George Black (New Zealand politician)

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George Black
George Charles Cecil Black.jpg
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Motueka
In office
14 November 1928  17 October 1932
Preceded by Richard Hudson
Succeeded by Keith Holyoake
Personal details
BornGeorge Charles Cecil Black
(1903-11-21)21 November 1903
Reefton, New Zealand
Died 17 October 1932(1932-10-17) (aged 28)
Makara, New Zealand
Political party United

George Charles Cecil Black (21 November 1903 – 17 October 1932) was a member of the House of Representatives for Motueka electorate, in the South Island of New Zealand, initially as a representative of the United Party and from early 1931 as an Independent. He committed suicide and was succeeded as MP by Keith Holyoake.

New Zealand House of Representatives Sole chamber of New Zealand Parliament

The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.

Motueka is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created in 1860 and lasted until 1890 election. In 1896 election the Motueka electorate was recreated, and lasted until 1946 election.

South Island Southernmost of the two main islands in New Zealand

The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.


Early life

Born in Reefton on 21 November 1903, Black was the son of George James and Marianne Catherine Black. [1] [2] In 1923, Black became a Parliamentary Clerk of Committees. [1]

Reefton Place in West Coast, New Zealand

Reefton is a small town in the West Coast region of New Zealand, some 80 km northeast of Greymouth, in the Inangahua River valley. State Highway 7 passes through the southern part of the town, and State Highway 69 runs north to connect to State Highway 6. Ahaura is 44 km south-west of Reefton, Inangahua Junction is 34 km to the north, Maruia is 63 km to the east, and the Lewis Pass is 66 km to the south-east.

Member of Parliament

New Zealand Parliament
Years Term Electorate Party
1928 1931 23rd Motueka United
1931Changed allegiance to: Independent
1931 1932 24th Motueka Independent

Black represented the Motueka electorate in the House of Representatives from 1928 to 1932.

In the 1928 election, aged only 24, he stood as a United Party candidate and follower of Sir Joseph Ward and was successful. [3] He unexpectedly beat the Reform Party incumbent of 14 years, [4] Richard Hudson, and became the youngest MP at the time. [1] He was appointed junior whip by the United Party. [5]

The United Party of New Zealand, a party formed out of the remnants of the Liberal Party, formed a government between 1928 and 1935, and in 1936 merged with the Reform Party to establish the National Party.

Joseph Ward New Zealand politician

Sir Joseph George Ward of Wellington, 1st Baronet, was a New Zealand politician who served as the 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1906 to 1912 and from 1928 to 1930. He was a dominant figure in the Liberal and United ministries of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Richard Phineas Hudson was a Reform Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand. Born in Ireland, he was a tea planter in British Ceylon before becoming a fruit grower in New Zealand.

In Parliament, Black refused to support the Finance Bill that proposed cuts to public service salaries and voted with the Labour Party, [6] and he also opposed the decision to suspend construction of the KawatiriInangahua railway line that ran through his electorate. [7] Black was expelled from the United Party the day after voting against the Finance Bill in March 1931, saying that "no genuine supporter of the late Prime Minister", Sir Joseph Ward, could uphold such measures. [8]

New Zealand Parliament legislative body of New Zealand

The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by a governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world.

The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.

Inangahua Junction Place in West Coast, New Zealand

Inangahua Junction is a small town in the northwest of New Zealand's South Island. It is located at the confluence of the Inangahua and Buller Rivers, 34 kilometres (21 mi) north of Reefton and 46 kilometres (29 mi) southeast of Westport. Murchison is 52 kilometres (32 mi) to the east. The town of Inangahua is just to the east of the junction. The town's main industries include forestry, coal, farming and sawmilling. There is a small primary school, shops, fire station and earthquake museum. The population was 159 in the 2006 census, an increase of 9 people from 2001. The name of the town refers to inanga, the Māori word for whitebait. Inangahua Junction was formerly known as Christies Junction.

Later in the year, at the 1931 election, the bright and well-regarded local MP was elected as an independent. He was associated with Harry Atmore, the independent MP for the neighbouring Nelson electorate. [9]

An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party. There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent.

Harry Atmore New Zealand politician

Harry Atmore was a New Zealand Independent Member of Parliament for Nelson in the South Island.

On 17 October 1932 aged 28, Black committed suicide with cyanide poison at Makara Beach. [5] [10] He was survived by his wife and their child. [5] The coroner found that Black had been mentally unstable for some months, and was also in financial difficulties. [10]

Black's death triggered the 1932 Motueka by-election, which was won by Keith Holyoake. [11]

Further reading

See also

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  1. 1 2 3 "The Next Parliament". The New Zealand Herald . LXV (20104). 15 November 1928. p. 13. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  2. "Birth index: registration number 1903/11744". Births, deaths & marriages online. Department of Internal Affairs. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  3. Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. p. 184. OCLC   154283103.
  4. Stade, Karen (12 August 2013). "Kiwi Keith - Portrait of a PM". The Nelson Mail . Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  5. 1 2 3 "Obituary". The Evening Post . CXIV (94). 18 October 1932. p. 11. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
  6. "More Heat". The Evening Post . CXI (76). 31 March 1931. p. 10. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
  7. New Zealand Parliamentary Debates, 227: 277Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. "Expelled by Party". The Evening Post . CXI (68). 21 March 1931. p. 10. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  9. Courtney, Simon (n.d.). Harry Atmore: Independent in Politics (BA Hons Research Paper). University of Canterbury. p. 3.
  10. 1 2 "Death by Poisoning". The Evening Post . CXIV (101). 26 October 1932. p. 10. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
  11. "Nelson and Motueka". The Evening Post . CXX (97). 21 October 1935. p. 11. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
Richard Hudson
Member of Parliament for Motueka
Succeeded by
Keith Holyoake