Georg Katzer (German: [ˈɡeː.ɔrk kat͡sɐ] ; 10 January 1935 – 7 May 2019) was a German composer and teacher. The last master student of Hanns Eisler, he composed music in many genres, including works for the stage. Katzer was one of the pioneers of electronic new music in the German Democratic Republic and the founder of the first electronic-music studio in the GDR. He held leading positions in music organisations, first in the East (Akademie der Künste der DDR), then in the united Germany (Academy of Arts, Berlin, and Deutscher Musikrat), and received many awards, including the Art Prize of the German Democratic Republic, the National Prize of the German Democratic Republic, the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, and the German Music Authors' Prize.
Hanns Eisler was an Austrian composer. He is best known for composing the national anthem of East Germany, for his long artistic association with Bertolt Brecht, and for the scores he wrote for films. The Hochschule für Musik "Hanns Eisler" is named after him.
Electroacoustic music is a style of Western art music which originated around the middle of the 20th century, following the incorporation of electric sound production into compositional practice. The initial developments in electroacoustic music composition to fixed media during the 20th century are associated with the activities of the Groupe de Recherches Musicales at the ORTF in Paris, the home of musique concrète, the Nordwestdeutscher Rundfunk (NWDR) studio in Cologne, where the focus was on the composition of elektronische Musik, and the Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center in New York City, where tape music, electronic music, and computer music were all explored. Practical electronic music instruments began to appear in the early 1900s.
The Academy of Arts is a state arts institution in Berlin, Germany. The task of the Academy is to promote art, as well as to advise and support the states of Germany.
Katzer was born in Habelschwerdt, Lower Silesia (now Bystrzyca Kłodzka, Poland), on 10 January 1935 (Anon. n.d.; Klingberg 2001; Hanssen 2019). From 1954 to 1960 he studied piano, music theory, and composition with (amongst others) Rudolf Wagner-Régeny and Ruth Zechlin at the Hanns Eisler Hochschule für Musik in East Berlin, then from 1957 to 1958 he studied in Prague with Karel Janáček (Klingberg 2001; Anon. n.d.). From 1961 to 1963 he was a postgraduate student of Hanns Eisler and Leo Spies at the German Academy of the Arts in Berlin ( Klingberg 2001 ), the last master student of Eisler ( Akademie der Künste 2019 ). In 1963, he became a freelance composer and musician ( Anon. 2019 ).
Bystrzyca Kłodzka is a historic town in Kłodzko County, in Lower Silesian Voivodeship in southwestern Poland. It is the administrative seat of Gmina Bystrzyca Kłodzka. The old town of Bystrzyca is famous for its many historical buildings and is a popular tourist destination.
Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres (120,733 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With a population of approximately 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.
Rudolf Wagner-Régeny was a composer, conductor, and pianist. Born in Transylvania, Kingdom of Hungary, since 1920 Romania, he became a German citizen in 1930, and then East German after 1945.
From 1976 to 1977 he worked in electronic-music studios in Bratislava and Paris ( Klingberg 2001 ). In 1978 Katzer was elected to membership in the Academy of the Arts in East Berlin (Klingberg 2001; Anon. 2019). In 1980 he was appointed a professor and subsequently taught a masterclass in composition at the Academy of the Arts ( Akademie der Künste 2019 ) until 1991 ( Niklew 2010 ). In 1986 he founded the Studio for Experimental Music, affiliated with the Music Department of the Academy of the Arts ( Akademie der Künste 2019 ), and was its artistic director ( Groetz 2019 ).
Katzer was a member of the Academy of Arts in East Berlin until 1993, and then a member of the Berlin section of music until his death. He served as vice president of the music section from 1994 to 2003 ( Akademie der Künste 2019 ). From 1989 to 1991, he was president of the German Section of the C.I.M.E. (International Council for Electroacoustical Music) ( Akademie der Künste 2019 ). From 1990 to 2001, he was a presiding member of the Deutscher Musikrat (German Music Council, a member of the International Music Council) ( Anon. 2019 ).
The German NGO Deutscher Musikrat is an umbrella organization, based in Berlin and Bonn, for music associations and the 16 music councils of the German federal states. It represents over 14 million music-loving citizens who, for professional reasons or as amateurs, are affiliated with the Musikrat and its member organizations. With more than 100 member associations, institutions and numerous personalities, it acts, together with its projects and support measures, as an advisor and competence centre for politics and civil society.
The International Music Council (IMC) was created in 1949 as UNESCO's advisory body on matters of music. It is based at UNESCO's headquarters in Paris, France, where it functions as an independent international non-governmental organization. Its primary aim is to facilitate the development and promotion of international music-making.
Katzer lived in Zeuthen near Berlin until his death on 7 May 2019; he was 84 years old ( Hanssen 2019 ).
Zeuthen is a municipality in the district of Dahme-Spreewald in Brandenburg in Germany.
Katzer's earlier works owe a great deal to the music of Béla Bartók, Igor Stravinsky, and his teacher, Hanns Eisler. In the late 1960s he came under the influence of Witold Lutosławski and Bernd Alois Zimmermann, departing from conventional tonality and forms. From this point on, his vocabulary included serial, aleatory, and collage techniques, as well as electronic sounds ( Klingberg 2001 ). His compositions included works for chamber ensembles, orchestral works, solo concertos, operas, ballets, puppet plays, and oratorios. His work also encompassed electroacoustical pieces, music for radio dramas, multimedia projects, and projects involving improvised music. His compositions are held by the Saxon State and University Library Dresden, including ( Anon. 2019 ):
Béla Viktor János Bartók was a Hungarian composer, pianist, and ethnomusicologist. He is considered one of the most important composers of the 20th century; he and Franz Liszt are regarded as Hungary's greatest composers. Through his collection and analytical study of folk music, he was one of the founders of comparative musicology, which later became ethnomusicology.
Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky was a Russian-born composer, pianist, and conductor. He is widely considered one of the most important and influential composers of the 20th century.
Witold Roman Lutosławski was a Polish composer and orchestral conductor. He was one of the major European composers of the 20th century, and one of the preeminent Polish musicians during his last three decades. He earned many international awards and prizes. His compositions include four symphonies, a Concerto for Orchestra, a string quartet, instrumental works, concertos, and orchestral song cycles.
The Hochschule für Musik Hanns Eisler in Berlin, Germany, is one of the leading music conservatories in Europe. It was established in East Berlin in 1950 as the Deutsche Hochschule für Musik because the older Hochschule für Musik Berlin was in West Berlin. After the death of one of its first professors, composer Hanns Eisler, the school was renamed in his honor in 1964. After a renovation in 2005 the conservatory is located in both Berlin's famed Gendarmenmarkt and the Neuer Marstall.
Harry Kupfer is a German opera director and academic. A long-time director at the Komische Oper Berlin, he has worked at major opera houses and at festivals internationally. Trained by Walter Felsenstein, he has worked in the tradition of realistic directing. At the Bayreuth Festival, he staged Wagner's Der fliegende Holländer in 1978, and Der Ring des Nibelungen in 1988. At the Salzburg Festival, he directed the premiere of Penderecki's Die schwarze Maske in 1986, and Der Rosenkavalier by Richard Strauss in 2014.
Friedrich Goldmann was a German composer and conductor.
Udo Zimmermann is a German composer, musicologist, opera director and conductor. He worked as a professor of composition, founded a centre for contemporary music in Dresden, and was director of the Leipzig Opera and the Deutsche Oper Berlin. He directed a contemporary music series for the Bayerischer Rundfunk and a European centre of the arts in Hellerau. His operas, especially Weiße Rose, on a topic he set to music twice, have been performed internationally and recorded.
Hanspeter Kyburz is a contemporary Swiss composer of classical music, known for applying electronic music techniques to his productions.
Berlin Conservatory may refer to:
Helmut Oehring is a German composer. He studied with Friedrich Goldmann and Georg Katzer at the Akademie der Künste. He was guest of the Villa Massimo.
Jörg Widmann is a German composer, conductor and clarinetist. He lives and works in Berlin. According to Bachtrack, Widmann was in 2018 the third most performed contemporary composer, behind Arvo Pärt and John Williams.
Claus Kühnl is a German composer and teacher. He lives in Frankfurt am Main.
Enno Poppe is a German composer and conductor of classical music, and an academic teacher.
Arnulf Herrmann is a German composer.
Founded in 1970 in Leipzig by composer and trombone player Friedrich Schenker and oboe player Burkhard Glaetzner, Gruppe Neue Musik Hanns Eisler was the most important ensemble for contemporary music in East Germany. Alongside Ensemble intercontemporain and Ensemble Modern it was also one of the most respected contemporary chamber music ensembles in Europe. Its regular conductors were Max Pommer, Friedrich Goldmann and Christian Münch. More than 250 first performances by more than 70 composers include Edison Denisov's Trio, Nicolaus A. Huber's Demijour, Luca Lombardi's Einklang, Wolfgang Rihm's Kalt, Friedrich Goldmann's Konzert für Posaune und 3 Instrumentalgruppen, Luigi Nono's Kolomb. and Iannis Xenakis's Alax. Gruppe Neue Musik Hanns Eisler was one of the first East German ensembles to tour beyond the Iron Curtain, including several performances throughout Western Europe and Japan. They were often invited to Steirischer Herbst, den Warsaw Autumn Festival, Donaueschingen Festival and Wittener Tage für neue Kammermusik among others. The ensemble disbanded after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1993, considering its "mission accomplished."
Elena Mendoza is a Spanish composer of contemporary music and musical theatre.
Anna Prohaska is an Austrian lyric soprano. She lives in Berlin.
Tilo Medek, originally Müller-Medek, was a German classical composer, musicologist and music publisher. He grew up in East Germany, but was inspired by the Darmstädter Ferienkurse. He composed radio plays and incidental music. His setting of Lenin's Decree on Peace led to restrictions, and after he showed solidarity with the expatriated Wolf Biermann, he also had to move to the West, where he composed an opera Katharina Blum based on Heinrich Böll's novel, and worked in education. He received international awards from 1967 on.
Thomas Kessler is a Swiss composer. He is a pioneer of electronic music
Liesel Markowski was a German musicologist.
Klaus Martin Kopitz is a German composer and musicologist. He became known in particular with his album Mia Brentano's Hidden Sea. 20 songs for 2 pianos. In the US, it was 2018 on the annual "Want List" of the music magazine Fanfare.
Wolfram Heicking is a German composer, musicologist and music academy professor.
Antigone oder die Stadt is an opera in two acts, written in collaboration by composer Georg Katzer and librettist Gerhard Müller. They based it on Antigone, the play by Sophocles. Conceived in the German Democratic Republic (GDR) in 1988, it premiered at the Komische Oper Berlin on 19 November 1991, staged by Harry Kupfer and conducted by Jörg-Peter Weigle.
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