Georg Friedrich, Prince of Prussia

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Georg Friedrich
Prince of Prussia
Georg Friedrich Prinz von Preussen1, Pour le Merite 2014.JPG
Georg Friedrich at the annual meeting of the Order Pour le Mérite (2014)
Head of the House of Hohenzollern
Tenure26 September 1994 – present
Predecessor Prince Louis Ferdinand
Heir apparent Carl Friedrich
Born (1976-06-10) 10 June 1976 (age 42)
Bremen, West Germany
Spouse
Issue
  • Prince Carl Friedrich
  • Prince Louis Ferdinand
  • Princess Emma Marie
  • Prince Heinrich
Full name
Georg Friedrich Ferdinand, Prinz von Preußen
House Hohenzollern
Father Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia
Mother Countess Donata of Castell-Rüdenhausen

Georg Friedrich Ferdinand, Prince of Prussia [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] (German : Georg Friedrich Ferdinand Prinz von Preußen; [6] born 10 June 1976) is the current head of the Prussian branch of the House of Hohenzollern, the former ruling dynasty of the German Empire and of the Kingdom of Prussia. [7] [8] He is the great-great-grandson and historic heir of Wilhelm II, the last German Emperor and King of Prussia, who was deposed and went into exile upon Germany's defeat in World War I in 1918.

German language West Germanic language

German is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol (Italy), the German-speaking Community of Belgium, and Liechtenstein. It is also one of the three official languages of Luxembourg and a co-official language in the Opole Voivodeship in Poland. The languages which are most similar to German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch: Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish. There are also strong similarities in vocabulary with Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, although those belong to the North Germanic group. German is the second most widely spoken Germanic language, after English.

House of Hohenzollern dynasty of former princes, electors, kings, and emperors of Hohenzollern, Brandenburg, Prussia, the German Empire, and Romania

The House of Hohenzollern[ˈhoːəntsɔlɐn] is a German dynasty of former princes, electors, kings and emperors of Hohenzollern, Brandenburg, Prussia, the German Empire, and Romania. The family arose in the area around the town of Hechingen in Swabia during the 11th century and took their name from Hohenzollern Castle. The first ancestors of the Hohenzollerns were mentioned in 1061.

German Empire empire in Central Europe between 1871–1918

The German Empire, also known as Imperial Germany, was the German nation state that existed from the unification of Germany in 1871 until the abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm II in 1918.

Education and career

Georg Friedrich is the only son of Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia (1944–1977) and Countess Donata of Castell-Rüdenhausen (1950–2015). Born into a mediatised princely family, his mother later became Duchess Donata of Oldenburg when she married secondly Duke Friedrich August of Oldenburg, who had previously been married to her sister-in-law Princess Marie Cécile of Prussia. His only sister is Princess Cornelie-Cécile of Prussia (b. 1978). [4]

Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia (1944–1977) Prussian prince

Prince Louis Ferdinand Oskar Christian of Prussia, also called Louis Ferdinand II or Louis Ferdinand Jr., nicknamed "Lulu", was a member of the House of Hohenzollern and the fifth of seven children of Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia and his wife, Grand Duchess Kira of Russia.

House of Oldenburg dynasty

The House of Oldenburg is a European dynasty of North German origin. It is one of Europe's most influential royal houses, with branches that rule or have ruled in Denmark, Iceland, Greece, Norway, Russia, Sweden, Schleswig, Holstein, and Oldenburg. The current Queen of Denmark and King of Norway, the former King of Greece, the consort of the monarch of the United Kingdom, as well as the first thirteen persons in the line of succession to the British throne, are all patrilineal members of the Glücksburg branch of this house.

Duke Friedrich August of Oldenburg German duke

Duke Friedrich August of Oldenburg was a member of the House of Holstein-Gottorp. He is a son of Nikolaus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Oldenburg and Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont.

After the death of his father, Georg Friedrich spent much of his youth in the care and under the guidance of Louis Ferdinand, his paternal grandfather. [5] He attended grammar schools in Bremen and Oldenburg and completed his education at Glenalmond College near Perth, Scotland, where he passed his A-levels. He then volunteered for a two-year commission in the Alpine troops of the Bundeswehr , where he was known simply as Preußen ("Prussia"). In May 2011 he was promoted a Major of the reserve. Georg Friedrich took his degree in business economics at the Freiberg University of Mining and Technology.

Louis Ferdinand, Prince of Prussia Prince of Prussia

Louis Ferdinand Victor Eduard Adalbert Michael Hubertus, Prince of Prussia was a member of the royal House of Hohenzollern and the pretender for a half-century to the abolished German throne. He was also noteworthy as a staunch opponent of the Nazi Party, a businessman, and a patron of the arts.

Bremen Place in Germany

The City Municipality of Bremen is a Hanseatic city in northwestern Germany, which belongs to the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, a federal state of Germany.

Oldenburg Place in Lower Saxony, Germany

Oldenburg is an independent city in the district of Oldenburg in the state of Lower Saxony, Germany. The city is officially named Oldenburg (Oldb) to distinguish from Oldenburg in Holstein.

Georg Friedrich works for a company specialising in helping universities to bring their innovations to market. [9] He also administered the Princess Kira of Prussia Foundation, founded by his grandmother Grand Duchess Kira of Russia in 1952, now administered by his wife. [10] In 2018 he moved from a house near Bremen, where he had also spent his childhood, to Babelsberg, a district of Potsdam, the capital city of the German state of Brandenburg.

Babelsberg District of Potsdam in Brandenburg, Germany

Babelsberg is the largest district of Potsdam, the capital city of the German state of Brandenburg. The affluent neighbourhood named after a small hill on the Havel river is famous for Babelsberg Palace and Park, part of the Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin UNESCO World Heritage Site, as well as for Babelsberg Studio, a historical centre of the German film industry and the first large-scale movie studio of the world.

Potsdam Place in Brandenburg, Germany

Potsdam is the capital and largest city of the German federal state of Brandenburg. It directly borders the German capital, Berlin, and is part of the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region. It is situated on the River Havel 24 kilometres southwest of Berlin's city centre.

Germany Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

He owns a two-thirds share of his family's original seat, Hohenzollern Castle, while the other share is held by the head of the Swabian branch, Karl Friedrich, Prince of Hohenzollern. He also owns the Princes' Island in the Great Lake of Plön . In 2017 he founded a beer trademark called Kgl. Preußische Biermanufactur (Royal Prussian Beer Manufactory) producing a Pilsner brand called Preussens.

Hohenzollern Castle ancestral seat of the imperial House of Hohenzollern in the Swabian Alps of central Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Hohenzollern Castle is the ancestral seat of the imperial House of Hohenzollern. The third of three hilltop castles built on the site, it is located atop Mount Hohenzollern, above and south of Hechingen, on the edge of the Swabian Jura of central Baden-Württemberg, Germany.

Swabia historical and cultural region of Germany

Swabia is a cultural, historic and linguistic region in southwestern Germany. The name is ultimately derived from the medieval Duchy of Swabia, one of the German stem duchies, representing the territory of Alemannia, whose inhabitants interchangeably were called Alemanni or Suebi.

Karl Friedrich, Prince of Hohenzollern German noble

Karl Friedrich, Prince of Hohenzollern is the eldest son of the late Friedrich Wilhelm, Prince of Hohenzollern and Princess Margarita of Leiningen. He became head of the Princely House of Hohenzollern, the Roman Catholic Swabian branch of the dynasty, upon his father's death on 16 September 2010.

Prince Georg Friedrich continues to claim compensation for land and palaces in Berlin expropriated from his family, a claim begun in March 1991 by his grandfather Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia under the Compensation Act (EALG). [11]

House of Hohenzollern

Georg Friedrich succeeded his grandfather, Louis Ferdinand, as Head of the Royal House of Prussia, [12] a branch of the House of Hohenzollern, on 26 September 1994. He learned to appreciate the history and responsibility of his heritage during time spent with his paternal grandfather, who often recounted to him anecdotes from the life in exile of his own grandfather, the last German Kaiser, Wilhelm II. [13]

His position as sole heir to the estate of his grandfather was challenged by his uncles, Friedrich Wilhelm and Michael, who filed a lawsuit claiming that, despite their renunciations as dynasts at the time of their marriages, [4] the loss of their inheritance rights based on their selection of spouse was discriminatory and unconstitutional. [14] His uncles were initially successful, the Regional Court of Hechingen and the higher Regional Court of Stuttgart ruling in their favour in 1997 on the grounds that the requirement to marry equally [15] was "immoral". [16] However, the Federal Court of Justice of Germany overturned the original rulings in favour of Georg Friedrich's uncles, the case being remanded to the courts at Hechingen and Stuttgart. This time both courts ruled in favour of Georg Friedrich. His uncles then took their case to the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany which overruled the previous court rulings in Georg Friedrich's favour. [14] On 19 October 2005, a German regional court ruled that Georg Friedrich was indeed the principal heir of his grandfather, Louis Ferdinand (who was the primary beneficiary of the trust set up for the estate of Wilhelm II), but also concluded that each of the children of Louis Ferdinand was entitled to a portion of the Prussian inheritance. [17]

Marriage

On 21 January 2011, Georg Friedrich announced his engagement to Princess Sophie Johanna Maria of Isenburg (born 7 March 1978), who studied business administration in Freiburg and Berlin and works at a firm that offers consulting services for nonprofit business. [18] The civil wedding took place in Potsdam on 25 August 2011, [9] and the religious wedding took place at the Church of Peace in Potsdam on 27 August 2011, in commemoration of the 950th anniversary of the founding of the House of Hohenzollern. [19] [20] The religious wedding was also broadcast live by local public television. [9] The dinner, which many members of German and European royal families attended, was held in the Orangery Palace at Sanssouci Park.

As a Protestant descendant of Queen Victoria, Georg Friedrich was in the line of succession to the British throne from his birth until his marriage in 2011. As he married a Roman Catholic, according to the Act of Settlement 1701, he was thus debarred from the British line of succession until the implementation in 2015 of the Succession to the Crown Act 2013, which restored any succession rights to British dynasts forfeited because of marriage to Roman Catholics. Georg Friedrich is currently 170th in line to the British throne. [21]

Children

On 20 January 2013, Georg Friedrich's wife, Sophie, gave birth to twin sons in Bremen, Prince Carl Friedrich and Prince Louis Ferdinand. Carl Friedrich, the elder of the two, is the heir apparent. [22] The boys were baptized in the Chapel of St. Michael at Hohenzollern Castle on 24 June 2013. Their third child, Princess Emma Marie, was born on 2 April 2015. She was baptized in the Chapel of St. Michael at Hohenzollern Castle on 13 June 2015. Her godparents are Archduchess Katharina of Austria (mother's sister) and Prince Otto of Castell-Rüdenhausen (father's first cousin). On 17 November 2016, Sophie gave birth to Prince Heinrich. [23] Prince Heinrich was baptized in the Chapel of St. Michael at Hohenzollern Castle on 13 May 2017.

Titles, styles and honours

Titles and styles

Honours

Ancestry

References and notes

  1. In 1919 royalty and nobility were mandated to lose their privileges in Germany, hereditary titles were to be legally borne thereafter only as part of the surname, according to Article 109 of the Weimar Constitution. Styles such as majesty and highness were not retained.
  2. 1 2 Eilers, Marlene. Queen Victoria's Descendants. Rosvall Royal Books, Falkoping, Sweden, 1997. pp. 16-17, 123, 172. ISBN   91-630-5964-9
  3. 1 2 Willis, Daniel. The Descendants of King George I of Great Britain. Clearfield, Baltimore, US, 2002, pp. 688-689. ISBN   0-8063-5172-1
  4. 1 2 3 4 Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser Band XIV. "Haus Preussen". C.A. Starke Verlag, 1991, p. 123, 146. ISBN   3-7980-0700-4
  5. 1 2 de Badts de Cugnac, Chantal. Coutant de Saisseval, Guy. Le Petit Gotha. Nouvelle Imprimerie Laballery, Paris 2002, pp. 77-79, 99, 106, 108-111. (French) ISBN   2-9507974-3-1
  6. Regarding personal names: Prinz was a title before 1919, but now is regarded as part of the surname. It is translated as Prince . Before the August 1919 abolition of nobility as a legal class, titles preceded the full name when given (Graf Helmuth James von Moltke). Since 1919, these titles, along with any nobiliary prefix (von, zu, etc.), can be used, but are regarded as a dependent part of the surname, and thus come after any given names (Helmuth James Graf von Moltke). Titles and all dependent parts of surnames are ignored in alphabetical sorting. The feminine form is Prinzessin .
  7. "George Frederick The Prince of Prussia" preussen.de
  8. "Germany 1815-90; Vol II 1852-71". Books.google.com. Retrieved 2017-12-15.
  9. 1 2 3 "Heir to Prussian throne to get televised wedding". Expatica.com. 2011-08-25. Retrieved 2017-12-15.
  10. "George Frederick The Prince of Prussia" . Retrieved 27 August 2011.
  11. "Preußen-Prinz bittet Berlin zur Kasse". Südwest Presse Online. Retrieved 2017-12-15.
  12. DeMarco, Anthony (29 February 2012). "A 35-Carat Diamond of Royal Historical Significance Will Be Sold at Sotheby's". Forbes . Retrieved 18 November 2012. After the death of Prince Louis Ferdinand, the diamond was inherited as part of the estate by his grandson, Georg Friedrich (1976-), Prince of Prussia and current head of the Royal House of Prussia
  13. Majesty. Interview, March 2009.
  14. 1 2 Francois Velde. "The Hohenzollern Succession Dispute". Heraldica.org. Retrieved 2017-12-15.
  15. For further details, see the German-language Wikipedia article Ebenbürtigkeit.
  16. Andrew Gimson, "Kaiser's rule on marriage still applies to heirs", The Telegraph (18 December 1998).
  17. Royal news: October 2005 Archived 8 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  18. "Prinz Georg Friedrich von Preußen Er hat sich mit Sophie verlobt!". 22 January 2011. Retrieved 27 August 2011.
  19. "Verlobung im Haus Hohenzollern". Preussen.de. Retrieved 2017-12-15.
  20. "Prinz von Preußen heiratet in Potsdam". Charivari.de. 2016-01-01. Retrieved 2017-12-15.
  21. https://www.sporcle.com/games/Hsink/british-line-of-succession-1-300
  22. "Official Website of the House of Hohenzollern: Prinz Georg Friedrich von Preußen".
  23. "BUNTE.de verrät: So heißt ihr Baby-Prinz!".
  24. "Official guidebook of the Federal Ministry of the Interior, chapter 3" (PDF). Retrieved 2017-12-15.
  25. http://gpdhome.typepad.com/.a/6a00d8341c648253ef017ee40e8605970d-400wi
  26. Sonderausgabe zur Königlichen Hochzeit In Potsdam am 27. August 2011 (PDF) (in German) (20 ed.). Berlin, Germany: Weißes Blatt, Magazin für Tradition und Geschichte. 2011. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
  27. http://40.media.tumblr.com/a632c9b6545688744656757f750daca4/tumblr_mk6izqEcDc1ry8y6lo1_400.jpg
  28. 1 2 "Georg Fredric wearing the two orders" . Retrieved 2017-12-15.
  29. 1 2 "Georg Fredric wearing the two other orders" . Retrieved 2017-12-15.

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Georg Friedrich, Prince of Prussia at Wikimedia Commons

Georg Friedrich, Prince of Prussia
Born: 10 June 1976
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Prince Louis Ferdinand Sr.
 TITULAR 
German Emperor
King of Prussia

26 September 1994 – present
Reason for succession failure:
Empire and Kingdom abolished in 1918
Incumbent
Heir:
Prince Carl Friedrich
Lines of succession
Preceded by
Andreas, Prince of Leiningen (2nd)
and his two sons Ferdinand (3rd) and Hermann (4th)
Line of succession to the Russian throne (disputed)
(Vladimir Kirillovich's line)

grandson of Kira Kirillovna, daughter of Grand Duke Kirill Vladimirovich and sister of Grand Duke Vladimir Kirillovich
5th position
Succeeded by
Carl Friedrich, Hereditary Prince of Prussia

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