The Earl of Berkeley
|Died||10 October 1698 (aged 69–70)|
Elizabeth Massingberd(m. 1646)
|Parents|| George Berkeley, 8th Baron Berkeley |
George Berkeley, 1st Earl of Berkeley PC FRS (1628 – 10 October 1698) was an English merchant and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1654 until 1658 when he succeeded to the peerage.
Berkeley was the son of George Berkeley, 8th Baron Berkeley (d. 1658), and his wife, Elizabeth Stanhope, daughter of Sir Michael Stanhope. Berkeley was a canon-commoner at Christ Church, Oxford, but did not take any degree. In 1654 he was elected Member of Parliament for Gloucestershire in the First Protectorate Parliament. He was re-elected MP for Gloucestershire in 1656 for the Second Protectorate Parliament.Berkeley succeeded to the barony in 1658, and was nominated in May 1660 as one of the commissioners to proceed to the Hague and invite Charles II to return to the kingdom. In the following November he was made keeper of the house gardens and parks of Nonsuch Palace, where the Duchess of Cleveland later lived.
In 1661 Berkeley was placed on the council for foreign plantations. In 1663 he became a member of the Royal African Company on its formation (10 January), acquiring a share in the territory lying between the port of Salee in South Barbary and the Cape of Good Hope. In the same year he was elected Fellow of the Royal Society. He was made a privy councillor in 1677. In April 1678, he was made a member of the Board of Trade and plantations which had been established in 1668.
On 11 September 1679 he was created Viscount Dursley and Earl of Berkeley. He was elected to the governorship of the Levant Company on 9 February 1680 and held the position for most, if not the whole, of his subsequent life. In May 1681 he was elected one of the masters of Trinity House. At this time he was a member of the East India Company. In February 1685 he was appointed Custos Rotulorum of Gloucestershire, and 21 July 1685 was sworn of the privy council. After the flight of James II, 11 December 1688, Berkeley was among the lords who assembled at Guildhall and declared themselves a provisional government. He was nominated as ambassador to Constantinople on 16 July 1698, but not wishing to go, petitioned parliament in May 1699 to be excused the office.
Berkeley died after 1699, and was buried in the parish church of Cranford, Middlesex, where he had an estate.
He published in 1668 a religious work entitled Historical Applications and Occasional Meditations upon several Subjects.
Berkeley married on 11 August 1646, Elizabeth Massingberd, daughter of John Massingberd, treasurer of the East India Company, by whom he had two sons, Charles and George, and six daughters:
James FitzJames Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, (1665–1745) was an Irish statesman and soldier. He was the third of the Kilcash branch of the family to inherit the earldom of Ormond. Like his grandfather, the 1st Duke, he was raised as a Protestant, unlike his extended family who held to Roman Catholicism. He served in the campaign to put down the Monmouth Rebellion, in the Williamite War in Ireland, in the Nine Years' War and in the War of the Spanish Succession but was accused of treason and went into exile after the Jacobite rising of 1715.
Philip Stanhope, 2nd Earl of Chesterfield PC FRS was a peer in the peerage of England.
Sir Thomas Littleton, 3rd Baronet, often Thomas de Littleton,, of North Ockenden, Essex and Stoke St Milborough, Shropshire, was an English lawyer and Whig politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons between 1689 and 1710. He served as Speaker of the House of Commons of England from 1698 to 1700, and as Treasurer of the Navy until his death.
Vice-Admiral James Berkeley, 3rd Earl of Berkeley, was the son of Charles Berkeley, 2nd Earl of Berkeley and the Hon. Elizabeth Noel. He was known by the courtesy title of Viscount Dursley prior to succeeding as Earl of Berkeley in 1710. He was a distinguished Royal Navy officer who served as First Lord of the Admiralty during the reign of King George I.
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Thomas Butler, 7th Earl of Ormond, P.C. was the youngest son of James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormond. He was attainted, but restored by Henry VII' s first Parliament in November 1485, and the statutes made at Westminster, by Edward IV, which declared him and his brothers traitors, were abrogated.
Robert Bertie, 3rd Earl of Lindsey PC FRS, styled Lord Willoughby de Eresby from 1642 to 1666, was an English nobleman.
Ford Grey, 1st Earl of Tankerville, 1st Viscount Glendale, and 3rd Baron Grey of Werke, was an English nobleman and statesman.
George Berkeley, 8th Baron Berkeley was a seventeenth-century English nobleman and a prominent patron of literature in his generation.
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Sir Christopher William Codrington, of Dodington, Gloucestershire, was a British MP for East Gloucestershire between 7 August 1834 and 24 June 1864 and a landowner in Gloucestershire.
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Richard Butler, 1st Earl of Arran, Baron Butler of Cloughgrenan, Viscount Tullogh (1639–1686) was an Irish peer, the fourth son of James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde.
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Henry Berkeley, 7th Baron Berkeley was an English peer and politician. He was Lord Lieutenant and Vice-Admiral of Gloucestershire. He was the grandfather of George Berkeley, 8th Baron Berkeley.
Charles Berkeley, 2nd Earl of Berkeley, KB, PC, FRS was a British nobleman and diplomat, known as Sir Charles Berkeley from 1661 to 1679 and styled Viscount Dursley from 1679 to 1698.
Elizabeth, Lady Berkeley, was an English courtier and patron of the arts.
Charles Hutchinson (1636-1695) was an English politician.
Lady Henrietta Berkeley was an English aristocrat notorious for having an affair with her elder sister's husband. It began in 1681 when Berkeley was not yet an adult and was discovered by her mother the following year. Berkeley was removed to the family seat at Epsom then escaped and went into hiding in lodging houses in London, under the protection of her lover. Her father, George Berkeley, 1st Earl of Berkeley, decided to prosecute her lover, Ford Grey, 1st Earl of Tankerville, in a trial which became a sensation in 1682.
|Parliament of England|
| Member of Parliament for Gloucestershire |
With: John Howe
Matthew Hale 1654
Christopher Guise 1654
Sylvanus Wood 1654
Baynham Throckmorton 1656
John Crofts 1656
William Neast 1656
John Grobham Howe
|Interregnum|| Custos Rotulorum of Gloucestershire |
The Viscount Mordaunt
| Custos Rotulorum of Surrey |
| Custos Rotulorum of Surrey |
The 2nd Earl of Berkeley
|Peerage of England|
|New creation|| Earl of Berkeley |
| Baron Berkeley |
(descended by acceleration)