with some newly discovered specimens. Mammal Review 32: 132–144.
  41. Van Rompaey, H. and Colyn, M. /2013). Genetta piscivora Aquatic Genet. In: J. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds.) The Mammals of Africa. V. Carnivores, Pangolins, Equids and Rhinoceroses, pp. 239–240. Bloomsbury, London, UK.
  42. Angelici, F. M. and Luiselli, L. (2005). Habitat associations and dietary relationships between two genets, Genetta maculata and Genetta cristata. Revue d'Écologie (La Terre et la Vie) 60: 341–354.
  43. Dunham, A. E. and Gaubert, P. (2013). Genetta johnstoni Johnston's Genet. In: J. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds.) The Mammals of Africa. V. Carnivores, Pangolins, Equids and Rhinoceroses, pp. 229–231. Bloomsbury, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
  44. Luhdo, Z. (2014). Camera Traps Capture A Hitch Hiking Genet. Wildlife ACT, South Africa.
  45. Zabala, Jabi and Iñigo Zuberogoitia. (2010). Late summer-early winter reproduction in common genets, Genetta genetta. Mammalia 74: 89–91.
  46. Flower, Major Stanley S. (1931). "Contributions to our Knowledge of the Duration of Life in Vertebrate Animals. V. Mammals". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 101 (1): 145–234. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.1931.tb06192.x.
  47. Weigl, R. (2005). Longevity of Mammals in Captivity: From the Living Collections of the World: A List of Mammalian Longevity in Captivity. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48. E. Schweizerbart'sche, Stuttgart
  48. Gaubert, P.; Angelici, F.M. & Do Linh San, E. (2015). "Genetta cristata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2015.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  49. Gaubert, P. & Do Linh San, E. (2016). "Gennetta johnstoni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2016.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  50. Gaubert, P.; Greengrass, E.J. & Do Linh San, E. (2015). "Genetta bourloni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2015.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  51. Gaubert, P. & Do Linh San, E. (2015). "Genetta piscivora". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2015.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  52. Gaubert, P. & Do Linh San, E. (2015). "Genetta poensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2015.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  53. Gaubert, P.; Duckworth, J.W. & Do Linh San, E. (2016). "Genetta abyssinica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2016.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  54. Gaubert, P.; Fischer, C.; Hausser, Y. & Do Linh San, E. (2016). "Genetta angolensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2016.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  55. Gaubert, P.; Carvalho, F.; Camps, D. & Do Linh San, E. (2015). "Genetta genetta". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2015.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  56. Angelici, F.M.; Gaubert, P. & Do Linh San, E. (2016). "Genetta maculata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2016.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  57. Gaubert, P.; De Luca, D.W.; Rovero, F. & Do Linh San, E. (2016). "Genetta servalina". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2016.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  58. Gaubert, P. & Do Linh San, E. (2015). "Genetta thierryi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2015.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  59. Gaubert, P. & Do Linh San, E. (2015). "Genetta tigrina". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2015.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  60. Gaubert, P.; Dinets, V. & Do Linh San, E. (2016). "Genetta victoriae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2016.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  61. Gaubert, P. & Do Linh San, E. (2016). "Genetta pardina". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2016.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  62. Borror, D. J. (1988). Dictionary of Word Roots and Combining Forms Compiled from the Greek, Latin, and Other Languages, with Special Reference to Biological Terms and Scientific Names (Renewed ed.). Mountain View, Calif.: Mayfield Publishing Company. p.  42. ISBN   978-0-87484-053-7.
  63. "Genet". Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary. 2001–2015.
  64. Van Rompaey, H. & & Colyn, M. (1998). "A new servaline genet (Carnivora, Viverridae) from Zanzibar island". South African Journal of Zoology. 33 (1): 42–46. doi:10.1080/02541858.1998.11448452.

Further reading