Georg von Oettingen

Last updated
Georg von Oettingen
Georg von Oettingen.jpg
Born22 November [ O.S. 10 November] 1824
Died16 February [ O.S. 3 February] 1916 (aged 91)
Nationality Baltic German
Alma mater Imperial University of Dorpat
Scientific career
Fields Ophthalmology

Georg Philipp von Oettingen (22 November [ O.S. 10 November] 182416 February [ O.S. 3 February] 1916) was a Baltic German physician and ophthalmologist. He was a brother of theologian Alexander von Oettingen (1827–1905), and physicist Arthur von Oettingen (1836–1920).

Old Style and New Style dates 16th-century changes in calendar conventions

Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are terms sometimes used with dates to indicate that the calendar convention used at the time described is different from that in use at the time the document was being written. There were two calendar changes in Great Britain and its colonies, which may sometimes complicate matters: the first was to change the start of the year from Lady Day to 1 January; the second was to discard the Julian calendar in favour of the Gregorian calendar. Closely related is the custom of dual dating, where writers gave two consecutive years to reflect differences in the starting date of the year, or to include both the Julian and Gregorian dates.

Alexander von Oettingen German theologian

Alexander Konstantin von Oettingen was a Baltic German Lutheran theologian and statistician.

Physicist scientist who does research in physics

A physicist is a scientist who specializes in the field of physics, which encompasses the interactions of matter and energy at all length and time scales in the physical universe. Physicists generally are interested in the root or ultimate causes of phenomena, and usually frame their understanding in mathematical terms. Physicists work across a wide range of research fields, spanning all length scales: from sub-atomic and particle physics, through biological physics, to cosmological length scales encompassing the universe as a whole. The field generally includes two types of physicists: experimental physicists who specialize in the observation of physical phenomena and the analysis of experiments, and theoretical physicists who specialize in mathematical modeling of physical systems to rationalize, explain and predict natural phenomena. Physicists can apply their knowledge towards solving practical problems or to developing new technologies.


In 1848 he received his medical doctorate from the University of Dorpat, and until 1853 was a physician at the city hospital in Riga. For a short period of time he practiced medicine in St. Petersburg, and in 1854 returned to Dorpat, where in 1856 he became head of the University Hospital. In 1857 he was appointed professor of surgery, and in 1871 became a professor of ophthalmology.

Riga City in Latvia

Riga is the capital of Latvia and is home to 632,614 inhabitants (2019), which is a third of Latvia's population. Being significantly larger than other cities of Latvia, Riga is the country's primate city. It is also the largest city in the three Baltic states and is home to one tenth of the three Baltic states' combined population. The city lies on the Gulf of Riga at the mouth of the Daugava river where it meets the Baltic Sea. Riga's territory covers 307.17 km2 (118.60 sq mi) and lies 1–10 m above sea level, on a flat and sandy plain.

Surgery Medical specialty

Surgery is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.

From 1859 to 1866 he was vice-rector at the University of Dorpat, becoming dean of the medical faculty in 1866, and serving as rector from 1868 to 1876. In 1879, Eduard Raehlmann (1848-1917) succeeded him as professor of ophthalmology at Dorpat. [1]

Rector (academia) Academic official

A rector is a senior official in an educational institution, and can refer to an official in either a university or a secondary school. Outside the English-speaking world the rector is often the most senior official in a university, whilst in the United States the most senior official is often referred to as President and in the United Kingdom and Commonwealth of Nations the most senior official is the Chancellor, whose office is primarily ceremonial and titular. The term and office of a rector can be referred to as a rectorate. The title is used widely in universities in Europe. and is very common in Latin American countries. It is also used in Brunei, Turkey, Russia, Pakistan, the Philippines, Indonesia, Israel and the Middle East. In the ancient universities of Scotland the office is sometimes referred to as Lord Rector, is the third most senior official, and is usually responsible for chairing the University Court.

Eduard Raehlmann German ophthalmologist

Eduard Raehlmann was a German ophthalmologist.

Oettingen is credited for providing the first comprehensive description of amyloid degeneration of the eye's conjunctiva.

Conjunctiva Outer covering of sclera

The conjunctiva is a tissue that lines the inside of the eyelids and covers the sclera. It is composed of unkeratinized, stratified squamous epithelium with goblet cells, and stratified columnar epithelium. The conjunctiva is highly vascularised, with many microvessels easily accessible for imaging studies.

Selected publications

Livonia historic region along the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea

Livonia is a historical region on the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea. It is named after the Livonians, who lived on the shores of present-day Latvia.

Hermann Guido von Samson-Himmelstjerna Baltic-German physician

Hermann Guido von Samson-Himmelstjerna; name sometimes given as Guido Samson von Himmelstiern was a Baltic German physician and professor of Staatsarzneikunde.

Gunshot wound form of physical trauma sustained from the discharge of arms or munitions

A gunshot wound (GSW) is physical trauma due to a bullet from a firearm. Damage may include bleeding, broken bones, organ damage, infection of the wound, or loss of the ability to move part of the body. Damage depends on the part of the body hit, the path the bullet follows through the body, and the type and speed of the bullet. Long term complications can include lead poisoning and post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

See also

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Preceded by
Hermann Guido von Samson-Himmelstjerna
Rector of University of Dorpat
Succeeded by
Ottomar Meykov
Preceded by
Carl Victor Kupffer
Mayor of Tartu
Succeeded by
Wilhelm Bock