Prof Georg Ossian Sars HFRSE (20 April 1837 – 9 April 1927) was a Norwegian marine and freshwater biologist.
Georg Ossian Sars was born on 20 April 1837 in Kinn, Norway (now part of Flora), the son of Pastor Michael Sars and Maren Sars; the historian Ernst Sars was his elder brother, and the singer Eva Nansen was his younger sister.He grew up in Manger, Hordaland, where his father was the local priest. He studied from 1852 to 1854 at Bergen Cathedral School, from 1854 at Christiania Cathedral School, and joined the university at Christiana (now the University of Oslo) in 1857. He indulged his interest in natural history while studying medicine; having collected water fleas in local lakes with Wilhelm Lilljeborg's works, he discovered new species, and this resulted in his first scientific publication. Georg Ossian Sars had a good memory and excellent drawing skills, and illustrated some of his father's zoological works.
Sars was a founding investigator of ichthyoplankton. In 1864, he was commissioned by the Norwegian government to investigate fisheries around the Norwegian coast. One of his first discoveries was that the eggs of cod are pelagic, that is, they inhabit the open water column.He continued to receive the patronage of the government throughout his career. Sars' primary research focus was on crustaceans and their systematics. He described many new species in his career, including in his magnum opus , An Account of the Crustacea of Norway.
For his achievements, Sars was made a Knight of the Order of St. Olav in 1892, and elevated to Knight-Commander in 1911.He was further awarded the Linnean Medal in 1910.
Georg Ossian Sars never married, and died on 9 April 1927 in Oslo.He is remembered in the scientific names of a number of marine invertebrates, as well as the journal Sarsia , the Sars International Centre for Marine Molecular Biology and the flagship of the Norwegian research fleet, the RV G.O.Sars.
Johan Sebastian Cammermeyer Welhaven was a Norwegian author, poet, critic and art theorist. He has been considered "one of the greatest figures in Norwegian literature."
Peter Christen Asbjørnsen was a Norwegian writer and scholar. He and Jørgen Engebretsen Moe were collectors of Norwegian folklore. They were so closely united in their lives' work that their folk tale collections are commonly mentioned only as "Asbjørnsen and Moe".
Michael Sars was a Norwegian theologian and biologist.
Theodor Kjerulf was a Norwegian geologist and professor at the University of Oslo. He also served as director of the Norwegian Geological Survey.
Christian Heinrich Grosch was a Norwegian architect. He was a dominant figure in Norwegian architecture in the first half of the 1800s.
Johan Ernst Welhaven Sars was a Norwegian professor, historian, author and editor. His main work was Udsigt over den norske Historie, four volumes issued from 1873 to 1891. He co-edited the magazines Nyt norsk Tidskrift from 1877 to 1878, and Nyt Tidsskrift from 1882 to 1887. He was politically active for the Liberal Party of Norway and among the party's most central theoreticians.
Maren Cathrine Sars was a Norwegian socialite.
Elisabeth Cathrine "Lise" Welhaven was a Norwegian writer.
Curtitoma conoidea is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Mangeliidae.
Oenopota obliqua is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Mangeliidae.
Propebela assimilis is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Mangeliidae.
Propebela scalaroides is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Mangeliidae.
Lusitanops expansus is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Raphitomidae.
Nepotilla amoena is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Raphitomidae.
Typhlomangelia is a genus of sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Borsoniidae, the cone snails and their allies.
Buccinum pulchellum is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Buccinidae, the true whelks.
Skenea rugulosa is a species of minute sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Skeneidae.
Johan Georg Ræder was a Norwegian military officer, railway pioneer and politician. He was a driving force in the construction of Norways first railway line, the Hoved Line from Christiania to Eidsvoll, which opened in 1854.
Jonas Axel Boeck was a Norwegian marine biologist.
The Sars International Centre for Marine Molecular Biology is a research establishment located at Bergen in Norway.