George Bush Presidential Library

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George Bush Presidential Library
George Bush Presidential Library.jpg
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Location in Texas, US
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George Bush Presidential Library (the US)
General information
Location College Station, Texas, USA
Coordinates 30°35′48″N96°21′12″W / 30.596622°N 96.353381°W / 30.596622; -96.353381 Coordinates: 30°35′48″N96°21′12″W / 30.596622°N 96.353381°W / 30.596622; -96.353381
Named for George H. W. Bush
InauguratedDedicated on November 6, 1997
Rededicated on November 10, 2007
Cost$43 million
Technical details
Size69,049 square feet (6,400 m2)
Design and construction
Architect Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum
Website
www.bush41.org

The George Bush Presidential Library and Museum is the presidential library and burial site of George H. W. Bush, the 41st President of the United States (1989–1993), and his wife Barbara Bush. Located on a 90-acre (360,000 m2) site on the west campus of Texas A&M University in College Station, Texas, the library is one of 13 administered by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).

Presidential library research library with the collection of a U.S. presidents papers

In the United States, the presidential library system is a nationwide network of 13 libraries administered by the Office of Presidential Libraries, which is part of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). These are repositories for preserving and making available the papers, records, collections and other historical materials of every President of the United States from Herbert Hoover to George W. Bush. In addition to the library services, museum exhibitions concerning the presidency are displayed.

George H. W. Bush 41st president of the United States

George Herbert Walker Bush was an American politician who served as the 41st president of the United States from 1989 to 1993 and the 43rd vice president of the United States from 1981 to 1989. A member of the Republican Party, he held posts that included those of congressman, ambassador, and CIA director. Until his son George W. Bush became the 43rd president in 2001, he was usually known simply as George Bush.

President of the United States Head of state and of government of the United States

The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America. The president directs the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces.

Contents

Description

The George Bush Presidential Library and Museum was dedicated on November 6, 1997, and opened to the public shortly thereafter. It was designed by the architectural firm of Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum.

The Bush Library and Museum is situated on a plaza adjoining the Annenberg Presidential Conference Center and the George Bush School of Government and Public Service. It is administered by NARA under the provisions of the Presidential Libraries Act of 1955.

The mission of the George Bush Presidential Library and Museum is to preserve and make available for research the official records, personal papers, and artifacts of President George H.W. Bush, to support democracy, promote civic education, and increase historical understanding of U.S. national experience through the life and times of George Bush.

The textual archives contain more than 44 million pages of personal papers and official documents subject to the Presidential Records Act, as well as personal records from associates connected with President Bush's public career as Congressman, Ambassador to the United Nations, Chief of the U.S. Liaison Office in China, Chairman of the Republican National Committee, and Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. As in all NARA presidential libraries, records are housed in acid-free storage (Hollinger) boxes in a balanced humidity and temperature atmosphere. The archival storage area houses 13,000 cubic feet (370 m3) of records and the library has a National Security vault holding 3,500 cubic feet (99 m3) of Presidential Records. In addition to memoranda, speeches, and reports found in the textual collection, there is an extensive audio-visual and photographic archive.[ citation needed ]

The Day the Wall Came Down by Veryl Goodnight, a 1997 statue of horses leaping over pieces of the actual Berlin Wall, stands on the plaza of the library. It depicts the fall of the wall in 1989, when Bush was president. TheDaytheWallcamedown.jpg
The Day the Wall Came Down by Veryl Goodnight, a 1997 statue of horses leaping over pieces of the actual Berlin Wall, stands on the plaza of the library. It depicts the fall of the wall in 1989, when Bush was president.

The museum has just under 17,000 square feet (1,600 m2) of permanent exhibit space and 3,000 square feet (300 m2) of temporary exhibit space. Permanent exhibits draw on the best of the museum collection to visually convey the essence of George Bush's life and public service career and to illustrate historical events of this period in American history. Changing exhibits explore topics on the Bush Administration, American history, American Presidents, etc.

Its classroom is the first of its kind in the Presidential Libraries network. The classroom can be used by student groups as a computer learning lab or as a traditional classroom. It is the Bush Library and Museum's educational mission to inform and enrich learning for all ages about American history, the role of the presidency in general with special focus on the administration of George Bush.

In 2011, the George Bush Presidential Library Foundation was given an overall score of 2 out of 4 by Charity Navigator. [1] The CEO was listed on that site's "10 Highly Paid CEOs at Low-Rated Charities". [2]

Renovations

On April 23, 2007, the permanent exhibit closed for complete renovation (though the temporary exhibit gallery remained open, hosting the popular "Traveling White House in Miniature" exhibit). The museum reopened November 10, 2007, with a ceremony during which the former president arrived via parachute jump. The permanent exhibit now features (like many other presidential libraries), a replica of the Oval Office; unlike those other presidential libraries, visitors are able to fully enter the replica, sit behind the president's desk, and have a souvenir photo taken. [3] [4]

George Bush Award

The Presidential Library Foundation also awards the George Bush Award for Excellence in Public Service, which "recognizes an individual's or group's dedication to public service at the local, state, national or international levels". The recipients are given a crystal sculpture designed by Eric Hilton, comprising a "three panel prismatic column of crystal. In the center of the column is a shallow lens engraving of the world." The winners are: [5]

Burials

Bush's daughter Pauline Robinson Bush (1949-1953), was originally buried at Putnam Cemetery in Greenwich, Connecticut, but was re-buried at the library in 2000.

Barbara Bush was buried on April 21, 2018, following her death on April 17, 2018. [6]

George H. W. Bush was buried on December 6, 2018, following his death on November 30, 2018.

See also

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References

  1. "George Bush Presidential Library Foundation". Charity Navigator. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  2. "10 Highly Paid CEOs at Low-Rated Charities". Charity Navigator. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  3. Kever, Jeannie (November 10, 2007). "A more interactive George Bush library and museum reopens". Houston Chronicle . Retrieved November 10, 2007.
  4. "Surprise Entrance: Bush Parachutes In at Library Reopening". KBTX News. November 10, 2007. Retrieved August 10, 2015.
  5. "George Bush Award for Excellence in Public Service". George Bush Presidential Library Foundation. Retrieved August 10, 2015.
  6. Schallhorn, Kaitlyn (April 21, 2018). "Barbara Bush's funeral attended by Melania Trump, Clintons, others" . Retrieved April 22, 2018.